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  1. The use of physical restraints still is common practice in the nursing home care. Since physical restraints have been shown to be an ineffective and sometimes even hazardous measure, interventions are needed t...

    Authors: Math JM Gulpers, Michel HC Bleijlevens, Erik van Rossum, Elizabeth Capezuti and Jan PH Hamers

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2010 10:11

    Content type: Study protocol

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  2. Very little is known about the range of diagnoses, course of treatment and long-term outcome in elderly patients who choose to receive homeopathic medical treatment. We investigated homeopathic practice in an ...

    Authors: Michael Teut, Rainer Lüdtke, Katharina Schnabel, Stefan N Willich and Claudia M Witt

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2010 10:10

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Pain measurement in nonverbal older adults is best based on behavioural observation, e.g. using an observational measurement tool such as Doloplus-2. The purposes of this study were to examine the use of Dolop...

    Authors: Karin Torvik, Stein Kaasa, Øyvind Kirkevold, Ingvild Saltvedt, Jacob C Hølen, Peter Fayers and Tone Rustøen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2010 10:9

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Falls are common adverse events in residential care facilities. Commonly reported figures indicate that at least 50% of residents fall in a 12 month period, and that this figure is substantially higher for res...

    Authors: Betty Haralambous, Terry P Haines, Keith Hill, Kirsten Moore, Jennifer Nitz and Andrew Robinson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2010 10:8

    Content type: Study protocol

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  5. There remains a lack of research on co-variation of multiple health outcomes and their socio-economic co-patterning, especially among the elderly. This papers aims to 1) examine the effects of different socio-...

    Authors: Hoang Van Minh, Dao Lan Huong, Stig Wall, Nguyen Thi Kim Chuc and Peter Byass

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2010 10:7

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Physical function is the ability to perform both basic and instrumental activities of daily living, and the ability of older adults to reside in the community depends to a large extent on their level of physic...

    Authors: Carol Ewing Garber, Mary L Greaney, Deborah Riebe, Claudio R Nigg, Patricia A Burbank and Phillip G Clark

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2010 10:6

    Content type: Research article

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  7. People with dementia are often inapproachable due to symptoms of their illness. Therefore nurses should establish relationships with dementia patients via their remaining resources and facilitate communication...

    Authors: Almuth Berg, Katharina Sadowski, Melanie Beyrodt, Stephanie Hanns, Markus Zimmermann, Gero Langer, Christiane Becker, Christine Lautenschläger and Johann Behrens

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2010 10:5

    Content type: Study protocol

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  8. Although stroke is recognised as a major factor in admission to nursing home care, data is lacking on the extent and nature of the disabilities and dependency in nursing homes arising from stroke. A national s...

    Authors: Seamus Cowman, Maeve Royston, Anne Hickey, Frances Horgan, Hannah McGee and Desmond O'Neill

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2010 10:4

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The agitated behaviours that accompany dementia (e.g. pacing, aggression, calling out) are stressful to both nursing home residents and their carers and are difficult to treat. Behaviours stemming from pain, m...

    Authors: Eva S van der Ploeg and Daniel W O'Connor

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2010 10:3

    Content type: Study protocol

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  10. People living with a long term condition may wish to be able to plan ahead, so that if in future they cannot make decisions, their wishes about their care will be known; this process is termed Advance Care Pla...

    Authors: Louise Robinson, Claire Bamford, Fiona Beyer, Alexa Clark, Claire Dickinson, Charlotte Emmet, Catherine Exley, Julian Hughes, Lesley Robson and Nikki Rousseau

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2010 10:2

    Content type: Study protocol

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  11. The purpose of this study was to identify predictors of health decline among older adults with clinically diagnosed community acquired pneumonia (CAP). It was hypothesized that older adults with CAP who had lo...

    Authors: Eduardo Fernandez, Paul Krueger and Mark Loeb

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2010 10:1

    Content type: Research article

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  12. With the introduction of long-term care insurance (LTCI) in Japan, more home care services are available for the community-dwelling elderly. To deliver effective home care services, it is important to know the...

    Authors: Gohei Kato, Nanako Tamiya, Masayo Kashiwagi, Mikiya Sato and Hideto Takahashi

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:58

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Aging in animals is associated with high body oxidative stress, which might affect susceptibility and onset of age-related diseases, and the subsequent life span. Therefore, genes that modulate oxidative stres...

    Authors: Omar F Khabour, Essa S Abdelhalim and Ahmad Abu-Wardeh

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:57

    Content type: Research article

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  14. A simple but countable electronic device has been developed to gain reliable information on elderly patients' perceived well-being. The device has been tested and proven to be technically functional and counta...

    Authors: Jori Reijula, Toni Rosendahl, Kari Reijula, Paula Roilas, Heikki Roilas and Raimo Sepponen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:55

    Content type: Research article

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  15. The search for preventive methods to mitigate functional decline and unwanted relocation by older adults living in the community is important. Preventive home visit (PHV) models use infrequent but regular visi...

