Skip to main content


Public health, nutrition and epidemiology

Section edited by Danan Gu

This section considers all topics relating to general public health and epidemiology. Nutrition, nutritional supplements, disease rates/statistics, disease prevention, prediction. Health promotion.

Page 1 of 6

  1. Content type: Research article

    Hearing loss is one of the most common modifiable factors associated with cognitive and functional decline in geriatric populations. An accurate, easy-to-apply, and inexpensive hearing screening method is need...

    Authors: Min Zhang, Zhaori Bi, Xinping Fu, Jiaofeng Wang, Qingwei Ruan, Chao Zhao, Jirong Duan, Xuan Zeng, Dian Zhou, Jie Chen and Zhijun Bao

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:214

    Published on:

  2. Content type: Research article

    Aged care support services in Australia are delivered through home care packages, permanent residential care, respite care and transition care. This study aimed to determine age and gender specific incidence r...

    Authors: Jyoti Khadka, Catherine Lang, Julie Ratcliffe, Megan Corlis, Steve Wesselingh, Craig Whitehead and Maria Inacio

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:213

    Published on:

  3. Content type: Research article

    Female sex is an important factor predisposing individuals to frailty. Appropriate nutrition is one of the most effective ways to prevent older adults from developing frailty; Sex-related differences have also...

    Authors: Koji Shibasaki, Shin Kei Kin, Shizuru Yamada, Masahiro Akishita and Sumito Ogawa

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:211

    Published on:

  4. Content type: Research article

    Respiratory infections among older adults in long-term care facilities (LTCFs) are a major global concern, yet a rigorous systematic synthesis of the literature on the burden of respiratory infections in the L...

    Authors: Arielle Childs, Andrew R. Zullo, Nina R. Joyce, Kevin W. McConeghy, Robertus van Aalst, Patience Moyo, Elliott Bosco, Vincent Mor and Stefan Gravenstein

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:210

    Published on:

  5. Content type: Debate

    Giant cell arteritis is a vasculitis of large and middle-sized arteries that affects patients aged over 50 years. It can show a typical clinical picture consisting of cranial manifestations but sometimes nonsp...

    Authors: Miguel Á. González-Gay, Miguel Ortego-Jurado, Liliana Ercole and Norberto Ortego-Centeno

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:200

    Published on:

  6. Content type: Research article

    Nutritional status of the older people is affected by various life-style factors. Although dietary habit is one of the life-style factors, it is unknown which of older home-care recipients’ dietary habits are ...

    Authors: Taeko Tsuji, Kaoru Yamamoto, Kazuyo Yamasaki, Fumikazu Hayashi, Chika Momoki, Yoko Yasui, Satoko Ohfuji, Wakaba Fukushima and Daiki Habu

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:197

    Published on:

  7. Content type: Research article

    The elderly inpatients are in high risk of suffering health-care associated infection (HAI). The study aimed to analyze the risk factors of health-care associated infection (HAI) in elderly hospitalized patien...

    Authors: Xia Zhao, Lihong Wang, Nan Wei, Jingli Zhang, Wenhui Ma, Huijie Zhao and Xu Han

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:193

    Published on:

  8. Content type: Research article

    Previous cohort studies investigating the association between sarcopenic obesity (SO) and all-cause mortality among adult people have been inconsistent. We performed a meta-analysis to determine if SO is a pre...

    Authors: Xiaoming Zhang, Xiaohua Xie, Qingli Dou, Chenyun Liu, Wenwu Zhang, Yunzhi Yang, Renli Deng and Andy S. K. Cheng

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:183

    Published on:

  9. Content type: Research article

    Information about frailty status and its transition is important to inform clinical decisions. Predicting frailty transition is beneficial for its prevention. While Indonesia is the 4th largest geriatric popul...

    Authors: Siti Setiati, Purwita Wijaya Laksmi, I.G.P. Suka Aryana, Sri Sunarti, Novira Widajanti, Lazuardhi Dwipa, Euphemia Seto, Rahmi Istanti, Laurentius Johan Ardian and Sabrina Chusnul Chotimah

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:182

    Published on:

  10. Content type: Research article

    Alzheimer’s disease (AD), as the most common cause of dementia, brings huge economic burden for patients and social health care systems, which motivates researchers to study multiple protective factors, among ...

