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Public health, nutrition and epidemiology

Section edited by Danan Gu

This section considers all topics relating to general public health and epidemiology. Nutrition, nutritional supplements, disease rates/statistics, disease prevention, prediction. Health promotion.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Societies around the world face the burden of an aging population with a high prevalence of chronic conditions. Thus, the demand for different types of long-term care will increase and change over time. The pu...

    Authors: Kathrin Steinbeisser, Eva Grill, Rolf Holle, Annette Peters and Hildegard Seidl

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:172

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  2. Content type: Research Article

    Older emergency department patients are more vulnerable than younger patients, yet many risk factors that contribute to the mortality of older patients remain unclear and under investigation. This study endeav...

    Authors: Carmen García-Peña, Mario Ulises Pérez-Zepeda, Leslie Viridiana Robles-Jiménez, Sergio Sánchez-García, Ricardo Ramírez-Aldana and Pamela Tella-Vega

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:144

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  3. Content type: Research Article

    Studies on persistence of benzodiazepine agonist (BZDA) withdrawal in older outpatients are few, and few studies on long-term persistence over years have yet been published. To describe the persistence of tema...

    Authors: Juha Puustinen, Ritva Lähteenmäki, Janne Nurminen, Tero Vahlberg, Pertti Aarnio, Markku Partinen, Ismo Räihä, Pertti J. Neuvonen and Sirkka-Liisa Kivelä

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:142

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) are increasingly used in daily clinical practice in elderly patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) despite limited evidence. The purpose of this study was to asses...

    Authors: Xiaojing Chen, Salim Bary Barywani, Runa Sigurjonsdottir and Michael Fu

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:137

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Many survivors of the Great East Japan Earthquake that occurred in 2011 were at risk of deteriorating health, especially elderly people living in disaster-stricken areas. The objectives of this prospective stu...

    Authors: M. Tsubota-Utsugi, Y. Yonekura, K. Tanno, M. Nozue, H. Shimoda, N. Nishi, K. Sakata and S. Kobayashi

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:133

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  6. Content type: Research Article

    Nursing home residents in Sweden are old, frail and usually have multiple morbidities which often make dying a prolonged suffering. It has been found that older persons at nursing homes receive far less pallia...

    Authors: Helene Åvik Persson, Anna Sandgren, Carl-Johan Fürst, Gerd Ahlström and Lina Behm

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:134

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  7. Content type: Research Article

    With the rapid growth of elderly patients visiting the Emergency Department (ED), it is expected that there will be even more hospitalisations following ED visits in the future. The aim of this study was to ex...

    Authors: C. P. Launay, A. Kabeshova, A. Lanoé, J. Chabot, E. J. Levinoff and O. Beauchet

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:127

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  8. Content type: Research Article

    Iron deficiency is one of the most common causes of anemia in geriatric patients. Although the oral iron intake is often inadequate, the potential of iron dense foods in the daily meals of geriatric institutio...

    Authors: Baerbel Sturtzel, Ibrahim Elmadfa, Brigitte Hermann, Walter Schippinger and Gerald Ohrenberger

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:123

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Orofacial pain in people with dementia is difficult to detect, and often under-treated. Our aim was to investigate the prevalence of orofacial pain in people with dementia in acute hospitals in the UK. Seconda...

    Authors: Liza J. M. van de Rijt, Roxane A. F. Weijenberg, Alexandra R. Feast, Victoria Vickerstaff, Frank Lobbezoo and Elizabeth L. Sampson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:121

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Falls are a major cause of disability and death in older people, particularly women. Cross-sectional surveys suggest that some risk factors associated with a history of falls may be sex-specific, but whether r...

    Authors: Catharine R. Gale, Leo D. Westbury, Cyrus Cooper and Elaine M. Dennison

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:117

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  11. Content type: Research Article

    Osteoporosis is an important morbidity factor for ageing populations in developed countries. However, compared to the amount of information available on diabetes and cardiovascular disease, little is known abo...

    Authors: Jean-Pierre Gutzwiller, Jean-Pierre Richterich, Zeno Stanga, Urs E. Nydegger, Lorenz Risch and Martin Risch

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:115

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  12. Content type: Research article

    The association between low socioeconomic status (SES) and dementia is reportedly mediated by lifestyle-related diseases (i.e., diabetes) in European countries and the United States; however, in Japan, the lin...

