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Table 1 Clinical characteristics of studied sample of participants according to diagnostic of dementia (n = 184)

From: Development of a short form of Mini-Mental State Examination for the screening of dementia in older adults with a memory complaint: a case control study

  CHI
(n = 41)
DI
(n = 143)
P-value*
Age, mean ± SD (years) 77.7 ± 7.7 82.3 ± 5.7 < 0.001
Female, n (%) 30 (73.2) 102 (71.3) 1.000
Use of psychoactive drugs daily†, n (%) 14 (34.1) 70 (49.0) 0.111
MMSE score (/30 points), mean ± SD 26.7 ± 2.2 19.4 ± 4.1 < 0.001
SMMSE score (/6 points), mean ± SD 5.3 ± 0.7 3.4 ± 0.9 < 0.001
CAB score (/96 points), mean ± SD 84.8 ± 6.3 67.2 ± 11.3 < 0.001
FAB score (/18 points), mean ± SD 14.2 ± 3.2 10.7 ± 2.8 < 0.001
IADL score (/4 points), mean ± SD 3.9 ± 0.3 2.4 ± 0.7 < 0.001
  1. CHI: Cognitively healthy individuals; DI: demented individual; MMSE: Mini-Mental State Examination; SMMSE: Short form of Mini-Mental State Examination (maximum score of 6 corresponding to best performance); CAB: Cognitive Assessment Battery; FAB: Frontal Assessment Battery; IADL: Instrumental Activities of Daily Living; *: Comparison based on t-test or Chi-square test, as appropriate; † Use of benzodiazepines or antidepressants or neuroleptics