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Public health, nutrition and epidemiology

Section edited by Danan Gu

This section considers all topics relating to general public health and epidemiology. Nutrition, nutritional supplements, disease rates/statistics, disease prevention, prediction. Health promotion.

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  1. Self-medication is described as the use of drugs without a physician’s prescription to treat self-recognized illness or symptoms, and an important health issue among the elderly. Despite the wide range of diff...

    Authors: Seyede Salehe Mortazavi, Mohsen Shati, Hamid Reza Khankeh, Fazlollah Ahmadi, Shiva Mehravaran and Seyed Kazem Malakouti

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:198

    Content type: Research Article

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  2. China and India are the world’s two most populous countries. Although their populations are growing in number and life expectancies are extending they have different trajectories of economic growth, epidemiolo...

    Authors: Jennifer Stewart Williams, Fredrik Norström and Nawi Ng

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:197

    Content type: Research Article

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  3. Accumulation of problems in physical, psychological, cognitive, or social functioning is characteristic for frail individuals. Using a four-domain approach of frailty, this study explored how sociodemographic ...

    Authors: Sandra H van Oostrom, Daphne L van der A, M Liset Rietman, H Susan J Picavet, Manon Lette, W M Monique Verschuren, Simone R de Bruin and Annemieke M W Spijkerman

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:196

    Content type: Research Article

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  4. Previous studies investigated the determinants of individuals’ decision to vaccinate against influenza primarily focusing on social as well as certain proximal determinants, for example, behavioral beliefs. Th...

    Authors: Jens-Oliver Bock, André Hajek and Hans-Helmut König

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:194

    Content type: Research Article

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  5. Sarcopenia is defined as the age-related decline in skeletal muscle mass and function. The risk factors and causes of sarcopenia must be identified to develop prevention and treatment strategies for this syndr...

    Authors: Shan Hai, Hui Wang, Li Cao, Ping Liu, Jianghua Zhou, Ying Yang and Birong Dong

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:187

    Content type: Research Article

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  6. This study sought to identify multimorbidity patterns and determine the association between these latent classes with several outcomes, including health, functioning, disability, quality of life and use of ser...

    Authors: Beatriz Olaya, Maria Victoria Moneta, Francisco Félix Caballero, Stefanos Tyrovolas, Ivet Bayes, José Luis Ayuso-Mateos and Josep Maria Haro

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:186

    Content type: Research Article

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  7. Living arrangements of older adults have changed worldwide with increasing solitary and non-spouse households, which could affect social care systems. However, the relationship between these households and dis...

    Authors: Tami Saito, Chiyoe Murata, Jun Aida and Katsunori Kondo

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:183

    Content type: Research Article

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  8. Japan is known for its long life expectancy and rapidly aging society that there are various demands of older adults need to be fulfilled with, and one of them is long-term care needs. Therefore, Japan impleme...

    Authors: Huei-Ru Lin, Tetsuya Otsubo and Yuichi Imanaka

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:182

    Content type: Research Article

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  9. The elderly are predisposed to septic arthritis (SA) because of the aging nature and increasing comorbidities. SA may in turn increase the long-term mortality in the geriatric patients; however, it remains unc...

    Authors: Chia-Jung Wu, Chien-Cheng Huang, Shih-Feng Weng, Ping-Jen Chen, Chien-Chin Hsu, Jhi-Joung Wang, How-Ran Guo and Hung-Jung Lin

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:178

    Content type: Research Article

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  10. Disability among older adults is a public health concern. To date there are no in-depth and comprehensive analyses on older adults’ disabilities in Bangladesh. This study investigated gender differences in the...

    Authors: Md. Ismail Tareque, Andrew D. Tiedt, Towfiqua Mahfuza Islam, Sharifa Begum and Yasuhiko Saito

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:177

    Content type: Research Article

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  11. Oral health and frailty might be linked through several pathways, but previous studies are scarce. This study examined the association between oral health and components of Fried’s frailty phenotype.

    Authors: Benedikta Kamdem, Laurence Seematter-Bagnoud, Fabiana Botrugno and Brigitte Santos-Eggimann

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:174

    Content type: Research Article

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  12. There is little knowledge about the consumption of alcohol among Chinese and Norwegian older adults aged 65 years and over. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and factors related to alcoho...