    Authors: Rui-xia Jia, Jing-hong Liang, Yong Xu and Ying-quan Wang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:181

    Published on:

  11. Content type: Research article

    Older adults are at high risk for influenza-related complications including worsening frailty and function. We surveyed older Canadians to explore the impact of influenza and determine how influenza knowledge ...

    Authors: Melissa K. Andrew, Vladimir Gilca, Nancy Waite and Jennifer A. Pereira

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:178

    Published on:

  12. Content type: Research article

    The diagnosis of urinary tract infections (UTIs) in institutionalized older adults is often based on vague symptoms and a positive culture. The high prevalence of asymptomatic bacteriuria (ABU), which cannot b...

    Authors: Michael Biggel, Stefan Heytens, Katrien Latour, Robin Bruyndonckx, Herman Goossens and Pieter Moons

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:170

    Published on:

  13. Content type: Research article

    Self-rated health (SRH) have been widely used as a valid indicator of health status at the population and individual level. We aimed to investigate the distribution and correlates of global SRH and age-compara...

    Authors: Xingyue Song, Jing Wu, Canqing Yu, Wenhong Dong, Jun Lv, Yu Guo, Zheng Bian, Ling Yang, Yiping Chen, Zhengming Chen, An Pan and Liming Li

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:168

    Published on:

  14. Content type: Research article

    Depression is a chronic mental disorder that severely impacts the older adult population globally. Nutritional psychiatry is an approach that has gained traction over the years. Exploring locally relevant cons...

    Authors: Chong Min Janrius Goh, Edimansyah Abdin, Anitha Jeyagurunathan, Saleha Shafie, Rajeswari Sambasivam, Yun Jue Zhang, Janhavi Ajit Vaingankar, Siow Ann Chong and Mythily Subramaniam

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:161

    Published on:

  15. Content type: Research article

    Older patients are commonly prescribed multiple medications therefore; medication misadventures are common and expected among older patients. The use of potentially inappropriate medicines (PIMs) further contr...

    Authors: Tariq M. Alhawassi, Wafa Alatawi and Monira Alwhaibi

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:154

    Published on:

  16. Content type: Research article

    Triage is widely used in the emergency department (ED) in order to identify the patient’s level of urgency and often based on the patient’s chief complaint and vital signs. Age has been shown to be independent...

    Authors: T. Ruge, G. Malmer, C. Wachtler, U. Ekelund, E. Westerlund, P. Svensson and A. C. Carlsson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:139

    Published on:

  17. Content type: Research article

    Although China is undergoing rapid economic development, it is facing an ageing population. No data exists on malnutrition risks of older adults in an affluent Chinese society. The aim of this study is to exam...

    Authors: Martin M. H. Wong, Winnie K. W. So, Kai Chow Choi, Regina Cheung, Helen Y. L. Chan, Janet W. H. Sit, Brenda Ho, Francis Li, Tin Yan Lee and Sek Ying Chair

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:138

    Published on:

  18. Content type: Research article

    Decreased muscle strength and/or depression with aging are emerging as important public health concerns in both developed and developing countries. This study investigated the effects of low handgrip strength ...

    Authors: Soohyun Park, Jinkyung Cho, Donghyun Kim, Youngyun Jin, Inhwan Lee, Haeryun Hong and Hyunsik Kang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:127

    Published on:

  19. Content type: Research article

    The Drug Burden Index (DBI) quantifies exposure to medications with anticholinergic and/or sedative effects. A consensus list of DBI medications available in Ireland was recently developed for use as a DBI too...

    Authors: Catherine J. Byrne, Caroline Walsh, Caitriona Cahir and Kathleen Bennett

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:121

    Published on:

  20. Content type: Research article

    Sarcopenia, frailty, cachexia and malnutrition are widespread syndromes in older people, characterized by loss of body tissue and related to poor outcome. The aim of the present cross-sectional study was to as...

    Authors: Anne Gingrich, Dorothee Volkert, Eva Kiesswetter, Marta Thomanek, Svenja Bach, Cornel C. Sieber and Yurdagül Zopf

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:120

    Published on:

  21. Content type: Research article

    Previous studies have shown that mortality in old age is associated with both number of children and their socioeconomic resources. The underlying mechanisms are unclear, as well as when during the process of ...

