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Table 2 Included studies reported by design and subject specifications

From: Cognitive and cognitive-motor interventions affecting physical functioning: A systematic review

STUDY DESIGN N SUBJECTS AGE range or mean (years)
Cognitive Rehabilitation Interventions
Batson et al 2006 RCT 6 Community dwelling older adults 65 - 80
Dunsky et al 2008 Non-RCT 17 Community dwelling adults with hemiparetic stroke 44 - 79
Hamel & Lajoie 2005 RCT 20 Older adults 65 - 90
Dual-task Interventions
Shigematsu et al 2008 RCT 63 Community dwelling older adults 65 - 74
Shigematsu et al 2008 RCT 39 Community dwelling healthy adults 65 - 74
Silsupadol et al 2006 Case study 3 Older adults with history of falls 82, 90 and 93
Silsupadol et al 2009 RCT 21 Older adults 75.0 ± 6.1
Vaillant et al 2006 RCT 68 Community dwelling older women with osteoporosis 73.5 ± 1.6
You et al 2009 RCT 13 Older adults with history of falls 68.3 ± 6.5
Computerized Interventions
Bisson et al 2007 Pre-Post 24 Community dwelling older adults VR: 74.4 ± 3.65; BF: 74.4 ± 4.92
Broeren et al 2008 Pre-Post 22 Community dwelling adults with stroke 67.0 ± 12.5
Buccello-Stout et al 2008 RCT 16 Older adults 66 - 81
Clark et al 2009 Case study 1 Woman resident of a nursing home with unspecified balance disorders 89
de Bruin et al 2010 Two groups control 35 Older adults living in a residential care facility IG: 85.2 ± 5.5; CG: 86.8 ± 8.1
Deutsch et al 2009 Case study 2 Chronic phase post-stroke 34 and 48
Hatzitaki et al 2009 RCT 48 Community-dwelling healthy older women 70.9 ± 5.7
Hinman 2002 RCT 88 Community-dwelling older adults 63 - 87
Jang et al 2005 RCT 10 Patients with stroke 57.1 ± 4.5
Kerdoncuff et al 2004 RCT 25 Patients with stroke 59.5 ± 13.5
Lajoie 2003 RCT 24 Community-dwelling elderly IG: 70.3; CG: 71.4
Mumford et al 2010 Case study 3 Patients with TBI 20, 20 and 21
Sackley et al 1997 RCT 26 Patients with stroke 41-85
Srivastava et al 2009 Pre-Post 45 Patients with stroke 45.5 ± 11.2
Sugarman et al 2009 Case study 1 Patent with stroke 86
Talassi et al 2007 Case-control 54 Community-dwelling older adults with MCI or MD 42 - 91
Wolf et al 1997 RCT 72 Independently living older adults CBT: 77.7 ± 6.5; TC: 77.7 ± 5.6; CG: 75.2 ± 4.9
Yang et al 2008 RCT 20 Patients with stroke 30 - 74
Yong Joo et al 2010 Pre-Post 16 Rehabilitation inpatients within 3 months post-stroke 64.5 ± 9.6
  1. Abbreviations: RCT = Randomized Controlled Trial; Non-RCT = Nonrandomized Controlled Trial; TC = Tai Chi; VR = Virtual reality; BF = Biofeedback; IG = Intervention Group; CG = Control Group