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  1. Little is known about the prevalence and clinical importance of potentially inappropriate prescribing instances (PIPs) in the very old (>80 years). The main objective was to describe the prevalence of PIPs acc...

    Authors: Olivia Dalleur, Benoit Boland, Audrey De Groot, Bert Vaes, Pauline Boeckxstaens, Majda Azermai, Dominique Wouters, Jean-Marie Degryse and Anne Spinewine
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:156
  2. Low physical activity has been shown to be one of the most common components of frailty, and interventions have been considered to prevent or reverse this syndrome. The purpose of this systematic review of ran...

    Authors: Carmen de Labra, Christyanne Guimaraes-Pinheiro, Ana Maseda, Trinidad Lorenzo and José C. Millán-Calenti
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:154
  3. Many people with a high risk of hip fracture have coexisting cardiovascular diseases. We aimed to examine associations between exposure to antihypertensive drugs and the risk of hip fracture among older people.

    Authors: Sabine Ruths, Marit S. Bakken, Anette H. Ranhoff, Steinar Hunskaar, Lars B. Engesæter and Anders Engeland
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:153
  4. Physical restraint, e.g. bedrails or belts in beds or chairs, are commonly used in nursing homes. However, there have been reports of pronounced differences in the prevalence between different facilities. Guid...

    Authors: Ralph Möhler and Gabriele Meyer
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:152
  5. Depressive symptoms and decreased physical functioning are interrelated conditions and common in older persons, causing significant individual and societal burden. Evidence suggests that vitamin D supplementat...

    Authors: Elisa J. de Koning, Natasja M. van Schoor, Brenda W.J.H. Penninx, Petra J.M. Elders, Annemieke C. Heijboer, Jan. H. Smit, Pierre M. Bet, Maurits W. van Tulder, Martin den Heijer, Harm W.J. van Marwijk and Paul Lips
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:151
  6. Restoration of gait is an important goal of rehabilitation after hip fracture. Numerous spatial and temporal gait variables have been reported in the literature, but beyond gait speed, there is little agreemen...

    Authors: Pernille Thingstad, Thorlene Egerton, Espen F. Ihlen, Kristin Taraldsen, Rolf Moe-Nilssen and Jorunn L. Helbostad
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:150
  7. The catabolic state that follows hip fracture contributes to loss of muscle mass and strength, that is sarcopenia, which impacts functional ability and health-related quality of life. Measures to prevent such ...

    Authors: Lena Flodin, Tommy Cederholm, Maria Sääf, Eva Samnegård, Wilhelmina Ekström, Amer N. Al-Ani and Margareta Hedström
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:149
  8. Evaluating the quality of care provided to older individuals is a key step to ensure that needs are being met and to target interventions to improve care. To this aim, interRAI’s second-generation home care qu...

    Authors: Andrea D. Foebel, Hein P. van Hout, Henriëtte G. van der Roest, Eva Topinkova, Vjenka Garms-Homolova, Dinnus Frijters, Harriet Finne-Soveri, Pálmi V. Jónsson, John P. Hirdes, Roberto Bernabei and Graziano Onder
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:148
  9. Informal caregivers of people with dementia are challenged in managing the consequences of dementia in daily life. The objective of this meta-review was to synthesize evidence from previous systematic reviews ...

    Authors: Judith G. Huis in het Veld, Renate Verkaik, Patriek Mistiaen, Berno van Meijel and Anneke L. Francke
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:147
  10. High risk medications are commonly prescribed to older US patients. Currently, less is known about high risk medication prescribing in other Western Countries, including the UK. We measured trends and correlat...

    Authors: Alessandro Ble, Jane A. H. Masoli, Heather E. Barry, Rachel E. Winder, Behrooz Tavakoly, William E. Henley, George A. Kuchel, Jose M. Valderas, David Melzer and Suzanne H. Richards
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:146
  11. There has been an increasing interest in reablement in Norway recently and many municipalities have implemented this form of rehabilitation despite a lack of robust evidence of its effectiveness. The aim of th...

