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  1. Content type: Study protocol

    Gait and balance impairments may increase the risk of falls, the leading cause of accidental death in the elderly population. Fall-related injuries constitute a serious public health problem associated with hi...

    Authors: Itshak Melzer, Ori Elbar, Irit Tsedek and Lars IE Oddsson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2008 8:19

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Anaemia may increase risk of dementia or cognitive decline. There is also evidence that high haemoglobin levels increase risk of stroke, and consequently possible cognitive impairment. The elderly are more at ...

    Authors: Ruth Peters, Lisa Burch, James Warner, Nigel Beckett, Ruth Poulter and Christopher Bulpitt

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2008 8:18

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  3. Content type: Study protocol

    Since many individuals who initiate physical activity programs are highly likely to return to a sedentary lifestyle, innovative strategies to efforts to increase the number of physically active older adults wh...

    Authors: Nancy E Sherwood, Brian C Martinson, A Lauren Crain, Marcia G Hayes, Nicolaas P Pronk and Patrick J O'Connor

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2008 8:17

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Falls are the sixth leading cause of death in elderly people in the U.S. Despite progress in understanding risk factors for falls, many suspected risk factors have not been adequately studied. Putative risk fa...

    Authors: Suzanne G Leveille, Douglas P Kiel, Richard N Jones, Anthony Roman, Marian T Hannan, Farzaneh A Sorond, Hyun G Kang, Elizabeth J Samelson, Margaret Gagnon, Marcie Freeman and Lewis A Lipsitz

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2008 8:16

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Computerized dynamic posturography (CDP) has been used to detect balance and stability impairments in adults of all ages. The goal of the current pilot study was to evaluate balance in healthy older adults aft...

    Authors: Gary Zammit, Sherry Wang-Weigand and Xuejun Peng

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2008 8:15

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  6. Content type: Research article

    While the evidence of an association between the apolipoprotein E (APOE) *E4 allele and Alzheimer's disease is very strong, the effect of the *E4 allele on cognitive decline in the general population is more equi...

    Authors: Helen Christensen, Philip J Batterham, Andrew J Mackinnon, Anthony F Jorm, Holly A Mack, Karen A Mather, Kaarin J Anstey, Perminder S Sachdev and Simon Easteal

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2008 8:14

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Maintenance of therapeutic International Normalized Ratio (INR) in the community is generally poor. The supervised environment in long-term care facilities may represent a more ideal setting for warfarin thera...

    Authors: Madeleine Verhovsek, Bahareh Motlagh, Mark A Crowther, Courtney Kennedy, Lisa Dolovich, Glenda Campbell, Luqi Wang and Alexandra Papaioannou

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2008 8:13

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  8. Content type: Study protocol

    Physical activity shows potential in combating the poor outcomes associated with depression in older people. Meta-analyses show gaps in the research with poor trial design compromising certainty in conclusions...

    Authors: Ngaire Kerse, Karen Falloon, Simon A Moyes, Karen J Hayman, Tony Dowell, Gregory S Kolt, C Raina Elley, Simon Hatcher, Kathy Peri, Sally Keeling, Elizabeth Robinson, John Parsons, Janine Wiles and Bruce Arroll

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2008 8:12

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Previous studies have shown influenza vaccine uptake in UK nursing home residents to be low. Very little information exists regarding the uptake of pneumococcal vaccine in this population. The formulation of p...

    Authors: Amir Shroufi, Joanna Copping, Roberto Vivancos and Richard CB Slack

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2008 8:11

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Balance disability measurements routinely used to identify fall risks in frail populations have limited value in the early detection of postural stability deficits in community-living older adults. The objecti...

    Authors: Myriam Jbabdi, Patrick Boissy and Mathieu Hamel

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2008 8:8

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  11. Content type: Study protocol

    One of the more common behavioral manifestations of dementia-related disorders is severe problems with out-of-home mobility. Various efforts have been attempted to attain a better understanding of mobility beh...

    Authors: Noam Shoval, Gail K Auslander, Tim Freytag, Ruth Landau, Frank Oswald, Ulrich Seidl, Hans-Werner Wahl, Shirli Werner and Jeremia Heinik

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2008 8:7

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  12. Content type: Research article

    The "oldest old" are now the fastest growing section of most western populations, yet there are scarcely any data concerning even the common problem of falls amongst the very old. Prospective data collection i...

    Authors: Jane Fleming, Fiona E Matthews and Carol Brayne

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2008 8:6

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  13. Content type: Study protocol

    Proximal femoral fractures are amongst the most devastating consequences of osteoporosis and injurious accidental falls with 25–35% of patients dying in the first year post-fracture. Effective rehabilitation s...