    Authors: Anna C. Meyer, Hannah L. Brooke and Karin Modig

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:114

    Published on:

  22. Content type: Research article

    Little is known about factors associated with alcohol consumption and use of drugs with addiction potential in older adults. The aim of this study was to explore the association between socio-demographic varia...

    Authors: Kjerstin Tevik, Geir Selbæk, Knut Engedal, Arnfinn Seim, Steinar Krokstad and Anne-S Helvik

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:113

    Published on:

  23. Content type: Research article

    In children suffering from severe lower airway illnesses, respiratory virus detection has given good prognostic information, but such reports in the elderly are scarce. Therefore, our aim was to study whether ...

    Authors: Matti Aronen, Laura Viikari, Ia Kohonen, Tytti Vuorinen, Mira Hämeenaho, Maarit Wuorela, Mohammadreza Sadeghi, Maria Söderlund-Venermo, Matti Viitanen and Tuomas Jartti

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:111

    Published on:

  24. Content type: Research article

    In geriatric and long-term care settings, intertrigo seems to be common, but generalizable epidemiological estimates are lacking. Aim of this study was to measure the prevalence of intertrigo in aged nursing h...

    Authors: Sabrina Gabriel, Elisabeth Hahnel, Ulrike Blume-Peytavi and Jan Kottner

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:105

    Published on:

  25. Content type: Research article

    Oxidative stress is an important theory of aging but population-based evidence has been lacking. This study aimed to evaluate the associations between biomarkers of oxidative stress, including plasma superoxid...

    Authors: Chen Mao, Jin-Qiu Yuan, Yue-Bin Lv, Xiang Gao, Zhao-Xue Yin, Virginia Byers Kraus, Jie-Si Luo, Choy-Lye Chei, David Bruce Matchar, Yi Zeng and Xiao-Ming Shi

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:104

    Published on:

  26. Content type: Research article

    Many studies have investigated the association between vitamin D and metabolic syndrome (MetS). However, few studies have investigated the association stratified by sex in the elderly. Therefore, we aimed to e...

    Authors: Su Jin Lee, Eun Young Lee, Jung Hyun Lee, Jong Eun Kim, Kwang Joon Kim, Yumie Rhee, Hyeon Chang Kim, Yoosik Youm and Chang Oh Kim

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:102

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:131

  27. Content type: Research article

    Many adults are living longer with health conditions in the United States. Understanding the disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) for such health conditions may help to inform healthcare providers and their ...

    Authors: Ryan McGrath, Soham Al Snih, Kyriakos Markides, Orman Hall and Mark Peterson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:100

    Published on:

  28. Content type: Research article

    Hip fractures are a common injury in older people. Many studies worldwide have identified various risk factors for hip fracture. However, risk factors for hip fracture have not been studied extensively in New ...

    Authors: Rebecca Abey-Nesbit, Philip J. Schluter, Tim Wilkinson, John Hugh Thwaites, Sarah D. Berry and Hamish A. Jamieson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:93

    Published on:

  29. Content type: Research article

    Ghana is experiencing an epidemiological shift in public health issues toward non-communicable diseases that are underpinned by modifiable health behaviors. Physical activity rates have decreased, especially a...

    Authors: Laura E. Balis, Godfred Sowatey, Kwame Ansong-Gyimah, Eunice Ofori and Samantha M. Harden

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:85

    Published on:

  30. Content type: Research article

    The social structure is changing with an increase in the ratio of the older population, resulting in a growing number of older people being faced with singlehood. This study identified and described single old...

    Authors: Su-Fei Huang, Chiu-Mieh Huang, Shueh-Fen Chen, Li-Ting Lu and Jong-Long Guo

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:74

    Published on:

  31. Content type: Research article

    Numerous medications should be avoided, or require dose adjustment in subjects with impaired kidney function. We aimed to assess the prevalence of potentially inappropriate use of renal risk drugs in a nation-...

    Authors: Ewa Deskur-Śmielecka, Jerzy Chudek, Agnieszka Neumann-Podczaska, Małgorzata Mossakowska, Barbara Wizner and Katarzyna Wieczorowska-Tobis

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:70

    Published on:

  32. Content type: Research article

    Research on discrimination and health focused on older adults has been scarce, comparatively with younger and middle-aged adults. Considering where people live matters, accurate measures of perceived discrimin...

