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  1. Audit with feedback is a moderately effective approach for improving professional practice in other health care settings. Although unregulated caregivers give the majority of direct care in long-term care settin...

    Authors: Kimberly D Fraser, Hannah M O’Rourke, Melba Andrea B Baylon, Anne-Marie Boström and Anne E Sales
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:15
  2. Residents of care homes are at risk of colonisation and infection with antibiotic resistant bacteria, but there is little evidence that antibiotic resistance among such patients is associated with worse outcom...

    Authors: Charis Marwick, Virginia Hernandez Santiago, Colin McCowan, Janice Broomhall and Peter Davey
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:12
  3. Increasingly, information and communication technology is being used to support persons with dementia living at home and their relatives. The aim of the present intervention study was to describe and explore t...

    Authors: Annakarin Olsson, Maria Engström, Claudia Lampic and Kirsti Skovdahl
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:11
  4. Crisis is a term frequently used in dementia care lacking a standardized definition. This article systematically reviews existing definitions of crisis in dementia care literature to create a standardized defi...

    Authors: Janet MacNeil Vroomen, Judith E Bosmans, Hein PJ van Hout and Sophia E de Rooij
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:10
  5. The fastest growing age group globally is older adults, and preventing the need for long-term nursing care in this group is important for social and financial reasons. A population approach to diet and physica...

    Authors: Mika Kimura, Ai Moriyasu, Shu Kumagai, Taketo Furuna, Shigeko Akita, Shuichi Kimura and Takao Suzuki
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:8
  6. Due to the ageing of the population, the number of frail older people who suffer from multiple, complex health complaints increases and this ultimately threatens their ability to function independently. Many i...

    Authors: Mandy MN Stijnen, Inge GP Duimel-Peeters, Maria WJ Jansen and Hubertus JM Vrijhoef
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:7
  7. Falls have enormous impact in older adults. Yet, there is insufficient evidence regarding the effectiveness of preventive interventions in this setting. The objectives were to measure the frequency of falls an...

    Authors: Javier Damián, Roberto Pastor-Barriuso, Emiliana Valderrama-Gama and Jesús de Pedro-Cuesta
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:6
  8. Malnutrition is common in older people in hospital and is associated with adverse clinical outcomes including increased mortality, morbidity and length of stay. This has raised concerns about the nutrition and...

    Authors: Helen C Roberts, Anna L Pilgrim, Marinos Elia, Alan A Jackson, Cyrus Cooper, Avan Aihie Sayer and Sian M Robinson
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:5
  9. Dizziness is a common complaint among older adults and has been linked to a wide range of health conditions, psychological and social characteristics in this population. However a profile of dizziness is still...

    Authors: Suzana Albuquerque de Moraes, Wuber Jefferson de Souza Soares, Eduardo Ferriolli and Monica Rodrigues Perracini
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:4
  10. Among the many definitions of frailty, the frailty phenotype defined by Fried et al. is one of few constructs that has been repeatedly validated: first in the Cardiovascular Health Study (CHS) and subsequently in...

    Authors: Nejma S Macklai, Jacques Spagnoli, Julien Junod and Brigitte Santos-Eggimann
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:3
  11. Continued aging of the population is expected to be accompanied by substantial increases in the number of people with dementia and in the number of health care staff required to care for them. Adequate knowled...

    Authors: Wendy Smyth, Elaine Fielding, Elizabeth Beattie, Anne Gardner, Wendy Moyle, Sara Franklin, Sonia Hines and Margaret MacAndrew
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:2
  12. In Japan, there is a large increase in the number of elderly persons who potentially need home-visit nursing services (VNS). However, the number of persons using the VNS has increased only little in comparison...

    Authors: Masayo Kashiwagi, Nanako Tamiya, Mikiya Sato and Eiji Yano
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:1
  13. Over 50% of older adults experience chronic pain. Poorly managed pain threatens independent functioning, limits social activities and detrimentally affects emotional wellbeing. Yet, chronic pain is not fully u...

    Authors: Amanda Clarke, Geraldine Anthony, Denise Gray, Derek Jones, Paul McNamee, Patricia Schofield, Blair H Smith and Denis Martin
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2012 12:78
  14. Dementia is a distressing and disabling illness with worldwide estimates of increased numbers of people with the condition. Two thirds of people with dementia live at home and policies in many countries seek t...

    Authors: Vari M Drennan, Nan Greenwood, Laura Cole, Mandy Fader, Robert Grant, Greta Rait and Steve Iliffe
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2012 12:77
  15. The effects of a regular and graduated walking program as a stand-alone intervention for individuals in long-term care are unclear. Exercise and fall prevention programs typically studied in long-term care set...

