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Public health, nutrition and epidemiology

Section edited by Danan Gu

This section considers all topics relating to general public health and epidemiology. Nutrition, nutritional supplements, disease rates/statistics, disease prevention, prediction. Health promotion.

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  1. Falls are a major cause of disability and death in older people, particularly women. Cross-sectional surveys suggest that some risk factors associated with a history of falls may be sex-specific, but whether r...

    Authors: Catharine R. Gale, Leo D. Westbury, Cyrus Cooper and Elaine M. Dennison

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:117

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Osteoporosis is an important morbidity factor for ageing populations in developed countries. However, compared to the amount of information available on diabetes and cardiovascular disease, little is known abo...

    Authors: Jean-Pierre Gutzwiller, Jean-Pierre Richterich, Zeno Stanga, Urs E. Nydegger, Lorenz Risch and Martin Risch

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:115

    Content type: Research Article

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  3. The association between low socioeconomic status (SES) and dementia is reportedly mediated by lifestyle-related diseases (i.e., diabetes) in European countries and the United States; however, in Japan, the lin...

    Authors: Nobue Nakahori, Michikazu Sekine, Masaaki Yamada, Takashi Tatsuse, Hideki Kido and Michio Suzuki

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:102

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Geriatric Patients Living with HIV/AIDS (GEPPO) is a new prospective observational multicentre cohort consisting of all the HIV-positive geriatric patients being treated at 10 clinics in Italy, and HIV-negativ...

    Authors: G. Guaraldi, A. Malagoli, A. Calcagno, C. Mussi, B. M. Celesia, F. Carli, S. Piconi, G. V. De Socio, A. M. Cattelan, G. Orofino, A. Riva, E. Focà, S. Nozza and G. Di Perri

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:99

    Content type: Research Article

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  5. The promotion of physical activity (PA) plays a major role for healthy ageing even in older age. There is a lack of cross-sectional and longitudinal studies explicitly dealing with barriers and drivers to PA i...

    Authors: Lena Lübs, Jenny Peplies, Carina Drell and Karin Bammann

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:94

    Content type: Research Article

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  6. Malnutrition in patients admitted to hospital may have detrimental effects on recovery and healing. Malnutrition is preceded by a state of malnutrition risk, yet malnutrition risk is often not detected during ...

    Authors: Idah Chatindiara, Jacqueline Allen, Amy Popman, Darshan Patel, Marilize Richter, Marlena Kruger and Carol Wham

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:78

    Content type: Research article

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  7. This survey aims to evaluate the prevalence and severity of tooth loss in the Italian elderly population living in nursing homes and to associate the oral data with demographic, socioeconomic factors, the Mini...

    Authors: Fabio Cocco, Guglielmo Campus, Laura Strohmenger, Viviana Cortesi Ardizzone and Maria Grazia Cagetti

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:76

    Content type: Research Article

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  8. The association between pain and diabetes in older people has been largely unexplored. The aim of this survey was to analyze the prevalence and characteristics of pain among Finnish men and women 65 or older w...

    Authors: M. Karjalainen, J. Saltevo, M. Tiihonen, M. Haanpää, H. Kautiainen and P. Mäntyselkä

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:73

    Content type: Research Article

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  9. Numerous studies have reported weak or moderate correlations between self-reported and accelerometer-assessed physical activity. One explanation is that self-reported physical activity might be biased by demog...

    Authors: Florian Herbolsheimer, Matthias W. Riepe and Richard Peter

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:56

    Content type: Research Article

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  10. Driving a car is the most common form of transport among the older population. Common medical conditions such as cataract, increase with age and impact on the ability to drive. To compensate for visual decline...

    Authors: Seraina Agramunt, Lynn B. Meuleners, Michelle L. Fraser, Kyle C. Chow, Jonathon Q. Ng and Vignesh Raja

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:51

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Delirium affects 25% of older inpatients and is associated with long-term cognitive impairment and future dementia. However, no population studies have systematically ascertained cognitive function before, cognit...

