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  1. Content type: Study protocol

    Proximal femoral fractures are amongst the most devastating consequences of osteoporosis and injurious accidental falls with 25–35% of patients dying in the first year post-fracture. Effective rehabilitation s...

    Authors: Susie K Thomas, Karen J Humphreys, Michelle D Miller, Ian D Cameron, Craig Whitehead, Susan Kurrle, Shylie Mackintosh and Maria Crotty

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2008 8:4

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  2. Content type: Research article

    On average, health worsens with age, but many people have periods of improvement. A stochastic model provides an excellent description of how such changes occur. Given that cognition also changes with age, we ...

    Authors: Arnold Mitnitski and Kenneth Rockwood

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2008 8:3

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  3. Content type: Study protocol

    Dementia is a major public health problem with enormous costs to society and major consequences for both patients and their relatives. Family members of persons with dementia provide much of the care for older...

    Authors: Karlijn J Joling, Hein PJ van Hout, Philip Scheltens, Myrra Vernooij-Dassen, Bernard van den Berg, Judith Bosmans, Freek Gillissen, Mary Mittelman and Harm WJ van Marwijk

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2008 8:2

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Ageing populations will impact on healthcare provision, especially since extra years are not necessarily spent in good health. It is important to identify and understand the significance of common medical prob...

    Authors: Helen Gaskell, Sheena Derry, R Andrew Moore and Henry J McQuay

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2008 8:1

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  5. Content type: Research article

    The Doloplus-2 is used for behavioural pain assessment in cognitively impaired patients. Little data exists on the psychometric properties of the Doloplus-2. Our objectives were to test the criterion validity ...

    Authors: Jacob C Hølen, Ingvild Saltvedt, Peter M Fayers, Marianne J Hjermstad, Jon H Loge and Stein Kaasa

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:29

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  6. Content type: Study protocol

    Paratonia, a form of hypertonia, is associated with loss of mobility and with the development of contractures especially in the late stages of the dementia.

    Authors: Johannes SM Hobbelen, Frans RJ Verhey, Jacobus HJ Bor, Rob A de Bie and Raymond TCM Koopmans

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:30

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  7. Content type: Study protocol

    Cognitive ageing is a major burden for society and a major influence in lowering people's independence and quality of life. It is the most feared aspect of ageing. There are large individual differences in age...

    Authors: Ian J Deary, Alan J Gow, Michelle D Taylor, Janie Corley, Caroline Brett, Valerie Wilson, Harry Campbell, Lawrence J Whalley, Peter M Visscher, David J Porteous and John M Starr

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:28

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  8. Content type: Research article

    A majority of patients with dementia present behavioral and psychological symptoms, such as agitation, which may increase their suffering, be difficult to manage by caregivers, and precipitate institutionaliza...

    Authors: Isabelle Chantale Pelletier and Philippe Landreville

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:27

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Although guidelines recommend that clinicians consider life expectancy before screening older women for breast cancer, many older women with limited life expectancies are screened. We aimed to identify factors...

    Authors: Mara A Schonberg, Ellen P McCarthy, Meghan York, Roger B Davis and Edward R Marcantonio

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:26

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  10. Content type: Research article

    The study aims to quantify the population impact of prescribing cholinesterase inhibitors to slow the cognitive decline in Alzheimer's disease (AD), and to compare with the benefit of treating hypertension to ...

    Authors: Udaya P Gammanpila, Alistair Burns, Richard F Heller and Nitin Purandare

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:25

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  11. Content type: Study protocol

    Declines in cognitive functioning are a normal part of aging that can affect daily functioning and quality of life. This study will examine the impact of an exercise training program, and a combined exercise a...

    Authors: Siobhan T O'Dwyer, Nicola W Burton, Nancy A Pachana and Wendy J Brown

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:23

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  12. Content type: Research article

    The question of whether to withhold artificial nutrition and hydration (ANH) from severely cognitively impaired older adults has remained nearly unexplored in Japan, where provision of ANH is considered standa...

    Authors: Kaoruko Aita, Miyako Takahashi, Hiroaki Miyata, Ichiro Kai and Thomas E Finucane

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:22

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Many people who have suffered a stroke require rehabilitation to help them resume their previous activities and roles in their own environment, but only some of them receive inpatient or even outpatient rehabi...

    Authors: Claude Vincent, Isabelle Deaudelin, Line Robichaud, Jacqueline Rousseau, Chantal Viscogliosi, Lise R Talbot and Johanne Desrosiers

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:20

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Comparative evidence regarding the effects of social relationships on mortality in Mediterranean communities will increase our knowledge of their strengths and the ways in which they influence longevity across...