    Authors: Nobue Nakahori, Michikazu Sekine, Masaaki Yamada, Takashi Tatsuse, Hideki Kido and Michio Suzuki

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:102

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  13. Content type: Research Article

    Geriatric Patients Living with HIV/AIDS (GEPPO) is a new prospective observational multicentre cohort consisting of all the HIV-positive geriatric patients being treated at 10 clinics in Italy, and HIV-negativ...

    Authors: G. Guaraldi, A. Malagoli, A. Calcagno, C. Mussi, B. M. Celesia, F. Carli, S. Piconi, G. V. De Socio, A. M. Cattelan, G. Orofino, A. Riva, E. Focà, S. Nozza and G. Di Perri

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:99

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  14. Content type: Research Article

    The promotion of physical activity (PA) plays a major role for healthy ageing even in older age. There is a lack of cross-sectional and longitudinal studies explicitly dealing with barriers and drivers to PA i...

    Authors: Lena Lübs, Jenny Peplies, Carina Drell and Karin Bammann

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:94

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Malnutrition in patients admitted to hospital may have detrimental effects on recovery and healing. Malnutrition is preceded by a state of malnutrition risk, yet malnutrition risk is often not detected during ...

    Authors: Idah Chatindiara, Jacqueline Allen, Amy Popman, Darshan Patel, Marilize Richter, Marlena Kruger and Carol Wham

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:78

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  16. Content type: Research Article

    This survey aims to evaluate the prevalence and severity of tooth loss in the Italian elderly population living in nursing homes and to associate the oral data with demographic, socioeconomic factors, the Mini...

    Authors: Fabio Cocco, Guglielmo Campus, Laura Strohmenger, Viviana Cortesi Ardizzone and Maria Grazia Cagetti

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:76

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  17. Content type: Research Article

    The association between pain and diabetes in older people has been largely unexplored. The aim of this survey was to analyze the prevalence and characteristics of pain among Finnish men and women 65 or older w...

    Authors: M. Karjalainen, J. Saltevo, M. Tiihonen, M. Haanpää, H. Kautiainen and P. Mäntyselkä

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:73

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  18. Content type: Research Article

    Numerous studies have reported weak or moderate correlations between self-reported and accelerometer-assessed physical activity. One explanation is that self-reported physical activity might be biased by demog...

    Authors: Florian Herbolsheimer, Matthias W. Riepe and Richard Peter

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:56

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Driving a car is the most common form of transport among the older population. Common medical conditions such as cataract, increase with age and impact on the ability to drive. To compensate for visual decline...

    Authors: Seraina Agramunt, Lynn B. Meuleners, Michelle L. Fraser, Kyle C. Chow, Jonathon Q. Ng and Vignesh Raja

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:51

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  20. Content type: Study protocol

    Delirium affects 25% of older inpatients and is associated with long-term cognitive impairment and future dementia. However, no population studies have systematically ascertained cognitive function before, cognit...

    Authors: Daniel Davis, Sarah Richardson, Joanne Hornby, Helen Bowden, Katrin Hoffmann, Maryse Weston-Clarke, Fenella Green, Nishi Chaturvedi, Alun Hughes, Diana Kuh, Elizabeth Sampson, Ruth Mizoguchi, Khai Lee Cheah, Melanie Romain, Abhi Sinha, Rodric Jenkin…

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:45

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  21. Content type: Research Article

    Prevalence of malnutrition in older hospitalized patients is 30%. Malnutrition is associated with poor clinical outcomes in terms of high morbidity and mortality and is costly for hospitals. Extended nutrition...

    Authors: Yogesh Sharma, Campbell Thompson, Michelle Miller, Rashmi Shahi, Paul Hakendorf, Chris Horwood and Billingsley Kaambwa

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:41

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Diabetic kidney disease (DKD) is a major burden in elderly patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). Low estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR+, < 60 mL/min/1.73 m2) and albuminuria (Alb+) are essential for t...

