Low serum thyrotropin concentrations as a risk factor for atrial fibrillation in elderly patients
© Grembiale et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2010
Published: 19 May 2010
Atrial fibrillation (AF) represents a well-know complication of hyperthyroidism. Whether patients with subclinical hyperthyroidism have an increased risk of AF is still controversial.
Materials and methods
In our study, we evaluated TSH levels and several cardiologic parameters in 75 elderly patients with AF in the persistent (n=34) or paroxysmal (n=41) form. None of the patients showed the presence of other known risk factors for AF or increased levels of thyroid hormone concentration.
Serum TSH values was <0.5 fiUI/ml in 24 (32%, Group A), between 0.5 and 1 fiUI/ml in 22 (29.3%, Group B) and above 1fiUI/ml in 29 (38.7%, Group C) patients. No significant difference was observed among the 3 groups for echocardiographic parameters. Holter registration showed : Heart Rate [HR (24 hours)] of 67.7 + 10.8 b/m in the group A, 71.8 + 8.9 b/m in the group B and 70.5 + 18 b/m in the group C; HR (Max) of 134.6 + 35.2 b/m in the group A, 124 + 22.8 b/m in the group B and 119.6 + 40.8 b/m in the group C; HR (Min) of 43.8 + 8.3 in the group A, 43.7 + 11 b/m in the group B and 45.8 + 14.6 b/m in the group C; Diurnal HR of 71 + 10 b/m in the group A, 75.3 + 8.9 b/m in the group B and 69.7 + 12 in the group C and Nocturnal HR of 68 + 11 b/m in the group A, 65.6 + 8.4 b/m in group B and 61.4 + 9.5 b/m in the group C. Persistent AF was observed in 17/24 (70.8%) patients in the group A, in 8/22 (36.4%) patients in the group B and in 9/29 (31.0%) patients in the group C.
In conclusion, the 24 h, the Maximal and the Minimal HR did not significantly differ among the 3 groups; the circadian HR variation was lost in group A patients, while it was present in the other groups; the frequency of persistent AF was significantly increased in group with serum TSH values <0.5 µU/ml.
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