    Authors: Angel Rodriguez-Laso, Maria Victoria Zunzunegui and Angel Otero

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:19

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Dementia is an important health and social care problem and is one of the main causes of disability in later life. The number of families affected by dementia will dramatically increase over the next five deca...

    Authors: Carl A Thompson, Karen Spilsbury, Jill Hall, Yvonne Birks, Colin Barnes and Joy Adamson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:18

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Falling accounts for a significant number of hospital and long-term care admissions in older adults. Many adults with the combination of advancing age and functional decline associated with lower extremity ost...

    Authors: Catherine M Arnold and Robert A Faulkner

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:17

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  17. Content type: Study protocol

    Annually, about 30% of the persons of 65 years and older falls at least once and 15% falls at least twice. Falls often result in serious injuries, such as fractures. Therefore, the prevention of accidental fal...

    Authors: Geeske MEE Peeters, Oscar J de Vries, Petra JM Elders, Saskia MF Pluijm, Lex M Bouter and Paul Lips

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:15

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  18. Content type: Study protocol

    The UK, like other developed countries, is experiencing a marked change in the age structure of its population characterised by increasing life expectancy and continuing growth in the older fraction of the pop...

    Authors: Joanna Collerton, Karen Barrass, John Bond, Martin Eccles, Carol Jagger, Oliver James, Carmen Martin-Ruiz, Louise Robinson, Thomas von Zglinicki and Tom Kirkwood

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:14

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  19. Content type: Research article

    While existing reviews have identified significant predictors of nursing home admission, this meta-analysis attempted to provide more integrated empirical findings to identify predictors. The present study aim...

    Authors: Joseph E Gaugler, Sue Duval, Keith A Anderson and Robert L Kane

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:13

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  20. Content type: Study protocol

    Previous research investigating exercise as a means of falls prevention in older adults has shown mixed results. Lack of specificity of the intervention may be an important factor contributing to negative resu...

    Authors: Avril Mansfield, Amy L Peters, Barbara A Liu and Brian E Maki

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:12

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  21. Content type: Correspondence

    Increases in longevity resulting from improvements in health care and living conditions together with a decrease in fertility rates have contributed to a shift towards an aged population profile. For the first...

    Authors: Oscar H Franco, Thomas BL Kirkwood, Jonathan R Powell, Michael Catt, James Goodwin, Jose M Ordovas and Frans van der Ouderaa

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:10

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Self-perceptions of aging have been implicated as independent predictors of functional disability and mortality in older adults. In spite of this, research on self-perceptions of aging is limited. One reason f...

    Authors: Maja Barker, Ann O'Hanlon, Hannah M McGee, Anne Hickey and Ronan M Conroy

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:9

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Mortality after perforated and bleeding peptic ulcer increases with age. Limited data exist on how the higher burden of comorbidity among elderly patients affects this association. We aimed to examine the asso...

    Authors: Steffen Christensen, Anders Riis, Mette Nørgaard, Henrik T Sørensen and Reimar W Thomsen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:8

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Although physiotherapy (PT) plays an important role in improving activities of daily living (ADL functioning) and discharge rates, it is unclear how many nursing home residents receive treatment. Furthermore, ...

    Authors: Chantal J Leemrijse, Marike E de Boer, Cornelia HM van den Ende, Miel W Ribbe and Joost Dekker

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:7

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  25. Content type: Study protocol

    Depressive and anxiety disorders are a very common, serious and underdetected problem in homes for the elderly. Elderly persons in residential homes are at high risk for developing major depressive and anxiety...

    Authors: Els Dozeman, Digna JF van Schaik, Aartjan TF Beekman, Wim AB Stalman, Judith E Bosmans and Harm WJ van Marwijk

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:6

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Low grip strength is recognized as one of the characteristics of frailty, as are systemic inflammation and the sensation of fatigue. Contrary to maximal grip strength, the physical resistance of the muscles to...

    Authors: Ivan Bautmans, Ellen Gorus, Rose Njemini and Tony Mets

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:5

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Physical activity has a range of health benefits for older people. The aim of this study was to determine physical activity prevalence and attitudes amongst respondents to a trial screening survey.

    Authors: Jane Sims, Keith Hill, Sandra Davidson, Jane Gunn and Nancy Huang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:4

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Pain is highly prevalent in nursing homes (NH) in several countries. Data about pain in Dutch NH's, where medical care is delivered by specifically trained NH-physicians, are not available. The aim of the pres...

    Authors: Martin Smalbrugge, Lineke K Jongenelis, Anne Margriet Pot, Aartjan TF Beekman and Jan A Eefsting

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:3

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Depression is a disabling, prevalent condition. Physical activity programs may assist depression management in older people, ameliorate co-morbid conditions and reduce the need for antidepressants. The UPLIFT ...

