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  1. Risks and prevalence of malnutrition and dehydration are high in older people but even higher in older people with dementia. In the EDWINA (Eating and Drinking Well IN dementiA) systematic review we aimed to a...

    Authors: Diane K. Bunn, Asmaa Abdelhamid, Maddie Copley, Vicky Cowap, Angela Dickinson, Amanda Howe, Anne Killett, Fiona Poland, John F. Potter, Kate Richardson, David Smithard, Chris Fox and Lee Hooper
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:89
  2. Self-management is important for family caregivers of people with dementia, especially when they face changes in their relative’s behavior and mood, such as depression, apathy, anxiety, agitation and aggressio...

    Authors: Judith Huis in het Veld, Renate Verkaik, Berno van Meijel, Paul-Jeroen Verkade, Wendy Werkman, Cees Hertogh and Anneke Francke
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:95
  3. The FRAX® algorithm quantifies a patient’s 10-year probability of a hip or major osteoporotic fracture without taking an individual’s balance into account. Balance measures assess the functional ability of an ...

    Authors: David A. Najafi, Leif E. Dahlberg and Eva Ekvall Hansson
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:94
  4. The burden on caregivers of patients with Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is associated with the patient’s functional status and may also be influenced by chronic comorbid medical conditions, such as diabetes. This post...

    Authors: Jeremie Lebrec, Haya Ascher-Svanum, Yun-Fei Chen, Catherine Reed, Kristin Kahle-Wrobleski, Ann Marie Hake, Joel Raskin, Ebrahim Naderali, Dara Schuster, Robert J. Heine and David M. Kendall
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:93
  5. According to the CDC, falls rank among the leading causes of accidental death in the United States, resulting in significant health care costs annually. In this paper we present information about everyday life...

    Authors: John N. Morris, Elizabeth P. Howard, Knight Steel, Katherine Berg, Achille Tchalla, Amy Munankarmi and Daniel David
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:92
  6. Frailty can be defined as a progressive loss of reserve and adaptive capacity associated with an overall deterioration in health that can result in disability, loss of independence, hospitalisation, extensive ...

    Authors: Ana Diez-Ruiz, Antonio Bueno-Errandonea, Jazmina Nuñez-Barrio, Inmaculada Sanchez-Martín, Kalliopi Vrotsou and Itziar Vergara
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:91
  7. At present a majority of older people remain in their ordinary homes. Research has generated knowledge about home and health dynamics and increased the awareness of the complexity of housing as related to agei...

    Authors: Henrik Ekström, Steven M. Schmidt and Susanne Iwarsson
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:90
  8. Few longitudinal studies have analyzed how socioeconomic status (SES) influences both depressive and cognitive development over an individual’s life course. This study investigates the change trajectories of b...

    Authors: Chi Chiao and Li-Jen Weng
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:88
  9. Self-rated health (SRH) has in many population-based studies predicted adverse health outcomes, e.g. morbidity, permanent nursing home (NH) placement, and mortality. However, the predictive value of SRH to NH ...

    Authors: Anni Brit Sternhagen Nielsen, Volkert Siersma, Gunhild Waldemar and Frans Boch Waldorff
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:87
  10. Restricted physical activity commonly occurs following acute musculoskeletal pain in older adults and may influence long-term outcomes. We sought to examine the relationship between restricted physical activit...

    Authors: Timothy F. Platts-Mills, Robert J. Nicholson, Natalie L. Richmond, Kushang V. Patel, Eleanor M. Simonsick, Robert M. Domeier, Robert A. Swor, Phyllis L. Hendry, David A. Peak, Niels K. Rathlev, Jeffrey S. Jones, David C. Lee, Mark A. Weaver, Francis J. Keefe and Samuel A. McLean
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:86
  11. Proper nutrition is critical for healthy aging and maintaining functional independence. Limited research has been done on the assessment of dietary patterns of older adults and their association with diet qual...

    Authors: Lamis Jomaa, Nahla Hwalla, Leila Itani, Marie Claire Chamieh, Abla Mehio-Sibai and Farah Naja
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:85
  12. To estimate the long-term change in health related quality of life (HRQoL) following low-trauma fractures among individuals receiving home care (HC) services or living in long-term care (LTC) facilities using ...

