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Public health, nutrition and epidemiology

Section edited by Danan Gu

This section considers all topics relating to general public health and epidemiology. Nutrition, nutritional supplements, disease rates/statistics, disease prevention, prediction. Health promotion.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Numerous social factors, generally studied in isolation, have been associated with older adults’ health. Even so, older people’s social circumstances are complex and an approach which embraces this complexity ...

    Authors: Melissa K Andrew and Janice M Keefe

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:90

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  2. Content type: Research article

    In the general population, the epidemiological relationships between delirium and adverse outcomes are not well defined. The aims of this study were to: (1) construct an algorithm for the diagnosis of delirium...

    Authors: Daniel HJ Davis, Linda E Barnes, Blossom CM Stephan, Alasdair MJ MacLullich, David Meagher, John Copeland, Fiona E Matthews and Carol Brayne

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:87

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  3. Content type: Study protocol

    Both epidemiological and randomized clinical studies suggest that supplementation with very-long-chain marine polyunsaturated n-3 fatty acids (n-3 PUFA) have cardioprotective effects, however these results are...

    Authors: Kristian Laake, Peder Myhre, Linn M Nordby, Ingebjørg Seljeflot, Michael Abdelnoor, Pål Smith, Arnljot Tveit, Harald Arnesen and Svein Solheim

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:74

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Potentially inappropriate prescribing (PIP) in older people is associated with increases in morbidity, hospitalisation and mortality. The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of and factors a...

    Authors: Marie C Bradley, Nicola Motterlini, Shivani Padmanabhan, Caitriona Cahir, Tim Williams, Tom Fahey and Carmel M Hughes

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:72

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  5. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this paper is to ascertain if the subjective perception of the economic situation of a household is associated with the prevalence of disability in old age, net of education level. Subjective econom...

    Authors: Angel Rodriguez-Laso, Antonio Abellan, Mayte Sancho, Rogelio Pujol, Ignacio Montorio and Purificación Diaz-Veiga

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:60

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Older adults are susceptible to adverse effects from the concomitant use of prescription medications and alcohol. This study estimates the prevalence of exposure to alcohol interactive (AI) medications and con...

    Authors: Gráinne Cousins, Rose Galvin, Michelle Flood, Mary-Claire Kennedy, Nicola Motterlini, Martin C Henman, Rose-Anne Kenny and Tom Fahey

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:57

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  7. Content type: Research article

    The increase of the elderly population and the high prevalence of chronic diseases have contributed to the increasing importance of functional ability as a global public health problem. This study aimed to ass...

    Authors: Inês Echenique Mattos, Cleber Nascimento do Carmo, Lívia Maria Santiago and Laércio Lima Luz

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:47

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Very little is known about complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use by older adults in Germany. The aim of this study was to investigate the use of CAM and other health promoting substances (e.g., herb...

    Authors: Katharina Schnabel, Sylvia Binting, Claudia M Witt and Michael Teut

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:38

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Falls and fractures are among the principal causes of disability, and mortality of older people. Therefore, identifying treatable risk factors for falls in this population is very important. Here we evaluate t...

    Authors: Kathrin Thaler-Kall, Angela Döring, Annette Peters, Barbara Thorand, Eva Grill, Wolfgang Koenig, Alexander Horsch and Christa Meisinger

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:29

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  10. Content type: Research article

    To better accommodate for the complex care needs of frail, older people, general practitioners must be capable of easily identifying frailty in daily clinical practice, for example, by using the frailty index ...

    Authors: Irene Drubbel, Mattijs E Numans, Guido Kranenburg, Nienke Bleijenberg, Niek J de Wit and Marieke J Schuurmans

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:27

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  11. Content type: Research article

    This study aimed to identify the relationships of self-management abilities and frailty to perceived poor health among community-dwelling older people in the Netherlands while controlling for important individ...

