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Public health, nutrition and epidemiology

Section edited by Danan Gu

This section considers all topics relating to general public health and epidemiology. Nutrition, nutritional supplements, disease rates/statistics, disease prevention, prediction. Health promotion.

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  1. Content type: Research Article

    India’s elderly population is rising at an unprecedented rate, with a majority living in rural areas. Health challenges associated with ageing, changing social networks and limited public health infrastructure...

    Authors: Nandita Bhan, Pavitra Madhira, Arundati Muralidharan, Bharati Kulkarni, GVS Murthy, Sanjay Basu and Sanjay Kinra

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:156

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  2. Content type: Research Article

    Older adults are susceptible to adverse effects from the concurrent use of medications and alcohol. The aim of this study was to systematically review the prevalence of concurrent use of alcohol and alcohol-in...

    Authors: Alice E. Holton, Paul Gallagher, Tom Fahey and Gráinne Cousins

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:148

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  3. Content type: Research Article

    Non-benzodiazepine hypnotics (Z-drugs) are advocated to be safer than benzodiazepines (BZDs). This study comprehensively investigated the association of BZD and Z-drug usage with the risk of hospitalisation fo...

    Authors: Nan-Wen Yu, Pei-Jung Chen, Hui-Ju Tsai, Chih-Wan Huang, Yu-Wen Chiu, Wen-Ing Tsay, Jui Hsu and Chia-Ming Chang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:140

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  4. Content type: Research Article

    Malnutrition is a nutritional disorder that adversely affects the body from a functional or clinical perspective. It is very often observed in the elderly population. This study aimed to estimate the prevalenc...

    Authors: Sami H. Alzahrani and Sultan H. Alamri

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:136

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  5. Content type: Research Article

    A tube feeding decision aid designed at the Ottawa Health Research Institute was specifically created for substitute decision-makers who must decide whether to allow placement of a percutaneous endoscopic gast...

    Authors: Yumiko Kuraoka and Kazuhiro Nakayama

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:134

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  6. Content type: Research Article

    Limited data are available regarding fit and healthy patients with pneumonia at different ages. We evaluated the association of age with clinical presentation, serotype and outcomes among healthy and well-func...

    Authors: Luis A. Ruiz, Pedro P. España, Ainhoa Gómez, Amaia Bilbao, Carmen Jaca, Amaia Arámburu, Alberto Capelastegui, Marcos I. Restrepo and Rafael Zalacain

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:130

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  7. Content type: Research Article

    Increasing life expectancy results in a larger proportion of older people susceptible to vaccine preventable diseases (VPDs). In the Netherlands, influenza vaccination is routinely offered to people aged 60 ye...

    Authors: Birthe A. Lehmann, Renske Eilers, Liesbeth Mollema, José Ferreira and Hester E. de Melker

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:122

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Malnutrition, low muscle strength and muscle mass are highly prevalent in older hospitalized patients and associated with adverse outcomes. Malnutrition may be a risk factor for developing low muscle mass. We ...

    Authors: Vincent D. Pierik, Carel G. M. Meskers, Jeanine M. Van Ancum, Siger T. Numans, Sjors Verlaan, Kira Scheerman, Roeliene C. Kruizinga and Andrea B. Maier

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:118

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  9. Content type: Research Article

    Alcohol consumption is considered a risk factor for sarcopenia, but the association between alcohol consumption and the prevalence of sarcopenia has not been evaluated in detail. This study was to identify the...

    Authors: Jun-Il Yoo, Yong-Chan Ha, Young-Kyun Lee, Hana-Choi, Moon-Jib Yoo and Kyung-Hoi Koo

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:114

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Frailty is a geriatric syndrome that affects multiple domains of human functioning. A variety of problems contributes to the development of this syndrome; poor nutritional status is an important determinant of...

    Authors: Laura Lorenzo-López, Ana Maseda, Carmen de Labra, Laura Regueiro-Folgueira, José L. Rodríguez-Villamil and José C. Millán-Calenti

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:108

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  11. Content type: Research Article

    Residential status has been linked to numerous determinants of health and well-being. However, the influence of residential status on cognitive decline remains unclear. The purpose of this research was to asse...

