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Public health, nutrition and epidemiology

Section edited by Danan Gu

This section considers all topics relating to general public health and epidemiology. Nutrition, nutritional supplements, disease rates/statistics, disease prevention, prediction. Health promotion.

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  1. Content type: Research Article

    Diet has been associated with differences in weight and nutritional status of an individual. The prevalence of overweight and obesity increased among adults in Taiwan. Hence, we examined the relationship betwe...

    Authors: Miriam Adoyo Muga, Patrick Opiyo Owili, Chien-Yeh Hsu, Hsiao-Hsien Rau and Jane C-J Chao

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:268

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  2. Content type: Research Article

    Frailty is a common problem among older people and it is associated with an increased risk of death and long-term institutional care. Early identification of frailty is necessary to prevent a further decline i...

    Authors: Minna Miettinen, Miia Tiihonen, Sirpa Hartikainen and Irma Nykänen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:266

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  3. Content type: Research Article

    Geriatric patients are affected by a range of skin conditions and dermatological diseases, functional limitations and chronic diseases. Skin problems are highly prevalent in elderly populations. Aim of this st...

    Authors: Elisabeth Hahnel, Ulrike Blume-Peytavi, Carina Trojahn and Jan Kottner

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:263

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  4. Content type: Research Article

    The older population is a risk group for hypovitaminosis D. The Ultraviolet Index (UVI) can be an indicator of potential for cutaneous synthesis of vitamin D but physiological and other environmental factors a...

    Authors: Sofia Cardoso, Alejandro Santos, Rita S. Guerra, Ana S. Sousa, Patrícia Padrão, Pedro Moreira, Cláudia Afonso, Teresa F. Amaral and Nuno Borges

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:256

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  5. Content type: Research Article

    Aging is often associated with the challenge of navigating daily tasks with a painful chronic medical illness. Yet, there is concern of the number of older adults impacted with more than one chronic condition....

    Authors: Tamara A. Baker, Olivio J. Clay, Vicki Johnson-Lawrence, Jacquelyn A. Minahan, Chivon A. Mingo, Roland J. Thorpe, Fernando Ovalle and Michael Crowe

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:255

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  6. Content type: Research Article

    Vascular dementia (VaD) is the second most common form of dementia. However, there were mixed evidences about the association between blood pressure (BP) and risk of VaD in midlife and late life and limited ev...

    Authors: Mingkai Peng, Guanmin Chen, Karen L. Tang, Hude Quan, Eric E. Smith, Peter Faris, Vladimir Hachinski and Norm R. C. Campbell

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:252

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  7. Content type: Research Article

    Previous studies have shown that hypertension is a risk factor for cognitive impairment, but whether this association is also present in extremely poor populations in Low Middle Income Countries settings remai...

    Authors: Maria Lazo-Porras, Victor Ortiz-Soriano, Miguel Moscoso-Porras, Fernando M. Runzer-Colmenares, German Málaga and J. Jaime Miranda

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:250

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  8. Content type: Research Article

    Elderly patients with aged physical status and increased underlying disease suffered from more postoperative complication and mortality. We design this retrospective cohort study to investigate the relationshi...

    Authors: Chun-Lin Chu, Hung-Yi Chiou, Wei-Han Chou, Po-Ya Chang, Yi-You Huang and Huei-Ming Yeh

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:245

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Vitamin D deficiency is widespread in China, particularly among older adults. Factors associated with suboptimal vitamin D levels are not well defined. The present study was a population-based study that inclu...

    Authors: Qun Cheng, Yanping Du, Wei Hong, Wenjing Tang, Huilin Li, Minmin Chen and Songbai Zheng

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:246

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  10. Content type: Research Article

    The Japanese Orthopedic Association first proposed the concept of “locomotive syndrome” in 2007. It refers to circumstances in which elderly people need nursing care services or are at high risk of requiring s...

    Authors: Manabu Akahane, Shingo Yoshihara, Akie Maeyashiki, Yasuhito Tanaka and Tomoaki Imamura

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:241

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  11. Content type: Research Article

    A recent controversy in vitamin D research is a “U-shaped association”, with elevated disease risks at both high and low 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25 (OH) D) levels.

    Authors: Gotaro Kojima, Steve Iliffe and Marianne Tanabe

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:236

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  12. Content type: Research Article

    To date, there is no consensus regarding cardiovascular risk management in the very old. Studies have shown that the relationship between traditional cardiovascular risk factors and mortality is null or even i...