    Authors: Jane M Cramm, Jos Twisk and Anna P Nieboer

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:28

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Frailty in older patients might influence treatment decisions. Frailty can be determined using a Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment (CGA), but this is time-consuming and expensive. Therefore we assessed the di...

    Authors: Ineke HGJ Smets, Gertrudis IJM Kempen, Maryska LG Janssen-Heijnen, Laura Deckx, Frank JVM Buntinx and Marjan van den Akker

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:26

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  13. Content type: Research article

    As one ages, physical, cognitive, and clinical problems accumulate and the pattern of loss follows a distinct progression. The first areas requiring outside support are the Instrumental Activities of Daily Liv...

    Authors: John N Morris, Katherine Berg, Brant E Fries, Knight Steel and Elizabeth P Howard

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:128

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Older adults are more likely to live alone, because they may have been predeceased by their spouse and friends. Social interaction could also be reduced in this age group due by limited mobility caused by chro...

    Authors: Silvana C Caetano, Cosme MFP Silva and Mario V Vettore

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:122

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Since the burden of care for elderly patients with heart failure (HF) can be decreased by therapeutic measures, it is important that such patients are identified correctly. This study explores the prevalence o...

    Authors: Beata Borgström Bolmsjö, Sigvard Mölstad, Carl Johan Östgren and Patrik Midlöv

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:118

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Persons with vertebral fracture may have reduced pulmonary function, but this association has not been much studied. The aim of this cross-sectional study was therefore to examine the relationship between vert...

    Authors: Bente Morseth, Hasse Melbye, Svanhild Waterloo, Marte R Thomassen, Marijke J Risberg and Nina Emaus

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:116

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  17. Content type: Research article

    The question for prevalence estimation and validation of the various eGFRs in old age is still under debate. To assess renal function with increasing age, we estimated mean eGFR, in subjects aged 20–85 years. ...

    Authors: Jorien M Willems, Tom Vlasveld, Wendy PJ den Elzen, Rudi GJ Westendorp, Ton J Rabelink, Anton JM de Craen and Gerard J Blauw

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:113

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  18. Content type: Research article

    For prevention and detection of falls, it is essential to unravel the way in which older people fall. This study aims to provide a description of video-based real-life fall events and to examine real-life fall...

    Authors: Ellen Vlaeyen, Mieke Deschodt, Glen Debard, Eddy Dejaeger, Steven Boonen, Toon Goedemé, Bart Vanrumste and Koen Milisen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:103

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Health-related quality of life (HRQL) may be associated with increased mortality in the elderly. The effect of prevalent vertebral fractures on HRQL in elderly women and men is not well described. The purpose ...

    Authors: Svanhild Waterloo, Anne J Søgaard, Luai A Ahmed, Elin Damsgård, Bente Morseth and Nina Emaus

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:102

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Little is known about social capital and health among older adults in South Africa. This study investigates the association between social capital and several health variables, namely: self-rated health, depre...

    Authors: Shandir Ramlagan, Karl Peltzer and Nancy Phaswana-Mafuya

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:100

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Acquired brain injury (ABI), which includes traumatic (TBI) and non-traumatic brain injury (nTBI), is a leading cause of death and disability worldwide. The objective of this study was to examine the trends, c...

    Authors: Vincy Chan, Brandon Zagorski, Daria Parsons and Angela Colantonio

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:97

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Existing literature indicates that ADRB2 gene is associated with health and longevity, but none of previous studies investigated associations of carrying the ADRB2 minor alleles and interactions between ADRB2 ...

    Authors: Yi Zeng, Lingguo Cheng, Ling Zhao, Qihua Tan, Qiushi Feng, Huashuai Chen, Ke Shen, Jianxin Li, Fengyu Zhang, Huiqing Cao, Simon G Gregory, Ze Yang, Jun Gu, Wei Tao, Xiao-Li Tian and Elizabeth R Hauser

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:91

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Loss of muscle mass and muscle strength are natural consequences of the aging process, accompanied by an increased prevalence of chronic health conditions. Research suggests that in the elderly, the presence o...

