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Table 1 Gastrointestinal complaints with scoring

From: Vitamin B6 deficiency and diseases in elderly people – a study in nursing homes

Variables Grading Bowel function Constipation Diarrhoea
Stool frequency ≤1 stool per week 2 3 0
1-2 stools per week 1 2 0
3-6 stools per week 0 1 0
1 stool daily 0 0 0
2-3 stools daily 0 0 1
4-5 stools daily 1 0 2
≥6 stools daily 2 0 3
Stool consistency: “Bristol Stool Form Scale” 1. Separate hard lumps, like nuts 2 2 0
2. Sausage-shaped but lumpy 1 1 0
3. Like a sausage or snake but with cracks on its surface 0 0 0
4. Like a sausage or snake, smooth and soft 0 0 0
5. Soft blobs with clear-cut edges 0 0 0
6. Fluffy pieces with ragged edges, a mushy stool 1 0 1
7. Watery, no solid pieces 2 0 2
Straining ≥25% of defecations   1  
< 25% of defecations   0  
Manual manoeuvres ≥25% of defecations   1  
< 25% of defecations   0  
Feeling of incomplete evacuation ≥ 25% of defecations   1  
< 25% of defecations   0  
Sensation of ano-rectal obstruction ≥ 25% of defecations   1  
< 25% of defecations   0  
Sum score (range)   0 – 4 0 – 9 0 – 5
  1. The numbers are the scores related to each symptom with the sum score at the bottom. Low scores indicate normal function.