    Authors: Susie K Thomas, Karen J Humphreys, Michelle D Miller, Ian D Cameron, Craig Whitehead, Susan Kurrle, Shylie Mackintosh and Maria Crotty

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2008 8:4

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  14. Content type: Research article

    On average, health worsens with age, but many people have periods of improvement. A stochastic model provides an excellent description of how such changes occur. Given that cognition also changes with age, we ...

    Authors: Arnold Mitnitski and Kenneth Rockwood

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2008 8:3

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  15. Content type: Study protocol

    Dementia is a major public health problem with enormous costs to society and major consequences for both patients and their relatives. Family members of persons with dementia provide much of the care for older...

    Authors: Karlijn J Joling, Hein PJ van Hout, Philip Scheltens, Myrra Vernooij-Dassen, Bernard van den Berg, Judith Bosmans, Freek Gillissen, Mary Mittelman and Harm WJ van Marwijk

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2008 8:2

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Ageing populations will impact on healthcare provision, especially since extra years are not necessarily spent in good health. It is important to identify and understand the significance of common medical prob...

    Authors: Helen Gaskell, Sheena Derry, R Andrew Moore and Henry J McQuay

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2008 8:1

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  17. Content type: Study protocol

    Paratonia, a form of hypertonia, is associated with loss of mobility and with the development of contractures especially in the late stages of the dementia.

    Authors: Johannes SM Hobbelen, Frans RJ Verhey, Jacobus HJ Bor, Rob A de Bie and Raymond TCM Koopmans

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:30

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  18. Content type: Research article

    The Doloplus-2 is used for behavioural pain assessment in cognitively impaired patients. Little data exists on the psychometric properties of the Doloplus-2. Our objectives were to test the criterion validity ...

    Authors: Jacob C Hølen, Ingvild Saltvedt, Peter M Fayers, Marianne J Hjermstad, Jon H Loge and Stein Kaasa

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:29

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  19. Content type: Study protocol

    Cognitive ageing is a major burden for society and a major influence in lowering people's independence and quality of life. It is the most feared aspect of ageing. There are large individual differences in age...

    Authors: Ian J Deary, Alan J Gow, Michelle D Taylor, Janie Corley, Caroline Brett, Valerie Wilson, Harry Campbell, Lawrence J Whalley, Peter M Visscher, David J Porteous and John M Starr

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:28

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  20. Content type: Research article

    A majority of patients with dementia present behavioral and psychological symptoms, such as agitation, which may increase their suffering, be difficult to manage by caregivers, and precipitate institutionaliza...

    Authors: Isabelle Chantale Pelletier and Philippe Landreville

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:27

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Although guidelines recommend that clinicians consider life expectancy before screening older women for breast cancer, many older women with limited life expectancies are screened. We aimed to identify factors...

    Authors: Mara A Schonberg, Ellen P McCarthy, Meghan York, Roger B Davis and Edward R Marcantonio

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:26

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  22. Content type: Research article

    The study aims to quantify the population impact of prescribing cholinesterase inhibitors to slow the cognitive decline in Alzheimer's disease (AD), and to compare with the benefit of treating hypertension to ...

    Authors: Udaya P Gammanpila, Alistair Burns, Richard F Heller and Nitin Purandare

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:25

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  23. Content type: Study protocol

    Declines in cognitive functioning are a normal part of aging that can affect daily functioning and quality of life. This study will examine the impact of an exercise training program, and a combined exercise a...

    Authors: Siobhan T O'Dwyer, Nicola W Burton, Nancy A Pachana and Wendy J Brown

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:23

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  24. Content type: Research article

    The question of whether to withhold artificial nutrition and hydration (ANH) from severely cognitively impaired older adults has remained nearly unexplored in Japan, where provision of ANH is considered standa...

    Authors: Kaoruko Aita, Miyako Takahashi, Hiroaki Miyata, Ichiro Kai and Thomas E Finucane

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:22

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Many people who have suffered a stroke require rehabilitation to help them resume their previous activities and roles in their own environment, but only some of them receive inpatient or even outpatient rehabi...

    Authors: Claude Vincent, Isabelle Deaudelin, Line Robichaud, Jacqueline Rousseau, Chantal Viscogliosi, Lise R Talbot and Johanne Desrosiers

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:20

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Comparative evidence regarding the effects of social relationships on mortality in Mediterranean communities will increase our knowledge of their strengths and the ways in which they influence longevity across...

    Authors: Angel Rodriguez-Laso, Maria Victoria Zunzunegui and Angel Otero

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:19

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Dementia is an important health and social care problem and is one of the main causes of disability in later life. The number of families affected by dementia will dramatically increase over the next five deca...

