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Table 1 Characteristics of fallers on the GRU and LSVU

From: An exploration of risk for recurrent falls in two geriatric care settings

  On GRU On LSVU Tests of significance
Gender: count (%)    Pearson Chi-square = 40.26, 1df, p < 0.000
Male 65 (44.8%) 69 (88.5%)
Female 80 (55.2%) 9 (11.5%)
Age    
Mean age in years (SD) 82.0 (7.9) 87.4 (4.7) T-test = −5.51 p < 0.000
Falls: count (%)    
Fell once 99 (68.3%) 23 (29.5%)  
Fell twice 22 (15.2%) 17 (21.8%)
Fell 3 times 13 (9.0%) 8 (10.3%)
Fell > 3 times 11 (7.5%) 30 (38.4%)
Total number of falls 249 296 T-test = −4.94 p < 0.000
Mean number of falls per person (SD) 1.7 (1.5) 3.8 (3.5)
By gait aids listed at time of fall    
No gait aids (cane, walker or wheelchair) 44 (30.3%) 30 (38.5%) Pearson Chi-square = 28.41, 3df, p < 0.000
Cane only no walker or wheelchair 0 (0.0%) 5 (6.4%)
Walker, with/without cane or wheelchair 95 (65.5%) 29 (37.2%)
Wheelchair only, no cane or walker 6 (4.1%) 14 (17.9%)
Fallers by time of day of fall    
Midnight to 3:59 a.m. 37 (25.5%) 13 (16.7%) Pearson Chi-square = 15.0, 5df, p < 0.010
4:00 a.m. to 7:59 a.m. 25 (17.2%) 11 (14.1%)
8:00 a.m. to 11:59 a.m. 17 (11.7%) 13 (16.7%)
Noon to 3:59 p.m. 25 (17.2%) 7 (9.0%)
4:00 p.m. to 7:59 p.m. 28 (19.3%) 14 (17.9%)
8:00 p.m. to 11:59 p.m. 13 (9.0%) 20 (25.6%)
Fallers by injury sustained at time of fall    Pearson Chi- square = 5.99, 1df, p < 0.014
Yes 57 (39.3%) 44 (56.4%)
No 88 (60.7%) 34 (43.6%)  
  1. Note: GRU: Geriatric Rehabilitation Unit; LSVU: long-stay Veterans’ Unit; SD: standard deviation.