    Authors: Vanina PM Dal Bello-Haas, Lilian U Thorpe, Lisa M Lix, Rhonda Scudds and Thomas Hadjistavropoulos
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2012 12:76
  16. Changes in health status, triggered by events such as infections, falls, and geriatric syndromes, are common among nursing home (NH) residents and necessitate transitions between NHs and Emergency Departments ...

    Authors: Greta G Cummings, R Colin Reid, Carole A Estabrooks, Peter G Norton, Garnet E Cummings, Brian H Rowe, Stephanie L Abel, Laura Bissell, Joan L Bottorff, Carole A Robinson, Adrian Wagg, Jacques S Lee, Susan L Lynch and Elmabrok Masaoud
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2012 12:75
  17. Computer-based interventions have demonstrated consistent positive effects on various physical abilities in older adults. This study aims to compare two training groups that achieve similar amounts of strength...

    Authors: Giuseppe Pichierri, Kurt Murer and Eling D de Bruin
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2012 12:74
  18. Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are the most commonly treated infection among nursing home residents. Even in the absence of specific (e.g., dysuria) or non-specific (e.g., fever) signs or symptoms, residents ...

    Authors: Charles D Phillips, Omolola Adepoju, Nimalie Stone, Darcy K McMaughan Moudouni, Obioma Nwaiwu, Hongwei Zhao, Elizabeth Frentzel, David Mehr and Steven Garfinkel
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2012 12:73
  19. Pressure ulcers pose significant negative individual consequences and financial burden on the healthcare system. Prolonged sitting in High Fowler’s position (HF) is common clinical practice for older adults wh...

    Authors: Krista L Best, Guylaine Desharnais, Jeanette Boily, William C Miller and Pat G Camp
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2012 12:72
  20. Older people living in care homes in England have complex health needs due to a range of medical conditions, mental health needs and frailty. Despite an increasing policy expectation that professionals should ...

    Authors: Heather Gage, Angela Dickinson, Christina Victor, Peter Williams, Jerome Cheynel, Sue L Davies, Steve Iliffe, Katherine Froggatt, Wendy Martin and Claire Goodman
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2012 12:71
  21. Many older people in long-term care do not receive evidence-based diagnosis or management for heart failure; it is not known whether this can be achieved for this population. We initiated an onsite heart failu...

    Authors: Helen C Hancock, Helen Close, James M Mason, Jeremy J Murphy, Ahmet Fuat, Mark de Belder, Trudy Hunt, Andy Baker, Douglas Wilson and A Pali S Hungin
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2012 12:70
  22. An increased risk of venous thromboembolism has been reported in patients treated with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). We describe a case of acute portal vein thrombosis (PVT) in a hepatitis C ...

    Authors: Stefania Mantarro, Marco Tuccori, Giuseppe Pasqualetti, Sara Tognini, Sabrina Montagnani, Fabio Monzani and Corrado Blandizzi
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2012 12:69
  23. Although resistance exercise interventions have been shown to be beneficial in prefrail or frail older adults it remains unclear whether there are residual effects when the training is followed by a period of ...

    Authors: Astrid Zech, Michael Drey, Ellen Freiberger, Christian Hentschke, Juergen M Bauer, Cornel C Sieber and Klaus Pfeifer
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2012 12:68
  24. Medication incident reporting (MIR) is a key safety critical care process in residential aged care facilities (RACFs). Retrospective studies of medication incident reports in aged care have identified the inab...

    Authors: Amina Tariq, Andrew Georgiou and Johanna Westbrook
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2012 12:67
  25. Our research sought to understand how falls risk, cognitive function, and daily function are associated with health related quality of life (using the EuroQol-5D) and quality of life (using the ICECAP-O) among...

    Authors: Jennifer C Davis, Stirling Bryan, Rob McLeod, Jessica Rogers, Karim Khan and Teresa Liu-Ambrose
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2012 12:65
  26. Based on findings primarily using self-report measures, physical activity has been recommended to reduce disability in old age. Collecting objective measures of total daily physical activity in community-dwell...

    Authors: Raj C Shah, Aron S Buchman, Sue Leurgans, Patricia A Boyle and David A Bennett
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2012 12:63
  27. Falls are common in old age and may have serious consequences. There are many strategies to predict and prevent falls from occurring in long-term care and hospitals. The aim of this study was to describe licen...

