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  1. Older person’s attitude to ageing is critical for their adjustment, acceptance of health-related behaviour, survival and choices. Their attitude influences how they cope with the challenges experienced while a...

    Authors: E. O. Cadmus, L. A. Adebusoye and E. T. Owoaje

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:454

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. Older Canadians are high users of health care services, however the health care system is not well-designed to meet the complex needs of many older adults. Older persons often look to their primary care practi...

    Authors: Joanie Sims-Gould, Jacobi Elliott, Catherine E Tong, Anik Giguère, Sara Mallinson and Paul Stolee

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:453

    Content type: Study protocol

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  3. Aging is a natural life process and with an aging population, age-related diseases (e.g. type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), atherosclerosis-based cardiovascular diseases) are the primary mortality cause in older...

    Authors: Ying Zhao, Xiangli Bai, Xiong Jia, Yajing Lu, Wenzhuo Cheng, Meng Shu, Yan Zhu, Lin Zhu, Li Wang, Yan Shu, Yi Song and Si Jin

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:452

    Content type: Research

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  4. Sleep-wake disorders occur in most persons living with dementia and include late afternoon or evening agitation, irregular sleep-wake rhythms such as daytime hypersomnia, frequent night awakenings, and poor sl...

    Authors: Nancy A. Hodgson, Nalaka Gooneratne, Adriana Perez, Sonia Talwar and Liming Huang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:451

    Content type: Study protocol

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  5. With the development of digital media, online activities are increasingly becoming part of the daily life of older adults. Widowed older adults generally would face changes in social interactions and activitie...

    Authors: Yan Hong, Jingjing Fu, Dehui Kong, Siqi Liu, Zhu Zhong, Jing Tan and Yu Luo

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:450

    Content type: Research

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  6. Degenerative osteoarthritis (OA) often leads to pain and stiffness of the affected joints, which may affect the physical performance and decrease the quality of life of people with degenerative knee OA. Compar...

    Authors: Po-Yin Chen, Chen-Yi Song, Hsin-Yen Yen, Pi-Chu Lin, Su-Ru Chen, Liang-Hsuan Lu, Chen-Li Tien, Xin-Miao Wang and Chueh-Ho Lin

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:449

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Few studies examined interventions in frail elderly in China, while the awareness of applying interventions to prevent frailty in pre-frail elderly is still lacking. This study aimed to explore the effects of ...

    Authors: Xiaoxing Lai, Lin Bo, Hongwei Zhu, Baoyu Chen, Zhao Wu, Hongdi Du and Xiaopeng Huo

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:447

    Content type: Research

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  8. Frailty, a syndrome resulting in heightened risk of negative outcomes for older adults, is increasing across the globe. However, little is known about the health service impacts of frailty in low-income countr...

    Authors: Rachel C. Ambagtsheer and Richard K. Moussa

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:446

    Content type: Research

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  9. Diabetes is a major concern for the global health burden. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between handgrip strength (HGS) and the risk of new-onset diabetes and to compare the predictive abili...

    Authors: Guochen Li, Yanan Qiao, Yanqiang Lu, Siyuan Liu, Yi Ding, Xing Chen and Chaofu Ke

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:445

    Content type: Original research

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  10. Bone mineral density (BMD) and trabecular bone score (TBS) are moderately correlated. TBS is sometimes used as an adjuvant to BMD in the fracture risk assessment. Some individuals with normal BMD or osteopenia...

    Authors: Nekoo Panahi, Afshin Ostovar, Noushin Fahimfar, Hamid Reza Aghaei Meybodi, Safoora Gharibzadeh, Babak Arjmand, Mahnaz Sanjari, Kazem Khalagi, Ramin Heshmat, Iraj Nabipour, Akbar Soltani and Bagher Larijani

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:444

    Content type: Research

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  11. There is a growing interest in the significance of adopting a variety of lifestyle habits for maintaining cognitive function among older adults. A lifestyle that is easy to modify, simple, and less burdensome ...