    Authors: Hanzhang Xu, Matthew E. Dupre, Danan Gu and Bei Wu

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:107

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  12. Content type: Research Article

    In the Emergency Department (ED), early and rapid identification of older people at risk of adverse outcomes, who could best benefit from complex geriatric intervention, would avoid wasting time, especially in...

    Authors: Isabelle De Brauwer, Pascale Cornette, Benoît Boland, Franck Verschuren and William D’Hoore

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:105

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  13. Content type: Research Article

    This study aims to review the methodologies used to identify the needs, the existing needs assessment instruments and the main topics of needs explored among caregivers of patients with mild cognitive impairme...

    Authors: T. Novais, V. Dauphinot, P. Krolak-Salmon and C. Mouchoux

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:86

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  14. Content type: Research Article

    Completion of advance directives (ADs) and power of attorney (POA) documents may protect a person’s autonomy in future health care situations when the individual lacks decisional capacity. As such situations b...

    Authors: Tobias Luck, Francisca S. Rodriguez, Birgitt Wiese, Carolin van der Leeden, Kathrin Heser, Horst Bickel, Jürgen in der Schmitten, Hans-Helmut Koenig, Siegfried Weyerer, Silke Mamone, Tina Mallon, Michael Wagner, Dagmar Weeg, Angela Fuchs, Christian Brettschneider, Jochen Werle…

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:85

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  15. Content type: Commentary

    Both financial literacy (managing personal finances) and health literacy (managing personal health) become increasingly important for older adults, potentially impacting their quality of life. Resources in the...

    Authors: Stephanie MacLeod, Shirley Musich, Kevin Hawkins and Douglas G. Armstrong

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:84

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  16. Content type: Study protocol

    Extensive studies have shown that older people are negatively impacted by impaired eating and nutrition. The abilities to eat, enjoy food, and participate in social activities associated with meals are importa...

    Authors: Patricia Hägglund, Lena Olai, Katri Ståhlnacke, Mona Persenius, Mary Hägg, Maria Andersson, Susanne Koistinen and Eva Carlsson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:78

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  17. Content type: Research article

    The literature shows the inverse association between physical activity level (PAL) and chronic diseases that have a significant burden over health care costs. However, in upper-middle income countries and in e...

    Authors: Denise Rodrigues Bueno, Maria de Fátima Nunes Marucci, Luis Alberto Gobbo, Manuela de Almeida-Roediger, Yeda Aparecida de Oliveira Duarte and Maria Lucia Lebrão

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:70

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  18. Content type: Research Article

    Middle-aged and older Americans from underrepresented racial and ethnic backgrounds are at risk for greater chronic disease morbidity than their white counterparts. Cigarette smoking increases the severity of ...

    Authors: Ana R. Quiñones, Corey L. Nagel, Jason T. Newsom, Nathalie Huguet, Paige Sheridan and Stephen M. Thielke

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:48

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  19. Content type: Research Article

    Various factors including cardio-metabolic disorders are found to be correlated with frailty. With the increase in age, older adults are likely to have elevated blood glucose level. In this study we intend to ...

    Authors: Jagadish Kumar Chhetri, Zheng Zheng, Xitong Xu, Cuihong Ma and Piu Chan

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:47

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  20. Content type: Research Article

    This study was performed to assess oral and nutritional status of nursing home residents in a region of Lower Saxony, Germany. The aim was to show potential associations between oral status (dentate or edentul...

    Authors: Dirk Ziebolz, Christine Werner, Gerhard Schmalz, Ina Nitschke, Rainer Haak, Rainer F. Mausberg and Jean-François Chenot

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:39

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  21. Content type: Research Article

    Data are available on short- and intermediate-term mortality rates after discharge for acutely decompensated heart failure (ADHF). However, few studies specifically addressed ADHF outcomes in patients aged 75 ...

    Authors: Pierre-André Natella, Philippe Le Corvoisier, Elena Paillaud, Bertrand Renaud, Isabelle Mahé, Jean-François Bergmann, Hervé Perchet, Dominique Mottier, Olivier Montagne and Sylvie Bastuji-Garin

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:34

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  22. Content type: Research Article

    The risk of Herpes Zoster (HZ) increases with age and various studies have also demonstrated an increasing HZ incidence globally. Simultaneously, the global trend of an aging population has placed a greater bu...