    Authors: Bert Vaes, David Depoortere, Gijs Van Pottelbergh, Catharina Matheï, Joana Neto and Jan Degryse

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:234

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  13. Content type: Research Article

    Residents of nursing homes may have low 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) concentrations. Associations between vitamin D and cognitive performance, dementia and susceptibility to infections are not clearly establish...

    Authors: Rebeka Arnljots, Jörgen Thorn, Marie Elm, Michael Moore and Pär-Daniel Sundvall

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:229

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  14. Content type: Research Article

    Frail residents in the nursing home sector call for extra care in prescribing. The Norwegian General Practice Nursing Home (NORGEP-NH) list of 34 explicit criteria for potentially inappropriate medication use ...

    Authors: Gunhild Nyborg, Mette Brekke, Jørund Straand, Svein Gjelstad and Maria Romøren

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:220

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  15. Content type: Study protocol

    Older persons often have interacting physical and social problems and complex care needs. An integrated care approach in the local context with collaborations between community-, social-, and health-focused or...

    Authors: Carmen B. Franse, Antonius J.J. Voorham, Rob van Staveren, Elin Koppelaar, Rens Martijn, Elisa Valía-Cotanda, Tamara Alhambra-Borrás, Tasos Rentoumis, Lovorka Bilajac, Vanja Vasiljev Marchesi, Tomislav Rukavina, Arpana Verma, Greg Williams, Gary Clough, Jorge Garcés-Ferrer, Francesco Mattace Raso…

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:209

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  16. Content type: Research Article

    Several studies have investigated the predictors of alcohol consumption behavior among adolescents and young adults. However, the body of evidence about the relationship between in particular psychological fac...

    Authors: André Hajek, Jens-Oliver Bock, Siegfried Weyerer and Hans-Helmut König

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:207

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  17. Content type: Research Article

    Fall injuries are stressful and painful and they have a range of serious consequences for older people. While there is some clinical evidence of unintentional poisoning by medication following a severe fall in...

    Authors: C. Rausch, L. Laflamme, S. E. de Rooij, U. Bültmann and J Möller

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:202

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Evidence of an association between low socioeconomic position (SEP) and inflammatory markers is scant. This study aimed to examine how life-course SEP predicted C-reactive protein (CRP) and interleukin (IL-6) ...

    Authors: Yu-Hsuan Lin, Min-Hua Jen and Kuo-Liong Chien

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:201

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  19. Content type: Research Article

    Self-medication is described as the use of drugs without a physician’s prescription to treat self-recognized illness or symptoms, and an important health issue among the elderly. Despite the wide range of diff...

    Authors: Seyede Salehe Mortazavi, Mohsen Shati, Hamid Reza Khankeh, Fazlollah Ahmadi, Shiva Mehravaran and Seyed Kazem Malakouti

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:198

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  20. Content type: Research Article

    China and India are the world’s two most populous countries. Although their populations are growing in number and life expectancies are extending they have different trajectories of economic growth, epidemiolo...

    Authors: Jennifer Stewart Williams, Fredrik Norström and Nawi Ng

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:197

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  21. Content type: Research Article

    Accumulation of problems in physical, psychological, cognitive, or social functioning is characteristic for frail individuals. Using a four-domain approach of frailty, this study explored how sociodemographic ...

    Authors: Sandra H van Oostrom, Daphne L van der A, M Liset Rietman, H Susan J Picavet, Manon Lette, W M Monique Verschuren, Simone R de Bruin and Annemieke M W Spijkerman

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:196

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  22. Content type: Research Article

    Previous studies investigated the determinants of individuals’ decision to vaccinate against influenza primarily focusing on social as well as certain proximal determinants, for example, behavioral beliefs. Th...

    Authors: Jens-Oliver Bock, André Hajek and Hans-Helmut König

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:194

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  23. Content type: Research Article

    This study sought to identify multimorbidity patterns and determine the association between these latent classes with several outcomes, including health, functioning, disability, quality of life and use of ser...

    Authors: Beatriz Olaya, Maria Victoria Moneta, Francisco Félix Caballero, Stefanos Tyrovolas, Ivet Bayes, José Luis Ayuso-Mateos and Josep Maria Haro

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:186

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  24. Content type: Research Article

    Sarcopenia is defined as the age-related decline in skeletal muscle mass and function. The risk factors and causes of sarcopenia must be identified to develop prevention and treatment strategies for this syndr...