    Authors: Carl A Thompson, Karen Spilsbury, Jill Hall, Yvonne Birks, Colin Barnes and Joy Adamson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:18

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Falling accounts for a significant number of hospital and long-term care admissions in older adults. Many adults with the combination of advancing age and functional decline associated with lower extremity ost...

    Authors: Catherine M Arnold and Robert A Faulkner

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:17

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  29. Content type: Study protocol

    Annually, about 30% of the persons of 65 years and older falls at least once and 15% falls at least twice. Falls often result in serious injuries, such as fractures. Therefore, the prevention of accidental fal...

    Authors: Geeske MEE Peeters, Oscar J de Vries, Petra JM Elders, Saskia MF Pluijm, Lex M Bouter and Paul Lips

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:15

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  30. Content type: Study protocol

    The UK, like other developed countries, is experiencing a marked change in the age structure of its population characterised by increasing life expectancy and continuing growth in the older fraction of the pop...

    Authors: Joanna Collerton, Karen Barrass, John Bond, Martin Eccles, Carol Jagger, Oliver James, Carmen Martin-Ruiz, Louise Robinson, Thomas von Zglinicki and Tom Kirkwood

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:14

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  31. Content type: Research article

    While existing reviews have identified significant predictors of nursing home admission, this meta-analysis attempted to provide more integrated empirical findings to identify predictors. The present study aim...

    Authors: Joseph E Gaugler, Sue Duval, Keith A Anderson and Robert L Kane

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:13

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  32. Content type: Study protocol

    Previous research investigating exercise as a means of falls prevention in older adults has shown mixed results. Lack of specificity of the intervention may be an important factor contributing to negative resu...

    Authors: Avril Mansfield, Amy L Peters, Barbara A Liu and Brian E Maki

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:12

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  33. Content type: Correspondence

    Increases in longevity resulting from improvements in health care and living conditions together with a decrease in fertility rates have contributed to a shift towards an aged population profile. For the first...

    Authors: Oscar H Franco, Thomas BL Kirkwood, Jonathan R Powell, Michael Catt, James Goodwin, Jose M Ordovas and Frans van der Ouderaa

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:10

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Self-perceptions of aging have been implicated as independent predictors of functional disability and mortality in older adults. In spite of this, research on self-perceptions of aging is limited. One reason f...

    Authors: Maja Barker, Ann O'Hanlon, Hannah M McGee, Anne Hickey and Ronan M Conroy

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:9

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Mortality after perforated and bleeding peptic ulcer increases with age. Limited data exist on how the higher burden of comorbidity among elderly patients affects this association. We aimed to examine the asso...

    Authors: Steffen Christensen, Anders Riis, Mette Nørgaard, Henrik T Sørensen and Reimar W Thomsen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:8

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Although physiotherapy (PT) plays an important role in improving activities of daily living (ADL functioning) and discharge rates, it is unclear how many nursing home residents receive treatment. Furthermore, ...

    Authors: Chantal J Leemrijse, Marike E de Boer, Cornelia HM van den Ende, Miel W Ribbe and Joost Dekker

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:7

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  37. Content type: Study protocol

    Depressive and anxiety disorders are a very common, serious and underdetected problem in homes for the elderly. Elderly persons in residential homes are at high risk for developing major depressive and anxiety...

    Authors: Els Dozeman, Digna JF van Schaik, Aartjan TF Beekman, Wim AB Stalman, Judith E Bosmans and Harm WJ van Marwijk

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:6

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Low grip strength is recognized as one of the characteristics of frailty, as are systemic inflammation and the sensation of fatigue. Contrary to maximal grip strength, the physical resistance of the muscles to...

    Authors: Ivan Bautmans, Ellen Gorus, Rose Njemini and Tony Mets

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:5

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Physical activity has a range of health benefits for older people. The aim of this study was to determine physical activity prevalence and attitudes amongst respondents to a trial screening survey.

    Authors: Jane Sims, Keith Hill, Sandra Davidson, Jane Gunn and Nancy Huang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:4

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Pain is highly prevalent in nursing homes (NH) in several countries. Data about pain in Dutch NH's, where medical care is delivered by specifically trained NH-physicians, are not available. The aim of the pres...

    Authors: Martin Smalbrugge, Lineke K Jongenelis, Anne Margriet Pot, Aartjan TF Beekman and Jan A Eefsting

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:3

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Depression is a disabling, prevalent condition. Physical activity programs may assist depression management in older people, ameliorate co-morbid conditions and reduce the need for antidepressants. The UPLIFT ...

    Authors: Jane Sims, Keith Hill, Sandra Davidson, Jane Gunn and Nancy Huang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2006 6:18

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