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Table 4 Hazard Ratios and 95% Confidence Intervals for Concurrent SRH Adjusted Age-Group Models Predicting Mortality; the Australian Longitudinal Study of Ageing, 1992 - 2004

From: The choice of self-rated health measures matter when predicting mortality: evidence from 10 years follow-up of the Australian longitudinal study of ageing

  Young-Old
N = 583
Old-Old
N = 790
Oldest-Old
N = 405
Global (TV)    
- poora 2.98** 1.18, 8.54 3.88*** 2.32, 6.48 1.97* 1.13, 3.44
- faira 2.24 0.95, 5.27 2.30** 1.41, 3.74 1.29 0.77, 2.15
- gooda 1.90 0.85, 4.26 1.82* 1.14, 2.90 1.01 0.61, 1.67
- very gooda 1.43 0.62, 3.26 1.40 0.86, 2.28 1.06 0.63, 1.78
Age-Comp (TV)    
- worseb 2.57*** 1.60, 4.15 1.17 0.86, 2.28 1.05 0.65, 1.71
- sameb 1.16 0.83, 1.26 0.91 0.75, 1.10 1.06 0.84, 1.35
Self-Comp (TV)    
- not as goodc 0.80 0.51, 1.26 1.03 0.77, 1.37 0.76 0.51, 1.21
- samec 0.52** 0.32, 0.83 0.89 0.67, 1.19 0.65* 0.44, 0.96
Male 2.52*** 1.85, 3.42 1.54*** 1.28, 1.85 1.48** 1.15, 1.91
<$12 000d 1.15 0.56, 5.15 0.77 0.42, 1.39 0.32* 0.13, 0.82
$12 001 - $20 000d 1.48 0.34, 6.52 1.19 0.66, 2.16 0.33* 0.13, 0.85
$20 001 - $30 000d 1.17 0.26, 5.24 1.13 0.60, 2.13 0.24** 0.09, 0.65
$30 001 - $50 000d 1.90 0.40, 9.01 1.41 0.73, 2.72 0.37 0.13, 1.04
≥ 15 Years Education e 0.81 0.60, 1.08 0.98 0.82, 1.16 0.09 0.66, 1.03
Partnered (TV) f 0.15*** 0.10, 0.22 0.17*** 0.13, 0.23 0.34*** 0.21, 0.56
Residential Care (TV) g 1.50 0.81, 2.78 0.89 0.71, 1.12 0.79 0.62, 1.01
Smokerh 2.16*** 1.43, 3.25 1.60** 1.18, 2.16 1.08 0.67, 1.74
Ex Smokerh 1.23 0.88, 1.72 1.09 0.91, 1.32 0.96 0.75, 1.27
Number of Conditions (TV) 0.95 0.89, 1.00 0.97 0.94, 1.00 0.94** 0.89, 0.98
Number of Medications (TV) 1.04 0.98, 1.11 1.02 0.99, 1.06 1.05* 1.01, 1.09
ADL (TV) 1.06 0.97, 1.16 1.09*** 1.05, 1.14 1.07** 1.02, 1.12
IADL (TV) 1.00 0.92, 1.05 1.00 0.95, 1.04 1.02 0.97, 1.06
MMSE (TV) 1.00 0.96, 1.05 0.98 0.96, 1.01 0.97** 0.95, 0.99
Depressive Symptoms (TV) 0.99 0.97, 1.01 0.99* 0.98, 1.00 1.00 0.99, 1.02
Null-2LL 2550.95 7141.28 3979.88
-2LL 2248.52 6745.06 3858.00
AIC 2598.95 7189.00 4027.88
BIC 2616.49 7210.54 4042.46
  1. Note: TV = Time-Varying Variables; ADL = Activities of Daily Living; IADL = Instrumental Activities of Daily Living; MMSE = Mini Mental State Examination Score; LL = log likelihood; AIC = Akaike Information Criterion; BIC = Bayesian Information Criteria. Reference Category a - "Excellent"; b & c - "Better"; d -Income at baseline of $50 000 or more per year;e- ≤ 14 Years Education;f - Not Partnered;g - Community Dwelling;h -Non-smoker at baseline. ***p < .001; **p < .01; *p < .05.