    Authors: Daniel Davis, Sarah Richardson, Joanne Hornby, Helen Bowden, Katrin Hoffmann, Maryse Weston-Clarke, Fenella Green, Nishi Chaturvedi, Alun Hughes, Diana Kuh, Elizabeth Sampson, Ruth Mizoguchi, Khai Lee Cheah, Melanie Romain, Abhi Sinha, Rodric Jenkin…

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:45

    Content type: Study protocol

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  12. Prevalence of malnutrition in older hospitalized patients is 30%. Malnutrition is associated with poor clinical outcomes in terms of high morbidity and mortality and is costly for hospitals. Extended nutrition...

    Authors: Yogesh Sharma, Campbell Thompson, Michelle Miller, Rashmi Shahi, Paul Hakendorf, Chris Horwood and Billingsley Kaambwa

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:41

    Content type: Research Article

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  13. Diabetic kidney disease (DKD) is a major burden in elderly patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). Low estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR+, < 60 mL/min/1.73 m2) and albuminuria (Alb+) are essential for t...

    Authors: Giuseppina T. Russo, Salvatore De Cosmo, Francesca Viazzi, Antonio Mirijello, Antonio Ceriello, Pietro Guida, Carlo Giorda, Domenico Cucinotta, Roberto Pontremoli and Paola Fioretto

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:38

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Research has demonstrated the importance of physical environments at mealtimes for residents in long term care (LTC). However, a lack of a standardized measurement to assess physical dining environments has re...

    Authors: Sabrina Iuglio, Heather Keller, Habib Chaudhury, Susan E. Slaughter, Christina Lengyel, Jill Morrison, Veronique Boscart and Natalie Carrier

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:20

    Content type: Research Article

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  15. Multimorbidity is the coexistence of more than two chronic diseases in the same individual; however, there is no consensus about the best definition. In addition, few studies have described the variability of ...

    Authors: Marina Guisado-Clavero, Albert Roso-Llorach, Tomàs López-Jimenez, Mariona Pons-Vigués, Quintí Foguet-Boreu, Miguel Angel Muñoz and Concepción Violán

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:16

    Content type: Research article

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  16. To evaluate the long-term surgical outcomes of patients with urinary retention (UR) caused by a benign prostatic obstruction (BPO) who underwent transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP), and compare thei...

    Authors: Yu-Hsiang Lin, Chen-Pang Hou, Tien-Hsing Chen, Horng-Heng Juang, Phei-Lang Chang, Pei-Shan Yang, Chien-lun Chen and Ke-Hung Tsui

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:15

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Arguably the uptake and usability of the physical activity (PA) guidelines for older adults has not been effective with only 12% of this population meeting the minimum guidelines to maintain health. Health pro...

    Authors: Gareth R. Jones, Liza Stathokostas, Bradley W. Young, Andrew V. Wister, Shirley Chau, Patricia Clark, Mary Duggan, Drew Mitchell and Peter Nordland

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:13

    Content type: Research Article

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  18. Assessing quality of life among the elderly is a complex and multifaceted issue. Elderly people might find valuing and describing their personal experience of quality of life (QoL) demanding and cumbersome. Th...

    Authors: Riaan Botes, Karin M. Vermeulen, Adelita V. Ranchor and Erik Buskens

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:11

    Content type: Research Article

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  19. Age-related declines in skeletal muscle mass and strength, representing “sarcopenia,” are a growing concern in aging societies. However, the prevalence of low muscle mass based on the height2-adjustment has been ...

    Authors: Rei Otsuka, Yasumoto Matsui, Chikako Tange, Yukiko Nishita, Makiko Tomida, Fujiko Ando, Hiroshi Shimokata and Hidenori Arai

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:8

    Content type: Research Article

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  20. Hypertension is considered a major public health challenge. It is the most important risk factor for cardiovascular disease and is a prominent risk for China’s elderly population. However, few studies have add...

    Authors: Zhi-Qi Yang, Qi Zhao, Ping Jiang, Song-Bai Zheng and Biao Xu

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:296

    Content type: Research Article

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  21. Whether the suggested inverse association between total cholesterol and mortality in old age varies according to cause of death and use of cholesterol medications remains to be elucidated. The aim of this stud...

    Authors: Yajun Liang, Davide Liborio Vetrano and Chengxuan Qiu

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:294

    Content type: Research Article

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  22. Falls are common among elderly people, and the risk increase with age. Falls are associated with both health and social consequences for the patient, and major societal costs. Identification of risk factors sh...

