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Public health, nutrition and epidemiology

Section edited by Danan Gu

This section considers all topics relating to general public health and epidemiology. Nutrition, nutritional supplements, disease rates/statistics, disease prevention, prediction. Health promotion.

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  1. The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of Edmonton Frail Scale (EFS) on frailty assessment in association with multi-dimensional conditions assessed with specific screening tools and to explore ...

    Authors: Simone Perna, Matthew D’Arcy Francis, Chiara Bologna, Francesca Moncaglieri, Antonella Riva, Paolo Morazzoni, Pietro Allegrini, Antonio Isu, Beatrice Vigo, Fabio Guerriero and Mariangela Rondanelli

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:2

    Content type: Research Article

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  2. There are many reports that dynapenia, sarcopenia and frailty each have associations with bodily function or with Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL). However, studies that compare all three conditi...

    Authors: Masaki Iwamura and Masao Kanauchi

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:1

    Content type: Research Article

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  3. The aim of the present study was to validate the usefulness of the new octapolar multifrequency bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) for assessment of appendicular skeletal muscle mass (ASM) by comparing it ...

    Authors: Hui Wang, Shan Hai, Li Cao, Jianghua Zhou, Ping Liu and Bi-Rong Dong

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:216

    Content type: Research Article

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  4. Often preventive measures are not accessed by the people who were intended to be reached. Programs for older adults may target men and women, older adults, advanced old age groups and/or chronically ill patien...

    Authors: Christiane Patzelt, Susanne Heim, Bernhilde Deitermann, Gudrun Theile, Christian Krauth, Eva Hummers-Pradier and Ulla Walter

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:210

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Anemia is common in elderly people and especially in nursing home residents. Few studies have been performed on the consequences of anemia in a nursing home population. This study explored the prevalence of an...

    Authors: Björn Westerlind, Carl Johan Östgren, Sigvard Mölstad and Patrik Midlöv

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:206

    Content type: Research Article

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  6. Dementia, with Alzheimer’s disease (AD) being the most common form, is a major hip fracture risk factor, but currently it is not known whether the same factors predict hip fracture among persons with and witho...

    Authors: Anna-Maija Tolppanen, Heidi Taipale, Antti Tanskanen, Jari Tiihonen and Sirpa Hartikainen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:204

    Content type: Research Article

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  7. Networks of family and friends are a source of support and are generally associated with higher life satisfaction values among older adults. On the other hand, older adults who are satisfied with their life ma...

    Authors: Florian Tomini, Sonila M. Tomini and Wim Groot

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:203

    Content type: Research Article

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  8. Reduced muscular strength in the old age is strongly related to activity impairment and mortality. However, studies evaluating the gender-specific association between muscularity and mortality among older adul...

    Authors: Marjan Arvandi, Barbara Strasser, Christa Meisinger, Konstantinos Volaklis, Raffaella Matteucci Gothe, Uwe Siebert, Karl-Heinz Ladwig, Eva Grill, Alexander Horsch, Michael Laxy, Annette Peters and Barbara Thorand

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:201

    Content type: Research Article

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  9. Frailty is highly prevalent in elderly people. While significant progress has been made to understand its pathogenesis process, few validated questionnaire exist to assess the multidimensional concept of frail...

    Authors: Dewi Vernerey, Amelie Anota, Pierre Vandel, Sophie Paget-Bailly, Michele Dion, Vanessa Bailly, Marie Bonin, Astrid Pozet, Audrey Foubert, Magdalena Benetkiewicz, Patrick Manckoundia and Franck Bonnetain

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:187

    Content type: Research Article

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:212

  10. Older adults with hearing difficulties face problems of communication which may lead to underuse of health services. This study investigated the association of hearing loss and self-reported hearing difficulty...

    Authors: Tuija M. Mikkola, Hannele Polku, Päivi Sainio, Päivikki Koponen, Seppo Koskinen and Anne Viljanen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:182

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Both multimorbidity and activities of daily living (ADL) disability and instrument activities of daily living (IADL) disability are common among elderly individuals. ADL/IADL disability may reduce individuals’...

