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Table 5 Factors associating with physical complications developed during the first year after stroke using univariate analysis and multiple logistic regression analysis

From: Long-term morbidities in stroke survivors: a prospective multicenter study of Thai stroke rehabilitation registry

Factors Physical complications@ No physical complication Odds ratio (95% CI) p-value#
Sex (n = 198)     
  Male 51 (45.9%) 60 (54.1%) 0.053
  Female 52 (59.8%) 35 (40.2%)   
Age (n = 198)     
  < 60 years 35 (41.7%) 49 (58.3%) 1 0.012*
  ≥ 60 years 68 (59.6%) 46 (40.4%) 2.1 (1.2, 3.7)  
OAIa (n = 198)     
 < 3 months 87 (54.0%) 74 (46.0%) 0.236
 ≥ 3 months 16 (43.2%) 21 (56.8%)   
Pathology (n = 198)     
  Hemorrhage 21 (38.9%) 33 (61.1%) 0.024*
  Infarction 82 (56.9%) 62 (43.1%)   
Psychological complications (anxiety/depression) at DC (n = 166)  
  < 11 74 (54.8%) 61 (45.2%) 0.331
  ≥ 11 14 (45.2%) 17 (54.8%)   
Physical complications at DC (n = 198)   
  No 32 (43.8%) 41 (56.2%) 0.078
  Yes 71 (56.8%) 54 (43.2%)   
Family support (n = 198)   
  No 3 (100.0%) 0.109
  Yes 103 (52.8%) 92 (47.2%)   
LOSb (n = 198)     
 < 1 months 62 (53.0%) 55 (47.0%) 0.742
  ≥ 1 months 41 (50.6%) 40 (49.4%)   
Barthel scorec at DC (n = 198)    
  < 15 58 (56.3%) 49 (51.7%) 0.504
  ≥ 15 45 (43.7%) 46 (48.3%)   
  1. @ Physical complications mainly represented pain in all aspects.
  2. #Data were analyzed using Chi-square test or Fisher’s exact test.
  3. a OAI = Onset to admission interval, b LOS = Length of stay, c BI = Barthel Index <15 means moderately to severely disabled, ≥15 means mildly disabled to independently, DC = discharge.
  4. *Statistical significance.