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Table 3 Interview data on cognitive and nutritional status in first and second years*

From: Health, wellbeing and nutritional status of older people living in UK care homes: an exploratory evaluation of changes in food and drink provision

  First year Second year
  Intervention group Control group Intervention group Control group
Residents appearing dehydrated, n (%) 7 (23.2) 10 (38.5%) 3 (10%) 9 (34.6%)
MMSE score (max 30), mean (sd) 19 (5.6) 17 (6.2) 17 (6.2) 15 (7.9)
Cognitive impairment (MMSE ≤ 23), n (%), N 25 (83.3),
30
21 (87.5), 24 22 (81.5),
30
19 (79.2),
24
Upper arm circumference, mean (sd), N 28.06 (3.06), 30 27.40 (4.21), 20 28.9 (3.8), 30 27.3 (4.97), 20
Grip strength, left hand, mean (sd) 14.81 (6.37) 10.72 (4.43) 13.57 (6.3) 11.27 (5.92)
Grip strength, right hand, mean (sd) 11.22 (7.52) 8.68 (7.34) 11.72 (6.76) 11.91 (5.92)
Residents attempting chair stands, n (%) 6 (20) 4 (15.4) 15 (50) 18 (69.2)
HADS Anxiety score (max 21), mean (sd) 4.07 (3.00) 6.3 (4.45) 4.86 (4.61) 6.78 (3.83)
Anxious residents (score ≥8), n (%), N 3 (12%),
25
9 (39%), 43 4 (16%), 25 11 (48%), 43
HADS Depression score (of 21), mean (sd) 5.17 (3.69) 5.61 (2.98) 5.04 (3.89) 6.25 (2.91)
Depressed residents (score ≥8), n (%), N 7 (28%), 25 6 (26%), 43 5 (20%), 25 7 (30%), 43
  1. * Only those residents who participated in both interviews included, intervention n = 30, control n = 26 except where N is specified.