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Table 1 Characteristics of the study population by gender and vertebral fracture

From: Cross-sectional associations between prevalent vertebral fracture and pulmonary function in the sixth Tromsø study

Characteristics Men (n = 892) Women (n = 1240)
No vertebral fracture (n = 771) Vertebral fracture (n = 121) P No vertebral fracture (n = 1079) Vertebral fracture (n = 161) P
Age (years) 67.4 (7.6) 70.4 (7.5) <0.001 67.3 (7.1) 71.3 (7.6) <0.001
Body height (cm) 175.1 (6.5) 174.2 (6.9) 0.182 162.1 (6.1) 160.3 (7.1) 0.001
Body weight (kg) 83.9 (12.1) 82.9 (11.7) 0.371 71.0 (12.4) 68.8 (12.4) 0.039
Hip bone mineral density (BMD) (g/cm2)a 1.027 (0.142) 0.973 (0.161) <0.001 0.901 (0.130) 0.830 (0.115) <0.001
Smoking    0.491    0.421
Current 13.6% (105) 17.4% (21)   17.5% (189) 19.3% (31)  
Past 61.6% (753) 57.0% (69)   41.5% (448) 36.0% (58)  
Never 24.8% (191) 25.6% (31)   41.0% (443) 44.7% (72)  
Physical inactivityb 20.4% (141) 17.4% (19) 0.661 19.7% (181) 18.8% (26) 0.947
Cardiovascular diseasec 22.6% (174) 24.0% (29) 0.733 10.1% (109) 15.5% (25) 0.038
Lung diseased 11.2% (86) 18.2% (22) 0.028 14.8% (160) 12.4% (20) 0.421
Hormone drugs for menopausee     7.7% (76) 4.6% (6) 0.193
Corticosteroid use 5.8% (45) 11.6% (14) 0.018 8.3% (90) 9.3% (15) 0.678
FVC (liter (SE)) 4.20 (0.81) 4.00 (0.86) 0.014 2.95 (0.56) 2.77 (0.64) <0.001
FEV1 (liter (SE)) 3.05 (0.70) 2.82 (0.79) 0.001 2.18 (0.48) 2.02 (0.55) <0.001
FEV1/FVC (% (SD)) 72.5 (8.7) 69.9 (10.5) 0.003 73.8 (7.4) 72.5 (8.4) 0.046
  1. The Tromsø Study 2007-08.
  2. Values are mean (SD) or % (n).
  3. an = 860 men and 1152 women.
  4. bn = 799 men and 1057 women.
  5. cCerebral stroke, myocardial infarction, or angina pectoris.
  6. dAsthma, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, or COPD.
  7. en = 1112 women.