    Authors: Peng Su, Hansheng Ding, Wei Zhang, Guangfeng Duan, Yitong Yang, Rong Chen, Zengjie Duan, Lixia Du, Chunyan Xie, Chunlin Jin, Chaoqun Hu, Zixue Sun, Junrui Long, Lingling Gong and Wenhua Tian

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:178

    Content type: Research Article

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  12. Dementia risk reduction is a major and growing public health priority. While certain modifiable risk factors for dementia have been identified, there remains a substantial proportion of unexplained risk. There...

    Authors: Lewis O. J. Killin, John M. Starr, Ivy J. Shiue and Tom C. Russ

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:175

    Content type: Research Article

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  13. Sarcopenia is increasingly recognized as a correlate of ageing and is associated with increased likelihood of adverse outcomes including falls, fractures, frailty and mortality. Several tools have been recomme...

    Authors: Charlotte Beaudart, Eugène McCloskey, Olivier Bruyère, Matteo Cesari, Yves Rolland, René Rizzoli, Islène Araujo de Carvalho, Jotheeswaran Amuthavalli Thiyagarajan, Ivan Bautmans, Marie-Claude Bertière, Maria Luisa Brandi, Nasser M. Al-Daghri, Nansa Burlet, Etienne Cavalier, Francesca Cerreta, Antonio Cherubini…

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:170

    Content type: Debate

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  14. Understanding the differences in characteristics, gender, and common causes for admission in hospitalized elderly diabetic patients provides a theoretical basis for their successful management. This study expl...

    Authors: Wei Lin, Chan Chen, Huaqin Guan, Xiaohong Du and Junjian Li

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:160

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Regular physical activity (PA) is a major factor in maintaining health in aging populations. This study examines the influences of sociodemographic, health, and environmental characteristics on older adults’ w...

    Authors: Marcia G. Ory, Samuel D. Towne Jr., Jaewoong Won, Samuel N. Forjuoh and Chanam Lee

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:155

    Content type: Research Article

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  16. Despite the well-established power of frailty to predict mortality, and the known associations of socioeconomic status (SES) with mortality, it is largely unknown whether the linkage between frailty and mortal...

    Authors: Danan Gu, Fang Yang and Jessica Sautter

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:151

    Content type: Research Article

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:161

  17. The cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) polymorphism I405V has been suggested to be involved in longevity and susceptibility to cardiovascular diseases. An enhanced reverse cholesterol transport due to e...

    Authors: Jasmin Bustami, Anna Sukiasyan, Juozas Kupcinskas, Jurgita Skieceviciene, Leonid Iakoubov, Malgorzata Szwed, Christoph Kleinle, Ralf R. Schumann, Monika Puzianowska-Kuznicka and Lutz Hamann

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:144

    Content type: Research Article

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  18. Worldwide we are facing a serious demographic challenge due to the dramatic growth of the population over 60 years. It is expected that the proportion of this population will nearly double from 12 to 22 %, bet...

    Authors: Teresa Madeira, Catarina Peixoto-Plácido, Beatriz Goulão, Nuno Mendonça, Violeta Alarcão, Nuno Santos, Rita Machado de Oliveira, Agneta Yngve, Asta Bye, Astrid Bergland, Carla Lopes, Paulo Nicola, Osvaldo Santos and João Gorjão Clara

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:139

    Content type: Study protocol

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  19. Falling has high incidence and reoccurrence rates and is an essential factor contributing to accidental injury or death for older adults. Enhancing the participation of community-dwelling older adults in fall-...

    Authors: Shueh-Fen Chen, Su-Fei Huang, Li-Ting Lu, Mei-Chuen Wang, Jung-Yu Liao and Jong-Long Guo

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:132

    Content type: Research Article

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  20. The aim of the current study was to establish the prevalence and relationship of Body Mass Index (BMI) and Waist-Hip Ratio (WHR) with chronic health conditions and their associated socio-demographic correlates...

