Skip to main content

Advertisement

Public health, nutrition and epidemiology

Section edited by Danan Gu

This section considers all topics relating to general public health and epidemiology. Nutrition, nutritional supplements, disease rates/statistics, disease prevention, prediction. Health promotion.

Page 6 of 7

  1. Depressive symptoms and decreased physical functioning are interrelated conditions and common in older persons, causing significant individual and societal burden. Evidence suggests that vitamin D supplementat...

    Authors: Elisa J. de Koning, Natasja M. van Schoor, Brenda W.J.H. Penninx, Petra J.M. Elders, Annemieke C. Heijboer, Jan. H. Smit, Pierre M. Bet, Maurits W. van Tulder, Martin den Heijer, Harm W.J. van Marwijk and Paul Lips

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:151

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  2. The incidence of age-related cognitive decline is rising considerably around the world. There is evidence from a number of recent cross-sectional and prospective studies indicating positive associations betwee...

    Authors: Alissa Knight, Janet Bryan, Carlene Wilson, Jonathan Hodgson and Karen Murphy

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:55

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  3. Constipation is highly prevalent in older adults and may be associated with greater frequency of acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD). We investigated the prevalence of lower de...

    Authors: Jen-Tzer Gau, Utkarsh H Acharya, M Salman Khan and Tzu-Cheg Kao

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:44

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  4. The cumulative effect of taking multiple medicines with anticholinergic properties termed as anticholinergic burden can adversely impact cognition, physical function and increase the risk of mortality. Expert ...

    Authors: Mohammed Saji Salahudeen, Stephen B Duffull and Prasad S Nishtala

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:31

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  5. Spirometry-based parameters of pulmonary function such as forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) have prognostic value beyond respiratory morbidity and mortality. FEV1 divided by height cubed (FEV1/Ht3) has ...

    Authors: Eralda Turkeshi, Bert Vaes, Elena Andreeva, Catharina Matheï, Wim Adriaensen, Gijs Van Pottelbergh and Jean-Marie Degryse

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:15

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  6. Since approximately two in three older adults (65+) report having two or more chronic diseases, causes and consequences of multimorbidity among older persons has important personal and societal issues. Indeed,...

    Authors: Andrew V Wister, Mélanie Levasseur, Lauren E Griffith and Ian Fyffe

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:12

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  7. There are inequities in health status associated with ethnicity, which may limit older foreign-born persons’ ability to age optimally. Health promotion for older persons who have experienced migration is thus ...

    Authors: Susanne Gustafsson, Qarin Lood, Katarina Wilhelmson, Greta Häggblom-Kronlöf, Sten Landahl and Synneve Dahlin-Ivanoff

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:10

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  8. The incidence of Alzheimer’s disease is increasing as the global population ages. Given the limited success of pharmaceuticals in preventing this disease, a greater emphasis on non-pharmaceutical approaches is...

    Authors: Michael W Beckett, Christopher I Ardern and Michael A Rotondi

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:9

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  9. High-risk medication exposure in the elderly is common and associated with increased mortality, hospitalizations, and emergency department (ED) visits. Skeletal muscle relaxants and antihistamines are high-ris...

    Authors: Carlos A Alvarez, Eric M Mortensen, Una E Makris, Dan R Berlowitz, Laurel A Copeland, Chester B Good, Megan E Amuan and Mary Jo V Pugh

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:2

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  10. Although ageing is strongly associated with cognitive decline, a wide range of cognitive ability is observed in older populations with varying rates of change across different cognitive domains.

    Authors: Shabina A Hayat, Robert Luben, Stephanie Moore, Nichola Dalzell, Amit Bhaniani, Serena Anuj, Fiona E Matthews, Nick Wareham, Kay-Tee Khaw and Carol Brayne

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:142

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  11. Risk factors for hip fracture are well studied because of the negative impact on patients and the community, with mortality in the first year being almost 30% in the elderly. Age, gender and fall risk-increasi...