    Authors: Jean-Eric Tarride, Natasha Burke, William D. Leslie, Suzanne N. Morin, Jonathan D. Adachi, Alexandra Papaioannou, Louis Bessette, Jacques P. Brown, Louisa Pericleous, Sergei Muratov and Robert B. Hopkins
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:84
  13. Admission to hospital can lead to persistent deterioration in physical functioning, particularly for the more vulnerable older population. As a result of this physical deterioration, older people who have been...

    Authors: I. Farag, K. Howard, S. O’Rourke, M. L. Ferreira, S. R. Lord, J. C. T. Close, C. Vogler, C. M. Dean, R. G. Cumming and C. Sherrington
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:82
  14. Antibiotics are highly utilized in nursing homes. The aim of the study was to test the effectiveness of a decision-making aid for urinary tract infection management on reducing antibiotic prescriptions for sus...

    Authors: Darcy K. McMaughan, Obioma Nwaiwu, Hongwei Zhao, Elizabeth Frentzel, David Mehr, Sara Imanpour, Steven Garfinkel and Charles D. Phillips
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:81
  15. The Long Life Family Study (LLFS) is an international study to identify the genetic components of various healthy aging phenotypes. We hypothesized that pedigree-specific rare variants at longevity-associated ...

    Authors: Todd E. Druley, Lihua Wang, Shiow J. Lin, Joseph H. Lee, Qunyuan Zhang, E. Warwick Daw, Haley J. Abel, Sara E. Chasnoff, Enrique I. Ramos, Benjamin T. Levinson, Bharat Thyagarajan, Anne B. Newman, Kaare Christensen, Richard Mayeux and Michael A. Province
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:80
  16. Older adults experience functional decline in hospital leading to increased healthcare burden and morbidity. The benefits of augmented exercise in hospital remain uncertain. The aim of this trial is to measure...

    Authors: Ruth McCullagh, Eimear O’Connell, Sarah O’Meara, Ivan Perry, Anthony Fitzgerald, Kieran O’Connor, N. Frances Horgan and Suzanne Timmons
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:79
  17. There are various definitions and diagnostic criteria for dementia, leading to discrepancies in case ascertainment in both clinical practice and research. We reviewed the different definitions, approaches and ...

    Authors: Rebecca Palm, Saskia Jünger, Sven Reuther, Christian G. G. Schwab, Martin N. Dichter, Bernhard Holle and Margareta Halek
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:78
  18. Epidemiological predictions suggest that dementia will continue to rise and that this will have social and economic ramifications. Effective interventions, beyond pharmacological management are needed. Psychos...

    Authors: Bridget Johnston and Melanie Narayanasamy
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:77
  19. Results from studies assessing the association between anticholinergic use and falls are mixed, and prior studies are limited in their ability to control for important potential confounders. Thus, we sought to...

    Authors: Zachary A. Marcum, Heidi S. Wirtz, Mary Pettinger, Andrea Z. LaCroix, Ryan Carnahan, Jane A. Cauley, Jennifer W. Bea and Shelly L. Gray
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:76
  20. Due to the demographic transition with a growing number of old and oldest-old persons the absolute number of fragility fractures is expected to increase in industrialized countries unless effective preventive ...

    Authors: Petra Benzinger, Clemens Becker, Chris Todd, Florian Bleibler, Dietrich Rothenbacher, Hans-Helmut König and Kilian Rapp
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:75
  21. This research report presents findings on ‘start in life’ from a qualitative study of 90-year-olds from the Lothian Birth Cohort 1921. The study aimed to contextualise the LBC1921 cohort in time and place, des...

    Authors: Hilary Lapsley, Alison Pattie, John M. Starr and Ian J. Deary
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:74
  22. Existing everyday technology as well as potential future technology may offer both challenges and possibilities in the everyday occupations of persons with cognitive decline. To meet their wishes and needs, th...