    Authors: Chika Horikawa, Rei Otsuka, Yukiko Nishita, Chikako Tange, Yuki Kato, Takao Tanaka, Tomohiro Rogi, Hiroshi Shibata, Fujiko Ando and Hiroshi Shimokata

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:443

    Content type: Research

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  12. Adiponectin and zinc alpha2-glycoprotein (ZAG) are associated with frailty. This study aims to further examine the association of adiponectin with ZAG.

    Authors: Ya-Ping Lee, Chin-Hao Chang, Chin-Ying Chen, Chiung-Jung Wen, Hsien-Liang Huang, Jen-Kuei Peng, Yu-Ting Wang, Ching-Yu Chen and Jaw-Shiun Tsai

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:442

    Content type: Research

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  13. Cognitive impairment (CI) is a risk factor for falls due to environmental or living settings, balance, gait and vision impairments, as well as medications. While previous systematic reviews have focused on the...

    Authors: M. Racey, M. Markle-Reid, D. Fitzpatrick-Lewis, M. U. Ali, H. Gagné, S. Hunter, J. Ploeg, R. Sztramko, L. Harrison, R. Lewis, M. Jovkovic and D. Sherifali

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:441

    Content type: Research

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  14. Family-centered care, as a contemporary model of health service delivery, involves a mutually beneficial partnership between healthcare providers, patients and their families. Although evidence on the positive...

    Authors: Jiong Tu and Jing Liao

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:438

    Content type: Research

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  15. Hearing aids are important assistive devices for hearing rehabilitation. However, the cost of commonly available commercial hearing aids is often higher than the average monthly income of individuals in some d...

    Authors: Pornthep Kasemsiri, Kwanchanok Yimtae, Panida Thanawirattananit, Pasin Israsena, Anukool Noymai, Supawan Laohasiriwong, Patravoot Vatanasapt, Pipop Siripaopradith and Pritaporn Kingkaew

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:437

    Content type: Research

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  16. Antibiotic use is associated with several antibiotic-related harms in vulnerable, older long-term care (LTC) residents. Suboptimal antibiotic use may also be associated with harms but has not yet been investig...

    Authors: Haley J. Appaneal, Theresa I. Shireman, Vrishali V. Lopes, Vincent Mor, David M. Dosa, Kerry L. LaPlante and Aisling R. Caffrey

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:436

    Content type: Research

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  17. The first Patient-Centered Medical Home (PCMH) demonstration in Singapore was launched in November 2016, which aimed to deliver integrated and patient-centered care for patients with bio-psycho-social needs. I...

    Authors: Grace Sum, Soon Hoe Ho, Zoe Zon Be Lim, Junxing Chay, Mimaika Luluina Ginting, Mary Ann Tsao and Chek Hooi Wong

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:435

    Content type: Research

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  18. Interorgan communication networks established during exercise in several different tissues can be mediated by several exercise-induced factors. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the effects of ...

    Authors: Ebrahim Banitalebi, Majid Mardaniyan Ghahfarrokhi and Mortaza Dehghan

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:433

    Content type: Research

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  19. Internationally, 2–5% of people live in residential or nursing homes, many with multi-morbidities, including severe cognitive impairment. Pain is frequently considered an expected part of old age and morbidity...

    Authors: Jan Pringle, Ana Sofia Alvarado Vázquez Mellado, Erna Haraldsdottir, Fiona Kelly and Jo Hockley

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:431

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:504

  20. Antihypertensive medication use and sleep problems are highly prevalent in nursing home patients. While it is hypothesized that blood pressure and antihypertensive medication use can affect sleep, this has not...

    Authors: Elisabeth Flo-Groeneboom, Tony Elvegaard, Christine Gulla and Bettina S Husebo

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:430

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Older patients with multiple morbidities are a particularly vulnerable population that is likely to face complex medical decisions at some time in their lives. A patient-centered medical care fosters the inclu...

    Authors: B. Wild, V. S. Wurmbach, F. Böhlen, M. K.-P. Kusch, H. M. Seidling, P. Reich, M. Hartmann, W. E. Haefeli, H. C. Friederich and J. Slaets

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:427

    Content type: Research

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  22. There is a higher burden of functional disability for Indian older adults with substantial variations across different geographic regions and socioeconomic groups as compared to other ageing Asian countries. T...