    Authors: Juan Li, Bei Wu, Geir Selbæk, Steinar Krokstad and Anne-S. Helvik

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:172

    Content type: Research Article

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  13. Self-reported health is a widely used measure of health status across individuals. As the ageing population increases, the health of the elderly also becomes of growing concern. The elderly go through life fac...

    Authors: Cynthia Lum Fonta, Justice Nonvignon, Moses Aikins, Emmanuel Nwosu and Genevieve Cecilia Aryeetey

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:171

    Content type: Research Article

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  14. Metabolic syndrome (MetS) was a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, yet the prevalence of MetS among nonagenarians and centenarians was rarely reported. Here we investigated the prevalence of MetS and its...

    Authors: Xianghua He, Wei Zhang, Guofang Pang, Yuan Lv, Caiyou Hu and Ze Yang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:169

    Content type: Research Article

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  15. Although it has long been known that a broad range of factors beyond medical diagnoses affect health and health services use, it has been unclear whether additional income can decrease health service use. We e...

    Authors: Sarah L. Szanton, Laura J. Samuel, Rachel Cahill, Ginger Zielinskie, Jennifer L. Wolff, Roland J. Thorpe Jr and Charles Betley

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:162

    Content type: Research Article

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  16. To analyse the clinical, epidemiological, microbiological and prognostic differences of pyogenic liver abscess (PLA) in older (≥ 65 years of age) versus younger patients (< 65 years).

    Authors: Jorge Peris, Pablo Bellot, Pablo Roig, Sergio Reus, Sara Carrascosa, Gregorio González-Alcaide, José M. Palazón and José M. Ramos

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:161

    Content type: Research Article

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  17. Mild or pre-frailty is common and associated with increased risks of hospitalisation, functional decline, moves to long-term care, and death. Little is known about the effectiveness of health promotion in redu...

    Authors: Rachael Frost, Celia Belk, Ana Jovicic, Federico Ricciardi, Kalpa Kharicha, Benjamin Gardner, Steve Iliffe, Claire Goodman, Jill Manthorpe, Vari M Drennan and Kate Walters

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:157

    Content type: Research Article

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  18. India’s elderly population is rising at an unprecedented rate, with a majority living in rural areas. Health challenges associated with ageing, changing social networks and limited public health infrastructure...

    Authors: Nandita Bhan, Pavitra Madhira, Arundati Muralidharan, Bharati Kulkarni, GVS Murthy, Sanjay Basu and Sanjay Kinra

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:156

    Content type: Research Article

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  19. Studies have shown that inadequate access to healthcare is associated with lower levels of health and well-being in older adults. Studies have also shown significant urban-rural differences in access to health...

    Authors: Xufan Zhang, Matthew E. Dupre, Li Qiu, Wei Zhou, Yuan Zhao and Danan Gu

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:151

    Content type: Research Article

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  20. Older adults are susceptible to adverse effects from the concurrent use of medications and alcohol. The aim of this study was to systematically review the prevalence of concurrent use of alcohol and alcohol-in...

    Authors: Alice E. Holton, Paul Gallagher, Tom Fahey and Gráinne Cousins

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:148

    Content type: Research Article

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  21. Non-benzodiazepine hypnotics (Z-drugs) are advocated to be safer than benzodiazepines (BZDs). This study comprehensively investigated the association of BZD and Z-drug usage with the risk of hospitalisation fo...

    Authors: Nan-Wen Yu, Pei-Jung Chen, Hui-Ju Tsai, Chih-Wan Huang, Yu-Wen Chiu, Wen-Ing Tsay, Jui Hsu and Chia-Ming Chang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:140

    Content type: Research Article

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  22. Malnutrition is a nutritional disorder that adversely affects the body from a functional or clinical perspective. It is very often observed in the elderly population. This study aimed to estimate the prevalenc...

    Authors: Sami H. Alzahrani and Sultan H. Alamri

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:136

    Content type: Research Article

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  23. A tube feeding decision aid designed at the Ottawa Health Research Institute was specifically created for substitute decision-makers who must decide whether to allow placement of a percutaneous endoscopic gast...

    Authors: Yumiko Kuraoka and Kazuhiro Nakayama

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:134

    Content type: Research Article

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  24. Limited data are available regarding fit and healthy patients with pneumonia at different ages. We evaluated the association of age with clinical presentation, serotype and outcomes among healthy and well-func...

