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Public health, nutrition and epidemiology

Section edited by Danan Gu

This section considers all topics relating to general public health and epidemiology. Nutrition, nutritional supplements, disease rates/statistics, disease prevention, prediction. Health promotion.

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  1. Content type: Research Article

    Arguably the uptake and usability of the physical activity (PA) guidelines for older adults has not been effective with only 12% of this population meeting the minimum guidelines to maintain health. Health pro...

    Authors: Gareth R. Jones, Liza Stathokostas, Bradley W. Young, Andrew V. Wister, Shirley Chau, Patricia Clark, Mary Duggan, Drew Mitchell and Peter Nordland

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:13

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Multimorbidity is the coexistence of more than two chronic diseases in the same individual; however, there is no consensus about the best definition. In addition, few studies have described the variability of ...

    Authors: Marina Guisado-Clavero, Albert Roso-Llorach, Tomàs López-Jimenez, Mariona Pons-Vigués, Quintí Foguet-Boreu, Miguel Angel Muñoz and Concepción Violán

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:16

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  3. Content type: Research Article

    Age-related declines in skeletal muscle mass and strength, representing “sarcopenia,” are a growing concern in aging societies. However, the prevalence of low muscle mass based on the height2-adjustment has been ...

    Authors: Rei Otsuka, Yasumoto Matsui, Chikako Tange, Yukiko Nishita, Makiko Tomida, Fujiko Ando, Hiroshi Shimokata and Hidenori Arai

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:8

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  4. Content type: Research Article

    Hypertension is considered a major public health challenge. It is the most important risk factor for cardiovascular disease and is a prominent risk for China’s elderly population. However, few studies have add...

    Authors: Zhi-Qi Yang, Qi Zhao, Ping Jiang, Song-Bai Zheng and Biao Xu

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:296

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  5. Content type: Research Article

    Whether the suggested inverse association between total cholesterol and mortality in old age varies according to cause of death and use of cholesterol medications remains to be elucidated. The aim of this stud...

    Authors: Yajun Liang, Davide Liborio Vetrano and Chengxuan Qiu

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:294

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Falls are common among elderly people, and the risk increase with age. Falls are associated with both health and social consequences for the patient, and major societal costs. Identification of risk factors sh...

    Authors: Laila Arnesdatter Hopstock, Elisabeth Bøe Utne, Alexander Horsch and Tove Skjelbakken

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:292

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  7. Content type: Research Article

    The association between social capital and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) has not been thoroughly studied among older persons in rural China, especially among those who were left behind or not. This st...

    Authors: Yaqin Zhong, Pär Schön, Bo Burström and Kristina Burström

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:287

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  8. Content type: Research Article

    Accidental falls in older people are a major public health problem but a relatively limited number of studies have analyzed the mortality trends from this cause. Effective public health interventions have been...

    Authors: Alicia Padrón-Monedero, Javier Damián, M. Pilar Martin and Rafael Fernández-Cuenca

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:276

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  9. Content type: Research Article

    Diabetes mellitus and hypertension are risk factors for cardiovascular disease, which is the most common cause of death in the world. People with intellectual disability (ID) have been reported to have high ra...

    Authors: Anna Axmon, Gerd Ahlström and Peter Höglund

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:272

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  10. Content type: Research Article

    Sweden has closed all institutions and imposed legislation to ensure service and support for individuals with intellectual disability (ID). Understanding mortality among older individuals with ID is essential ...

    Authors: Nawi Ng, Eva Flygare Wallén and Gerd Ahlström

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:269

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  11. Content type: Research Article

    Diet has been associated with differences in weight and nutritional status of an individual. The prevalence of overweight and obesity increased among adults in Taiwan. Hence, we examined the relationship betwe...

    Authors: Miriam Adoyo Muga, Patrick Opiyo Owili, Chien-Yeh Hsu, Hsiao-Hsien Rau and Jane C-J Chao

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:268

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  12. Content type: Research Article

    It is widely supposed that there is no benefit, including extended survival and decreased rate of pneumonia, in patients with severe dementia receiving enteral tube feeding (TF). However, there have been few s...