    Authors: Shan Hai, Hui Wang, Li Cao, Ping Liu, Jianghua Zhou, Ying Yang and Birong Dong

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:187

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  25. Content type: Research Article

    Living arrangements of older adults have changed worldwide with increasing solitary and non-spouse households, which could affect social care systems. However, the relationship between these households and dis...

    Authors: Tami Saito, Chiyoe Murata, Jun Aida and Katsunori Kondo

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:183

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  26. Content type: Research Article

    Japan is known for its long life expectancy and rapidly aging society that there are various demands of older adults need to be fulfilled with, and one of them is long-term care needs. Therefore, Japan impleme...

    Authors: Huei-Ru Lin, Tetsuya Otsubo and Yuichi Imanaka

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:182

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  27. Content type: Research Article

    The elderly are predisposed to septic arthritis (SA) because of the aging nature and increasing comorbidities. SA may in turn increase the long-term mortality in the geriatric patients; however, it remains unc...

    Authors: Chia-Jung Wu, Chien-Cheng Huang, Shih-Feng Weng, Ping-Jen Chen, Chien-Chin Hsu, Jhi-Joung Wang, How-Ran Guo and Hung-Jung Lin

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:178

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  28. Content type: Research Article

    Disability among older adults is a public health concern. To date there are no in-depth and comprehensive analyses on older adults’ disabilities in Bangladesh. This study investigated gender differences in the...

    Authors: Md. Ismail Tareque, Andrew D. Tiedt, Towfiqua Mahfuza Islam, Sharifa Begum and Yasuhiko Saito

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:177

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  29. Content type: Research Article

    Oral health and frailty might be linked through several pathways, but previous studies are scarce. This study examined the association between oral health and components of Fried’s frailty phenotype.

    Authors: Benedikta Kamdem, Laurence Seematter-Bagnoud, Fabiana Botrugno and Brigitte Santos-Eggimann

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:174

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  30. Content type: Research Article

    Self-reported health is a widely used measure of health status across individuals. As the ageing population increases, the health of the elderly also becomes of growing concern. The elderly go through life fac...

    Authors: Cynthia Lum Fonta, Justice Nonvignon, Moses Aikins, Emmanuel Nwosu and Genevieve Cecilia Aryeetey

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:171

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  31. Content type: Research Article

    There is little knowledge about the consumption of alcohol among Chinese and Norwegian older adults aged 65 years and over. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and factors related to alcoho...

    Authors: Juan Li, Bei Wu, Geir Selbæk, Steinar Krokstad and Anne-S. Helvik

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:172

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  32. Content type: Research Article

    Metabolic syndrome (MetS) was a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, yet the prevalence of MetS among nonagenarians and centenarians was rarely reported. Here we investigated the prevalence of MetS and its...

    Authors: Xianghua He, Wei Zhang, Guofang Pang, Yuan Lv, Caiyou Hu and Ze Yang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:169

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  33. Content type: Research Article

    Although it has long been known that a broad range of factors beyond medical diagnoses affect health and health services use, it has been unclear whether additional income can decrease health service use. We e...

    Authors: Sarah L. Szanton, Laura J. Samuel, Rachel Cahill, Ginger Zielinskie, Jennifer L. Wolff, Roland J. Thorpe Jr and Charles Betley

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:162

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  34. Content type: Research Article

    To analyse the clinical, epidemiological, microbiological and prognostic differences of pyogenic liver abscess (PLA) in older (≥ 65 years of age) versus younger patients (< 65 years).

    Authors: Jorge Peris, Pablo Bellot, Pablo Roig, Sergio Reus, Sara Carrascosa, Gregorio González-Alcaide, José M. Palazón and José M. Ramos

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:161

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  35. Content type: Research Article

    Mild or pre-frailty is common and associated with increased risks of hospitalisation, functional decline, moves to long-term care, and death. Little is known about the effectiveness of health promotion in redu...

    Authors: Rachael Frost, Celia Belk, Ana Jovicic, Federico Ricciardi, Kalpa Kharicha, Benjamin Gardner, Steve Iliffe, Claire Goodman, Jill Manthorpe, Vari M Drennan and Kate Walters

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:157

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  36. Content type: Research Article

    India’s elderly population is rising at an unprecedented rate, with a majority living in rural areas. Health challenges associated with ageing, changing social networks and limited public health infrastructure...