    Authors: Malcolm P Cutchin, Susan Coppola, Vibeke Talley, Judie Svihula, Diane Catellier and Kendra Heatwole Shank

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:54

    Content type: Study protocol

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  16. Falls are among the most common adverse events reported in hospitalized patients. While there is a growing body of literature on fall prevention in the hospital, the data examining the fall rate and risk facto...

    Authors: Rick D Davenport, Georgeta D Vaidean, Carol B Jones, A Michelle Chandler, Lori A Kessler, Lorraine C Mion and Ronald I Shorr

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:53

    Content type: Research article

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  17. The rehabilitation of older persons is often complicated by increased frailty and medical complexity - these in turn present challenges for the development of health information systems. Objective investigatio...

    Authors: Christine Glenny and Paul Stolee

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:52

    Content type: Research article

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  18. There is scientific evidence that preventive physical exercise is effective even in high age. In contrast, there are few opportunities of preventive exercise for highly aged people endangered by or actually in...

    Authors: Michael Brach, Frank Nieder, Ulrike Nieder and Heinz Mechling

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:51

    Content type: Study protocol

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  19. Several epidemiological studies have shown that self-reported vision and hearing impairments are associated with adverse health outcomes (AHOs) in older populations; however, few studies have used objective se...

    Authors: Takehiro Michikawa, Yuji Nishiwaki, Yuriko Kikuchi, Makiko Nakano, Satoko Iwasawa, Keiko Asakura, Ai Milojevic, Kunio Mizutari, Hideyuki Saito, Susumu Ishida, Tomonori Okamura and Toru Takebayashi

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:50

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Recent studies have revealed the associations between insulin resistance (IR) and geriatric conditions such as frailty and cognitive impairment. However, little is known about the relation of IR to physical im...

    Authors: Chen-Ko Kuo, Lian-Yu Lin, Yau-Hua Yu, Kuan-Han Wu and Hsu-Ko Kuo

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:49

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Prior evidence suggests that the renin angiotensin system and antihypertensives that inhibit this system play a role in cognitive, central vascular, and endothelial function. Our objective is to conduct a doub...

    Authors: Ihab Hajjar, Meaghan Hart, William Milberg, Vera Novak and Lewis Lipsitz

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:48

    Content type: Study protocol

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  22. Frailty in the elderly can be regarded as nonspecific vulnerability to adverse health outcomes, caused by multiple factors. The aim was to analyze the relationships between the frailty index, age and mortality...

    Authors: José Juan García-González, Carmen García-Peña, Francisco Franco-Marina and Luis Miguel Gutiérrez-Robledo

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:47

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Stroke victims are at relatively high risk for injurious falls. The purpose of this study was to document longitudinal fall patterns following inpatient rehabilitation for first-time stroke survivors.

    Authors: Laura M Wagner, Victoria L Phillips, Amanda E Hunsaker and Pamela G Forducey

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:46

    Content type: Research article

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  24. The populations of industrialised countries are ageing; as this occurs, those who continue to use alcohol and illicit drugs age also. While alcohol use among older people is well documented, use of illicit dru...

    Authors: Caryl M Beynon, Brenda Roe, Paul Duffy and Lucy Pickering

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:45

    Content type: Research article

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  25. A recent Dutch mono-centre randomised controlled trial has shown that occupational therapy improves daily functioning in dementia. The aim of this present study is to compare the effects of the Dutch community...

    Authors: Sebastian Voigt-Radloff, Maud Graff, Rainer Leonhart, Katrin Schornstein, Myrra Vernooij-Dassen, Marcel Olde-Rikkert and Michael Huell

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:44

    Content type: Study protocol

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  26. Subjective memory complaints (SMC) are common among elderly patients and little is know about the association between SMC and health care utilisation. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate health care...

    Authors: Frans Boch Waldorff, Volkert Siersma and Gunhild Waldemar

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:43

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Physical restraints are regularly applied in German nursing homes. Their frequency varies substantially between centres. Beneficial effects of physical restraints have not been proven, however, observational s...

    Authors: Antonie Haut, Sascha Köpke, Anja Gerlach, Ingrid Mühlhauser, Burkhard Haastert and Gabriele Meyer

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:42

    Content type: Study protocol

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  28. Cognition and mobility in older adults are closely associated and they decline together with aging. Studies evaluating associations between cognitive factors and gait performance in people with Mild Cognitive ...

    Authors: Manuel Montero-Odasso, Howard Bergman, Natalie A Phillips, Chek H Wong, Nadia Sourial and Howard Chertkow

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:41

    Content type: Research article

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  29. World Health Organization cites among the main challenges of populational aging the dual disease burden: the greater risk of disability, and the need for care. In this sense, the most frequent chronic diseases...

    Authors: Víctor Manuel Mendoza-Núñez, María de la Luz Martínez-Maldonado and Elsa Correa-Muñoz

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:40

    Content type: Study protocol

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  30. Non-slip socks have been suggested as a means of preventing accidental falls due to slips. This study compared the relative slip resistance of commercially available non-slip socks with other foot conditions, ...

