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  1. Maintaining mobility in elderly persons has become a primary goal within healthcare services. In older adults, exercise programs significantly reduce the risk of falling and death. Long-lasting and high-intens...

    Authors: Viviane Hasselmann, Peter Oesch, Luis Fernandez-Luque and Stefan Bachmann
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:108
  2. The Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) was developed to enable earlier detection of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) relative to familiar multi-domain tests like the Mini-Mental State Exam (MMSE). Clinicians ...

    Authors: Paula T. Trzepacz, Helen Hochstetler, Shufang Wang, Brett Walker and Andrew J. Saykin
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:107
  3. The proportion of people aged 65 or older is the fastest growing age group worldwide. Older adults in aged care facilities have higher levels of depression, and lower levels of social support and sense of belo...

    Authors: Jessica Chesler, Suzanne McLaren, Britt Klein and Shaun Watson
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:106
  4. Dementia is often not formally diagnosed in primary care. To what extent this is due to family physicians’ (FPs) watchful waiting, reluctance to diagnose or to their unawareness of the presence of cognitive im...

    Authors: Pim van den Dungen, Eric P. Moll van Charante, Peter M. van de Ven, Gerbrand Foppes, Jos P. C. M. van Campen, Harm W. J. van Marwijk, Henriëtte E. van der Horst and Hein P. J. van Hout
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:105
  5. Authors: Thérèse Van Durme, Olivier Schmitz, Sophie Cès, Sibyl Anthierens, Roy Remmen, Patrick Maggi, Sam Delye, Johanna De Almeida Mello, Anja Declercq, Isabelle Aujoulat and Jean Macq
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:104

    The original article was published in BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:67

  6. Involving nursing home patients and their relatives in end-of-life care conversations and treatment decisions has recently gained increased importance in several Western countries. However, there is little kno...

    Authors: Elisabeth Gjerberg, Lillian Lillemoen, Reidun Førde and Reidar Pedersen
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:103
  7. Recent studies suggest potential associations between childhood adversity and chronic inflammation at older ages. Our aim is to compare associations between childhood health, social and economic adversity and ...

    Authors: Annie Li, Mai Thanh Tu, Ana Carolina Sousa, Beatriz Alvarado, Georges Karna Kone, Jack Guralnik and Maria Victoria Zunzunegui
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:102
  8. When health declines, older persons may benefit from an intervention program that strengthens their self-management and empowers them to keep in control of their own body and life. Therefore we conducted a Ran...

    Authors: Angèle A. G. C. Jonker, Hannie C. Comijs, Kees C. P. M. Knipscheer and Dorly J. H. Deeg
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:101
  9. The number of people with dementia is increasing alongside the aging population, and most of these patients manifest with neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS). The objective of this study was to investigate anti-de...

    Authors: Marja Kuronen, Hannu Koponen, Irma Nykänen, Pertti Karppi and Sirpa Hartikainen
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:100
  10. The current recommendations on resistance training involving older adults have reported an improvement of body composition variables. Despite this, there is a lack of knowledge on how elastic resistance traini...

    Authors: Wagner Rodrigues Martins, Marisete Peralta Safons, Martim Bottaro, Juscelino Castro Blasczyk, Leonardo Rios Diniz, Romulo Maia Carlos Fonseca, Ana Clara Bonini-Rocha and Ricardo Jacó de Oliveira
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:99
  11. Antibiotic resistance is a problem in nursing homes. Presumed urinary tract infections (UTI) are the most common infection. This study examines urine culture results from elderly patients to see if specific gu...

    Authors: Mark Fagan, Morten Lindbæk, Nils Grude, Harald Reiso, Maria Romøren, Dagfinn Skaare and Dag Berild
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:98
  12. Public health initiatives world-wide recommend increasing physical activity (PA) to improve health. However, the dose and the intensity of PA producing the most benefit are still debated. Accurate assessment o...

    Authors: Nina Zisko, Trude Carlsen, Øyvind Salvesen, Nils Petter Aspvik, Jan Erik Ingebrigtsen, Ulrik Wisløff and Dorthe Stensvold
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:97
  13. There is an increasing number of older adults living with long-term musculoskeletal pain and related disabilities. These problems are frequently unrecognized, underreported, and inadequately treated. Since man...

    Authors: Mia Berglund, Kristina Nässén and Catharina Gillsjö
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:96
  14. Participation is a key determinant of successful aging and enables older adults to stay in their homes and be integrated into the community. Assessing participation needs involves identifying restrictions in t...

