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Table 3 Prevalence of needs and unmet needs for SMAF items (last wave of the study)

From: Meeting the home-care needs of disabled older persons living in the community: does integrated services delivery make a difference?

SMAF Items Area With ISD†(n = 395) Area Without ISD (n = 433)
  At Least One Need
n (%)
At Least One
Unmet Need
n (%)§
At Least One Need
n (%)
At Least One
Unmet Need
n (%)§
Total SMAF unmet needs score 393 (99.5%) 139 (35.5%) 434 (100%) 289 (66.7%)***
A. ADLs 354 (89.6%) 111 (31.4%) 418 (96.3%)*** 196 (47.0%)***
Eating 69 (17.5%) 0 (0%) 145 (33.4%)*** 8 (5.6%)**
Washing 188 (47.6%) 36 (19.3%) 307 (70.7%)*** 75 (24.5%)***
Dressing 133 (33.7%) 0 (0%) 259 (59.7%)*** 8 (3.1%)**
Grooming 288 (72.9%) 82 (28.6%) 383 (88.2%)*** 128 (33.5%)**
Urinary continence 190 (48.1%) 4 (2.1%) 228 (52.5%) 10 (4.4%)
Fecal continence 158 (40.0%) 2 (1.3%) 205 (47.2%)* 40 (19.5%)***
Using toilet 59 (14.9%) 1 (1.7%) 225 (51.8%)*** 7 (3.1%)
B. Mobility 276 (69.9%) 8 (2.9%) 411 (94.7%)*** 70 (17.1%)***
Transfers 81 (20.5%) 0 (0%) 308 (71.0%)*** 8 (2.6%)**
Walking inside 152 (38.5%) 3 (2.0%) 244 (56.2%)*** 14 (5.8%)*
Walking outside 207 (52.4%) 4 (1.9%) 380 (87.6%)*** 41 (10.8%)***
Putting on prosthesis or orthosis 11 (2.8%) 0 (0%) 2 (0.5%)** 0 (0%)
Moving around in a wheelchair 35 (8.9%) 3 (8.8%) 56 (12.9%) 1 (1.8%)
Using the stairs 230 (58.2%) 0 (0%) 368 (84.8%)*** 23 (6.3%)***
C. Communication 255 (64.6%) 28 (11.0%) 336 (77.4%)*** 152 (45.4%)***
Seeing 154 (39.0%) 12 (7.8%) 227 (52.3%)*** 77 (34.1%)***
Hearing 188 (47.6%) 17 (9.0%) 249 (57.4%)** 114 (45.8%)***
Speaking 11 (2.8%) 1 (9.1%) 30 (6.9%)** 3 (10.0%)
D. Mental functions 272 (68.9%) 3 (1.1%) 320 (73.7%) 25 (7.8%)***
Memory 251 (63.5%) 2 (0.8%) 302 (69.6%) 14 (4.6%)**
Orientation 137 (34.7%) 1 (0.7%) 125 (28.8%) 8 (6.5%)*
Understanding 133 (33.7%) 2 (1.5%) 92 (21.2%)*** 13 (14.1%)**
Judgement 133 (33.7%) 1 (0.8%) 111 (25.6%)* 6 (5.4%)
Behaviour 74 (18.7%) 0 (0%) 68 (15.7%) 10 (14.7%)**
E. IADLs 391 (99.0%) 20 (5.1%) 429 (98.9%) 52 (12.2%)***
Cleaning the house 357 (90.4%) 4 (1.1%) 404 (93.1%) 8 (2.0%)
Preparing meals 302 (76.5%) 4 (1.3%) 350 (80.7%) 19 (5.4%)**
Shopping 311 (78.7%) 0 (0%) 390 (89.9%)*** 1 (0.3%)
Doing the laundry 254 (64.3%) 0 (0%) 309 (71.2%)* 3 (1.0%)
Using the telephone 183 (46.3%) 5 (2.8%) 242 (55.8%)** 6 (2.5%)
Using public transportation 275 (69.6%) 0 (0%) 335 (77.2%)* 6 (1.8%)*
Taking medications 271 (68.6%) 7 (2.6%) 314(72.4%) 20 (6.4%)*
Managing the budget 213 (53.9%) 0 (0%) 258 (59.5%) 2 (0.8%)
  1. † ISD: integrated-service-delivery (ISD) network
  2. § Among subjects with at least one need
  3. * p < 0.05; ** p < 0.01; *** p < 0.001 when comparing the two areas, using the Chi square or Fisher's exact test.