    Authors: Satyan Chari, Terrence Haines, Paul Varghese and Alyssia Economidis

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:39

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Physical activity programmes can help to prevent functional decline in the elderly. Until now, such programmes use to target either on healthy community-dwelling seniors or on elderly living in special residen...

    Authors: Timo Hinrichs, Claudio Bucchi, Michael Brach, Stefan Wilm, Heinz G Endres, Ina Burghaus, Hans-Joachim Trampisch and Petra Platen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:37

    Content type: Study protocol

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  32. Residential care is important for older adults, particularly for those with advanced dementia and their families. Education interventions that achieve sustainable improvement in the care of older adults are cr...

    Authors: Christopher Beer, Barbara Horner, Osvaldo P Almeida, Samuel Scherer, Nicola T Lautenschlager, Nick Bretland, Penelope Flett, Frank Schaper and Leon Flicker

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:36

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Stroke is a leading cause of death and functional impairment. While older people are particularly vulnerable to stroke, research suggests that they have the poorest awareness of stroke warning signs and risk f...

    Authors: Anne Hickey, Ann O'Hanlon, Hannah McGee, Claire Donnellan, Emer Shelley, Frances Horgan and Desmond O'Neill

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:35

    Content type: Research article

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  34. The number of elderly people requiring hospital care is growing, so, quality and assessment of care for elders are emerging and complex areas of research. Very few validated and reliable instruments exist for ...

    Authors: Marie-Jeanne Kergoat, Bernard-Simon Leclerc, Nicole Leduc, Judith Latour, Katherine Berg and Aline Bolduc

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:34

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Few studies have evaluated dipstick urinalysis for elderly and practically none present confidence intervals. Furthermore, most previous studies combine all bacteria species in a "positive culture". Thus, thei...

    Authors: Pär-Daniel Sundvall and Ronny K Gunnarsson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:32

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Several medications commonly used to treat generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) have been designated "potentially inappropriate" for use in patients aged ≥65 years because their risks may outweigh their potentia...

    Authors: Ariel Berger, Marko Mychaskiw, Ellen Dukes, John Edelsberg and Gerry Oster

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:31

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Explicit criteria for determining potentially inappropriate medication consumption in elderly were elaborated by Beers et al. These lists have been used worldwide to evaluate medical prescriptions but there is...

    Authors: Sarah Berdot, Marion Bertrand, Jean-François Dartigues, Annie Fourrier, Béatrice Tavernier, Karen Ritchie and Annick Alpérovitch

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:30

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Balance dysfunction and falls are common problems in later stages of dementia. Exercise is a well-established intervention to reduce falls in cognitively intact older people, although there is limited randomis...

    Authors: Keith D Hill, Dina LoGiudice, Nicola T Lautenschlager, Catherine M Said, Karen J Dodd and Plaiwan Suttanon

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:29

    Content type: Study protocol

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  39. A care gap exists between recommendations and practice regarding the diagnosis and treatment of osteoporosis in fracture patients. The current study was designed to determine rates and predictors of in-hospita...

    Authors: Derek A Haaland, Dana R Cohen, Courtney C Kennedy, Nader A Khalidi, Jonathan D Adachi and Alexandra Papaioannou

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:28

    Content type: Research article

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  40. It is today widely accepted that participation in social activities contributes towards successful ageing whilst, at the same time, maintaining independence in the activities of daily living (ADLs) is the sine qu...

    Authors: Encarnación Rubio, Angelina Lázaro and Antonio Sánchez-Sánchez

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:26

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Depression and elevated depression symptoms are more prevalent in patients with type 2 diabetes than in those without diabetes and are associated with adverse health outcomes and increased total healthcare uti...

    Authors: Nadja Chernyak, Frank Petrak, Kristin Plack, Martin Hautzinger, Matthias J Müller, Guido Giani and Andrea Icks

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:25

    Content type: Study protocol

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  42. Prevention and reduction of disability among community-dwelling older adults have been an important health policy concern in Japan. Moreover, it has also become a gendered issue due to the recent rapid growth ...

    Authors: Nanako Tamiya, Li-Mei Chen, Yasuki Kobayashi, Mariko Kaneda and Eiji Yano

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:24

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Cognitive function is a key determinant of independence and quality of life among older adults. Compared to adults in England, US adults have a greater prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors and disease tha...

    Authors: Kenneth M Langa, David J Llewellyn, Iain A Lang, David R Weir, Robert B Wallace, Mohammed U Kabeto and Felicia A Huppert

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:23

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Functional disability, the loss of ability to carry out daily tasks unaided, is a major adverse outcome more common with increasing age. The potential contribution of neuropathological changes in subcortical a...

    Authors: M Byford, C Brayne, I McKeith, M Chatfield, PG Ince and FE Matthews

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:22

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Care for people with dementia and their informal caregivers is a challenging aim in healthcare. There is an urgent need for cost-effective support programs that prevent informal caregivers of people with demen...

    Authors: Anouk Spijker, Frans Verhey, Maud Graff, Richard Grol, Eddy Adang, Hub Wollersheim and Myrra Vernooij-Dassen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:21

    Content type: Study protocol

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