    Authors: Shintaro Takenoshita, Keiko Kondo, Keiichi Okazaki, Akihiko Hirao, Keiko Takayama, Keisuke Hirayama, Hiroyuki Asaba, Kenji Nakata, Hideki Ishizu, Hiromi Takahashi, Hanae Nakashima-Yasuda, Yasue Sakurada, Kengo Fujikawa, Osamu Yokota, Norihito Yamada and Seishi Terada

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:267

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  13. Content type: Research Article

    Frailty is a common problem among older people and it is associated with an increased risk of death and long-term institutional care. Early identification of frailty is necessary to prevent a further decline i...

    Authors: Minna Miettinen, Miia Tiihonen, Sirpa Hartikainen and Irma Nykänen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:266

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  14. Content type: Research Article

    Geriatric patients are affected by a range of skin conditions and dermatological diseases, functional limitations and chronic diseases. Skin problems are highly prevalent in elderly populations. Aim of this st...

    Authors: Elisabeth Hahnel, Ulrike Blume-Peytavi, Carina Trojahn and Jan Kottner

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:263

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  15. Content type: Research Article

    The older population is a risk group for hypovitaminosis D. The Ultraviolet Index (UVI) can be an indicator of potential for cutaneous synthesis of vitamin D but physiological and other environmental factors a...

    Authors: Sofia Cardoso, Alejandro Santos, Rita S. Guerra, Ana S. Sousa, Patrícia Padrão, Pedro Moreira, Cláudia Afonso, Teresa F. Amaral and Nuno Borges

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:256

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  16. Content type: Research Article

    Aging is often associated with the challenge of navigating daily tasks with a painful chronic medical illness. Yet, there is concern of the number of older adults impacted with more than one chronic condition....

    Authors: Tamara A. Baker, Olivio J. Clay, Vicki Johnson-Lawrence, Jacquelyn A. Minahan, Chivon A. Mingo, Roland J. Thorpe, Fernando Ovalle and Michael Crowe

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:255

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  17. Content type: Research Article

    Vascular dementia (VaD) is the second most common form of dementia. However, there were mixed evidences about the association between blood pressure (BP) and risk of VaD in midlife and late life and limited ev...

    Authors: Mingkai Peng, Guanmin Chen, Karen L. Tang, Hude Quan, Eric E. Smith, Peter Faris, Vladimir Hachinski and Norm R. C. Campbell

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:252

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  18. Content type: Research Article

    Previous studies have shown that hypertension is a risk factor for cognitive impairment, but whether this association is also present in extremely poor populations in Low Middle Income Countries settings remai...

    Authors: Maria Lazo-Porras, Victor Ortiz-Soriano, Miguel Moscoso-Porras, Fernando M. Runzer-Colmenares, German Málaga and J. Jaime Miranda

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:250

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  19. Content type: Research Article

    Elderly patients with aged physical status and increased underlying disease suffered from more postoperative complication and mortality. We design this retrospective cohort study to investigate the relationshi...

    Authors: Chun-Lin Chu, Hung-Yi Chiou, Wei-Han Chou, Po-Ya Chang, Yi-You Huang and Huei-Ming Yeh

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:245

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Vitamin D deficiency is widespread in China, particularly among older adults. Factors associated with suboptimal vitamin D levels are not well defined. The present study was a population-based study that inclu...

    Authors: Qun Cheng, Yanping Du, Wei Hong, Wenjing Tang, Huilin Li, Minmin Chen and Songbai Zheng

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:246

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  21. Content type: Research Article

    The Japanese Orthopedic Association first proposed the concept of “locomotive syndrome” in 2007. It refers to circumstances in which elderly people need nursing care services or are at high risk of requiring s...

    Authors: Manabu Akahane, Shingo Yoshihara, Akie Maeyashiki, Yasuhito Tanaka and Tomoaki Imamura

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:241

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  22. Content type: Research Article

    A recent controversy in vitamin D research is a “U-shaped association”, with elevated disease risks at both high and low 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25 (OH) D) levels.

    Authors: Gotaro Kojima, Steve Iliffe and Marianne Tanabe

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:236

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  23. Content type: Research Article

    To date, there is no consensus regarding cardiovascular risk management in the very old. Studies have shown that the relationship between traditional cardiovascular risk factors and mortality is null or even i...

    Authors: Bert Vaes, David Depoortere, Gijs Van Pottelbergh, Catharina Matheï, Joana Neto and Jan Degryse

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:234

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  24. Content type: Research Article

    Residents of nursing homes may have low 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) concentrations. Associations between vitamin D and cognitive performance, dementia and susceptibility to infections are not clearly establish...