    Authors: Jane Sims, Keith Hill, Sandra Davidson, Jane Gunn and Nancy Huang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2006 6:18

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Physical restraints are still frequently used in nursing home residents despite growing evidence for the ineffectiveness and negative consequences of these methods. Therefore, reduction in the use of physical ...

    Authors: Anna R Huizing, Jan PH Hamers, Math JM Gulpers and Martijn PF Berger

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2006 6:17

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  31. Content type: Research article

    In an elderly, community based population we aimed at investigating antihypertensive and lipid lowering medication use in relation to own and familiar cardiovascular morbidity and diabetes mellitus, as well as...

    Authors: Mette Brekke, Steinar Hunskaar and Jørund Straand

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2006 6:16

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  32. Content type: Research article

    The use of indwelling urinary catheters (IUCs) is thought to be the most significant risk factor for developing nosocomial urinary tract infections (UTIs). However, it is unclear how many elderly patients have...

    Authors: Susan E Hazelett, Margaret Tsai, Michele Gareri and Kyle Allen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2006 6:15

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Almost every country in the Western world has great difficulties allocating enough financial resources to meet the needs in the care of the increasing elderly population. The main problem is common to all coun...

    Authors: Kajsa BE Thorsell, Berit M Nordström, Per Nyberg and Bengt V Sivberg

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2006 6:14

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  34. Content type: Research article

    We evaluated the accuracy of physician recognition of functional status impairment in older emergency departments (ED) patients. In particular, we evaluated the accuracy of medical records (a comparison of the...

    Authors: Alejandro Rodríguez-Molinero, María López-Diéguez, Ana I Tabuenca, Juan J de la Cruz and José R Banegas

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2006 6:13

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Hospitalization for older patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is associated with functional decline. Little is know about the relationship between inflammatory markers and determinants of function...

    Authors: Ali El Solh, Lilibeth Pineda, Pam Bouquin and Corey Mankowski

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2006 6:12

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Falls in hospital are frequent and their consequences place an increased burden on health services. We evaluated a falls prevention strategy consisting of the introduction of volunteers to 'sit' with patients ...

    Authors: Lynne C Giles, Denise Bolch, Robyn Rouvray, Beth McErlean, Craig H Whitehead, Paddy A Phillips and Maria Crotty

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2006 6:11

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Individualized decision making has been recommended for cancer screening decisions in older adults. Because older adults' preferences are central to individualized decisions, we assessed older adults' perspect...

    Authors: Carmen L Lewis, Christine E Kistler, Halle R Amick, Lea C Watson, Debra L Bynum, Louise C Walter and Michael P Pignone

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2006 6:10

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Large-scale RCTs comparing different types of exercise training in institutionalised older people are scarce, especially regarding effects on habitual physical activity and constipation. This study investigate...

    Authors: Marijke JM Chin A Paw, Mireille NM van Poppel and Willem van Mechelen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2006 6:9

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  39. Content type: Research article

    For older adults without diabetes, cognitive functioning has been implicated as a predictor of death and functional disability for older adults and those with mild to severe cognitive impairment. However, litt...

    Authors: Lisa C McGuire, Earl S Ford and Umed A Ajani

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2006 6:8

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  40. Content type: Research article

    The objective of this study was to assess the responsiveness of the Minimum Data Set Activities of Daily Living (MDS-ADL) Scale to change over time by examining the change in physical function in adults with m...

    Authors: G Iain Carpenter, Charlotte L Hastie, John N Morris, Brant E Fries and Joel Ankri

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2006 6:7

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  41. Content type: Study protocol

    Falls are a significant public health problem. Thirty to fifty percent of the elderly of 65 years and older fall each year. Falls are the most common type of accident in this age group and can result in fractu...

    Authors: Petra EM Zeeuwe, Arianne P Verhagen, Sita MA Bierma-Zeinstra, Erik van Rossum, Marjan J Faber and Bart W Koes

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2006 6:6

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  42. Content type: Research article

    The age-related deterioration of physiological capacities such as muscle strength and balance is associated with increased dependence. Understanding the contribution of physical fitness components to functiona...

    Authors: Amika S Singh, Marijke JM Chin A Paw, Ruud J Bosscher and Willem van Mechelen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2006 6:4

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Pain is a common and major problem among nursing home residents. The prevalence of pain in elderly nursing home people is 40–80%, showing that they are at great risk of experiencing pain. Since assessment of p...

    Authors: Sandra MG Zwakhalen, Jan PH Hamers, Huda Huijer Abu-Saad and Martijn PF Berger

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2006 6:3

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