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Table 3 Prognostic factors of the 87 elderly patients with bacterial meningitis

From: Clinical characteristics and prognosis of acute bacterial meningitis in elderly patients over 65: a hospital-based study

  Survived Expired p
  (n = 53) (n = 34)  
Age (years); median (range) 71 (65 - 82) 75.1 (66 - 87) 0.659
Gender    
Male 32 21 1.000
Female 21 13  
Underlying condition    
Diabetes mellitus 20 10 0.493
Liver cirrhosis 1 2 0.558
Alcoholism 1 3 0.295
End stage renal disease 0 6 0.003*
Malignancy 2 2 0.642
Spontaneous 19 20 0.047*
Community-acquired 25 19 0.512
Clinical presentation    
Fever 46 29 1.000
Altered consciousness 31 23 0.498
Seizure 11 15 0.030*
Shock 1 9 0.001*
Hydrocephalus 20 13 1.000
Brain abscess 4 3 1.000
Liver abscess 2 0 0.518
Positive blood culture 6 12 0.013*
Leukocytosis 25 21 0.196
Cerebrospinal fluid, median (IQR)    
White cell count (109/L) 0.18 (0.03, 0.83) 0.45 (0.12, 1.27)  
Glucose (mmol/L) 3.16 (1.29, 4.32) 1.98 (0.48, 4.00)  
Protein (g/L) 1.09 (0.74, 3.32) 2.72 (1.58, 5.31)  
Lactate (mmol/L) 4.01 (3.16, 14.68) 9.17 (5.35, 17.13)  
  1. * Fisher's exact test (p < 0.05); ** Mann-Whitney U test (p < 0.05)
  2. IQR = inter-quartile range (25%, 75%)