    Authors: Kristine Thorell, Karin Ranstad, Patrik Midlöv, Lars Borgquist and Anders Halling

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:131

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  12. The risk factors associated with fractures have been well-characterized in community dwelling populations, but have not been clearly defined in long-term care (LTC) settings. The objective of this review was t...

    Authors: Rasha Khatib, Nancy Santesso, Laura Pickard, Osman Osman, Lora Giangregorio, Carly Skidmore and Alexandra Papaioannou

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:130

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  13. What are the factors that affect the survival probability of becoming a centenarian for those aged 70? Do the factors include income, health expenditure, the use of mobile telephones, or sanitation? The surviv...

    Authors: Jong In Kim and Gukbin Kim

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:113

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  14. Age-related differences in diabetes outcomes are important both for clinical and policy considerations. To clarify the basis of such differences, we investigated patterns of associations for age in relation to...

    Authors: Myung Ki, Sujin Baek, Young-duk Yun, Namhoon Kim, Martin Hyde and Baegju Na

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:111

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  15. Pet ownership is thought to make a positive contribution to health, health behaviours and the general well-being of older people. More specifically pet ownership is often proposed as a solution to the problem ...

    Authors: Jitka Pikhartova, Ann Bowling and Christina Victor

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:106

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  16. Fall incidence differs considerably between studies and countries. Reasons may be differences between study samples or different assessment methods. The aim was to derive estimates of fall incidence from two p...

    Authors: Kilian Rapp, Ellen Freiberger, Chris Todd, Jochen Klenk, Clemens Becker, Michael Denkinger, Christa Scheidt-Nave and Judith Fuchs

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:105

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  17. Although the number of elderly people needing care is increasing rapidly in the home setting in Japan, family size and ability to provide such support are declining. The purpose of this study was to identify t...

    Authors: Emiko Saito, Shouzoh Ueki, Nobufumi Yasuda, Sachiko Yamazaki and Seiji Yasumura

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:93

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  18. Numerous social factors, generally studied in isolation, have been associated with older adults’ health. Even so, older people’s social circumstances are complex and an approach which embraces this complexity ...

    Authors: Melissa K Andrew and Janice M Keefe

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:90

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  19. In the general population, the epidemiological relationships between delirium and adverse outcomes are not well defined. The aims of this study were to: (1) construct an algorithm for the diagnosis of delirium...

    Authors: Daniel HJ Davis, Linda E Barnes, Blossom CM Stephan, Alasdair MJ MacLullich, David Meagher, John Copeland, Fiona E Matthews and Carol Brayne

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:87

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  20. Both epidemiological and randomized clinical studies suggest that supplementation with very-long-chain marine polyunsaturated n-3 fatty acids (n-3 PUFA) have cardioprotective effects, however these results are...

    Authors: Kristian Laake, Peder Myhre, Linn M Nordby, Ingebjørg Seljeflot, Michael Abdelnoor, Pål Smith, Arnljot Tveit, Harald Arnesen and Svein Solheim

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:74

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  21. Potentially inappropriate prescribing (PIP) in older people is associated with increases in morbidity, hospitalisation and mortality. The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of and factors a...

    Authors: Marie C Bradley, Nicola Motterlini, Shivani Padmanabhan, Caitriona Cahir, Tim Williams, Tom Fahey and Carmel M Hughes

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:72

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  22. The aim of this paper is to ascertain if the subjective perception of the economic situation of a household is associated with the prevalence of disability in old age, net of education level. Subjective econom...

    Authors: Angel Rodriguez-Laso, Antonio Abellan, Mayte Sancho, Rogelio Pujol, Ignacio Montorio and Purificación Diaz-Veiga

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:60

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  23. Older adults are susceptible to adverse effects from the concomitant use of prescription medications and alcohol. This study estimates the prevalence of exposure to alcohol interactive (AI) medications and con...