    Authors: Nandita Bhan, Pavitra Madhira, Arundati Muralidharan, Bharati Kulkarni, GVS Murthy, Sanjay Basu and Sanjay Kinra

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:156

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  37. Content type: Research Article

    Studies have shown that inadequate access to healthcare is associated with lower levels of health and well-being in older adults. Studies have also shown significant urban-rural differences in access to health...

    Authors: Xufan Zhang, Matthew E. Dupre, Li Qiu, Wei Zhou, Yuan Zhao and Danan Gu

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:151

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  38. Content type: Research Article

    Older adults are susceptible to adverse effects from the concurrent use of medications and alcohol. The aim of this study was to systematically review the prevalence of concurrent use of alcohol and alcohol-in...

    Authors: Alice E. Holton, Paul Gallagher, Tom Fahey and Gráinne Cousins

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:148

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  39. Content type: Research Article

    Non-benzodiazepine hypnotics (Z-drugs) are advocated to be safer than benzodiazepines (BZDs). This study comprehensively investigated the association of BZD and Z-drug usage with the risk of hospitalisation fo...

    Authors: Nan-Wen Yu, Pei-Jung Chen, Hui-Ju Tsai, Chih-Wan Huang, Yu-Wen Chiu, Wen-Ing Tsay, Jui Hsu and Chia-Ming Chang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:140

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  40. Content type: Research Article

    Malnutrition is a nutritional disorder that adversely affects the body from a functional or clinical perspective. It is very often observed in the elderly population. This study aimed to estimate the prevalenc...

    Authors: Sami H. Alzahrani and Sultan H. Alamri

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:136

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  41. Content type: Research Article

    A tube feeding decision aid designed at the Ottawa Health Research Institute was specifically created for substitute decision-makers who must decide whether to allow placement of a percutaneous endoscopic gast...

    Authors: Yumiko Kuraoka and Kazuhiro Nakayama

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:134

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  42. Content type: Research Article

    Limited data are available regarding fit and healthy patients with pneumonia at different ages. We evaluated the association of age with clinical presentation, serotype and outcomes among healthy and well-func...

    Authors: Luis A. Ruiz, Pedro P. España, Ainhoa Gómez, Amaia Bilbao, Carmen Jaca, Amaia Arámburu, Alberto Capelastegui, Marcos I. Restrepo and Rafael Zalacain

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:130

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  43. Content type: Research Article

    Increasing life expectancy results in a larger proportion of older people susceptible to vaccine preventable diseases (VPDs). In the Netherlands, influenza vaccination is routinely offered to people aged 60 ye...

    Authors: Birthe A. Lehmann, Renske Eilers, Liesbeth Mollema, José Ferreira and Hester E. de Melker

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:122

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Malnutrition, low muscle strength and muscle mass are highly prevalent in older hospitalized patients and associated with adverse outcomes. Malnutrition may be a risk factor for developing low muscle mass. We ...

    Authors: Vincent D. Pierik, Carel G. M. Meskers, Jeanine M. Van Ancum, Siger T. Numans, Sjors Verlaan, Kira Scheerman, Roeliene C. Kruizinga and Andrea B. Maier

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:118

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  45. Content type: Research Article

    Alcohol consumption is considered a risk factor for sarcopenia, but the association between alcohol consumption and the prevalence of sarcopenia has not been evaluated in detail. This study was to identify the...

    Authors: Jun-Il Yoo, Yong-Chan Ha, Young-Kyun Lee, Hana-Choi, Moon-Jib Yoo and Kyung-Hoi Koo

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:114

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Frailty is a geriatric syndrome that affects multiple domains of human functioning. A variety of problems contributes to the development of this syndrome; poor nutritional status is an important determinant of...

    Authors: Laura Lorenzo-López, Ana Maseda, Carmen de Labra, Laura Regueiro-Folgueira, José L. Rodríguez-Villamil and José C. Millán-Calenti

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:108

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  47. Content type: Research Article

    Residential status has been linked to numerous determinants of health and well-being. However, the influence of residential status on cognitive decline remains unclear. The purpose of this research was to asse...

    Authors: Hanzhang Xu, Matthew E. Dupre, Danan Gu and Bei Wu

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:107

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  48. Content type: Research Article

    In the Emergency Department (ED), early and rapid identification of older people at risk of adverse outcomes, who could best benefit from complex geriatric intervention, would avoid wasting time, especially in...

    Authors: Isabelle De Brauwer, Pascale Cornette, Benoît Boland, Franck Verschuren and William D’Hoore

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:105

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