    Authors: Pier-Luc Turcotte, Nadine Larivière, Johanne Desrosiers, Philippe Voyer, Nathalie Champoux, Hélène Carbonneau, Annie Carrier and Mélanie Levasseur
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:95
  15. Osteoporosis is a major global health problem, especially among long-term care (LTC) facilities. Despite the availability of effective clinical guidelines to prevent osteoporosis and bone fractures, few LTC ho...

    Authors: Sultan H. Alamri, Courtney C. Kennedy, Sharon Marr, Lynne Lohfeld, Carly J. Skidmore and Alexandra Papaioannou
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:94
  16. The dimensional structure, effective number of item responses and item redundancies are controversial features of the Informant Questionnaire on Cognitive Decline in the Elderly (IQCODE) requiring more light. ...

    Authors: Michael Reichenheim, Maria Angélica dos Santos Sanchez and Roberto Alves Lourenço
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:93
  17. Predicting risk of adverse healthcare outcomes, among community dwelling older adults, is difficult. The Risk Instrument for Screening in the Community (RISC) is a short (2–5 min), global subjective assessment...

    Authors: Rónán O’Caoimh, Yang Gao, Anton Svendrovski, Elizabeth Healy, Elizabeth O’Connell, Gabrielle O’Keeffe, Una Cronin, Estera Igras, Eileen O’Herlihy, Carol Fitzgerald, Elizabeth Weathers, Patricia Leahy-Warren, Nicola Cornally and D. William Molloy
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:92
  18. An increasing number of older adults are procuring a wheelchair for mobility; however, the corresponding impact on related injuries, caregiver burden, and participation restriction is concerning. To inform the...

    Authors: Edward M. Giesbrecht, William C. Miller and Roberta L. Woodgate
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:91
  19. General practitioners (GPs) are in best position to suspect dementia. Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and Clock Drawing Test (CDT) are widely used. Additional neurological tests may increase the accuracy ...

    Authors: Sven Streit, Andreas Limacher, Andreas Zeller and Markus Bürge
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:90
  20. Assistive Technology (AT) has been suggested as a means by which people with dementia can be helped to live independently, while also leading to greater efficiencies in care. However little is known about how ...

    Authors: Grant Gibson, Claire Dickinson, Katie Brittain and Louise Robinson
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:89
  21. Adipocyte fatty acid binding protein (A-FABP) is a novel fat-derived circulating protein, which is independently and positively associated with atherosclerosis. The present study evaluated the relationship bet...

    Authors: Jen-Pi Tsai, Ji-Hung Wang, Chung-Jen Lee, Yu-Chih Chen and Bang-Gee Hsu
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:88
  22. Currently, health care and medical decision-making at the end of life for older people are often insufficiently patient-centred. In this trial we study the effects of Advance Care Planning (ACP), a formalised ...

    Authors: Ida J. Korfage, Judith A.C. Rietjens, Anouk Overbeek, Lea J. Jabbarian, Pascalle Billekens, Bernard J. Hammes, Ellen Hansen-van der Meer, Suzanne Polinder, Johan Severijnen, Siebe J. Swart, Frederika E. Witkamp and Agnes van der Heide
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:87
  23. Physical restraints such as bedrails and belts are regularly applied in German nursing homes despite clear evidence showing their lack of effectiveness and safety. In a cluster-randomised controlled trial, the...

    Authors: Jens Abraham, Ralph Möhler, Adrienne Henkel, Ramona Kupfer, Andrea Icks, Charalabos-Markos Dintsios, Burkhard Haastert, Gabriele Meyer and Sascha Köpke
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:86
  24. Elderly persons make greater use of psychotropic drugs, but there are few international studies on social differences in the use of these medications. The aim of this study is to examine social differences in ...

    Authors: Gustave Noufou Nana, Boukaré Doulougou, Fernando Gomez, Alban Ylli, Jack Guralnik and Maria Victoria Zunzunegui
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:85
  25. Previous research highlights the importance of staff involvement in psychosocial interventions targeting neuropsychiatric symptoms of dementia. Music therapy has shown potential effects, but it is not clear ho...

    Authors: Ming Hung Hsu, Rosamund Flowerdew, Michael Parker, Jörg Fachner and Helen Odell-Miller
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:84
  26. Mean body weight gradually increases with age. Yet, little data exists on the prevalence of excess weight in populations aged 80 years or older. Moreover, little is known about predictors of overweight and obe...

