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Table 3 Multivariate Analysis Risk factors associated with self-reported medication side effects*

From: Self-reported medication side effects in an older cohort living independently in the community - the Melbourne Longitudinal Study on Healthy Ageing (MELSHA): cross-sectional analysis of prevalence and risk factors

  Entire population
(n = 536)
On medication
(n = 509)
  OR 95% CI p OR 95% CI p
Educationa 2.66 1.07 - 6.65 0.036 3.43 1.26 - 9.30 0.016
Doctor's ageb 2.38 1.01 - 5.56 0.048 2.70 1.08 - 7.14 0.035
Recency visit pharmacist for advicec 4.33 1.40 - 13.37 0.011 4.95 1.53 - 16.04 0.008
Doctor aware medicationd 5.44 3.03 - 9.77 < 0.0001 7.83 3.83 - 16.01 < 0.0001
Osteoarthritisd 0.24 0.09 - 0.65 0.005 0.23 0.08 - 0.68 0.008
Hypertensiond 0.41 0.16 - 1.04 0.059 0.34 0.12 - 0.93 0.035
Cataractsd 2.73 0.95 - 7.86 0.062 3.53 1.15 - 10.77 0.027
Diabetesd 3.01 0.82 - 11.06 0.096 4.00 0.98 - 16.82 0.053
Problems feet or legsd 3.87 1.57 - 9.53 0.003 3.97 1.51 - 10.46 0.005
Skin problemsd 3.99 1.39 - 11.44 0.010 3.98 1.31 - 12.09 0.015
  1. *Entire population pseudo R^2 = 0.442 (Nagelkerke); On medication, R^2 = 0.478 (Nagelkerke).
  2. a Completion high school or additional qualifications vs lower than high school education;
  3. b Aged younger than 50 years vs 50 years and older;
  4. c Five months or more vs less than five months;
  5. d Yes vs No