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Public health, nutrition and epidemiology

Section edited by Danan Gu

This section considers all topics relating to general public health and epidemiology. Nutrition, nutritional supplements, disease rates/statistics, disease prevention, prediction. Health promotion.

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  1. Content type: Research Article

    Disability among older adults is a public health concern. To date there are no in-depth and comprehensive analyses on older adults’ disabilities in Bangladesh. This study investigated gender differences in the...

    Authors: Md. Ismail Tareque, Andrew D. Tiedt, Towfiqua Mahfuza Islam, Sharifa Begum and Yasuhiko Saito

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:177

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  2. Content type: Research Article

    Oral health and frailty might be linked through several pathways, but previous studies are scarce. This study examined the association between oral health and components of Fried’s frailty phenotype.

    Authors: Benedikta Kamdem, Laurence Seematter-Bagnoud, Fabiana Botrugno and Brigitte Santos-Eggimann

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:174

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  3. Content type: Research Article

    Self-reported health is a widely used measure of health status across individuals. As the ageing population increases, the health of the elderly also becomes of growing concern. The elderly go through life fac...

    Authors: Cynthia Lum Fonta, Justice Nonvignon, Moses Aikins, Emmanuel Nwosu and Genevieve Cecilia Aryeetey

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:171

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  4. Content type: Research Article

    There is little knowledge about the consumption of alcohol among Chinese and Norwegian older adults aged 65 years and over. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and factors related to alcoho...

    Authors: Juan Li, Bei Wu, Geir Selbæk, Steinar Krokstad and Anne-S. Helvik

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:172

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  5. Content type: Research Article

    Metabolic syndrome (MetS) was a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, yet the prevalence of MetS among nonagenarians and centenarians was rarely reported. Here we investigated the prevalence of MetS and its...

    Authors: Xianghua He, Wei Zhang, Guofang Pang, Yuan Lv, Caiyou Hu and Ze Yang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:169

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  6. Content type: Research Article

    Although it has long been known that a broad range of factors beyond medical diagnoses affect health and health services use, it has been unclear whether additional income can decrease health service use. We e...

    Authors: Sarah L. Szanton, Laura J. Samuel, Rachel Cahill, Ginger Zielinskie, Jennifer L. Wolff, Roland J. Thorpe Jr and Charles Betley

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:162

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  7. Content type: Research Article

    To analyse the clinical, epidemiological, microbiological and prognostic differences of pyogenic liver abscess (PLA) in older (≥ 65 years of age) versus younger patients (< 65 years).

    Authors: Jorge Peris, Pablo Bellot, Pablo Roig, Sergio Reus, Sara Carrascosa, Gregorio González-Alcaide, José M. Palazón and José M. Ramos

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:161

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  8. Content type: Research Article

    Mild or pre-frailty is common and associated with increased risks of hospitalisation, functional decline, moves to long-term care, and death. Little is known about the effectiveness of health promotion in redu...

    Authors: Rachael Frost, Celia Belk, Ana Jovicic, Federico Ricciardi, Kalpa Kharicha, Benjamin Gardner, Steve Iliffe, Claire Goodman, Jill Manthorpe, Vari M Drennan and Kate Walters

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:157

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  9. Content type: Research Article

    India’s elderly population is rising at an unprecedented rate, with a majority living in rural areas. Health challenges associated with ageing, changing social networks and limited public health infrastructure...

    Authors: Nandita Bhan, Pavitra Madhira, Arundati Muralidharan, Bharati Kulkarni, GVS Murthy, Sanjay Basu and Sanjay Kinra

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:156

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  10. Content type: Research Article

    Studies have shown that inadequate access to healthcare is associated with lower levels of health and well-being in older adults. Studies have also shown significant urban-rural differences in access to health...

    Authors: Xufan Zhang, Matthew E. Dupre, Li Qiu, Wei Zhou, Yuan Zhao and Danan Gu

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:151

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  11. Content type: Research Article

    Older adults are susceptible to adverse effects from the concurrent use of medications and alcohol. The aim of this study was to systematically review the prevalence of concurrent use of alcohol and alcohol-in...

    Authors: Alice E. Holton, Paul Gallagher, Tom Fahey and Gráinne Cousins

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:148

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  12. Content type: Research Article

    Non-benzodiazepine hypnotics (Z-drugs) are advocated to be safer than benzodiazepines (BZDs). This study comprehensively investigated the association of BZD and Z-drug usage with the risk of hospitalisation fo...

    Authors: Nan-Wen Yu, Pei-Jung Chen, Hui-Ju Tsai, Chih-Wan Huang, Yu-Wen Chiu, Wen-Ing Tsay, Jui Hsu and Chia-Ming Chang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:140

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  13. Content type: Research Article

    Malnutrition is a nutritional disorder that adversely affects the body from a functional or clinical perspective. It is very often observed in the elderly population. This study aimed to estimate the prevalenc...

    Authors: Sami H. Alzahrani and Sultan H. Alamri

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:136

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  14. Content type: Research Article

    A tube feeding decision aid designed at the Ottawa Health Research Institute was specifically created for substitute decision-makers who must decide whether to allow placement of a percutaneous endoscopic gast...

    Authors: Yumiko Kuraoka and Kazuhiro Nakayama

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:134

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  15. Content type: Research Article

    Limited data are available regarding fit and healthy patients with pneumonia at different ages. We evaluated the association of age with clinical presentation, serotype and outcomes among healthy and well-func...

    Authors: Luis A. Ruiz, Pedro P. España, Ainhoa Gómez, Amaia Bilbao, Carmen Jaca, Amaia Arámburu, Alberto Capelastegui, Marcos I. Restrepo and Rafael Zalacain

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:130

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  16. Content type: Research Article

    Increasing life expectancy results in a larger proportion of older people susceptible to vaccine preventable diseases (VPDs). In the Netherlands, influenza vaccination is routinely offered to people aged 60 ye...

    Authors: Birthe A. Lehmann, Renske Eilers, Liesbeth Mollema, José Ferreira and Hester E. de Melker

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:122

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Malnutrition, low muscle strength and muscle mass are highly prevalent in older hospitalized patients and associated with adverse outcomes. Malnutrition may be a risk factor for developing low muscle mass. We ...

    Authors: Vincent D. Pierik, Carel G. M. Meskers, Jeanine M. Van Ancum, Siger T. Numans, Sjors Verlaan, Kira Scheerman, Roeliene C. Kruizinga and Andrea B. Maier

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:118

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  18. Content type: Research Article

    Alcohol consumption is considered a risk factor for sarcopenia, but the association between alcohol consumption and the prevalence of sarcopenia has not been evaluated in detail. This study was to identify the...

    Authors: Jun-Il Yoo, Yong-Chan Ha, Young-Kyun Lee, Hana-Choi, Moon-Jib Yoo and Kyung-Hoi Koo

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:114

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  19. Content type: Research Article

    Residential status has been linked to numerous determinants of health and well-being. However, the influence of residential status on cognitive decline remains unclear. The purpose of this research was to asse...

    Authors: Hanzhang Xu, Matthew E. Dupre, Danan Gu and Bei Wu

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:107

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