    Authors: Giuseppina T. Russo, Salvatore De Cosmo, Francesca Viazzi, Antonio Mirijello, Antonio Ceriello, Pietro Guida, Carlo Giorda, Domenico Cucinotta, Roberto Pontremoli and Paola Fioretto

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:38

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  23. Content type: Research Article

    Research has demonstrated the importance of physical environments at mealtimes for residents in long term care (LTC). However, a lack of a standardized measurement to assess physical dining environments has re...

    Authors: Sabrina Iuglio, Heather Keller, Habib Chaudhury, Susan E. Slaughter, Christina Lengyel, Jill Morrison, Veronique Boscart and Natalie Carrier

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:20

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  24. Content type: Research Article

    Arguably the uptake and usability of the physical activity (PA) guidelines for older adults has not been effective with only 12% of this population meeting the minimum guidelines to maintain health. Health pro...

    Authors: Gareth R. Jones, Liza Stathokostas, Bradley W. Young, Andrew V. Wister, Shirley Chau, Patricia Clark, Mary Duggan, Drew Mitchell and Peter Nordland

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:13

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Multimorbidity is the coexistence of more than two chronic diseases in the same individual; however, there is no consensus about the best definition. In addition, few studies have described the variability of ...

    Authors: Marina Guisado-Clavero, Albert Roso-Llorach, Tomàs López-Jimenez, Mariona Pons-Vigués, Quintí Foguet-Boreu, Miguel Angel Muñoz and Concepción Violán

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:16

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  26. Content type: Research article

    To evaluate the long-term surgical outcomes of patients with urinary retention (UR) caused by a benign prostatic obstruction (BPO) who underwent transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP), and compare thei...

    Authors: Yu-Hsiang Lin, Chen-Pang Hou, Tien-Hsing Chen, Horng-Heng Juang, Phei-Lang Chang, Pei-Shan Yang, Chien-lun Chen and Ke-Hung Tsui

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:15

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  27. Content type: Research Article

    Assessing quality of life among the elderly is a complex and multifaceted issue. Elderly people might find valuing and describing their personal experience of quality of life (QoL) demanding and cumbersome. Th...

    Authors: Riaan Botes, Karin M. Vermeulen, Adelita V. Ranchor and Erik Buskens

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:11

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  28. Content type: Research Article

    Age-related declines in skeletal muscle mass and strength, representing “sarcopenia,” are a growing concern in aging societies. However, the prevalence of low muscle mass based on the height2-adjustment has been ...

    Authors: Rei Otsuka, Yasumoto Matsui, Chikako Tange, Yukiko Nishita, Makiko Tomida, Fujiko Ando, Hiroshi Shimokata and Hidenori Arai

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:8

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  29. Content type: Research Article

    Hypertension is considered a major public health challenge. It is the most important risk factor for cardiovascular disease and is a prominent risk for China’s elderly population. However, few studies have add...

    Authors: Zhi-Qi Yang, Qi Zhao, Ping Jiang, Song-Bai Zheng and Biao Xu

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:296

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  30. Content type: Research Article

    Whether the suggested inverse association between total cholesterol and mortality in old age varies according to cause of death and use of cholesterol medications remains to be elucidated. The aim of this stud...

    Authors: Yajun Liang, Davide Liborio Vetrano and Chengxuan Qiu

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:294

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Falls are common among elderly people, and the risk increase with age. Falls are associated with both health and social consequences for the patient, and major societal costs. Identification of risk factors sh...

    Authors: Laila Arnesdatter Hopstock, Elisabeth Bøe Utne, Alexander Horsch and Tove Skjelbakken

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:292

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  32. Content type: Research Article

    The association between social capital and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) has not been thoroughly studied among older persons in rural China, especially among those who were left behind or not. This st...

    Authors: Yaqin Zhong, Pär Schön, Bo Burström and Kristina Burström

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:287

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  33. Content type: Research Article

    Accidental falls in older people are a major public health problem but a relatively limited number of studies have analyzed the mortality trends from this cause. Effective public health interventions have been...

    Authors: Alicia Padrón-Monedero, Javier Damián, M. Pilar Martin and Rafael Fernández-Cuenca

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:276

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  34. Content type: Research Article

    Diabetes mellitus and hypertension are risk factors for cardiovascular disease, which is the most common cause of death in the world. People with intellectual disability (ID) have been reported to have high ra...

