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Public health, nutrition and epidemiology

Section edited by Danan Gu

This section considers all topics relating to general public health and epidemiology. Nutrition, nutritional supplements, disease rates/statistics, disease prevention, prediction. Health promotion.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    A high number of elderly people with multiple comorbidities are exposed to the risk of polypharmacy and prescription of potentially inappropriate medication (PIM). The purpose of this study was to determine th...

    Authors: You-Seon Nam, Jong Soo Han, Ju Young Kim, Woo Kyung Bae and Kiheon Lee

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:118

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  2. Content type: Research Article

    Systems for identifying potentially inappropriate medications in older adults are not immediately transferrable to advanced dementia, where the management goal is palliation. The aim of the systematic review w...

    Authors: Domenica Disalvo, Tim Luckett, Meera Agar, Alexandra Bennett and Patricia Mary Davidson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:114

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Vision and hearing impairments among elders are common, and cognitive impairment is a concern. This study assessed the association of vision and hearing impairments with cognitive impairment and mortality amon...

    Authors: Kazuko Mitoku, Naoko Masaki, Yukiko Ogata and Kazushi Okamoto

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:112

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Sarcopenia, a loss of muscle strength and mass, has serious implications for older adults. Some risk factors for sarcopenia are well established. The role of other factors such as alcohol consumption is less c...

    Authors: Michal Steffl, Richard W. Bohannon, Miroslav Petr, Eva Kohlikova and Iva Holmerova

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:99

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Risks and prevalence of malnutrition and dehydration are high in older people but even higher in older people with dementia. In the EDWINA (Eating and Drinking Well IN dementiA) systematic review we aimed to a...

    Authors: Diane K. Bunn, Asmaa Abdelhamid, Maddie Copley, Vicky Cowap, Angela Dickinson, Amanda Howe, Anne Killett, Fiona Poland, John F. Potter, Kate Richardson, David Smithard, Chris Fox and Lee Hooper

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:89

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  6. Content type: Research article

    At present a majority of older people remain in their ordinary homes. Research has generated knowledge about home and health dynamics and increased the awareness of the complexity of housing as related to agei...

    Authors: Henrik Ekström, Steven M. Schmidt and Susanne Iwarsson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:90

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Few longitudinal studies have analyzed how socioeconomic status (SES) influences both depressive and cognitive development over an individual’s life course. This study investigates the change trajectories of b...

    Authors: Chi Chiao and Li-Jen Weng

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:88

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Proper nutrition is critical for healthy aging and maintaining functional independence. Limited research has been done on the assessment of dietary patterns of older adults and their association with diet qual...

    Authors: Lamis Jomaa, Nahla Hwalla, Leila Itani, Marie Claire Chamieh, Abla Mehio-Sibai and Farah Naja

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:85

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Due to the demographic transition with a growing number of old and oldest-old persons the absolute number of fragility fractures is expected to increase in industrialized countries unless effective preventive ...

    Authors: Petra Benzinger, Clemens Becker, Chris Todd, Florian Bleibler, Dietrich Rothenbacher, Hans-Helmut König and Kilian Rapp

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:75

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  10. Content type: Research article

    The GOHAI is a frequently used instrument to measure oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of adults, in particular older people. The aim of this study was to translate the original English version of t...

    Authors: Dominique Niesten, Dick Witter, Ewald Bronkhorst and Nico Creugers

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:53

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Total knee arthroplasty is an effective treatment when nonsurgical treatments fail, but it is associated with risk of complications which may be increased in advanced age. The purpose of this study was to quan...

    Authors: Ethan F. Kuperman, Marin Schweizer, Parijat Joy, Xiaomei Gu and Michele M. Fang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:41

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  12. Content type: Study protocol

    Masticatory functioning alters with age. However, mastication has been found to be related to, for example, cognitive functioning, food intake, and some aspects of activities of daily living. Since cognitive f...

    Authors: Johanna G. Douma, Karin M. Volkers, Pieter Jelle Vuijk and Erik J. A. Scherder

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:37

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Hyperuricemia is closely related to renal diseases. Therefore, the aim of this study was to explore the relationship between the longitudinal changes in serum uric acid and the estimated glomerular filtration ...

    Authors: Fan Lin, Hailin Zhang, Feng Huang, Hui Chen, Chunjin Lin and Pengli Zhu

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:35

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Gender is thought to be an important factor in metabolic syndrome and its outcomes. Despite a number of studies that have demonstrated differences in metabolism and its components that are dependent on gender,...

    Authors: Sangjin Lee, Young Ko, Chanyeong Kwak and Eun-shil Yim

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:27

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:71

  15. Content type: Research article

    Eating and drinking difficulties are recognised sources of ill health in people with dementia. In the EDWINA (Eating and Drinking Well IN dementiA) systematic review we aimed to assess effectiveness of interve...

    Authors: Asmaa Abdelhamid, Diane Bunn, Maddie Copley, Vicky Cowap, Angela Dickinson, Lucy Gray, Amanda Howe, Anne Killett, Jin Lee, Francesca Li, Fiona Poland, John Potter, Kate Richardson, David Smithard, Chris Fox and Lee Hooper

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:26

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Public health monitoring depends on valid health and disability estimates in the population 65+ years. This is hampered by high non-participation rates in this age group. There is limited insight into size and...