    Authors: Gráinne Cousins, Rose Galvin, Michelle Flood, Mary-Claire Kennedy, Nicola Motterlini, Martin C Henman, Rose-Anne Kenny and Tom Fahey

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:57

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  24. The increase of the elderly population and the high prevalence of chronic diseases have contributed to the increasing importance of functional ability as a global public health problem. This study aimed to ass...

    Authors: Inês Echenique Mattos, Cleber Nascimento do Carmo, Lívia Maria Santiago and Laércio Lima Luz

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:47

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  25. Very little is known about complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use by older adults in Germany. The aim of this study was to investigate the use of CAM and other health promoting substances (e.g., herb...

    Authors: Katharina Schnabel, Sylvia Binting, Claudia M Witt and Michael Teut

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:38

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  26. Falls and fractures are among the principal causes of disability, and mortality of older people. Therefore, identifying treatable risk factors for falls in this population is very important. Here we evaluate t...

    Authors: Kathrin Thaler-Kall, Angela Döring, Annette Peters, Barbara Thorand, Eva Grill, Wolfgang Koenig, Alexander Horsch and Christa Meisinger

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:29

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  27. This study aimed to identify the relationships of self-management abilities and frailty to perceived poor health among community-dwelling older people in the Netherlands while controlling for important individ...

    Authors: Jane M Cramm, Jos Twisk and Anna P Nieboer

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:28

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  28. To better accommodate for the complex care needs of frail, older people, general practitioners must be capable of easily identifying frailty in daily clinical practice, for example, by using the frailty index ...

    Authors: Irene Drubbel, Mattijs E Numans, Guido Kranenburg, Nienke Bleijenberg, Niek J de Wit and Marieke J Schuurmans

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:27

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  29. Frailty in older patients might influence treatment decisions. Frailty can be determined using a Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment (CGA), but this is time-consuming and expensive. Therefore we assessed the di...

    Authors: Ineke HGJ Smets, Gertrudis IJM Kempen, Maryska LG Janssen-Heijnen, Laura Deckx, Frank JVM Buntinx and Marjan van den Akker

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:26

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  30. As one ages, physical, cognitive, and clinical problems accumulate and the pattern of loss follows a distinct progression. The first areas requiring outside support are the Instrumental Activities of Daily Liv...

    Authors: John N Morris, Katherine Berg, Brant E Fries, Knight Steel and Elizabeth P Howard

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:128

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  31. Older adults are more likely to live alone, because they may have been predeceased by their spouse and friends. Social interaction could also be reduced in this age group due by limited mobility caused by chro...

    Authors: Silvana C Caetano, Cosme MFP Silva and Mario V Vettore

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:122

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  32. Since the burden of care for elderly patients with heart failure (HF) can be decreased by therapeutic measures, it is important that such patients are identified correctly. This study explores the prevalence o...

    Authors: Beata Borgström Bolmsjö, Sigvard Mölstad, Carl Johan Östgren and Patrik Midlöv

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:118

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  33. Persons with vertebral fracture may have reduced pulmonary function, but this association has not been much studied. The aim of this cross-sectional study was therefore to examine the relationship between vert...

    Authors: Bente Morseth, Hasse Melbye, Svanhild Waterloo, Marte R Thomassen, Marijke J Risberg and Nina Emaus

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:116

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  34. The question for prevalence estimation and validation of the various eGFRs in old age is still under debate. To assess renal function with increasing age, we estimated mean eGFR, in subjects aged 20–85 years. ...

    Authors: Jorien M Willems, Tom Vlasveld, Wendy PJ den Elzen, Rudi GJ Westendorp, Ton J Rabelink, Anton JM de Craen and Gerard J Blauw

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:113

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  35. For prevention and detection of falls, it is essential to unravel the way in which older people fall. This study aims to provide a description of video-based real-life fall events and to examine real-life fall...

