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Table 1 Clinical variables of centenarians in the series according to sex

From: Electrocardiographic abnormalities in centenarians: impact on survival

  Total    Male    Female    P
  No. Mean SD No. Mean SD No. Mean SD  
BMI 71 24.1 4.3 23 24.8 3.8 48 23.8 4.5 .388
BPs 77 131.7 21.2 24 139.3 26.0 53 128.3 17.9 .223
BPd 77 73.0 12.7 24 74.4 14.5 53 72.4 11.9 .411
HR 80 77.0 14.5 26 74.1 11.8 54 78.3 15.5 .224
  No. %   No. %   No. %   
Smoker 17 21.3%   17 65.4%   0 0%   .000
Diabetes mellitus 9 11.3%   3 11.5%   6 11.1%   .999
Hypertension 21 26.3%   3 11.5%   18 33.3%   .056
Dyslipaemia 3 3.8%   2 7.7%   1 1.9%   .245
CVD 24 30.0%   5 19.2%   19 35.2%   .145
Dementia 26 32.5%   5 19.2%   21 38.9%   .079
Prior hospital admission 65 81.3%   23 88.5%   42 77.8%   .363
Drugs* 65 81.3%   19 73.1%   46 85.2%   .194
  No. %   No. %   No. % OR (CI)  
Charlson index score ≥ 2 26 32.5%   9 34.6%   17 31.5% 0.9 (0.3-2.3) .779
Barthek index score ≤ 60 37 46.3%   8 30.8%   29 53.7% 0.4 (0.1-1.03) .054
Cognition miniexam score < 20 57 71.3%   12 46.2%   45 83.3% 0.2 (2.0-16.7) .001
Anaemia 31 40.3%   13 50%   18 35.3% 0.5 (0.2-1.4) .230
Hyperglycaemia 10 13%   2 7.7   8 15.7 2.2 (0.4-11.4) .480
Renal failure 52 67.5%   14 53.8%   38 74.5% 2.5 (0.9-6.8) .067
Dyslipidaemia 8 10.7%   4 16.0%   4 8.0% 0.5 (0.1-2.0) .429
Hypoalbuminaemia 17 22.1%   7 26.9%   10 19.6% 0.7 (0.2-2.0) .464
  1. *mean 3.2 (SD 2.1) drugs per patient (rank 0–11).
  2. Abbreviations: BPd: diastolic blood pressure; BPs: systolic blood pressure. BMI: body mass index; CI: 95% confidence interval; CVD: cardiovascular disease; HR: heart rate; OR: Odds ratio; SD: standard deviation.
  3. Anaemia: haemoglobin < 12 g/dL in women, <13 g/dL in men. Hyperglycaemia: fasting glycaemia > 126 mg/dL. Renal failure: glomerular filtration rate (MDDR-4) < 60. Dyslipidaemia: total cholesterol > 220 mg/dL. Hypoalbuminaemia: albumin < 3.5 g/dL.