    Authors: Annicka Hedman, Eva Lindqvist and Louise Nygård
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:73
  23. The elderly are predisposed to chronic osteomyelitis because of the immunocompromised nature of aging and increasing number of chronic comorbidities. Chronic osteomyelitis may significantly affect the health o...

    Authors: Chien-Cheng Huang, Kang-Ting Tsai, Shih-Feng Weng, Hung-Jung Lin, Hung-Sheng Huang, Jhi-Joung Wang, How-Ran Guo and Chien-Chin Hsu
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:72
  24. Decreased independence and loss of functional ability are issues regarded as inevitably connected to old age. This ageism may have negative influences on older adults’ beliefs about aging, making it difficult ...

    Authors: Samal Algilani, Lina Östlund-Lagerström, Ida Schoultz, Robert J. Brummer and Annica Kihlgren
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:70
  25. Using Singapore as a case study, this paper aims to understand the effects of the current long-term care policy and various alternative policy options on the labor market participation of primary informal fami...

    Authors: John P. Ansah, David B. Matchar, Rahul Malhotra, Sean R. Love, Chang Liu and Young Do
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:69
  26. Frameworks exist to evaluate the appropriateness of medication regimens for older patients with multiple medical conditions (MCCs). Less is known about how to translate the concepts of the frameworks into spec...

    Authors: Terri R. Fried, Kristina Niehoff, Jennifer Tjia, Nancy Redeker and Mary K. Goldstein
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:67

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:123

  27. Self-perceived health (SPH) is a powerful indicator of the health status of elderly people. This issue has been widely studied in oldest populations considering altogether functionally independent and dependen...

    Authors: Mónica Machón, Itziar Vergara, Miren Dorronsoro, Kalliopi Vrotsou and Isabel Larrañaga
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:66
  28. In the Netherlands, various organisational models of dementia case management exist. In this study the following four models are distinguished, based on differences in the availability of the service and in th...

    Authors: José M. Peeters, Anne Margriet Pot, Jacomine de Lange, Peter M. Spreeuwenberg and Anneke L. Francke
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:65
  29. Concerns about using Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADLs) in national surveys come up frequently in geriatric and rehabilitation medicine due to high rates of non-performance for reasons other than ...

    Authors: Margaret G. Stineman, Dawei Xie, Qiang Pan, Jibby E. Kurichi, Debra Saliba, Sophia Miryam Schüssler-Fiorenza Rose and Joel E. Streim
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:64
  30. Person-centredness is promoted as a central feature of the long-term care of older adults. Measures are needed to assist researchers, service planners and regulators in assessing this feature of quality. Howev...

    Authors: Mark Wilberforce, David Challis, Linda Davies, Michael P. Kelly, Chris Roberts and Nik Loynes
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:63
  31. This project Smart Assisted Living involving Informal careGivers++ (SALIG) intends to develop an ICT-based device for persons with cognitive impairment combined with remote support possibilities for significan...

    Authors: Inga-Lill Boman, Ann-Christine Persson and Aniko Bartfai
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:61
  32. In nursing home residents, it is not possible to distinguish pneumonia and aspiration pneumonia clinically. International literature reveals no consensus on which and how many characteristics and risk indicato...

    Authors: Vanessa Hollaar, Claar van der Maarel-Wierink, Gert-Jan van der Putten, Wil van der Sanden, Bert de Swart and Cees de Baat
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:60
  33. Over 30 % of older patients experience hospitalization-associated disability (HAD) (i.e., loss of independence in Activities of Daily Living (ADLs)) after an acute hospitalization. Despite its high prevalence,...

    Authors: Lucienne A. Reichardt, Jesse J. Aarden, Rosanne van Seben, Marike van der Schaaf, Raoul H. H. Engelbert, Jos A. Bosch and Bianca M. Buurman
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:59
  34. Falls are common among elderly, most of them occur while slipping or tripping during walking. We aimed to explore whether a training program that incorporates unexpected loss of balance during walking able to ...

