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Public health, nutrition and epidemiology

Section edited by Danan Gu

This section considers all topics relating to general public health and epidemiology. Nutrition, nutritional supplements, disease rates/statistics, disease prevention, prediction. Health promotion.

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  1. Content type: Study protocol

    Delirium affects 25% of older inpatients and is associated with long-term cognitive impairment and future dementia. However, no population studies have systematically ascertained cognitive function before, cognit...

    Authors: Daniel Davis, Sarah Richardson, Joanne Hornby, Helen Bowden, Katrin Hoffmann, Maryse Weston-Clarke, Fenella Green, Nishi Chaturvedi, Alun Hughes, Diana Kuh, Elizabeth Sampson, Ruth Mizoguchi, Khai Lee Cheah, Melanie Romain, Abhi Sinha, Rodric Jenkin…

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:45

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  2. Content type: Research Article

    Prevalence of malnutrition in older hospitalized patients is 30%. Malnutrition is associated with poor clinical outcomes in terms of high morbidity and mortality and is costly for hospitals. Extended nutrition...

    Authors: Yogesh Sharma, Campbell Thompson, Michelle Miller, Rashmi Shahi, Paul Hakendorf, Chris Horwood and Billingsley Kaambwa

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:41

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Diabetic kidney disease (DKD) is a major burden in elderly patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). Low estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR+, < 60 mL/min/1.73 m2) and albuminuria (Alb+) are essential for t...

    Authors: Giuseppina T. Russo, Salvatore De Cosmo, Francesca Viazzi, Antonio Mirijello, Antonio Ceriello, Pietro Guida, Carlo Giorda, Domenico Cucinotta, Roberto Pontremoli and Paola Fioretto

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:38

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  4. Content type: Research Article

    Research has demonstrated the importance of physical environments at mealtimes for residents in long term care (LTC). However, a lack of a standardized measurement to assess physical dining environments has re...

    Authors: Sabrina Iuglio, Heather Keller, Habib Chaudhury, Susan E. Slaughter, Christina Lengyel, Jill Morrison, Veronique Boscart and Natalie Carrier

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:20

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  5. Content type: Research Article

    Arguably the uptake and usability of the physical activity (PA) guidelines for older adults has not been effective with only 12% of this population meeting the minimum guidelines to maintain health. Health pro...

    Authors: Gareth R. Jones, Liza Stathokostas, Bradley W. Young, Andrew V. Wister, Shirley Chau, Patricia Clark, Mary Duggan, Drew Mitchell and Peter Nordland

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:13

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Multimorbidity is the coexistence of more than two chronic diseases in the same individual; however, there is no consensus about the best definition. In addition, few studies have described the variability of ...

    Authors: Marina Guisado-Clavero, Albert Roso-Llorach, Tomàs López-Jimenez, Mariona Pons-Vigués, Quintí Foguet-Boreu, Miguel Angel Muñoz and Concepción Violán

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:16

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  7. Content type: Research article

    To evaluate the long-term surgical outcomes of patients with urinary retention (UR) caused by a benign prostatic obstruction (BPO) who underwent transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP), and compare thei...

    Authors: Yu-Hsiang Lin, Chen-Pang Hou, Tien-Hsing Chen, Horng-Heng Juang, Phei-Lang Chang, Pei-Shan Yang, Chien-lun Chen and Ke-Hung Tsui

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:15

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  8. Content type: Research Article

    Assessing quality of life among the elderly is a complex and multifaceted issue. Elderly people might find valuing and describing their personal experience of quality of life (QoL) demanding and cumbersome. Th...

    Authors: Riaan Botes, Karin M. Vermeulen, Adelita V. Ranchor and Erik Buskens

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:11

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  9. Content type: Research Article

    Age-related declines in skeletal muscle mass and strength, representing “sarcopenia,” are a growing concern in aging societies. However, the prevalence of low muscle mass based on the height2-adjustment has been ...

    Authors: Rei Otsuka, Yasumoto Matsui, Chikako Tange, Yukiko Nishita, Makiko Tomida, Fujiko Ando, Hiroshi Shimokata and Hidenori Arai

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:8

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  10. Content type: Research Article

    Hypertension is considered a major public health challenge. It is the most important risk factor for cardiovascular disease and is a prominent risk for China’s elderly population. However, few studies have add...

    Authors: Zhi-Qi Yang, Qi Zhao, Ping Jiang, Song-Bai Zheng and Biao Xu

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:296

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  11. Content type: Research Article

    Whether the suggested inverse association between total cholesterol and mortality in old age varies according to cause of death and use of cholesterol medications remains to be elucidated. The aim of this stud...

    Authors: Yajun Liang, Davide Liborio Vetrano and Chengxuan Qiu

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:294

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Falls are common among elderly people, and the risk increase with age. Falls are associated with both health and social consequences for the patient, and major societal costs. Identification of risk factors sh...

    Authors: Laila Arnesdatter Hopstock, Elisabeth Bøe Utne, Alexander Horsch and Tove Skjelbakken

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:292

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  13. Content type: Research Article

    The association between social capital and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) has not been thoroughly studied among older persons in rural China, especially among those who were left behind or not. This st...

    Authors: Yaqin Zhong, Pär Schön, Bo Burström and Kristina Burström

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:287

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  14. Content type: Research Article

    Accidental falls in older people are a major public health problem but a relatively limited number of studies have analyzed the mortality trends from this cause. Effective public health interventions have been...

    Authors: Alicia Padrón-Monedero, Javier Damián, M. Pilar Martin and Rafael Fernández-Cuenca

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:276

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  15. Content type: Research Article

    Diabetes mellitus and hypertension are risk factors for cardiovascular disease, which is the most common cause of death in the world. People with intellectual disability (ID) have been reported to have high ra...

    Authors: Anna Axmon, Gerd Ahlström and Peter Höglund

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:272

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  16. Content type: Research Article

    Sweden has closed all institutions and imposed legislation to ensure service and support for individuals with intellectual disability (ID). Understanding mortality among older individuals with ID is essential ...

    Authors: Nawi Ng, Eva Flygare Wallén and Gerd Ahlström

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:269

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  17. Content type: Research Article

    Diet has been associated with differences in weight and nutritional status of an individual. The prevalence of overweight and obesity increased among adults in Taiwan. Hence, we examined the relationship betwe...

    Authors: Miriam Adoyo Muga, Patrick Opiyo Owili, Chien-Yeh Hsu, Hsiao-Hsien Rau and Jane C-J Chao

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:268

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  18. Content type: Research Article

    It is widely supposed that there is no benefit, including extended survival and decreased rate of pneumonia, in patients with severe dementia receiving enteral tube feeding (TF). However, there have been few s...

    Authors: Shintaro Takenoshita, Keiko Kondo, Keiichi Okazaki, Akihiko Hirao, Keiko Takayama, Keisuke Hirayama, Hiroyuki Asaba, Kenji Nakata, Hideki Ishizu, Hiromi Takahashi, Hanae Nakashima-Yasuda, Yasue Sakurada, Kengo Fujikawa, Osamu Yokota, Norihito Yamada and Seishi Terada

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:267

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