    Authors: Restria Fauziana, Anitha Jeyagurunathan, Edimansyah Abdin, Janhavi Vaingankar, Vathsala Sagayadevan, Saleha Shafie, Rajeswari Sambasivam, Siow Ann Chong and Mythily Subramaniam

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:125

    Content type: Research article

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  21. A high number of elderly people with multiple comorbidities are exposed to the risk of polypharmacy and prescription of potentially inappropriate medication (PIM). The purpose of this study was to determine th...

    Authors: You-Seon Nam, Jong Soo Han, Ju Young Kim, Woo Kyung Bae and Kiheon Lee

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:118

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Systems for identifying potentially inappropriate medications in older adults are not immediately transferrable to advanced dementia, where the management goal is palliation. The aim of the systematic review w...

    Authors: Domenica Disalvo, Tim Luckett, Meera Agar, Alexandra Bennett and Patricia Mary Davidson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:114

    Content type: Research Article

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  23. Vision and hearing impairments among elders are common, and cognitive impairment is a concern. This study assessed the association of vision and hearing impairments with cognitive impairment and mortality amon...

    Authors: Kazuko Mitoku, Naoko Masaki, Yukiko Ogata and Kazushi Okamoto

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:112

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Sarcopenia, a loss of muscle strength and mass, has serious implications for older adults. Some risk factors for sarcopenia are well established. The role of other factors such as alcohol consumption is less c...

    Authors: Michal Steffl, Richard W. Bohannon, Miroslav Petr, Eva Kohlikova and Iva Holmerova

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:99

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Risks and prevalence of malnutrition and dehydration are high in older people but even higher in older people with dementia. In the EDWINA (Eating and Drinking Well IN dementiA) systematic review we aimed to a...

    Authors: Diane K. Bunn, Asmaa Abdelhamid, Maddie Copley, Vicky Cowap, Angela Dickinson, Amanda Howe, Anne Killett, Fiona Poland, John F. Potter, Kate Richardson, David Smithard, Chris Fox and Lee Hooper

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:89

    Content type: Research article

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  26. At present a majority of older people remain in their ordinary homes. Research has generated knowledge about home and health dynamics and increased the awareness of the complexity of housing as related to agei...

    Authors: Henrik Ekström, Steven M. Schmidt and Susanne Iwarsson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:90

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Few longitudinal studies have analyzed how socioeconomic status (SES) influences both depressive and cognitive development over an individual’s life course. This study investigates the change trajectories of b...

    Authors: Chi Chiao and Li-Jen Weng

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:88

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Proper nutrition is critical for healthy aging and maintaining functional independence. Limited research has been done on the assessment of dietary patterns of older adults and their association with diet qual...

    Authors: Lamis Jomaa, Nahla Hwalla, Leila Itani, Marie Claire Chamieh, Abla Mehio-Sibai and Farah Naja

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:85

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Due to the demographic transition with a growing number of old and oldest-old persons the absolute number of fragility fractures is expected to increase in industrialized countries unless effective preventive ...

    Authors: Petra Benzinger, Clemens Becker, Chris Todd, Florian Bleibler, Dietrich Rothenbacher, Hans-Helmut König and Kilian Rapp

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:75

    Content type: Research article

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  30. The GOHAI is a frequently used instrument to measure oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of adults, in particular older people. The aim of this study was to translate the original English version of t...

    Authors: Dominique Niesten, Dick Witter, Ewald Bronkhorst and Nico Creugers

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:53

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Total knee arthroplasty is an effective treatment when nonsurgical treatments fail, but it is associated with risk of complications which may be increased in advanced age. The purpose of this study was to quan...