    Authors: Ronak Paul, Shobhit Srivastava, T. Muhammad and Rashmi Rashmi

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:426

    Content type: Research

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  23. Cognitive impairment is an important determinant in health care. In the acute hospital setting cognition has a strong impact on treatment and care. Cognitive impairment can negatively affect diagnostics and tr...

    Authors: F. Kracht, M. Boekholt, F. Schumacher-Schönert, A. Nikelski, N. Chikhradze, P. Lücker, H. C. Vollmar, W. Hoffmann, S. H. Kreisel and J. R. Thyrian

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:425

    Content type: Research

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  24. Over the last few decades, the quality of care and the quality of life of nursing home (NH) residents have significantly improved, but insufficient physical activity and social involvement still represent subs...

    Authors: Natalia Wołoszyn, Agnieszka Wiśniowska-Szurlej, Joanna Grzegorczyk and Andrzej Kwolek

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:423

    Content type: Research

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  25. Frailty is an age-related condition resulting in a state of increased vulnerability regarding functioning across multiple systems. It is a multidimensional concept referring to physical, psychological and soci...

    Authors: Lizhen Ye, Liset E. M. Elstgeest, Xuxi Zhang, Tamara Alhambra-Borrás, Siok Swan Tan and Hein Raat

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:422

    Content type: Research

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  26. Olfactory dysfunction is associated with severe brain atrophy and cognitive impairment in Parkinson’s disease. However, it remains unknown whether an inability to identify particular odors is associated with p...

    Authors: Yujiro Kose, Yoichi Hatamoto, Rie Takae, Yuki Tomiga, Jun Yasukata, Takaaki Komiyama and Yasuki Higaki

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:421

    Content type: Research

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  27. Prolonged life expectancy is associated with increased prevalence of chronic diseases. The aim of this study was to determine the different disability trajectories for the top ten leading causes of death in Ta...

    Authors: Ching-Ju Chiu, Meng-Ling Li, Chia-Ming Chang, Chih-Hsing Wu and Maw Pin Tan

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:420

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Functional disability continues to be a significant public health problem that increases older adults’ vulnerability to experience a diminished quality of life, loss of independence, higher healthcare costs an...

    Authors: Elsa M. Orellano-Colón, Erick L. Suárez-Pérez, Marta Rivero-Méndez, Claudia X. Boneu-Meléndez, Nelson Varas-Díaz, Mauricio Lizama-Troncoso, Ivonne Z. Jiménez-Velázquez, Arelí León-Astor and Jeffrey W. Jutai

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:419

    Content type: Research

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  29. Problems with mobility, functioning and social participation make living independently difficult for frail older adults. To continue living independently, therapy adherence is a prerequisite. The causes for no...

    Authors: Leen De Coninck, Anja Declercq, Leen Bouckaert, Mieke Vermandere, Maud J. L. Graff and Bert Aertgeert

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:418

    Content type: Research

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  30. Walking speed is an important measure associated with health outcomes in older individuals, such as dependency and death. This study aimed to examine whether the walking speed of community-dwelling older adult...

    Authors: Hisashi Kawai, Shuichi Obuchi, Ryo Hirayama, Yutaka Watanabe, Hirohiko Hirano, Yoshinori Fujiwara, Kazushige Ihara, Hunkyung Kim, Yoshiyuki Kobayashi, Masaaki Mochimaru, Eiki Tsushima and Kozo Nakamura

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:417

    Content type: Research

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  31. Home rehabilitation is a growing rehabilitation service in many countries, but scientific knowledge of its components and outcomes is still limited. The aim of this study was to investigate; 1) which changes i...

    Authors: Anette Johansson, Marie Ernsth Bravell, Eleonor I. Fransson and Sofi Fristedt

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:416

    Content type: Research

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  32. Older age and comorbid burden are both associated with adverse outcomes in SARS-CoV-2, but it is not known whether the association between comorbid burden and adverse outcomes differs in older and younger adults.

