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Table 1 Logistic regression predicting ED episode patterns

From: Older adults who persistently present to the emergency department with severe, non-severe, and indeterminate episode patterns

  All Episodes < 3 Episodes ≥ 3 Episodes
  AOR 95% CI AOR 95% CI AOR 95% CI
Age Above Median 1.520 (1.234, 1.873) 1.267 (0.901, 1.781) 1.728 (1.298, 2.299)
African American 0.784 (0.561, 1.096) 0.588 (0.340, 1.018) 1.020 (0.648,1.604)
Hispanic 0.895 (0.532, 1.508) 0.833 (0.298,2.326) 1.248 (0.662, 2.335)
White (ref)       
Men 1.280 (1.022, 1.604) 1.788 (1.248, 2.562) 1.006 (0.736, 1.375)
Lives Alone 1.195 (0.966, 1.478) 1.393 (0.990, 1.962) 1.119 (0.835, 1.498)
# of Insur Health Policies 0.947 (0.808, 1.109) 0.610 (0.470, 0.792) 1.323 (1.059, 1.653)
Body-Mass Index: Obese 1.013 (0.991, 1.035) 1.002 (0.965, 1.041) 1.022 (0.993, 1.051)
Never Smoked (ref)       
Former Smoker 1.175 (0.947, 1.459) 1.149 (0.812, 1.626) 1.236 (0.920, 1.662)
Current Smoker 1.601 (1.124, 2.280) 1.998 (1.171, 3.407) 1.447 (0.871, 2.405)
No Drinks (ref)       
Between 1&2 Drinks 0.692 (0.480, 0.998) 0.759 (0.436, 1.324) 0.651 (0.386, 1.097)
More than 3 Drinks 0.903 (0.446, 1.828) 0.744 (0.287, 1.933) 1.352 (0.411, 4.440)
Self-Reported Health (VG)      
Fair Self-Reported Health 1.052 (0.820, 1.349) 1.101 (0.737, 1.644) 0.955 (0.680, 1.343)
Poor Self-Reported Health 1.207 (0.846, 1.722) 0.902 (0.471, 1.729) 1.363 (0.864, 2.150)
IADL 1 or More 1.021 (0.785, 1.327) 1.401 (0.915, 2.145) 0.820 (0.570, 1.180)
Arthritis 0.605 (0.479, 0.764) 0.856 (0.581, 1.262) 0.454 (0.331, 0.623)
Diabetes 1.795 (1.323, 2.436) 3.559 (1.986, 6.378) 1.250 (0.847, 1.846)
Heart Disease 1.699 (1.334, 2.165) 1.550 (1.051, 2.285) 1.790 (1.293, 2.478)
Hypertension 1.323 (1.085, 1.612) 1.408 (1.086, 2.068) 1.222 (0.934, 1.598)
Lung Disease 0.727 (0.504, 1.409) 0.582 (0.316, 1.074) 0.900 (0.557, 1.455)
Psych. Problems 0.997 (0.685, 1.451) 1.348 (0.682, 2.663) 0.803 (0.495. 1,300)
Stroke 0.787 (0.570, 1.084) 0.970 (0.559, 1.681) 0.741 (0.487, 1.127)
4 or More Morbid Conditions 1.484 (1.001, 2.199) 1.014 (0.479, 2.146) 1.896 (1.155, 3.113)
Hospitalized in last 12 mo. 1.260 (0.995, 1.596) 1.281 (0.848, 1.934) 1.213 (0.893, 1.648)
Visits to MDs in 2 yrs 1.001 (0.983, 1.020) 1.016 (0.977, 1.056) 0.990 (0.968, 1.013)
Upper 20% beds per 1,000 0.780 (0.598, 1.018) 0.855 (0.558, 1.310) 0.646 (0.448, 0.930)
Upper 20% MDs per 1,000 1.096 (0.841, 1.428) 1.486 (0.973, 2.270) 0.853 (0.595, 1.223)
Distance to ED 0.992 (0.981, 1.003) 0.985 (0.966, 1.004) 0.993 (0.979, 1.008)
Population > 1 mln 0.987 (0.793, 1.229) 0.826 (0.581, 1.172) 1.091 (0.810, 1.470)
Population < 20,000 0.863 (0.650, 1.146) 0.784 (0.49, 1.257) 0.908 (0.621, 1.328)
Years from first to last ED 0.947 (0.922, 0.972) 0.988 (0.892, 1.093) 0.916 (0.882, 0.951)
  1. Note: The model also included income quintiles, the change in self-rated health measure,
  2. self-rated memory, self-reported neighborhood safety and measure of the continuity of care, none of which were statistically significant, and are not shown here due to space constraints. Their inclusion or exclusion did not alter the parameters shown in the table