    Authors: Lei Chen, David R Nelson, Yang Zhao, Zhanglin Cui and Joseph A Johnston

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:74

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Although research productivity in the field of frailty has risen exponentially in recent years, there remains a lack of consensus regarding the measurement of this syndrome. This overview offers three services...

    Authors: Kim Bouillon, Mika Kivimaki, Mark Hamer, Severine Sabia, Eleonor I Fransson, Archana Singh-Manoux, Catharine R Gale and G David Batty

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:64

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  25. Content type: Research article

    The prevalence of chronic kidney disease is high in the elderly, but the effects of a decrease in the eGFR on mortality and functioning are still unclear. The aim of this study was to determine whether the com...

    Authors: Gijs Van Pottelbergh, Wendy PJ Den Elzen, Jan Degryse and Jacobijn Gussekloo

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:61

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Several medication classes may contribute to urinary symptoms in older adults. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of use of these medications in a clinical cohort of incontinent patients.

    Authors: Mandavi Kashyap, Le Mai Tu and Cara Tannenbaum

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:57

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Laxatives are among the most widely used over-the-counter medications in the United States but studies examining their potential hazardous side effects are sparse. Associations between laxative use and risk fo...

    Authors: Bernhard Haring, Mary Pettinger, Jennifer W Bea, Jean Wactawski-Wende, Ryan M Carnahan, Judith K Ockene, Moritz Wyler von Ballmoos, Robert B Wallace and Sylvia Wassertheil-Smoller

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:38

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Omega-3 (n-3) fatty acid supplementation is becoming increasingly popular. However given its antithrombotic properties the potential for severe adverse events (SAE) such as bleeding has safety implications, pa...

    Authors: Anthony M Villani, Maria Crotty, Leslie G Cleland, Michael J James, Robert J Fraser, Lynne Cobiac and Michelle D Miller

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:41

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Oral bisphosphonates are commonly used to prevent / treat osteoporosis. However, bisphosphonate treatment is not without risk and serious adverse effects, including upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) have ...

    Authors: Jennifer A Knopp-Sihota, Greta G Cummings, Joanne Homik and Don Voaklander

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:36

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  30. Content type: Research article

    The increasing life expectancy in most European countries has resulted in growth of the population 50 and older. This population is more susceptible to infectious diseases because of immunosenescence, co-morbi...

    Authors: Renske Eilers, Paul FM Krabbe, Ted GA van Essen, Anita Suijkerbuijk, Alies van Lier and Hester E de Melker

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:32

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Undernutrition is widespread among institutionalised elderly, and people suffering from dementia are at particularly high risk. Many elderly with dementia live in open units or in special care units in nursing...

    Authors: Carine Aukner, Helene Dahl Eide and Per Ole Iversen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:26

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  32. Content type: Research article

    More than 20% of the hip fracture patients die within the first year after the incident. Few data are available on the trends in mortality following a hip fracture. The present aim was to study changes in exce...

    Authors: Trine E Finnes, Haakon E Meyer, Jan A Falch, Asle W Medhus, Tore Wentzel-Larsen and Cathrine M Lofthus

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:25

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  33. Content type: Research article

    The risk factors for mortality after hospitalization in older persons are not fully understood. The aim of the present study was to examine the three-year (1,096 days) mortality in previously hospitalized olde...

    Authors: Anne-Sofie Helvik, Knut Engedal and Geir Selbæk

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:17

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  34. Content type: Research article

    The fastest growing age group globally is older adults, and preventing the need for long-term nursing care in this group is important for social and financial reasons. A population approach to diet and physica...

    Authors: Mika Kimura, Ai Moriyasu, Shu Kumagai, Taketo Furuna, Shigeko Akita, Shuichi Kimura and Takao Suzuki

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:8

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