    Authors: Anna Axmon, Gerd Ahlström and Peter Höglund

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:272

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  35. Content type: Research Article

    Sweden has closed all institutions and imposed legislation to ensure service and support for individuals with intellectual disability (ID). Understanding mortality among older individuals with ID is essential ...

    Authors: Nawi Ng, Eva Flygare Wallén and Gerd Ahlström

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:269

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  36. Content type: Research Article

    Diet has been associated with differences in weight and nutritional status of an individual. The prevalence of overweight and obesity increased among adults in Taiwan. Hence, we examined the relationship betwe...

    Authors: Miriam Adoyo Muga, Patrick Opiyo Owili, Chien-Yeh Hsu, Hsiao-Hsien Rau and Jane C-J Chao

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:268

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  37. Content type: Research Article

    It is widely supposed that there is no benefit, including extended survival and decreased rate of pneumonia, in patients with severe dementia receiving enteral tube feeding (TF). However, there have been few s...

    Authors: Shintaro Takenoshita, Keiko Kondo, Keiichi Okazaki, Akihiko Hirao, Keiko Takayama, Keisuke Hirayama, Hiroyuki Asaba, Kenji Nakata, Hideki Ishizu, Hiromi Takahashi, Hanae Nakashima-Yasuda, Yasue Sakurada, Kengo Fujikawa, Osamu Yokota, Norihito Yamada and Seishi Terada

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:267

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  38. Content type: Research Article

    Frailty is a common problem among older people and it is associated with an increased risk of death and long-term institutional care. Early identification of frailty is necessary to prevent a further decline i...

    Authors: Minna Miettinen, Miia Tiihonen, Sirpa Hartikainen and Irma Nykänen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:266

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  39. Content type: Research Article

    Geriatric patients are affected by a range of skin conditions and dermatological diseases, functional limitations and chronic diseases. Skin problems are highly prevalent in elderly populations. Aim of this st...

    Authors: Elisabeth Hahnel, Ulrike Blume-Peytavi, Carina Trojahn and Jan Kottner

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:263

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  40. Content type: Research Article

    The older population is a risk group for hypovitaminosis D. The Ultraviolet Index (UVI) can be an indicator of potential for cutaneous synthesis of vitamin D but physiological and other environmental factors a...

    Authors: Sofia Cardoso, Alejandro Santos, Rita S. Guerra, Ana S. Sousa, Patrícia Padrão, Pedro Moreira, Cláudia Afonso, Teresa F. Amaral and Nuno Borges

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:256

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  41. Content type: Research Article

    Aging is often associated with the challenge of navigating daily tasks with a painful chronic medical illness. Yet, there is concern of the number of older adults impacted with more than one chronic condition....

    Authors: Tamara A. Baker, Olivio J. Clay, Vicki Johnson-Lawrence, Jacquelyn A. Minahan, Chivon A. Mingo, Roland J. Thorpe, Fernando Ovalle and Michael Crowe

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:255

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  42. Content type: Research Article

    Vascular dementia (VaD) is the second most common form of dementia. However, there were mixed evidences about the association between blood pressure (BP) and risk of VaD in midlife and late life and limited ev...

    Authors: Mingkai Peng, Guanmin Chen, Karen L. Tang, Hude Quan, Eric E. Smith, Peter Faris, Vladimir Hachinski and Norm R. C. Campbell

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:252

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  43. Content type: Research Article

    Previous studies have shown that hypertension is a risk factor for cognitive impairment, but whether this association is also present in extremely poor populations in Low Middle Income Countries settings remai...

    Authors: Maria Lazo-Porras, Victor Ortiz-Soriano, Miguel Moscoso-Porras, Fernando M. Runzer-Colmenares, German Málaga and J. Jaime Miranda

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:250

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Vitamin D deficiency is widespread in China, particularly among older adults. Factors associated with suboptimal vitamin D levels are not well defined. The present study was a population-based study that inclu...

    Authors: Qun Cheng, Yanping Du, Wei Hong, Wenjing Tang, Huilin Li, Minmin Chen and Songbai Zheng

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:246

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