    Authors: Luis A. Ruiz, Pedro P. España, Ainhoa Gómez, Amaia Bilbao, Carmen Jaca, Amaia Arámburu, Alberto Capelastegui, Marcos I. Restrepo and Rafael Zalacain

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:130

    Content type: Research Article

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  25. Increasing life expectancy results in a larger proportion of older people susceptible to vaccine preventable diseases (VPDs). In the Netherlands, influenza vaccination is routinely offered to people aged 60 ye...

    Authors: Birthe A. Lehmann, Renske Eilers, Liesbeth Mollema, José Ferreira and Hester E. de Melker

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:122

    Content type: Research Article

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  26. Malnutrition, low muscle strength and muscle mass are highly prevalent in older hospitalized patients and associated with adverse outcomes. Malnutrition may be a risk factor for developing low muscle mass. We ...

    Authors: Vincent D. Pierik, Carel G. M. Meskers, Jeanine M. Van Ancum, Siger T. Numans, Sjors Verlaan, Kira Scheerman, Roeliene C. Kruizinga and Andrea B. Maier

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:118

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Alcohol consumption is considered a risk factor for sarcopenia, but the association between alcohol consumption and the prevalence of sarcopenia has not been evaluated in detail. This study was to identify the...

    Authors: Jun-Il Yoo, Yong-Chan Ha, Young-Kyun Lee, Hana-Choi, Moon-Jib Yoo and Kyung-Hoi Koo

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:114

    Content type: Research Article

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  28. Frailty is a geriatric syndrome that affects multiple domains of human functioning. A variety of problems contributes to the development of this syndrome; poor nutritional status is an important determinant of...

    Authors: Laura Lorenzo-López, Ana Maseda, Carmen de Labra, Laura Regueiro-Folgueira, José L. Rodríguez-Villamil and José C. Millán-Calenti

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:108

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Residential status has been linked to numerous determinants of health and well-being. However, the influence of residential status on cognitive decline remains unclear. The purpose of this research was to asse...

    Authors: Hanzhang Xu, Matthew E. Dupre, Danan Gu and Bei Wu

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:107

    Content type: Research Article

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  30. In the Emergency Department (ED), early and rapid identification of older people at risk of adverse outcomes, who could best benefit from complex geriatric intervention, would avoid wasting time, especially in...

    Authors: Isabelle De Brauwer, Pascale Cornette, Benoît Boland, Franck Verschuren and William D’Hoore

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:105

    Content type: Research Article

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  31. This study aims to review the methodologies used to identify the needs, the existing needs assessment instruments and the main topics of needs explored among caregivers of patients with mild cognitive impairme...

    Authors: T. Novais, V. Dauphinot, P. Krolak-Salmon and C. Mouchoux

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:86

    Content type: Research Article

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  32. Completion of advance directives (ADs) and power of attorney (POA) documents may protect a person’s autonomy in future health care situations when the individual lacks decisional capacity. As such situations b...

    Authors: Tobias Luck, Francisca S. Rodriguez, Birgitt Wiese, Carolin van der Leeden, Kathrin Heser, Horst Bickel, Jürgen in der Schmitten, Hans-Helmut Koenig, Siegfried Weyerer, Silke Mamone, Tina Mallon, Michael Wagner, Dagmar Weeg, Angela Fuchs, Christian Brettschneider, Jochen Werle…

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:85

    Content type: Research Article

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  33. Both financial literacy (managing personal finances) and health literacy (managing personal health) become increasingly important for older adults, potentially impacting their quality of life. Resources in the...

    Authors: Stephanie MacLeod, Shirley Musich, Kevin Hawkins and Douglas G. Armstrong

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:84

    Content type: Commentary

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  34. Extensive studies have shown that older people are negatively impacted by impaired eating and nutrition. The abilities to eat, enjoy food, and participate in social activities associated with meals are importa...

    Authors: Patricia Hägglund, Lena Olai, Katri Ståhlnacke, Mona Persenius, Mary Hägg, Maria Andersson, Susanne Koistinen and Eva Carlsson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:78

    Content type: Study protocol

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  35. The literature shows the inverse association between physical activity level (PAL) and chronic diseases that have a significant burden over health care costs. However, in upper-middle income countries and in e...