    Authors: Laila Arnesdatter Hopstock, Elisabeth Bøe Utne, Alexander Horsch and Tove Skjelbakken

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:292

    Content type: Research article

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  23. The association between social capital and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) has not been thoroughly studied among older persons in rural China, especially among those who were left behind or not. This st...

    Authors: Yaqin Zhong, Pär Schön, Bo Burström and Kristina Burström

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:287

    Content type: Research Article

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  24. Accidental falls in older people are a major public health problem but a relatively limited number of studies have analyzed the mortality trends from this cause. Effective public health interventions have been...

    Authors: Alicia Padrón-Monedero, Javier Damián, M. Pilar Martin and Rafael Fernández-Cuenca

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:276

    Content type: Research Article

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  25. Diabetes mellitus and hypertension are risk factors for cardiovascular disease, which is the most common cause of death in the world. People with intellectual disability (ID) have been reported to have high ra...

    Authors: Anna Axmon, Gerd Ahlström and Peter Höglund

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:272

    Content type: Research Article

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  26. Sweden has closed all institutions and imposed legislation to ensure service and support for individuals with intellectual disability (ID). Understanding mortality among older individuals with ID is essential ...

    Authors: Nawi Ng, Eva Flygare Wallén and Gerd Ahlström

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:269

    Content type: Research Article

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  27. Diet has been associated with differences in weight and nutritional status of an individual. The prevalence of overweight and obesity increased among adults in Taiwan. Hence, we examined the relationship betwe...

    Authors: Miriam Adoyo Muga, Patrick Opiyo Owili, Chien-Yeh Hsu, Hsiao-Hsien Rau and Jane C-J Chao

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:268

    Content type: Research Article

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  28. It is widely supposed that there is no benefit, including extended survival and decreased rate of pneumonia, in patients with severe dementia receiving enteral tube feeding (TF). However, there have been few s...

    Authors: Shintaro Takenoshita, Keiko Kondo, Keiichi Okazaki, Akihiko Hirao, Keiko Takayama, Keisuke Hirayama, Hiroyuki Asaba, Kenji Nakata, Hideki Ishizu, Hiromi Takahashi, Hanae Nakashima-Yasuda, Yasue Sakurada, Kengo Fujikawa, Osamu Yokota, Norihito Yamada and Seishi Terada

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:267

    Content type: Research Article

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  29. Frailty is a common problem among older people and it is associated with an increased risk of death and long-term institutional care. Early identification of frailty is necessary to prevent a further decline i...

    Authors: Minna Miettinen, Miia Tiihonen, Sirpa Hartikainen and Irma Nykänen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:266

    Content type: Research Article

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  30. Geriatric patients are affected by a range of skin conditions and dermatological diseases, functional limitations and chronic diseases. Skin problems are highly prevalent in elderly populations. Aim of this st...

    Authors: Elisabeth Hahnel, Ulrike Blume-Peytavi, Carina Trojahn and Jan Kottner

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:263

    Content type: Research Article

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  31. The older population is a risk group for hypovitaminosis D. The Ultraviolet Index (UVI) can be an indicator of potential for cutaneous synthesis of vitamin D but physiological and other environmental factors a...

    Authors: Sofia Cardoso, Alejandro Santos, Rita S. Guerra, Ana S. Sousa, Patrícia Padrão, Pedro Moreira, Cláudia Afonso, Teresa F. Amaral and Nuno Borges

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:256

    Content type: Research Article

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  32. Aging is often associated with the challenge of navigating daily tasks with a painful chronic medical illness. Yet, there is concern of the number of older adults impacted with more than one chronic condition....

    Authors: Tamara A. Baker, Olivio J. Clay, Vicki Johnson-Lawrence, Jacquelyn A. Minahan, Chivon A. Mingo, Roland J. Thorpe, Fernando Ovalle and Michael Crowe

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:255

    Content type: Research Article

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  33. Vascular dementia (VaD) is the second most common form of dementia. However, there were mixed evidences about the association between blood pressure (BP) and risk of VaD in midlife and late life and limited ev...

    Authors: Mingkai Peng, Guanmin Chen, Karen L. Tang, Hude Quan, Eric E. Smith, Peter Faris, Vladimir Hachinski and Norm R. C. Campbell

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:252

    Content type: Research Article

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  34. Previous studies have shown that hypertension is a risk factor for cognitive impairment, but whether this association is also present in extremely poor populations in Low Middle Income Countries settings remai...