    Authors: A. M. O’Hare, K. Berry, V. S. Fan, K. Crothers, M. C. Eastment, J. A. Dominitz, J. A. Shah, P. Green, E. Locke and G. N. Ioannou

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:415

    Content type: Research

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  33. Research suggests that collaborative and tailored approaches with external expertise are important to process implementations. We therefore performed a process evaluation of an intervention using participatory...

    Authors: Claudia M. Groot Kormelinck, Charlotte F. van Teunenbroek, Sytse U. Zuidema, Martin Smalbrugge and Debby L. Gerritsen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:414

    Content type: Research article

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  34. With an increasing number of older adults in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC), the burden of multimorbidity and functional dependence is on the rise. At the same time, a higher prevalence of elder abuse...

    Authors: Jaya Singh Kshatri, Trilochan Bhoi, Shakti Ranjan Barik, Subrata Kumar Palo and Sanghamitra Pati

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:413

    Content type: Research

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  35. Digital health technologies are being increasingly developed with the aim of allowing older adults to maintain functional independence throughout the old age, a process known as healthy ageing. Such digital healt...

    Authors: Marcello Ienca, Christophe Schneble, Reto W. Kressig and Tenzin Wangmo

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:412

    Content type: Article

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  36. Frailty is associated with multiple adverse outcomes in stage-5 chronic kidney disease (CKD-5) and upwards of one third of people receiving haemodialysis (HD) are frail. While many frailty screening methods ar...

    Authors: Tobia Zanotto, Thomas H. Mercer, Marietta L. van der Linden and Pelagia Koufaki

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:411

    Content type: Research

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  37. The mortality of older patients after early discharge from hospitals is sparsely described. Information on factors associated with mortality can help identify high-risk patients who may benefit from preventive...

    Authors: Martin Aasbrenn, Christian Fynbo Christiansen, Buket Öztürk Esen, Charlotte Suetta and Finn Erland Nielsen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:410

    Content type: Research

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  38. Social support is a key factor in public health. Since the precise evaluation of it is critical, the current study has been developed to evaluate the psychometric properties of the MOS-SSS questionnaire’s abbr...

    Authors: Maryam Bakhshandeh Bavarsad, Mahshid Foroughan, Nasibeh Zanjari, Zahra Jorjoran Shushtari and Gholamreza Ghaedamini Harouni

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:409

    Content type: Research

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  39. Comprehensive geriatric assessment provided in hospital wards in frail patients admitted to hospital has been shown to reduce mortality and increase the likelihood of living at home later. Systematic geriatric...

    Authors: Janne Alakare, Kirsi Kemp, Timo Strandberg, Maaret Castrén, Dimitrije Jakovljević, Jukka Tolonen and Veli-Pekka Harjola

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:408

    Content type: Research

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  40. Loss of skeletal muscle mass and strength occurs with increasing age and is associated with loss of function, disability, and the development of sarcopenia and frailty. Dietary protein is essential for skeleta...

    Authors: Mary Ni Lochlainn, Ayrun Nessa, Alyce Sheedy, Rachel Horsfall, María Paz García, Deborah Hart, Gulsah Akdag, Darioush Yarand, Samuel Wadge, Andrei-Florin Baleanu, Kevin Whelan and Claire Steves

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:407

    Content type: Study protocol

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  41. The existence of a super-select group of centenarians that demonstrates increased survivorship has been hypothesized. However, it is unknown if this super-select group possesses similar characteristics apart f...

    Authors: Jesús-Adrián Alvarez, Anthony Medford, Cosmo Strozza, Mikael Thinggaard and Kaare Christensen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:406

    Content type: Research

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  42. Falls are the leading cause of fatal and non-fatal injuries in older adults, and attention to falls prevention is imperative. Prognostic models identifying high-risk individuals could guide fall-preventive int...

    Authors: Gustav Valentin Gade, Martin G. Jørgensen, Jesper Ryg, Tahir Masud, Lasse Hjort Jakobsen and Stig Andersen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:402

    Content type: Research

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