    Authors: Rebeka Arnljots, Jörgen Thorn, Marie Elm, Michael Moore and Pär-Daniel Sundvall

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:229

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  25. Content type: Research Article

    Frail residents in the nursing home sector call for extra care in prescribing. The Norwegian General Practice Nursing Home (NORGEP-NH) list of 34 explicit criteria for potentially inappropriate medication use ...

    Authors: Gunhild Nyborg, Mette Brekke, Jørund Straand, Svein Gjelstad and Maria Romøren

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:220

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  26. Content type: Study protocol

    Older persons often have interacting physical and social problems and complex care needs. An integrated care approach in the local context with collaborations between community-, social-, and health-focused or...

    Authors: Carmen B. Franse, Antonius J.J. Voorham, Rob van Staveren, Elin Koppelaar, Rens Martijn, Elisa Valía-Cotanda, Tamara Alhambra-Borrás, Tasos Rentoumis, Lovorka Bilajac, Vanja Vasiljev Marchesi, Tomislav Rukavina, Arpana Verma, Greg Williams, Gary Clough, Jorge Garcés-Ferrer, Francesco Mattace Raso…

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:209

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  27. Content type: Research Article

    Several studies have investigated the predictors of alcohol consumption behavior among adolescents and young adults. However, the body of evidence about the relationship between in particular psychological fac...

    Authors: André Hajek, Jens-Oliver Bock, Siegfried Weyerer and Hans-Helmut König

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:207

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  28. Content type: Research Article

    Fall injuries are stressful and painful and they have a range of serious consequences for older people. While there is some clinical evidence of unintentional poisoning by medication following a severe fall in...

    Authors: C. Rausch, L. Laflamme, S. E. de Rooij, U. Bültmann and J Möller

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:202

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Evidence of an association between low socioeconomic position (SEP) and inflammatory markers is scant. This study aimed to examine how life-course SEP predicted C-reactive protein (CRP) and interleukin (IL-6) ...

    Authors: Yu-Hsuan Lin, Min-Hua Jen and Kuo-Liong Chien

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:201

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  30. Content type: Research Article

    Self-medication is described as the use of drugs without a physician’s prescription to treat self-recognized illness or symptoms, and an important health issue among the elderly. Despite the wide range of diff...

    Authors: Seyede Salehe Mortazavi, Mohsen Shati, Hamid Reza Khankeh, Fazlollah Ahmadi, Shiva Mehravaran and Seyed Kazem Malakouti

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:198

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  31. Content type: Research Article

    China and India are the world’s two most populous countries. Although their populations are growing in number and life expectancies are extending they have different trajectories of economic growth, epidemiolo...

    Authors: Jennifer Stewart Williams, Fredrik Norström and Nawi Ng

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:197

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  32. Content type: Research Article

    Accumulation of problems in physical, psychological, cognitive, or social functioning is characteristic for frail individuals. Using a four-domain approach of frailty, this study explored how sociodemographic ...

    Authors: Sandra H van Oostrom, Daphne L van der A, M Liset Rietman, H Susan J Picavet, Manon Lette, W M Monique Verschuren, Simone R de Bruin and Annemieke M W Spijkerman

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:196

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  33. Content type: Research Article

    Previous studies investigated the determinants of individuals’ decision to vaccinate against influenza primarily focusing on social as well as certain proximal determinants, for example, behavioral beliefs. Th...

    Authors: Jens-Oliver Bock, André Hajek and Hans-Helmut König

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:194

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  34. Content type: Research Article

    This study sought to identify multimorbidity patterns and determine the association between these latent classes with several outcomes, including health, functioning, disability, quality of life and use of ser...

    Authors: Beatriz Olaya, Maria Victoria Moneta, Francisco Félix Caballero, Stefanos Tyrovolas, Ivet Bayes, José Luis Ayuso-Mateos and Josep Maria Haro

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:186

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  35. Content type: Research Article

    Sarcopenia is defined as the age-related decline in skeletal muscle mass and function. The risk factors and causes of sarcopenia must be identified to develop prevention and treatment strategies for this syndr...

    Authors: Shan Hai, Hui Wang, Li Cao, Ping Liu, Jianghua Zhou, Ying Yang and Birong Dong

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:187

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  36. Content type: Research Article

    Living arrangements of older adults have changed worldwide with increasing solitary and non-spouse households, which could affect social care systems. However, the relationship between these households and dis...

    Authors: Tami Saito, Chiyoe Murata, Jun Aida and Katsunori Kondo

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:183

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  37. Content type: Research Article

    Japan is known for its long life expectancy and rapidly aging society that there are various demands of older adults need to be fulfilled with, and one of them is long-term care needs. Therefore, Japan impleme...

    Authors: Huei-Ru Lin, Tetsuya Otsubo and Yuichi Imanaka

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:182

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  38. Content type: Research Article

    The elderly are predisposed to septic arthritis (SA) because of the aging nature and increasing comorbidities. SA may in turn increase the long-term mortality in the geriatric patients; however, it remains unc...

    Authors: Chia-Jung Wu, Chien-Cheng Huang, Shih-Feng Weng, Ping-Jen Chen, Chien-Chin Hsu, Jhi-Joung Wang, How-Ran Guo and Hung-Jung Lin

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:178

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  39. Content type: Research Article

    Disability among older adults is a public health concern. To date there are no in-depth and comprehensive analyses on older adults’ disabilities in Bangladesh. This study investigated gender differences in the...

    Authors: Md. Ismail Tareque, Andrew D. Tiedt, Towfiqua Mahfuza Islam, Sharifa Begum and Yasuhiko Saito

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:177

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  40. Content type: Research Article

    Oral health and frailty might be linked through several pathways, but previous studies are scarce. This study examined the association between oral health and components of Fried’s frailty phenotype.

    Authors: Benedikta Kamdem, Laurence Seematter-Bagnoud, Fabiana Botrugno and Brigitte Santos-Eggimann

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:174

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  41. Content type: Research Article

    Self-reported health is a widely used measure of health status across individuals. As the ageing population increases, the health of the elderly also becomes of growing concern. The elderly go through life fac...

    Authors: Cynthia Lum Fonta, Justice Nonvignon, Moses Aikins, Emmanuel Nwosu and Genevieve Cecilia Aryeetey

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:171

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  42. Content type: Research Article

    There is little knowledge about the consumption of alcohol among Chinese and Norwegian older adults aged 65 years and over. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and factors related to alcoho...

    Authors: Juan Li, Bei Wu, Geir Selbæk, Steinar Krokstad and Anne-S. Helvik

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:172

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  43. Content type: Research Article

    Metabolic syndrome (MetS) was a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, yet the prevalence of MetS among nonagenarians and centenarians was rarely reported. Here we investigated the prevalence of MetS and its...

    Authors: Xianghua He, Wei Zhang, Guofang Pang, Yuan Lv, Caiyou Hu and Ze Yang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:169

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  44. Content type: Research Article

    Although it has long been known that a broad range of factors beyond medical diagnoses affect health and health services use, it has been unclear whether additional income can decrease health service use. We e...

    Authors: Sarah L. Szanton, Laura J. Samuel, Rachel Cahill, Ginger Zielinskie, Jennifer L. Wolff, Roland J. Thorpe Jr and Charles Betley

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:162

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  45. Content type: Research Article

    To analyse the clinical, epidemiological, microbiological and prognostic differences of pyogenic liver abscess (PLA) in older (≥ 65 years of age) versus younger patients (< 65 years).

    Authors: Jorge Peris, Pablo Bellot, Pablo Roig, Sergio Reus, Sara Carrascosa, Gregorio González-Alcaide, José M. Palazón and José M. Ramos

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:161

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  46. Content type: Research Article

    Mild or pre-frailty is common and associated with increased risks of hospitalisation, functional decline, moves to long-term care, and death. Little is known about the effectiveness of health promotion in redu...

    Authors: Rachael Frost, Celia Belk, Ana Jovicic, Federico Ricciardi, Kalpa Kharicha, Benjamin Gardner, Steve Iliffe, Claire Goodman, Jill Manthorpe, Vari M Drennan and Kate Walters

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:157

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  47. Content type: Research Article

    Studies have shown that inadequate access to healthcare is associated with lower levels of health and well-being in older adults. Studies have also shown significant urban-rural differences in access to health...

    Authors: Xufan Zhang, Matthew E. Dupre, Li Qiu, Wei Zhou, Yuan Zhao and Danan Gu

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:151

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