    Authors: Maria Lazo-Porras, Victor Ortiz-Soriano, Miguel Moscoso-Porras, Fernando M. Runzer-Colmenares, German Málaga and J. Jaime Miranda

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:250

    Content type: Research Article

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  35. Vitamin D deficiency is widespread in China, particularly among older adults. Factors associated with suboptimal vitamin D levels are not well defined. The present study was a population-based study that inclu...

    Authors: Qun Cheng, Yanping Du, Wei Hong, Wenjing Tang, Huilin Li, Minmin Chen and Songbai Zheng

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:246

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Elderly patients with aged physical status and increased underlying disease suffered from more postoperative complication and mortality. We design this retrospective cohort study to investigate the relationshi...

    Authors: Chun-Lin Chu, Hung-Yi Chiou, Wei-Han Chou, Po-Ya Chang, Yi-You Huang and Huei-Ming Yeh

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:245

    Content type: Research Article

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  37. The Japanese Orthopedic Association first proposed the concept of “locomotive syndrome” in 2007. It refers to circumstances in which elderly people need nursing care services or are at high risk of requiring s...

    Authors: Manabu Akahane, Shingo Yoshihara, Akie Maeyashiki, Yasuhito Tanaka and Tomoaki Imamura

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:241

    Content type: Research Article

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  38. A recent controversy in vitamin D research is a “U-shaped association”, with elevated disease risks at both high and low 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25 (OH) D) levels.

    Authors: Gotaro Kojima, Steve Iliffe and Marianne Tanabe

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:236

    Content type: Research Article

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  39. To date, there is no consensus regarding cardiovascular risk management in the very old. Studies have shown that the relationship between traditional cardiovascular risk factors and mortality is null or even i...

    Authors: Bert Vaes, David Depoortere, Gijs Van Pottelbergh, Catharina Matheï, Joana Neto and Jan Degryse

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:234

    Content type: Research Article

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  40. Residents of nursing homes may have low 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) concentrations. Associations between vitamin D and cognitive performance, dementia and susceptibility to infections are not clearly establish...

    Authors: Rebeka Arnljots, Jörgen Thorn, Marie Elm, Michael Moore and Pär-Daniel Sundvall

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:229

    Content type: Research Article

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  41. Frail residents in the nursing home sector call for extra care in prescribing. The Norwegian General Practice Nursing Home (NORGEP-NH) list of 34 explicit criteria for potentially inappropriate medication use ...

    Authors: Gunhild Nyborg, Mette Brekke, Jørund Straand, Svein Gjelstad and Maria Romøren

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:220

    Content type: Research Article

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  42. Older persons often have interacting physical and social problems and complex care needs. An integrated care approach in the local context with collaborations between community-, social-, and health-focused or...

    Authors: Carmen B. Franse, Antonius J.J. Voorham, Rob van Staveren, Elin Koppelaar, Rens Martijn, Elisa Valía-Cotanda, Tamara Alhambra-Borrás, Tasos Rentoumis, Lovorka Bilajac, Vanja Vasiljev Marchesi, Tomislav Rukavina, Arpana Verma, Greg Williams, Gary Clough, Jorge Garcés-Ferrer, Francesco Mattace Raso…

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:209

    Content type: Study protocol

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  43. Several studies have investigated the predictors of alcohol consumption behavior among adolescents and young adults. However, the body of evidence about the relationship between in particular psychological fac...

    Authors: André Hajek, Jens-Oliver Bock, Siegfried Weyerer and Hans-Helmut König

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:207

    Content type: Research Article

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  44. Fall injuries are stressful and painful and they have a range of serious consequences for older people. While there is some clinical evidence of unintentional poisoning by medication following a severe fall in...

    Authors: C. Rausch, L. Laflamme, S. E. de Rooij, U. Bültmann and J Möller

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:202

    Content type: Research Article

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  45. Evidence of an association between low socioeconomic position (SEP) and inflammatory markers is scant. This study aimed to examine how life-course SEP predicted C-reactive protein (CRP) and interleukin (IL-6) ...

    Authors: Yu-Hsuan Lin, Min-Hua Jen and Kuo-Liong Chien

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:201

    Content type: Research article

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