    Authors: Hanne Tuntland, Mona Kristin Aaslund, Birgitte Espehaug, Oddvar Førland and Ingvild Kjeken
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:145
  12. In nursing home care, new care environments directed towards small-scale and homelike environments are developing. The green care farm, which provides 24-h nursing home care for people with dementia, is one su...

    Authors: B. de Boer, J.P.H. Hamers, H.C. Beerens, S.M.G. Zwakhalen, F.E.S. Tan and H. Verbeek
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:144
  13. Over the last years, several initiatives on early detection and intervention have been put in place to proactively identify health and social problems in (frail) older people. An overview of the initiatives cu...

    Authors: Manon Lette, Caroline A. Baan, Matthijs van den Berg and Simone R. de Bruin
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:143
  14. Rehabilitation success is measured by instruments that assess performance of activities of daily living. Guidelines on the use and choice of these instruments are lacking. The present study aimed to analyse pr...

    Authors: Dolores Sánchez-Rodríguez, Ramon Miralles, Josep M. Muniesa, Sergio Mojal, Anna Abadía-Escartín and Olga Vázquez-Ibar
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:142
  15. Hip fracture injuries are identified as one of the most serious healthcare problems affecting older people. Many studies have explored the associations among patient characteristics, treatment processes, time ...

    Authors: Paola Colais, Mirko Di Martino, Danilo Fusco, Carlo Alberto Perucci and Marina Davoli
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:141
  16. Personal alarms support independent living and have the potential to reduce serious consequences after a fall or during a medical emergency. While some Australian states have government funded personal alarm p...

    Authors: Kristen De San Miguel, Gill Lewin, Elissa Burton, Christine Toye, Duncan Boldy and Peter Howat
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:140
  17. Wagner’s Chronic Care Model (CCM), as well as the expanded version (ECCM) developed by Barr and colleagues, have been widely adopted as frameworks for prevention and management of chronic disease. Given the hi...

    Authors: Heather Drouin, Jennifer Walker, Heather McNeil, Jacobi Elliott and Paul Stolee
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:139
  18. There is little investigation into what care older people access during the last phase of their life and what factors enable access to care in this group. Illuminating this from the perspective of the next of ...

    Authors: Anna Condelius and Magdalena Andersson
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:138
  19. The influenza vaccine is recommended in older population. However the immunization coverage varies globally. It has been reported as low as 10–20 % in some countries. This study explored the acceptance of and ...

    Authors: Rawipun Worasathit, Wantanee Wattana, Kamolnetr Okanurak, Archin Songthap, Jittima Dhitavat and Punnee Pitisuttithum
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:136
  20. The objective of this study is to investigate the effect of age on care dependency risk 1 year after stroke. Two research questions are addressed: (1) How strong is the association between age and care depende...

    Authors: Susanne Schnitzer, Olaf von dem Knesebeck, Martin Kohler, Dirk Peschke, Adelheid Kuhlmey and Liane Schenk
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:135
  21. An early detection of memory loss may hold great value as a predictor for dementia. Dementia has already been associated with higher risk of hip fracture. Our aim was to examine the prospective association bet...

    Authors: M. Garcia Lopez, T. K. Omsland, A. J. Søgaard and H. E. Meyer
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:134
  22. The present study protocol describes the evaluation of a comprehensive integrated care model implemented at two hospital sites at the University Hospital of North Norway (UNN). The PAtient Centred Team (PACT) ...

    Authors: Trine S. Bergmo, Gro K. Berntsen, Monika Dalbakk and Markus Rumpsfeld
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:133
  23. Malnutrition is common and affects negatively the health of the older adult. The Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA), a nutritional assessment tool allows to identify elders malnourished and at risk of malnutrit...

    Authors: Renata Santos Pereira Machado, Maria Auxiliadora Santa Cruz Coelho and Renato Peixoto Veras
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:132
  24. Evidence on longitudinal associations between smoking and frailty is scarce. The objective of this study was to systematically review the literature on smoking as a predictor of frailty changes among community...