    Authors: Ellen Vlaeyen, Mieke Deschodt, Glen Debard, Eddy Dejaeger, Steven Boonen, Toon Goedemé, Bart Vanrumste and Koen Milisen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:103

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  36. Health-related quality of life (HRQL) may be associated with increased mortality in the elderly. The effect of prevalent vertebral fractures on HRQL in elderly women and men is not well described. The purpose ...

    Authors: Svanhild Waterloo, Anne J Søgaard, Luai A Ahmed, Elin Damsgård, Bente Morseth and Nina Emaus

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:102

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  37. Little is known about social capital and health among older adults in South Africa. This study investigates the association between social capital and several health variables, namely: self-rated health, depre...

    Authors: Shandir Ramlagan, Karl Peltzer and Nancy Phaswana-Mafuya

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:100

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  38. Acquired brain injury (ABI), which includes traumatic (TBI) and non-traumatic brain injury (nTBI), is a leading cause of death and disability worldwide. The objective of this study was to examine the trends, c...

    Authors: Vincy Chan, Brandon Zagorski, Daria Parsons and Angela Colantonio

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:97

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  39. Existing literature indicates that ADRB2 gene is associated with health and longevity, but none of previous studies investigated associations of carrying the ADRB2 minor alleles and interactions between ADRB2 ...

    Authors: Yi Zeng, Lingguo Cheng, Ling Zhao, Qihua Tan, Qiushi Feng, Huashuai Chen, Ke Shen, Jianxin Li, Fengyu Zhang, Huiqing Cao, Simon G Gregory, Ze Yang, Jun Gu, Wei Tao, Xiao-Li Tian and Elizabeth R Hauser

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:91

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  40. Loss of muscle mass and muscle strength are natural consequences of the aging process, accompanied by an increased prevalence of chronic health conditions. Research suggests that in the elderly, the presence o...

    Authors: Lei Chen, David R Nelson, Yang Zhao, Zhanglin Cui and Joseph A Johnston

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:74

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  41. Although research productivity in the field of frailty has risen exponentially in recent years, there remains a lack of consensus regarding the measurement of this syndrome. This overview offers three services...

    Authors: Kim Bouillon, Mika Kivimaki, Mark Hamer, Severine Sabia, Eleonor I Fransson, Archana Singh-Manoux, Catharine R Gale and G David Batty

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:64

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  42. The prevalence of chronic kidney disease is high in the elderly, but the effects of a decrease in the eGFR on mortality and functioning are still unclear. The aim of this study was to determine whether the com...

    Authors: Gijs Van Pottelbergh, Wendy PJ Den Elzen, Jan Degryse and Jacobijn Gussekloo

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:61

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  43. Several medication classes may contribute to urinary symptoms in older adults. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of use of these medications in a clinical cohort of incontinent patients.

    Authors: Mandavi Kashyap, Le Mai Tu and Cara Tannenbaum

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:57

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  44. Omega-3 (n-3) fatty acid supplementation is becoming increasingly popular. However given its antithrombotic properties the potential for severe adverse events (SAE) such as bleeding has safety implications, pa...

    Authors: Anthony M Villani, Maria Crotty, Leslie G Cleland, Michael J James, Robert J Fraser, Lynne Cobiac and Michelle D Miller

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:41

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  45. Laxatives are among the most widely used over-the-counter medications in the United States but studies examining their potential hazardous side effects are sparse. Associations between laxative use and risk fo...

    Authors: Bernhard Haring, Mary Pettinger, Jennifer W Bea, Jean Wactawski-Wende, Ryan M Carnahan, Judith K Ockene, Moritz Wyler von Ballmoos, Robert B Wallace and Sylvia Wassertheil-Smoller

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:38

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  46. Oral bisphosphonates are commonly used to prevent / treat osteoporosis. However, bisphosphonate treatment is not without risk and serious adverse effects, including upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) have ...

    Authors: Jennifer A Knopp-Sihota, Greta G Cummings, Joanne Homik and Don Voaklander

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:36

    Content type: Research article

    Published on: