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Public health, nutrition and epidemiology

Section edited by Danan Gu

This section considers all topics relating to general public health and epidemiology. Nutrition, nutritional supplements, disease rates/statistics, disease prevention, prediction. Health promotion.

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  1. Many studies have investigated the association between vitamin D and metabolic syndrome (MetS). However, few studies have investigated the association stratified by sex in the elderly. Therefore, we aimed to e...

    Authors: Su Jin Lee, Eun Young Lee, Jung Hyun Lee, Jong Eun Kim, Kwang Joon Kim, Yumie Rhee, Hyeon Chang Kim, Yoosik Youm and Chang Oh Kim

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:102

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:131

  2. Many adults are living longer with health conditions in the United States. Understanding the disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) for such health conditions may help to inform healthcare providers and their ...

    Authors: Ryan McGrath, Soham Al Snih, Kyriakos Markides, Orman Hall and Mark Peterson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:100

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Hip fractures are a common injury in older people. Many studies worldwide have identified various risk factors for hip fracture. However, risk factors for hip fracture have not been studied extensively in New ...

    Authors: Rebecca Abey-Nesbit, Philip J. Schluter, Tim Wilkinson, John Hugh Thwaites, Sarah D. Berry and Hamish A. Jamieson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:93

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Ghana is experiencing an epidemiological shift in public health issues toward non-communicable diseases that are underpinned by modifiable health behaviors. Physical activity rates have decreased, especially a...

    Authors: Laura E. Balis, Godfred Sowatey, Kwame Ansong-Gyimah, Eunice Ofori and Samantha M. Harden

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:85

    Content type: Research article

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  5. The social structure is changing with an increase in the ratio of the older population, resulting in a growing number of older people being faced with singlehood. This study identified and described single old...

    Authors: Su-Fei Huang, Chiu-Mieh Huang, Shueh-Fen Chen, Li-Ting Lu and Jong-Long Guo

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:74

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Numerous medications should be avoided, or require dose adjustment in subjects with impaired kidney function. We aimed to assess the prevalence of potentially inappropriate use of renal risk drugs in a nation-...

    Authors: Ewa Deskur-Śmielecka, Jerzy Chudek, Agnieszka Neumann-Podczaska, Małgorzata Mossakowska, Barbara Wizner and Katarzyna Wieczorowska-Tobis

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:70

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Research on discrimination and health focused on older adults has been scarce, comparatively with younger and middle-aged adults. Considering where people live matters, accurate measures of perceived discrimin...

    Authors: Luciana de Souza Braga, Waleska Teixeira Caiaffa, Ana Paula Romanelli Ceolin, Fabíola Bof de Andrade and Maria Fernanda Lima-Costa

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:67

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Health professionals and healthcare volunteers play a critical role in promoting uptake of the fecal occult blood test (FOBT), which is an effective screening method for colorectal cancer. However, previous st...

    Authors: Tsung-Yi Lin, Shu-Tzu Chuang, Su-Fei Huang, Hsiao-Pei Hsu, Li-Ting Lu and Jong-Long Guo

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:51

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Drug consumption increases with age, but there are few comparisons of drug use between old people living at home or in a nursing home. To identify areas of concern as well as in need for quality improvement in...

    Authors: Amura Francesca Fog, Jørund Straand, Knut Engedal and Hege Salvesen Blix

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:49

    Content type: Research article

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  10. The proportion of older people has dramatically increased in recent decades. Moreover, social and demographic trends show a global increase of older people at risk of loneliness and lack of social relationship...

    Authors: María José López, Carolina Lapena, Alba Sánchez, Xavier Continente and Ana Fernández

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:44

    Content type: Study protocol

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  11. Constipation is a common condition among older people, particularly among people living in nursing homes, and the use of drugs such as opioids is one of many factors that contribute to its high prevalence. The...

    Authors: Maria Gustafsson, Kristina Lämås, Ulf Isaksson, Per-Olof Sandman and Hugo Lövheim

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:38

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Previous studies have reported the associations of frailty phenotype or its components with mortality. However, studies that explored the effects of transition in frailty status on mortality were far less in A...

    Authors: Mu-Cyun Wang, Tsai-Chung Li, Chia-Ing Li, Chiu-Shong Liu, Wen-Yuan Lin, Chih-Hsueh Lin, Chuan-Wei Yang, Shing-Yu Yang and Cheng-Chieh Lin

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:26

    Content type: Research article

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  13. To estimate the potential gains in health-adjusted life expectancy (HALE) after hypothetical elimination of four non-communicable diseases (NCDs) among Chinese elderly from 1990 to 2016, including cardiovascul...

    Authors: Xiaoqian Hu, Xueshan Sun, Yuanyuan Li, Yuxuan Gu, Minzhuo Huang, Jingming Wei, Xuemei Zhen, Shuyan Gu and Hengjin Dong

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:16

    Content type: Research article

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  14. The proportion of population ageing in China will grow significantly in the next few decades but the pace of population ageing and social change vary considerably across regions. Notably, Eastern coastal areas...

    Authors: Vasoontara Yiengprugsawan, Catherine D’Este, Julie Byles and Hal Kendig

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:10

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Procalcitonin (PCT) is a useful marker for pneumonia. However, its clinical usefulness in elderly patients has not been studied extensively. This study aimed to assess the relationship between PCT and prognosi...

    Authors: Takanori Akagi, Nobuhiko Nagata, Hiroyuki Miyazaki, Taishi Harada, Satoshi Takeda, Yuji Yoshida, Kenji Wada, Masaki Fujita and Kentaro Watanabe

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:3

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Evidence is scarce on the trend in prevalence of geriatric syndromes (GS). This study assesses how GS prevalence changes over time in Swedish older community-dwellers by socio-demography, and attempts to highl...

    Authors: Yajun Liang, Christian Rausch, Lucie Laflamme and Jette Möller

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:322

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Hip fractures among older adults are a major public health problem in many countries. Hip fractures are associated with expensive health care treatments, and serious adverse effects on patients’ health and qua...

    Authors: Henning Øien, Niklas Jakobsson and Carl Bonander

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:311

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Risk factors associated with opioid-induced adverse reactions (OIARs) in the elderly population have not been well defined. The objective of this study was to determine effects of various risk factors on incid...

    Authors: Ji Young Kim, Joo Hee Kim, Jeong Yee, Soo Jin Song and Hye Sun Gwak

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:293

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Among older couples, spouses are first in line to provide care, and they are key elements in the home support of dependent older persons. In this context, ensuring the health of these older spousal caregivers ...

    Authors: Florence Potier, Jean-Marie Degryse, Benoit Bihin, Florence Debacq-Chainiaux, Chantal Charlet-Renard, Henri Martens and Marie de Saint-Hubert

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:291

    Content type: Research article

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  20. A good nutritional status is key for maintaining health and quality of life in older adults. In the Netherlands, 11 to 35% of the community-dwelling elderly are undernourished. Undernutrition or the risk of it...

    Authors: M. N. van Doorn-van Atten, A. Haveman-Nies, P. Pilichowski, R. Roca, J. H. M. de Vries and C. P. G. M. de Groot

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:284

    Content type: Study protocol

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  21. The frailty phenotype is defined by the presence of three from the following five clinical features: weakness, slow walking speed, unintentional weight loss, exhaustion, and low physical activity. It has been ...

    Authors: Emma Grace Lewis, Selina Coles, Kate Howorth, John Kissima, William Gray, Sarah Urasa, Richard Walker and Catherine Dotchin

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:283

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Sedative-hypnotics (SHs) are widely used in France but there are no available data addressing their prescription specifically in hospitalized older patients. The objective is thus to determine the cumulative i...

    Authors: Elsa Bourcier, Amandine Baptiste, Adrien Borowik, Lucas Zerbib, Dominique Bonnet-Zamponi, Florence Tubach, Christine Fernandez and Patrick Hindlet

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:278

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Falls occurring on stairs or in bathrooms are associated with a high risk of injuries among older adults. Home environmental assessments are frequently used to guide fall-prevention interventions. The aims of ...

    Authors: Rosanne Blanchet and Nancy Edwards

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:272

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Obesity and chronic pain are common comorbidities and adversely influence each other. Advanced age is associated with more comorbidities and multi-morbidities. In this study, we investigated the burden of over...

    Authors: Huan-Ji Dong, Britt Larsson, Lars-Åke Levin, Lars Bernfort and Björn Gerdle

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:270

    Content type: Research article

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  25. There is a lack of studies that focus explicitly on the association between social exclusion and obesity. The aim of the present study was to identify whether social exclusion is associated with obesity in older ...

    Authors: André Hajek and Hans-Helmut König

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:258

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Multimorbidity and frailty are relevant conditions among older adult population. There is growing evidence about their association with poor health outcomes like disability, worst quality of life, and death. N...

    Authors: Ana Rivera-Almaraz, Betty Manrique-Espinoza, José Alberto Ávila-Funes, Somnath Chatterji, Nirmala Naidoo, Paul Kowal and Aarón Salinas-Rodríguez

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:236

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Vitamin D deficiency is known to be highly prevalent in older persons. However, the prevalence in the subgroup of frail older hospitalized patients is not clear. We sought to investigate the prevalence and pre...

    Authors: Simon Friedrich Boettger, Bjoern Angersbach, Christiane Nicola Klimek, Ana Lemos Monteiro Wanderley, Azim Shaibekov, Lars Sieske, Baigang Wang, Matthias Zuchowski, Rainer Wirth and Maryam Pourhassan

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:219

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Emerging studies have investigated the association between different anthropometric indices with diabetes risk but the results were inconsistent. The aims of the study were to examine the associations of diffe...

    Authors: Jing Yang, Fei Wang, Jing Wang, Xu Han, Hua Hu, Caizheng Yu, Jing Yuan, Ping Yao, Xiaoping Miao, Sheng Wei, Youjie Wang, Weihong Chen, Yuan Liang, Huan Guo, Xiaomin Zhang, Dan Zheng…

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:218

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Vitamin D deficiency and frailty are common with aging. Previous studies examining vitamin D status and frailty have produced mixed results, and in particular, the shape of the association has not been well es...

    Authors: Sang Yhun Ju, June Young Lee and Do Hoon Kim

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:206

    Content type: Research article

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  30. The increasing proportion of people growing old, demands expanded knowledge of how people can experience successful aging. Having a good life while growing old is dependent on several factors such as nutrition...

    Authors: Kjersti Grønning, Geir A. Espnes, Camilla Nguyen, Ana Maria Ferreira Rodrigues, Maria Joao Gregorio, Rute Sousa, Helena Canhão and Beate André

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:205

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Malnutrition in older persons is a public health concern. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of malnutrition and its associated factors among community-dwelling older persons in Sri Lanka.

    Authors: H. D. W. T. Damayanthi, F. M. Moy, K. L. Abdullah and S. D. Dharmaratne

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:199

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Hypovitaminosis D and depressive syndromes are common conditions in old adults. However, little is known about the relationship between vitamin D and depression in exceptional aged people. The objective of thi...

    Authors: Yao Yao, Shihui Fu, Hao Zhang, Nan Li, Qiao Zhu, Fu Zhang, Fuxin Luan, Yali Zhao and Yao He

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:198

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Falls pose major health problems to the middle-aged and older adults and may potentially lead to various levels of injuries. Sleep duration and disturbances have been shown to be associated with falls in liter...

    Authors: Samuel Kwaku Essien, Cindy Xin Feng, Wenjie Sun, Marwa Farag, Longhai Li and Yongqing Gao

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:196

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Little is known about the health, nutrition, and quality of life of the aging population in Nepal. Consequently, we aimed to assess the nutritional status, depression and health-related quality of life (HRQOL)...

    Authors: Saruna Ghimire, Binaya Kumar Baral, Buddhi Raj Pokhrel, Asmita Pokhrel, Anushree Acharya, Dipta Amatya, Prabisha Amatya and Shiva Raj Mishra

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:191

    Content type: Research Article

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  35. Societies around the world face the burden of an aging population with a high prevalence of chronic conditions. Thus, the demand for different types of long-term care will increase and change over time. The pu...

    Authors: Kathrin Steinbeisser, Eva Grill, Rolf Holle, Annette Peters and Hildegard Seidl

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:172

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Older emergency department patients are more vulnerable than younger patients, yet many risk factors that contribute to the mortality of older patients remain unclear and under investigation. This study endeav...

    Authors: Carmen García-Peña, Mario Ulises Pérez-Zepeda, Leslie Viridiana Robles-Jiménez, Sergio Sánchez-García, Ricardo Ramírez-Aldana and Pamela Tella-Vega

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:144

    Content type: Research Article

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  37. Studies on persistence of benzodiazepine agonist (BZDA) withdrawal in older outpatients are few, and few studies on long-term persistence over years have yet been published. To describe the persistence of tema...

    Authors: Juha Puustinen, Ritva Lähteenmäki, Janne Nurminen, Tero Vahlberg, Pertti Aarnio, Markku Partinen, Ismo Räihä, Pertti J. Neuvonen and Sirkka-Liisa Kivelä

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:142

    Content type: Research Article

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  38. Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) are increasingly used in daily clinical practice in elderly patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) despite limited evidence. The purpose of this study was to asses...

    Authors: Xiaojing Chen, Salim Bary Barywani, Runa Sigurjonsdottir and Michael Fu

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:137

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Nursing home residents in Sweden are old, frail and usually have multiple morbidities which often make dying a prolonged suffering. It has been found that older persons at nursing homes receive far less pallia...

    Authors: Helene Åvik Persson, Anna Sandgren, Carl-Johan Fürst, Gerd Ahlström and Lina Behm

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:134

    Content type: Research Article

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  40. Many survivors of the Great East Japan Earthquake that occurred in 2011 were at risk of deteriorating health, especially elderly people living in disaster-stricken areas. The objectives of this prospective stu...

    Authors: M. Tsubota-Utsugi, Y. Yonekura, K. Tanno, M. Nozue, H. Shimoda, N. Nishi, K. Sakata and S. Kobayashi

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:133

    Content type: Research article

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  41. With the rapid growth of elderly patients visiting the Emergency Department (ED), it is expected that there will be even more hospitalisations following ED visits in the future. The aim of this study was to ex...

    Authors: C. P. Launay, A. Kabeshova, A. Lanoé, J. Chabot, E. J. Levinoff and O. Beauchet

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:127

    Content type: Research Article

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  42. Iron deficiency is one of the most common causes of anemia in geriatric patients. Although the oral iron intake is often inadequate, the potential of iron dense foods in the daily meals of geriatric institutio...

    Authors: Baerbel Sturtzel, Ibrahim Elmadfa, Brigitte Hermann, Walter Schippinger and Gerald Ohrenberger

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:123

    Content type: Research Article

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  43. Orofacial pain in people with dementia is difficult to detect, and often under-treated. Our aim was to investigate the prevalence of orofacial pain in people with dementia in acute hospitals in the UK. Seconda...

    Authors: Liza J. M. van de Rijt, Roxane A. F. Weijenberg, Alexandra R. Feast, Victoria Vickerstaff, Frank Lobbezoo and Elizabeth L. Sampson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:121

    Content type: Research article

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