    Authors: Beatrice Häggqvist, Michael Stenvall, Anncristine Fjellman-Wiklund, Kristina Westerberg and Lillemor Lundin-Olsson
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2012 12:62
  28. Communication impairment is a frequent consequence of stroke. Patients who cannot articulate their needs respond with frustration and agitation, resulting in poor optimization of post-stroke functions. A key c...

    Authors: Katherine S McGilton, Riva Sorin-Peters, Souraya Sidani, Veronique Boscart, Mary Fox and Elizabeth Rochon
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2012 12:61
  29. Intervention studies testing the efficacy of cardiorespiratory exercise have shown some promise in terms of improving cognitive function in later life. Recent developments suggest that a multi-modal exercise i...

    Authors: Sue Vaughan, Norm Morris, David Shum, Siobhan O’Dwyer and Denise Polit
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2012 12:60
  30. In Canada, healthcare aides (also referred to as nurse aides, personal support workers, nursing assistants) are unregulated personnel who provide 70-80% of direct care to residents living in nursing homes. Alt...

    Authors: Lisa A Cranley, Peter G Norton, Greta G Cummings, Debbie Barnard, Neha Batra-Garga and Carole A Estabrooks
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2012 12:59
  31. Few studies have directly compared the competing approaches to identifying frailty in more vulnerable older populations. We examined the ability of two versions of a frailty index (43 vs. 83 items), the Cardio...

    Authors: David B Hogan, Elizabeth A Freiheit, Laurel A Strain, Scott B Patten, Heidi N Schmaltz, Darryl Rolfson and Colleen J Maxwell
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2012 12:56
  32. For residents of long term care, hospitalisations can cause distress and disruption, and often result in further medical complications. Multi-disciplinary team interventions have been shown to improve the heal...

    Authors: Susan J Foster, Michal Boyd, Joanna B Broad, Noeline Whitehead, Ngaire Kerse, Thomas Lumley and Martin J Connolly
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2012 12:54
  33. The interRAI Suite contains comprehensive geriatric assessment tools designed for various healthcare settings. Although each instrument is developed for a particular population, together they form an integrate...

    Authors: Nathalie IH Wellens, Johan Flamaing, Philip Moons, Mieke Deschodt, Steven Boonen and Koen Milisen
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2012 12:53
  34. Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) is an established procedure for long-term nutrition. However, studies have underlined the importance of proper patient selection as mortality has been shown to be rela...

    Authors: Christine Smoliner, Dorothee Volkert, Anke Wittrich, Cornel C Sieber and Rainer Wirth
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2012 12:52
  35. Urinary incontinence (UI) is a major problem in older women. Management is usually restricted to dealing with the consequences instead of treating underlying causes such as bladder dysfunction or reduced mobil...

    Authors: Erwin CPM Tak, Ariëtte van Hespen, Paula van Dommelen and Marijke Hopman-Rock
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2012 12:51
  36. The appropriateness of cataract surgery procedures has been questioned, the suggestion being that the surgery is sometimes undertaken too early in the disease progression. Our three study questions were: What ...

    Authors: Jennifer C Davis, Heather McNeill, Michael Wasdell, Susan Chunick and Stirling Bryan
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2012 12:50
  37. Numerous emerging data from research on osteoporosis among Asians found differences from Caucasians. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of vitamin D insufficiency and osteoporosis...

    Authors: Anuk Kruavit, La-or Chailurkit, Ammarin Thakkinstian, Chutintorn Sriphrapradang and Rajata Rajatanavin
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2012 12:49
  38. Detecting cognitive impairment in medical inpatients is important due to its association with adverse outcomes. Our aim was to study recognition of cognitive impairment and its association with mortality.

    Authors: Gustav Torisson, Lennart Minthon, Lars Stavenow and Elisabet Londos
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2012 12:47
  39. Older patients generally have only poor knowledge about their medicines. Knowledge is important for good adherence and for participating in decisions about treatment. Patients are entitled to be informed on an...

    Authors: Sara Modig, Jimmie Kristensson, Margareta Troein, Annika Brorsson and Patrik Midlöv
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2012 12:46
  40. Whilst many studies have analysed predictors of longitudinal cognitive decline, few have described their impact on population distributions of cognition by age cohort. The aim of this paper was to examine whet...

    Authors: Fiona Matthews, Riccardo Marioni and Carol Brayne
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2012 12:45
  41. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is increasing in prevalence world-wide with the largest growth being in the elderly. The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of CKD in a geriatric outpatient clinic wit...

    Authors: Neil Boudville, Kalindu Muthucumarana and Charles Inderjeeth
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2012 12:43

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