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Table 2 Baseline health-related musculoskeletal fitness characteristics and SF 36 physical scales and physical summary measure of study participants

From: Effect of tai chi on musculoskeletal health-related fitness and self-reported physical health changes in low income, multiple ethnicity mid to older adults

  Combined cohorts mean (SD) Cohort 1 mean (SD) Cohort 2 mean (SD) Cohort 3 mean (SD) P
Anthropometric measures
Body Mass Index (kg/m2) 26.7 (4.8) 28.3 (4.8) 24.3 (3.7) 28.2 (5.2) <0.001
Upper body musculoskeletal measures
Overall Grip Strength (kg) 54.3 (17.7) 46.8 (16.8) 59.8 (16.5) 57.7 (16.8) <0.001
Arm Curl Test in 30 Seconds (#) 15.5 (5.4) 11.9 (4.0) 17.9 (4.4) 17.6 (5.9) <0.001
Lower body musculoskeletal measures
Chair Stand Test in 30 Seconds (#) 12.2 (4.1) 10.0 (3.1) 13.9 (4.1) 13.2 (3.8) <0.001
Timed 8-Foot Up and Go (secs) 7.6 (3.2) 8.8 (4.2) 6.4 (1.7) 7.8 (2.2) <0.001
Low back flexibility measures
Sit and Reach (cm) 26.4 (9.1) 25.3 (8.2) 26.2 (9.6) 28.7 (9.1) .141
SF 36 physical scales
Physical Functioning (PF) 75.0 (21.6) 67.2 (23.8) 80.9 (16.4) 78.0 (22.1) <0.001
Role-Physical (RP) 80.9 (25.6) 74.4 (29.5) 87.0 (21.1) 81.8 (23.1) .009
Bodily Pain (BP) 68.7 (24.8) 62.8 (27.2) 74.1 (22.7) 69.4 (22.2) .017
General Health (GH) 64.8 (20.5) 64.9 (21.1) 60.5 (20.2) 71.7 (18.3) .012
SF 36 physical summary measure
Physical Health (PCS) 49.2 (7.9) 46.9 (8.8) 50.7 (5.9) 50.3 (8.6) .009
  1. Note: # designates repetitions completed.