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Table 2 Characteristics of study population, case note data in first and second years*

From: Health, wellbeing and nutritional status of older people living in UK care homes: an exploratory evaluation of changes in food and drink provision

  First year Second year
  Intervention group Control group Intervention group Control group
Age, mean (sd) 86.1 (6.7) 87.7 (6.8) - -
Female, n (%) 38 (67) 36 (75) - -
Uses wheelchair, n (%) 15 (26) 5 (10) - -
Diabetic, n (%) 13 (23) 2 (4) 10 (18) 1 (2)
On anti-depressants, n (%) 14 (25) 11 (23) - -
On psychotropic medication (including anti-depressants), n (%) 22 (39) 23 (48) - -
On diuretics, n (%) 19 (33) 28 (58) - -
Falls/month/resident, mean (sd) 0.21 (0.32) 0.12 (0.18) 0.25 (0.37) 0.24 (0.35)
Residents not falling during year, n (%) 23 (40%) 21 (44%) 23 (40%) 24 (50%)
Serious falls (999 dialled), n (%) 8 (14%) 3 (6%) 11 (19%) 9 (19%)
Number of weight measurements per resident over year, mean (sd) 4.5 (1.9) 2.6 (2.2) 6.5 (2.5) 4.8 (2.9)
GP contacts per month, mean (sd) 0.84 (0.84) 0.54 (0.41) 0.95 (1.05) 0.84 (0.94)
Residents with District Nurse wound care contact over year, n (%) 25 (44%) 18 (38%) 22 (39%) 20 (42%)
Residents with urinary tract infections, n (%) 21 (37%) 20 (42%) 20 (35%) 12 (25%)
Residents with chest infections, n (%) 20 (35%) 10 (21%) 16 (28%) 22 (46%)
Residents with hospital stay during year, who survive, n (%) 13 (28%) 4 (12%) 11 (24%) 7 (21%)
Residents who died during the second year, n (%) - - 11 (19%) 10 (20%)
Residents discharged to a different home during second year, n (%) - - 0 4 (8)
Body weight (kg), mean (sd) 64.9 (14.68) 62.31 (12.81) 64.49 (15.35) 61.5 (14.57)
Lowest body weight (kg) 39.0 40.4 32.2 36.1
Highest body weight (kg) 101.2 97.1 101.2 106.6
Body mass index (BMI), mean (sd), N 25.75 (5.32) 57 24.68 (4.49) 43 25.62 (4.82), 57 24.3 (4.82), 43
Residents with BMI < 20, n (%) 6 (11%) 7(16%) 8 (14) 6 (14)
Residents with BMI >30, n (%) 11 (19%) 5 (12%) 13 (23) 4 (9)
Height (m), mean (sd) 1.59 (0.09) 1.58 (0.09) - -
  1. *For intervention n = 57, control n = 48 (only those with data in both years analysed) unless N specified