    Authors: Ethan F. Kuperman, Marin Schweizer, Parijat Joy, Xiaomei Gu and Michele M. Fang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:41

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Masticatory functioning alters with age. However, mastication has been found to be related to, for example, cognitive functioning, food intake, and some aspects of activities of daily living. Since cognitive f...

    Authors: Johanna G. Douma, Karin M. Volkers, Pieter Jelle Vuijk and Erik J. A. Scherder

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:37

    Content type: Study protocol

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  33. Hyperuricemia is closely related to renal diseases. Therefore, the aim of this study was to explore the relationship between the longitudinal changes in serum uric acid and the estimated glomerular filtration ...

    Authors: Fan Lin, Hailin Zhang, Feng Huang, Hui Chen, Chunjin Lin and Pengli Zhu

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:35

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Gender is thought to be an important factor in metabolic syndrome and its outcomes. Despite a number of studies that have demonstrated differences in metabolism and its components that are dependent on gender,...

    Authors: Sangjin Lee, Young Ko, Chanyeong Kwak and Eun-shil Yim

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:27

    Content type: Research article

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:71

  35. Eating and drinking difficulties are recognised sources of ill health in people with dementia. In the EDWINA (Eating and Drinking Well IN dementiA) systematic review we aimed to assess effectiveness of interve...

    Authors: Asmaa Abdelhamid, Diane Bunn, Maddie Copley, Vicky Cowap, Angela Dickinson, Lucy Gray, Amanda Howe, Anne Killett, Jin Lee, Francesca Li, Fiona Poland, John Potter, Kate Richardson, David Smithard, Chris Fox and Lee Hooper

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:26

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Medication related harm (MRH) is a common cause of morbidity and hospital admission in the elderly, and has significant cost implications for both primary and secondary healthcare resources. The development of...

    Authors: Jennifer Stevenson, Nikesh Parekh, Khalid Ali, Jean Timeyin, Stephen Bremner, Tischa Van Der Cammen, Jane Allen, Rebekah Schiff, Jatinder Harchowal, Graham Davies and Chakravarthi Rajkumar

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:22

    Content type: Study protocol

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  37. Public health monitoring depends on valid health and disability estimates in the population 65+ years. This is hampered by high non-participation rates in this age group. There is limited insight into size and...

    Authors: Beate Gaertner, Ina Seitz, Judith Fuchs, Markus A. Busch, Martin Holzhausen, Peter Martus and Christa Scheidt-Nave

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:21

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Depression is one of the main health concerns in elders which could lead to many negative outcomes. Eating alone is an emerging issue in elders in China and would become more serious along with the fast course...

    Authors: Xinyi Wang, Wei Shen, Chunmei Wang, Xiaoyi Zhang, Yuanyuan Xiao, Fan He, Yujia Zhai, Fudong Li, Xiaopeng Shang and Junfen Lin

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:19

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Dementia and care need are challenging aging populations worldwide. Lower extremity injury (LEI) in the elderly makes matters worse. Using a multi-state approach, we express the effect of LEI on dementia, care...

    Authors: Ying Zhou, Hein Putter and Gabriele Doblhammer

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:9

    Content type: Research article

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  40. The aging population of adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) is growing. In the general aging population, frailty is commonly used to predict adverse health outcomes, including hospita...

    Authors: Katherine McKenzie, Hélène Ouellette-Kuntz and Lynn Martin

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:170

    Content type: Research article

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  41. The dose–response relationship between volume of physical activity and incidence of major vascular events at older age is unclear. We aimed to investigate this association in a cohort of older men.

    Authors: Ben Lacey, Jonathan Golledge, Bu B. Yeap, Sarah Lewington, Paul E. Norman, Leon Flicker, Osvaldo P. Almeida and Graeme J. Hankey

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:164

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Frailty predicts dependence and mortality, and is an important health indicator for aging populations. Comparing frailty prevalence between populations of the same ethnicity but different socioeconomic, lifest...

    Authors: Jean Woo, Zheng Zheng, Jason Leung and Piu Chan

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:163

    Content type: Research article

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