    Authors: Ilan Kurz, Yoav Gimmon, Amir Shapiro, Ronen Debi, Yoram Snir and Itshak Melzer
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:58
  35. In France, for patients aged 75 or older, it has been estimated that the hospital readmission rate within 30 days is 14 %, a quarter being avoidable. Some evidence suggests that interventions “bridging” the tr...

    Authors: Pauline Occelli, Sandrine Touzet, Muriel Rabilloud, Christell Ganne, Stéphanie Poupon Bourdy, Béatrice Galamand, Matthieu Debray, André Dartiguepeyrou, Michel Chuzeville, Brigitte Comte, Basile Turkie, Magali Tardy, Jean-Stéphane Luiggi, Thierry Jacquet-Francillon, Thomas Gilbert and Marc Bonnefoy
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:57
  36. Fear of falling is a common and potentially disabling problem among older adults. However, little is known about this condition in older adults with diabetes mellitus. The aims of this study were to investigat...

    Authors: Bruno de Souza Moreira, Daniela Maria da Cruz dos Anjos, Daniele Sirineu Pereira, Rosana Ferreira Sampaio, Leani Souza Máximo Pereira, Rosângela Corrêa Dias and Renata Noce Kirkwood
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:56
  37. Frailty is widely recognised as a distinct multifactorial clinical syndrome that implies vulnerability. The links between frailty and adverse outcomes such as death and institutionalisation have been widely ev...

    Authors: Jennifer L. Sutton, Rebecca L. Gould, Stephanie Daley, Mark C. Coulson, Emma V. Ward, Aine M. Butler, Stephen P. Nunn and Robert J. Howard
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:55
  38. Delirium is a frequent, costly and morbid problem. No agent has been shown to modify the natural history of the condition, and current treatments have significant side effects. Prophylactic melatonin in low do...

    Authors: Daniel I. Clayton-Chubb and Peter W. Lange
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:54
  39. The GOHAI is a frequently used instrument to measure oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of adults, in particular older people. The aim of this study was to translate the original English version of t...

    Authors: Dominique Niesten, Dick Witter, Ewald Bronkhorst and Nico Creugers
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:53
  40. Sarcopenia is a common geriatric syndrome associated with serious adverse health outcomes. The European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People (EWGSOP) suggests different methods for case finding for sarc...

    Authors: Jens Reiss, Bernhard Iglseder, Martina Kreutzer, Ingrid Weilbuchner, Wolfgang Treschnitzer, Helmut Kässmann, Christian Pirich and Raphael Reiter
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:52
  41. To explore the level of physical activity in a population based sample of older adults; to analyze the influence of pain characteristics and fear-avoidance beliefs as predictors of physical activity among olde...

    Authors: Caroline Larsson, Eva Ekvall Hansson, Kristina Sundquist and Ulf Jakobsson
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:50
  42. Hip fracture patients are heterogenous. Certain patient characteristics are associated with poorer prognosis, but less is known about differences in response to treatment among subgroups. The Trondheim Hip Fra...

    Authors: Anders Prestmo, Ingvild Saltvedt, Jorunn L. Helbostad, Kristin Taraldsen, Pernille Thingstad, Stian Lydersen and Olav Sletvold
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:49
  43. Muscle wasting and obesity may complicate the post-stroke trajectory. We investigated the relationships between nutritional status, body composition, and mobility one to 3 years after stroke.

    Authors: Birgit Vahlberg, Lena Zetterberg, Birgitta Lindmark, Karin Hellström and Tommy Cederholm
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:48
  44. Evidence shows that living in small scale homelike Special Care Units (SCU) has positive effects on behavioural and psychological symptoms of patients with dementia. Effects on cognitive functioning in relatio...

    Authors: Jeroen S. Kok, Marieke J. G. van Heuvelen, Ina J. Berg and Erik J. A. Scherder
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:47
  45. The associations of sarcopenia with adverse health status have highlighted the importance of sarcopenia research and intervention. This study was designed to analyze the characteristics of aging-related differ...

    Authors: Ping Zeng, Yiwen Han, Jing Pang, Sinan Wu, Huan Gong, Jianguo Zhu, Jian Li and Tiemei Zhang
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:45

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