    Authors: Denise Rodrigues Bueno, Maria de Fátima Nunes Marucci, Luis Alberto Gobbo, Manuela de Almeida-Roediger, Yeda Aparecida de Oliveira Duarte and Maria Lucia Lebrão

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:70

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Middle-aged and older Americans from underrepresented racial and ethnic backgrounds are at risk for greater chronic disease morbidity than their white counterparts. Cigarette smoking increases the severity of ...

    Authors: Ana R. Quiñones, Corey L. Nagel, Jason T. Newsom, Nathalie Huguet, Paige Sheridan and Stephen M. Thielke

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:48

    Content type: Research Article

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  37. Various factors including cardio-metabolic disorders are found to be correlated with frailty. With the increase in age, older adults are likely to have elevated blood glucose level. In this study we intend to ...

    Authors: Jagadish Kumar Chhetri, Zheng Zheng, Xitong Xu, Cuihong Ma and Piu Chan

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:47

    Content type: Research Article

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  38. This study was performed to assess oral and nutritional status of nursing home residents in a region of Lower Saxony, Germany. The aim was to show potential associations between oral status (dentate or edentul...

    Authors: Dirk Ziebolz, Christine Werner, Gerhard Schmalz, Ina Nitschke, Rainer Haak, Rainer F. Mausberg and Jean-François Chenot

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:39

    Content type: Research Article

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  39. Data are available on short- and intermediate-term mortality rates after discharge for acutely decompensated heart failure (ADHF). However, few studies specifically addressed ADHF outcomes in patients aged 75 ...

    Authors: Pierre-André Natella, Philippe Le Corvoisier, Elena Paillaud, Bertrand Renaud, Isabelle Mahé, Jean-François Bergmann, Hervé Perchet, Dominique Mottier, Olivier Montagne and Sylvie Bastuji-Garin

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:34

    Content type: Research Article

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  40. The risk of Herpes Zoster (HZ) increases with age and various studies have also demonstrated an increasing HZ incidence globally. Simultaneously, the global trend of an aging population has placed a greater bu...

    Authors: Lijoy Varghese, Baudouin Standaert, Antonio Olivieri and Desmond Curran

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:30

    Content type: Research Article

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  41. Combining increased dietary protein intake and resistance exercise training for elderly people is a promising strategy to prevent or counteract the loss of muscle mass and decrease the risk of disabilities. Us...

    Authors: Ellen JI. van Dongen, Joanne N. Leerlooijer, Jan M. Steijns, Michael Tieland, Lisette CPGM. de Groot and Annemien Haveman-Nies

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:25

    Content type: Research Article

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  42. Left ventricular (LV) remodeling is closely linked to the progression of heart failure. There are limited data on the epidemiology of new onset LV remodeling among elderly women, which requires further investi...

    Authors: Jing Wu, Caiqin Wu, Wenjing Fan, Jie Zhou and Ling Xu

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:21

    Content type: Research Article

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  43. Expenditure on medications for highly prevalent chronic conditions such as diabetes mellitus (DM) can result in financial impoverishment. People in developing countries and in low socioeconomic status groups a...

    Authors: Shingai Douglas Gwatidzo and Jennifer Stewart Williams

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:14

    Content type: Research Article

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  44. Control beliefs are important psychological factors that likely contribute to heterogeneity in health outcomes for older adults. We evaluated whether control beliefs are associated with risk for 4-year mortali...

    Authors: Wei Duan-Porter, Susan Nicole Hastings, Brian Neelon and Courtney Harold Van Houtven

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:13

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Self-perceived uselessness is associated with poor health and high mortality among older adults in China. However, it is unclear which demographic, psychosocial, behavioral and health factors are associated wi...

    Authors: Yuan Zhao, Jessica M. Sautter, Li Qiu and Danan Gu

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:12

    Content type: Research Article

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:101

  46. Undernutrition prior to major abdominal surgery is frequent and increases morbidity and mortality, especially in older patients. The management of undernutrition reduces postoperative complications. Nutritiona...

    Authors: Marine Dupuis, Elisabetta Kuczewski, Laurent Villeneuve, Sylvie Bin-Dorel, Max Haine, Claire Falandry, Thomas Gilbert, Guillaume Passot, Olivier Glehen and Marc Bonnefoy

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:10

    Content type: Study protocol

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