    Authors: Lijoy Varghese, Baudouin Standaert, Antonio Olivieri and Desmond Curran

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:30

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  23. Content type: Research Article

    Combining increased dietary protein intake and resistance exercise training for elderly people is a promising strategy to prevent or counteract the loss of muscle mass and decrease the risk of disabilities. Us...

    Authors: Ellen JI. van Dongen, Joanne N. Leerlooijer, Jan M. Steijns, Michael Tieland, Lisette CPGM. de Groot and Annemien Haveman-Nies

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:25

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  24. Content type: Research Article

    Left ventricular (LV) remodeling is closely linked to the progression of heart failure. There are limited data on the epidemiology of new onset LV remodeling among elderly women, which requires further investi...

    Authors: Jing Wu, Caiqin Wu, Wenjing Fan, Jie Zhou and Ling Xu

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:21

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Control beliefs are important psychological factors that likely contribute to heterogeneity in health outcomes for older adults. We evaluated whether control beliefs are associated with risk for 4-year mortali...

    Authors: Wei Duan-Porter, Susan Nicole Hastings, Brian Neelon and Courtney Harold Van Houtven

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:13

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  26. Content type: Research Article

    Expenditure on medications for highly prevalent chronic conditions such as diabetes mellitus (DM) can result in financial impoverishment. People in developing countries and in low socioeconomic status groups a...

    Authors: Shingai Douglas Gwatidzo and Jennifer Stewart Williams

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:14

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  27. Content type: Research Article

    Self-perceived uselessness is associated with poor health and high mortality among older adults in China. However, it is unclear which demographic, psychosocial, behavioral and health factors are associated wi...

    Authors: Yuan Zhao, Jessica M. Sautter, Li Qiu and Danan Gu

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:12

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:101

  28. Content type: Study protocol

    Undernutrition prior to major abdominal surgery is frequent and increases morbidity and mortality, especially in older patients. The management of undernutrition reduces postoperative complications. Nutritiona...

    Authors: Marine Dupuis, Elisabetta Kuczewski, Laurent Villeneuve, Sylvie Bin-Dorel, Max Haine, Claire Falandry, Thomas Gilbert, Guillaume Passot, Olivier Glehen and Marc Bonnefoy

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:10

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  29. Content type: Research Article

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of Edmonton Frail Scale (EFS) on frailty assessment in association with multi-dimensional conditions assessed with specific screening tools and to explore ...

    Authors: Simone Perna, Matthew D’Arcy Francis, Chiara Bologna, Francesca Moncaglieri, Antonella Riva, Paolo Morazzoni, Pietro Allegrini, Antonio Isu, Beatrice Vigo, Fabio Guerriero and Mariangela Rondanelli

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:2

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  30. Content type: Research Article

    There are many reports that dynapenia, sarcopenia and frailty each have associations with bodily function or with Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL). However, studies that compare all three conditi...

    Authors: Masaki Iwamura and Masao Kanauchi

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:1

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  31. Content type: Research Article

    The aim of the present study was to validate the usefulness of the new octapolar multifrequency bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) for assessment of appendicular skeletal muscle mass (ASM) by comparing it ...

    Authors: Hui Wang, Shan Hai, Li Cao, Jianghua Zhou, Ping Liu and Bi-Rong Dong

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:216

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Often preventive measures are not accessed by the people who were intended to be reached. Programs for older adults may target men and women, older adults, advanced old age groups and/or chronically ill patien...

    Authors: Christiane Patzelt, Susanne Heim, Bernhilde Deitermann, Gudrun Theile, Christian Krauth, Eva Hummers-Pradier and Ulla Walter

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:210

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  33. Content type: Research Article

    Anemia is common in elderly people and especially in nursing home residents. Few studies have been performed on the consequences of anemia in a nursing home population. This study explored the prevalence of an...

    Authors: Björn Westerlind, Carl Johan Östgren, Sigvard Mölstad and Patrik Midlöv

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:206

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  34. Content type: Research Article

    Networks of family and friends are a source of support and are generally associated with higher life satisfaction values among older adults. On the other hand, older adults who are satisfied with their life ma...

