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Table 5 FES(S) and SAFFE- the effects on gender, falls, fear of falling and unsteadiness

From: Assessment of fall-related self-efficacy and activity avoidance in people with Parkinson's disease

Gender Men Women p-value
FES(S) 108 (82-129), n = 49 83 (52-103), n = 20 0.007
SAFFE 22 (18-29), n = 51 33 (25-38), n = 20 0.001
Falls Yes No  
FES(S) 92 (55-120), n = 46 105 (94-129), n = 23 0.017
SAFFE 27 (19-35), n = 47 21 (17-29), n = 24 0.008
Fear of falling 1 Yes No  
FES(S) 77 (46-99), n = 27 114 (95-129), n = 41 <0.001
SAFFE 33 (29-38), n = 25 21 (18-26), n = 45 <0.001
Unsteady turning 2 Yes No  
FES(S) 83 (54-101), n = 44 120 (108-129), n = 23 <0.001
SAFFE 30 (21-37), n = 44 19 (17-24), n = 25 <0.001
  1. Data are medians and first and third quartiles (q1-q3), and values are only reported for those where total scores could be computed at time 1. At time 1, total FES(S) and SAFFE scores could be computed for 69 and 71 participants, respectively.
  2. 1 One missing response.
  3. 2 Two missing responses.
  4. FES(S): Falls-Efficacy Scale, Swedish version. The possible score range is 0-130 points, where higher scores denote better balance confidence in performing the activities.
  5. SAFFE: The Survey of Activities and Fear of Falling in the Elderly. The possible score range is 17-51 points and a higher score denote greater avoidance.