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Table 4 Comparison by the interaction style

From: Interactive programs with preschool children bring smiles and conversation to older adults: time-sampling study

  Interaction style Median Mean rank Significance level
Visual attention occurred between the generations Performance-based 100.0 16.68 0.025
(0~100) Social-oriented 87.5 10.11
Smiling rate Performance-based 45.0 10.59 0.149
(0~100) Social-oriented 80.0 14.89
Weighted smiling rate Performance-based 55.0 9.36 0.029
(0~300) Social-oriented 115.8 15.86
Constructive behaviour rate Performance-based 0.0 6.00 0.000
(0~100) Social-oriented 90.0 18.50
Intergenerational conversation rate Performance-based 0.0 6.50 0.000
(0~100) Social-oriented 17.5 18.11  
  1. Mann–Whitney U test.