    Authors: Florian Tomini, Sonila M. Tomini and Wim Groot

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:203

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  35. Content type: Research Article

    Dementia, with Alzheimer’s disease (AD) being the most common form, is a major hip fracture risk factor, but currently it is not known whether the same factors predict hip fracture among persons with and witho...

    Authors: Anna-Maija Tolppanen, Heidi Taipale, Antti Tanskanen, Jari Tiihonen and Sirpa Hartikainen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:204

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  36. Content type: Research Article

    Reduced muscular strength in the old age is strongly related to activity impairment and mortality. However, studies evaluating the gender-specific association between muscularity and mortality among older adul...

    Authors: Marjan Arvandi, Barbara Strasser, Christa Meisinger, Konstantinos Volaklis, Raffaella Matteucci Gothe, Uwe Siebert, Karl-Heinz Ladwig, Eva Grill, Alexander Horsch, Michael Laxy, Annette Peters and Barbara Thorand

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:201

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  37. Content type: Research Article

    Frailty is highly prevalent in elderly people. While significant progress has been made to understand its pathogenesis process, few validated questionnaire exist to assess the multidimensional concept of frail...

    Authors: Dewi Vernerey, Amelie Anota, Pierre Vandel, Sophie Paget-Bailly, Michele Dion, Vanessa Bailly, Marie Bonin, Astrid Pozet, Audrey Foubert, Magdalena Benetkiewicz, Patrick Manckoundia and Franck Bonnetain

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:187

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:212

  38. Content type: Research article

    Older adults with hearing difficulties face problems of communication which may lead to underuse of health services. This study investigated the association of hearing loss and self-reported hearing difficulty...

    Authors: Tuija M. Mikkola, Hannele Polku, Päivi Sainio, Päivikki Koponen, Seppo Koskinen and Anne Viljanen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:182

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  39. Content type: Research Article

    Both multimorbidity and activities of daily living (ADL) disability and instrument activities of daily living (IADL) disability are common among elderly individuals. ADL/IADL disability may reduce individuals’...

    Authors: Peng Su, Hansheng Ding, Wei Zhang, Guangfeng Duan, Yitong Yang, Rong Chen, Zengjie Duan, Lixia Du, Chunyan Xie, Chunlin Jin, Chaoqun Hu, Zixue Sun, Junrui Long, Lingling Gong and Wenhua Tian

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:178

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  40. Content type: Research Article

    Dementia risk reduction is a major and growing public health priority. While certain modifiable risk factors for dementia have been identified, there remains a substantial proportion of unexplained risk. There...

    Authors: Lewis O. J. Killin, John M. Starr, Ivy J. Shiue and Tom C. Russ

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:175

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  41. Content type: Debate

    Sarcopenia is increasingly recognized as a correlate of ageing and is associated with increased likelihood of adverse outcomes including falls, fractures, frailty and mortality. Several tools have been recomme...

    Authors: Charlotte Beaudart, Eugène McCloskey, Olivier Bruyère, Matteo Cesari, Yves Rolland, René Rizzoli, Islène Araujo de Carvalho, Jotheeswaran Amuthavalli Thiyagarajan, Ivan Bautmans, Marie-Claude Bertière, Maria Luisa Brandi, Nasser M. Al-Daghri, Nansa Burlet, Etienne Cavalier, Francesca Cerreta, Antonio Cherubini…

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:170

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Understanding the differences in characteristics, gender, and common causes for admission in hospitalized elderly diabetic patients provides a theoretical basis for their successful management. This study expl...

    Authors: Wei Lin, Chan Chen, Huaqin Guan, Xiaohong Du and Junjian Li

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:160

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  43. Content type: Research Article

    Regular physical activity (PA) is a major factor in maintaining health in aging populations. This study examines the influences of sociodemographic, health, and environmental characteristics on older adults’ w...

    Authors: Marcia G. Ory, Samuel D. Towne Jr., Jaewoong Won, Samuel N. Forjuoh and Chanam Lee

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:155

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  44. Content type: Research Article

    Despite the well-established power of frailty to predict mortality, and the known associations of socioeconomic status (SES) with mortality, it is largely unknown whether the linkage between frailty and mortal...

    Authors: Danan Gu, Fang Yang and Jessica Sautter

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:151

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:161