    Authors: Beate Gaertner, Ina Seitz, Judith Fuchs, Markus A. Busch, Martin Holzhausen, Peter Martus and Christa Scheidt-Nave

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:21

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  17. Content type: Study protocol

    Medication related harm (MRH) is a common cause of morbidity and hospital admission in the elderly, and has significant cost implications for both primary and secondary healthcare resources. The development of...

    Authors: Jennifer Stevenson, Nikesh Parekh, Khalid Ali, Jean Timeyin, Stephen Bremner, Tischa Van Der Cammen, Jane Allen, Rebekah Schiff, Jatinder Harchowal, Graham Davies and Chakravarthi Rajkumar

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:22

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Depression is one of the main health concerns in elders which could lead to many negative outcomes. Eating alone is an emerging issue in elders in China and would become more serious along with the fast course...

    Authors: Xinyi Wang, Wei Shen, Chunmei Wang, Xiaoyi Zhang, Yuanyuan Xiao, Fan He, Yujia Zhai, Fudong Li, Xiaopeng Shang and Junfen Lin

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:19

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Dementia and care need are challenging aging populations worldwide. Lower extremity injury (LEI) in the elderly makes matters worse. Using a multi-state approach, we express the effect of LEI on dementia, care...

    Authors: Ying Zhou, Hein Putter and Gabriele Doblhammer

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:9

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  20. Content type: Research article

    The aging population of adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) is growing. In the general aging population, frailty is commonly used to predict adverse health outcomes, including hospita...

    Authors: Katherine McKenzie, Hélène Ouellette-Kuntz and Lynn Martin

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:170

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Frailty predicts dependence and mortality, and is an important health indicator for aging populations. Comparing frailty prevalence between populations of the same ethnicity but different socioeconomic, lifest...

    Authors: Jean Woo, Zheng Zheng, Jason Leung and Piu Chan

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:163

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  22. Content type: Research article

    The dose–response relationship between volume of physical activity and incidence of major vascular events at older age is unclear. We aimed to investigate this association in a cohort of older men.

    Authors: Ben Lacey, Jonathan Golledge, Bu B. Yeap, Sarah Lewington, Paul E. Norman, Leon Flicker, Osvaldo P. Almeida and Graeme J. Hankey

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:164

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  23. Content type: Study protocol

    Depressive symptoms and decreased physical functioning are interrelated conditions and common in older persons, causing significant individual and societal burden. Evidence suggests that vitamin D supplementat...

    Authors: Elisa J. de Koning, Natasja M. van Schoor, Brenda W.J.H. Penninx, Petra J.M. Elders, Annemieke C. Heijboer, Jan. H. Smit, Pierre M. Bet, Maurits W. van Tulder, Martin den Heijer, Harm W.J. van Marwijk and Paul Lips

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:151

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  24. Content type: Study protocol

    The incidence of age-related cognitive decline is rising considerably around the world. There is evidence from a number of recent cross-sectional and prospective studies indicating positive associations betwee...

    Authors: Alissa Knight, Janet Bryan, Carlene Wilson, Jonathan Hodgson and Karen Murphy

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:55

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Constipation is highly prevalent in older adults and may be associated with greater frequency of acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD). We investigated the prevalence of lower de...

    Authors: Jen-Tzer Gau, Utkarsh H Acharya, M Salman Khan and Tzu-Cheg Kao

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:44

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  26. Content type: Research article

    The cumulative effect of taking multiple medicines with anticholinergic properties termed as anticholinergic burden can adversely impact cognition, physical function and increase the risk of mortality. Expert ...

    Authors: Mohammed Saji Salahudeen, Stephen B Duffull and Prasad S Nishtala

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:31

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Spirometry-based parameters of pulmonary function such as forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) have prognostic value beyond respiratory morbidity and mortality. FEV1 divided by height cubed (FEV1/Ht3) has ...

    Authors: Eralda Turkeshi, Bert Vaes, Elena Andreeva, Catharina Matheï, Wim Adriaensen, Gijs Van Pottelbergh and Jean-Marie Degryse

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:15

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Since approximately two in three older adults (65+) report having two or more chronic diseases, causes and consequences of multimorbidity among older persons has important personal and societal issues. Indeed,...

    Authors: Andrew V Wister, Mélanie Levasseur, Lauren E Griffith and Ian Fyffe

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:12

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  29. Content type: Study protocol

    There are inequities in health status associated with ethnicity, which may limit older foreign-born persons’ ability to age optimally. Health promotion for older persons who have experienced migration is thus ...

    Authors: Susanne Gustafsson, Qarin Lood, Katarina Wilhelmson, Greta Häggblom-Kronlöf, Sten Landahl and Synneve Dahlin-Ivanoff

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:10

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  30. Content type: Research article

    The incidence of Alzheimer’s disease is increasing as the global population ages. Given the limited success of pharmaceuticals in preventing this disease, a greater emphasis on non-pharmaceutical approaches is...