    Authors: André Hajek, Thomas Lehnert, Annette Ernst, Carolin Lange, Birgitt Wiese, Jana Prokein, Siegfried Weyerer, Jochen Werle, Michael Pentzek, Angela Fuchs, Tobias Luck, Horst Bickel, Edelgard Mösch, Kathrin Heser, Michael Wagner, Wolfgang Maier…
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:83
  27. The vitamin B12 and folate status in nonanaemic healthy older persons needs attention the more so as decrease in levels may be anticipated from reduced haematinic provision and/or impaired intestinal uptake.

    Authors: Martin Risch, Dominik W. Meier, Benjamin Sakem, Pedro Medina Escobar, Corina Risch, Urs Nydegger and Lorenz Risch
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:82
  28. As the demographic of older people continues to grow, health services that support independence among community-dwelling seniors have become increasingly important. Personal Emergency Response Systems (PERS) a...

    Authors: Alexandra C. McKenna, Marita Kloseck, Richard Crilly and Jan Polgar
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:81
  29. Reaction time (RT) has been associated with falls in older adults, but is not routinely tested in clinical practice. A simple, portable, inexpensive and reliable method for measuring RT is desirable for clinic...

    Authors: Martin Gronbech Jorgensen, Sentha Paramanathan, Jesper Ryg, Tahir Masud and Stig Andersen
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:80
  30. Although older cancer survivors commonly report psychosocial problems, the impact of both cancer and ageing on the occurrence of these problems remains largely unknown. The evolution of depression, cognitive f...

    Authors: Laura Deckx, Doris L. van Abbema, Marjan van den Akker, Carine van den Broeke, Mieke van Driel, Paul Bulens, Vivianne C.G. Tjan-Heijnen, Cindy Kenis, Eric T. de Jonge, Bert Houben and Frank Buntinx
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:79
  31. Although physician-rated health is emerging as a potentially useful variable in research, with implications in practice, it has not been analyzed. Moreover, one of its most important aspects, namely, concordan...

    Authors: Javier Damián, Roberto Pastor-Barriuso, Emiliana Valderrama-Gama and Jesús de Pedro-Cuesta
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:78
  32. The population ageing in most Western countries leads to a larger number of frail older people. These frail people are at an increased risk of negative health outcomes, such as functional decline, falls, insti...

    Authors: Linda P. M. Op het Veld, Erik van Rossum, Gertrudis I. J. M. Kempen, Henrica C. W. de Vet, KlaasJan Hajema and Anna J. H. M. Beurskens
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:77
  33. The proportion of individuals reaching an old age is increasing and will, in the near future consume a majority of health care resources. It is therefore essential to facilitate the maintenance of optimal func...

    Authors: Lina Östlund-Lagerström, Karin Blomberg, Samal Algilani, Magnus Schoultz, Annica Kihlgren, Robert J. Brummer and Ida Schoultz
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:76
  34. Ascertaining individuals’ quality of life and wellbeing is essential in public health and clinical research. The impact of these two pressing geriatric syndromes – impaired mobility and cognitive function -- o...

    Authors: Jennifer C. Davis, Stirling Bryan, Linda C. Li, John R. Best, Chun Liang Hsu, Caitlin Gomez, Kelly A. Vertes and Teresa Liu-Ambrose
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:75
  35. Excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) has been associated with an increased risk for falls among clinical samples of older adults. However, there is little detailed information among population-representative sam...

    Authors: Amie C. Hayley, Lana J. Williams, Gerard A. Kennedy, Kara L. Holloway, Michael Berk, Sharon L. Brennan-Olsen and Julie A. Pasco
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:74
  36. Determining the epidemiology of dementia among the population as a whole in specific jurisdictions – including the long-term care population–is essential to providing appropriate care. The objectives of this s...

    Authors: Julie G. Kosteniuk, Debra G. Morgan, Megan E. O’Connell, Andrew Kirk, Margaret Crossley, Gary F. Teare, Norma J. Stewart, Vanina Dal Bello-Haas, Dorothy A. Forbes, Anthea Innes and Jacqueline M. Quail
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:73
  37. Improved preferred gait speed in older adults is associated with increased survival rates. There are inconsistent findings in clinical trials regarding effects of exercise on preferred gait speed, and heteroge...

    Authors: Renske Van Abbema, Mathieu De Greef, Celine Crajé, Wim Krijnen, Hans Hobbelen and Cees Van Der Schans
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:72
  38. Point prevalence studies in care homes show a high use of antibiotics, especially to treat urinary tract infections (UTI). There is a lack of large studies presenting annual antibiotic prescription data in car...