    Authors: Gotaro Kojima, Steve Iliffe and Kate Walters
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:131
  25. The majority of patients suffering from chronic health disabilities is beyond 70 years of age. Typical late-onset chronic diseases include those affecting the heart, the kidney, cancer, and conditions of the e...

    Authors: Klaus Stark, Matthias Olden, Caroline Brandl, Alexander Dietl, Martina E. Zimmermann, Sabine C. Schelter, Julika Loss, Michael F. Leitzmann, Carsten A. Böger, Andreas Luchner, Florian Kronenberg, Horst Helbig, Bernhard H. F. Weber and Iris M. Heid
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:130
  26. Use of antipsychotic (AP) medications is high and often inappropriate among institutionalized populations. Little is known about the correlates of new AP drug use following admission to long-term care (LTC) se...

    Authors: Andrea Foebel, Anna Ballokova, Nathalie IH Wellens, Daniela Fialova, Koen Milisen, Rosa Liperoti and John P Hirdes
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:128
  27. Dementia is characterized by a progressive decline and deterioration of brain regions such as memory, spatial navigation and language, along with disturbances in daily functioning. Non-pharmacological interven...

    Authors: Rainbow Tin Hung Ho, Jacob Kai Ki Cheung, Wai Chi Chan, Irene Kit Man Cheung and Linda Chiu Wah Lam
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:127
  28. We investigated the association of living alone with mortality among older persons, independently of marital, health and other factors, and explored its effect modification by age group, sex, marital status an...

    Authors: Tze Pin Ng, Aizhen Jin, Liang Feng, Ma Shwe Zin Nyunt, Khuan Yew Chow, Lei Feng and Ngan Phoon Fong
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:126
  29. Heart failure (HF) is a life-limiting illness and patients with advanced heart failure often suffer from severe physical and psychosocial symptoms. Particularly in older patients, HF often occurs in conjunctio...

    Authors: Katharina Klindtworth, Peter Oster, Klaus Hager, Olaf Krause, Jutta Bleidorn and Nils Schneider
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:125
  30. Several studies have focused on predictors of mobility limitations and disabilities. Yet little is known about the pace and patterns of mobility changes among very old people. This study examined changes in fu...

    Authors: Kristina Tiainen, Jani Raitanen, Elina Vaara, Antti Hervonen and Marja Jylhä
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:124
  31. Frail and dependent older people in resource-poor settings are poorly served by health systems that lack outreach capacity. The COPE (Caring for Older PEople) multidimensional assessment tool is designed to he...

    Authors: Jotheeswaran AT, Amit Dias, Ian Philp, John Beard, Vikram Patel and Martin Prince
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:123
  32. Signs and symptoms of infection in frail elderly are atypical, causing delay in diagnosis and treatment. To improve communication between healthcare staff of signs and symptoms of infection we developed an ins...

    Authors: P. Tingström, A. Milberg, N. Rodhe, J. Ernerud, E. Grodzinsky and M. Sund-Levander
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:122
  33. Life-space mobility reflects individuals’ actual mobility and engagement with society. Difficulty in hearing is common among older adults and can complicate participation in everyday activities, thus restricti...

    Authors: Hannele Polku, Tuija M. Mikkola, Merja Rantakokko, Erja Portegijs, Timo Törmäkangas, Taina Rantanen and Anne Viljanen
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:121
  34. Mealtimes are an essential part of living and quality of life for everyone, including persons living with dementia. A longitudinal qualitative study provided understanding of the meaning of mealtimes for perso...

    Authors: Heather H. Keller, Lori Schindel Martin, Sherry Dupuis, Holly Reimer and Rebecca Genoe
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:119
  35. Obesity is associated with functional impairment, institutionalization, and increased mortality risk in elders. Dynapenia is defined as reduced muscle strength and is a known independent predictor of adverse e...

