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Table 2 Participant characteristics and gender differences among elderly people included in a study of outdoor recreational physical activity.

From: A gender perspective on factors that influence outdoor recreational physical activity among the elderly

  Men
n = 451 (45%)
Women
n = 548 (55%)
Total
n = 999
Pearson chi-square
Age (years)     
Mean 74 75 74  
Median 72 77 74  
Range 60-96 60-96 60-96  
Able to bathe or shower independently     
Yes 435 (96) 504 (92) 939 (94)  
No 16 (4) 44 (8) 60 (6) p = 0.003
Smoking     
Yes 60 (13) 55 (10) 115 (12)  
No 391 (87) 493 (90) 884 (88) n.s.
Cohabiting     
Yes 327 (73) 239 (44) 566 (57)  
No 124 (27) 309 (56) 433 (43) p = 0.000
Level of education     
Lower education 351 (78) 471 (86) 921 (92)  
Higher education 100 (22) 77 (14) 78 (8) p = 0.011
Being able to cover an unexpected cost     
Yes 396 (88) 430 (78) 826 (83)  
No 55 (12) 118 (22) 173 (17) p = 0.000
Being part of a social network     
Yes 236 (52) 312 (57) 544 (55)  
No 215 (48) 236 (43) 447 (45) n.s.
Abandoning outdoor recreational physical activity during the evenings due to fear of violence     
Often 11 (2) 76 (14) 87 (9)  
Never 440 (98) 472 (86) 912 (91) p = 0.000
Abandoning outdoor recreational physical activity due to fear of falling     
Yes 15 (3) 59 (11) 74 (7)  
No 436 (97) 489 (89) 925 (93) p = 0.000
Access to areas for country walks     
Yes 401 (89) 449 (82) 85 (15)  
No 50 (11) 99 (18) 850 (85) p = 0.002