    Authors: Michael W Beckett, Christopher I Ardern and Michael A Rotondi

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:9

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  31. Content type: Research article

    High-risk medication exposure in the elderly is common and associated with increased mortality, hospitalizations, and emergency department (ED) visits. Skeletal muscle relaxants and antihistamines are high-ris...

    Authors: Carlos A Alvarez, Eric M Mortensen, Una E Makris, Dan R Berlowitz, Laurel A Copeland, Chester B Good, Megan E Amuan and Mary Jo V Pugh

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:2

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Although ageing is strongly associated with cognitive decline, a wide range of cognitive ability is observed in older populations with varying rates of change across different cognitive domains.

    Authors: Shabina A Hayat, Robert Luben, Stephanie Moore, Nichola Dalzell, Amit Bhaniani, Serena Anuj, Fiona E Matthews, Nick Wareham, Kay-Tee Khaw and Carol Brayne

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:142

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Risk factors for hip fracture are well studied because of the negative impact on patients and the community, with mortality in the first year being almost 30% in the elderly. Age, gender and fall risk-increasi...

    Authors: Kristine Thorell, Karin Ranstad, Patrik Midlöv, Lars Borgquist and Anders Halling

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:131

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  34. Content type: Research article

    The risk factors associated with fractures have been well-characterized in community dwelling populations, but have not been clearly defined in long-term care (LTC) settings. The objective of this review was t...

    Authors: Rasha Khatib, Nancy Santesso, Laura Pickard, Osman Osman, Lora Giangregorio, Carly Skidmore and Alexandra Papaioannou

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:130

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  35. Content type: Research article

    What are the factors that affect the survival probability of becoming a centenarian for those aged 70? Do the factors include income, health expenditure, the use of mobile telephones, or sanitation? The surviv...

    Authors: Jong In Kim and Gukbin Kim

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:113

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Age-related differences in diabetes outcomes are important both for clinical and policy considerations. To clarify the basis of such differences, we investigated patterns of associations for age in relation to...

    Authors: Myung Ki, Sujin Baek, Young-duk Yun, Namhoon Kim, Martin Hyde and Baegju Na

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:111

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Pet ownership is thought to make a positive contribution to health, health behaviours and the general well-being of older people. More specifically pet ownership is often proposed as a solution to the problem ...

    Authors: Jitka Pikhartova, Ann Bowling and Christina Victor

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:106

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Fall incidence differs considerably between studies and countries. Reasons may be differences between study samples or different assessment methods. The aim was to derive estimates of fall incidence from two p...

    Authors: Kilian Rapp, Ellen Freiberger, Chris Todd, Jochen Klenk, Clemens Becker, Michael Denkinger, Christa Scheidt-Nave and Judith Fuchs

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:105

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Although the number of elderly people needing care is increasing rapidly in the home setting in Japan, family size and ability to provide such support are declining. The purpose of this study was to identify t...

    Authors: Emiko Saito, Shouzoh Ueki, Nobufumi Yasuda, Sachiko Yamazaki and Seiji Yasumura

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:93

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Numerous social factors, generally studied in isolation, have been associated with older adults’ health. Even so, older people’s social circumstances are complex and an approach which embraces this complexity ...

    Authors: Melissa K Andrew and Janice M Keefe

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:90

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  41. Content type: Research article

    In the general population, the epidemiological relationships between delirium and adverse outcomes are not well defined. The aims of this study were to: (1) construct an algorithm for the diagnosis of delirium...

    Authors: Daniel HJ Davis, Linda E Barnes, Blossom CM Stephan, Alasdair MJ MacLullich, David Meagher, John Copeland, Fiona E Matthews and Carol Brayne

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:87

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  42. Content type: Study protocol

    Both epidemiological and randomized clinical studies suggest that supplementation with very-long-chain marine polyunsaturated n-3 fatty acids (n-3 PUFA) have cardioprotective effects, however these results are...

    Authors: Kristian Laake, Peder Myhre, Linn M Nordby, Ingebjørg Seljeflot, Michael Abdelnoor, Pål Smith, Arnljot Tveit, Harald Arnesen and Svein Solheim

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:74

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Potentially inappropriate prescribing (PIP) in older people is associated with increases in morbidity, hospitalisation and mortality. The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of and factors a...

    Authors: Marie C Bradley, Nicola Motterlini, Shivani Padmanabhan, Caitriona Cahir, Tim Williams, Tom Fahey and Carmel M Hughes

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:72

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  44. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this paper is to ascertain if the subjective perception of the economic situation of a household is associated with the prevalence of disability in old age, net of education level. Subjective econom...

    Authors: Angel Rodriguez-Laso, Antonio Abellan, Mayte Sancho, Rogelio Pujol, Ignacio Montorio and Purificación Diaz-Veiga

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:60

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Older adults are susceptible to adverse effects from the concomitant use of prescription medications and alcohol. This study estimates the prevalence of exposure to alcohol interactive (AI) medications and con...

    Authors: Gráinne Cousins, Rose Galvin, Michelle Flood, Mary-Claire Kennedy, Nicola Motterlini, Martin C Henman, Rose-Anne Kenny and Tom Fahey

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:57

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