    Authors: John A. Batsis, Alicia J. Zbehlik, Dawna Pidgeon and Stephen J. Bartels
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:118
  36. Although the elderly have a substantially higher drug use than younger patients, even after adjustment for multimorbidity, there is limited knowledge about the elderly’s indication for treatment. It is essenti...

    Authors: Jessica Skoog, Patrik Midlöv, Anders Beckman, Jan Sundquist and Anders Halling
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:117
  37. Patients aged 65 years and older are not traditionally considered optimal candidates for subthalamic deep brain stimulation (STN-DBS), mainly for their presumed increased incidence of surgical complications. T...

    Authors: Vincenzo Levi, Giorgio Carrabba, Paolo Rampini and Marco Locatelli
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:116
  38. Differentiating mild cognitive impairment (MCI) from dementia is important, as treatment options differ. There are few short (<5 min) but accurate screening tools that discriminate between MCI, normal cognitio...

    Authors: Steven Bunt, Rónán O’Caoimh, Wim P. Krijnen, D. William Molloy, Geert Pieter Goodijk, Cees P. van der Schans and Hans J S M Hobbelen
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:115
  39. Due to demographic ageing and increasing life expectancy, a growing demand for long-term nursing home care can be expected. Stays in nursing homes appear to be more socially determined than hospital stays. We ...

    Authors: Damian Hedinger, Oliver Hämmig and Matthias Bopp
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:114
  40. There is limited evidence on the efficacy and social utility of cognitive training. To address this, we have designed a randomized controlled trial to assess the effectiveness of memory training workshops for ...

    Authors: Anna Pérez, Marta Roqué, Sara Domènech, Rosa Monteserín, Núria Soriano, Xavier Blancafort, Maria Bosom, Cristina Vidal, Montse Petit, Núria Hortal, Carles Gil, Albert Espelt and Maria José López
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:113
  41. Frail older adults have reduced functional and physiological reserves, rendering them more vulnerable to the effects of hospitalization, which frequently results in failure to recover from the pre-hospitalizat...

    Authors: Nicolás Martínez-Velilla, Alvaro Casas-Herrero, Fabrício Zambom-Ferraresi, Nacho Suárez, Javier Alonso-Renedo, Koldo Cambra Contín, Mikel López-Sáez de Asteasu, Nuria Fernandez Echeverria, María Gonzalo Lázaro and Mikel Izquierdo
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:112
  42. Reablement is a promising new rehabilitation model, which is being implemented in some Western countries to meet current and future needs for home-based services. There is a need for further investigation of t...

    Authors: Eva Langland, Hanne Tuntland, Oddvar Førland, Eline Aas, Bjarte Folkestad, Frode F. Jacobsen and Ingvild Kjeken
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:111

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:120

  43. Dementia is becoming one of the most important emerging public health concerns in a generation. In societal approaches to the mitigation of major disease ‘burden’, population screening can sometimes provide an...

    Authors: Steven Martin, Jane Fleming, Sarah Cullum, Tom Dening, Greta Rait, Chris Fox, Cornelius Katona, Carol Brayne and Louise Lafortune
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:110
  44. Maintaining mobility in elderly persons has become a primary goal within healthcare services. In older adults, exercise programs significantly reduce the risk of falling and death. Long-lasting and high-intens...

    Authors: Viviane Hasselmann, Peter Oesch, Luis Fernandez-Luque and Stefan Bachmann
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:108
  45. The Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) was developed to enable earlier detection of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) relative to familiar multi-domain tests like the Mini-Mental State Exam (MMSE). Clinicians ...

    Authors: Paula T. Trzepacz, Helen Hochstetler, Shufang Wang, Brett Walker and Andrew J. Saykin
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:107
  46. The proportion of people aged 65 or older is the fastest growing age group worldwide. Older adults in aged care facilities have higher levels of depression, and lower levels of social support and sense of belo...

    Authors: Jessica Chesler, Suzanne McLaren, Britt Klein and Shaun Watson
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:106

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