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Table 4 Pearson correlations between the GFI subscales and related scales ( n= 119)

From: Multidimensional structure of the Groningen Frailty Indicator in community-dwelling older people

  RAND-36 physical functioning Perceived general health (EuroQol-5D) † HADS De Jong Gierveld Loneliness scale
GFI subscale: r (95% CI) r (95% CI) r (95% CI) r (95% CI)
Daily activities −0.617* −0.308 0.264 0.003
(−0.72- -0.49) (−0.46- -0.13) (0.08-0.43) (−0.18-0.19)
Health problems −0.525 −0.480* 0.355 0.367
(−0.64- -0.38) (−0.66- -0.41) (0.18-0.51) (0.20-0.52)
Psychosocial functioning −0.237 −0.439 0.668* 0.671*
  (−0.40- -0.06) (−0.58- -0.28) (0.55-0.76) (0.59- 0.76)
  1. Abbreviations: GFI Groningen Frailty Indicator, HADS Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, CI confidence interval.
  2. *Bold loadings represent related scales.
  3. †Perceived general health item of the EuroQol-5D questionnaire.