    Authors: Pär-Daniel Sundvall, Beth Stuart, Martin Davis, Paul Roderick and Michael Moore
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:71
  39. Presentations to hospital of older people receiving family care at home incur substantial costs for patients, families, and the health care system, yet there can be positive carer outcomes when systematically ...

    Authors: Christine Toye, Rachael Moorin, Susan Slatyer, Samar M. Aoun, Richard Parsons, Desley Hegney, Sean Maher and Keith D. Hill
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:70
  40. Room transfers are suspected to promote the development of delirium in hospitalized elderly patients, but no studies have systematically examined the relationship between room transfers and delirium incidence....

    Authors: Amanda Goldberg, Sharon E. Straus, Jemila S. Hamid and Camilla L. Wong
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:69
  41. Exercise is an important and effective approach to preventing falls in older people, but adherence to exercise participation remains a persistent problem. A unique purpose-built exercise park was designed to p...

    Authors: Myrla Patricia Reis Sales, Remco Polman, Keith D. Hill, Tuire Karaharju-Huisman and Pazit Levinger
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:68
  42. Case management is a type of intervention expected to improve the quality of care and therefore the quality of life of frail, community-dwelling older people while delaying institutionalisation in nursing home...

    Authors: Thérèse Van Durme, Olivier Schmitz, Sophie Cès, Sibyl Anthierens, Patrick Maggi, Sam Delye, Johanna De Almeida Mello, Anja Declercq, Jean Macq, Roy Remmen and Isabelle Aujoulat
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:67

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:104

  43. Population screening might provide a mechanism to enable early detection of dementia. Yet the potential benefits, harms or acceptability of such a large-scale intervention are not well understood. This researc...

    Authors: Steven Martin, Sarah Kelly, Ayesha Khan, Sarah Cullum, Tom Dening, Greta Rait, Chris Fox, Cornelius Katona, Theodore Cosco, Carol Brayne and Louise Lafortune
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:66
  44. The diagnostic workup in dementia includes brain imaging with reading focussed on signs of cerebrovascular and neurodegenerative disease. We hypothesised that these findings may be underreported in hospital pa...

    Authors: Gustav Torisson, Danielle van Westen, Lars Stavenow, Lennart Minthon and Elisabet Londos
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:65
  45. Fear of falling (FoF) is predictive of decreased physical activity. This study sought to determine if FoF mediates the relationship between decreased vision and physical activity restriction in individuals wit...

    Authors: Angeline M. Nguyen, Karun S. Arora, Bonnielin K. Swenor, David S. Friedman and Pradeep Y. Ramulu
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:64
  46. In the 1990s, epidemiological studies estimated the prevalence of stroke caused by atrial fibrillation (AF) at about 15 %. Given the aging population, there is a rise in the number of AF patients. AF preventio...

    Authors: Virginie Jannou, Serge Timsit, Emmanuel Nowak, François Rouhart, Philippe Goas, François-Mathias Merrien, Irina Viakhireva-Dovganyuk, Anne Tirel-Badets and Armelle Gentric
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:63
  47. Circulating vascular adhesion molecule-1 (sVCAM-1) is a presumed marker of endothelial activation and dysfunction, but little is known about its association with mood. We hypothesized that elevated plasma conc...

    Authors: Achille E. Tchalla, Gregory A. Wellenius, Farzaneh A. Sorond, Thomas G. Travison, Thierry Dantoine and Lewis A. Lipsitz
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:62
  48. The aging process reduces both sensory capabilities and the capabilities of the motor systems responsible for postural control, resulting in a high number of falls among the elderly. Some therapeutic intervent...

    Authors: Laiana Sepúlveda de Andrade Mesquita, Fabiana Texeira de Carvalho, Lara Sepúlveda de Andrade Freire, Osmar Pinto Neto and Renato Amaro Zângaro
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:61
  49. Physical activity reduces the incidence and progression of cognitive impairment. Cognitive-motor dual-task training, which requires dividing attention between cognitive tasks and exercise, may improve various ...

    Authors: Hisayo Yokoyama, Kazunobu Okazaki, Daiki Imai, Yoshihiro Yamashina, Ryosuke Takeda, Nooshin Naghavi, Akemi Ota, Yoshikazu Hirasawa and Toshiaki Miyagawa
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:60
  50. This paper synthesises research evidence about the effectiveness of services intended to support and sustain people with dementia to live at home, including supporting carers. The review was commissioned to su...

    Authors: Alison Dawson, Alison Bowes, Fiona Kelly, Kari Velzke and Richard Ward
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:59

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