    Authors: Luciana de Souza Braga, Waleska Teixeira Caiaffa, Ana Paula Romanelli Ceolin, Fabíola Bof de Andrade and Maria Fernanda Lima-Costa

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:67

    Published on:

  33. Content type: Research article

    Health professionals and healthcare volunteers play a critical role in promoting uptake of the fecal occult blood test (FOBT), which is an effective screening method for colorectal cancer. However, previous st...

    Authors: Tsung-Yi Lin, Shu-Tzu Chuang, Su-Fei Huang, Hsiao-Pei Hsu, Li-Ting Lu and Jong-Long Guo

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:51

    Published on:

  34. Content type: Research article

    Drug consumption increases with age, but there are few comparisons of drug use between old people living at home or in a nursing home. To identify areas of concern as well as in need for quality improvement in...

    Authors: Amura Francesca Fog, Jørund Straand, Knut Engedal and Hege Salvesen Blix

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:49

    Published on:

  35. Content type: Study protocol

    The proportion of older people has dramatically increased in recent decades. Moreover, social and demographic trends show a global increase of older people at risk of loneliness and lack of social relationship...

    Authors: María José López, Carolina Lapena, Alba Sánchez, Xavier Continente and Ana Fernández

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:44

    Published on:

  36. Content type: Research article

    Constipation is a common condition among older people, particularly among people living in nursing homes, and the use of drugs such as opioids is one of many factors that contribute to its high prevalence. The...

    Authors: Maria Gustafsson, Kristina Lämås, Ulf Isaksson, Per-Olof Sandman and Hugo Lövheim

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:38

    Published on:

  37. Content type: Research article

    Previous studies have reported the associations of frailty phenotype or its components with mortality. However, studies that explored the effects of transition in frailty status on mortality were far less in A...

    Authors: Mu-Cyun Wang, Tsai-Chung Li, Chia-Ing Li, Chiu-Shong Liu, Wen-Yuan Lin, Chih-Hsueh Lin, Chuan-Wei Yang, Shing-Yu Yang and Cheng-Chieh Lin

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:26

    Published on:

  38. Content type: Research article

    To estimate the potential gains in health-adjusted life expectancy (HALE) after hypothetical elimination of four non-communicable diseases (NCDs) among Chinese elderly from 1990 to 2016, including cardiovascul...

    Authors: Xiaoqian Hu, Xueshan Sun, Yuanyuan Li, Yuxuan Gu, Minzhuo Huang, Jingming Wei, Xuemei Zhen, Shuyan Gu and Hengjin Dong

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:16

    Published on:

  39. Content type: Research article

    The proportion of population ageing in China will grow significantly in the next few decades but the pace of population ageing and social change vary considerably across regions. Notably, Eastern coastal areas...

    Authors: Vasoontara Yiengprugsawan, Catherine D’Este, Julie Byles and Hal Kendig

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:10

    Published on:

  40. Content type: Research article

    Procalcitonin (PCT) is a useful marker for pneumonia. However, its clinical usefulness in elderly patients has not been studied extensively. This study aimed to assess the relationship between PCT and prognosi...

    Authors: Takanori Akagi, Nobuhiko Nagata, Hiroyuki Miyazaki, Taishi Harada, Satoshi Takeda, Yuji Yoshida, Kenji Wada, Masaki Fujita and Kentaro Watanabe

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:3

    Published on:

  41. Content type: Research article

    Evidence is scarce on the trend in prevalence of geriatric syndromes (GS). This study assesses how GS prevalence changes over time in Swedish older community-dwellers by socio-demography, and attempts to highl...

    Authors: Yajun Liang, Christian Rausch, Lucie Laflamme and Jette Möller

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:322

    Published on:

  42. Content type: Research article

    Hip fractures among older adults are a major public health problem in many countries. Hip fractures are associated with expensive health care treatments, and serious adverse effects on patients’ health and qua...

    Authors: Henning Øien, Niklas Jakobsson and Carl Bonander

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:311

    Published on:

  43. Content type: Research article

    Risk factors associated with opioid-induced adverse reactions (OIARs) in the elderly population have not been well defined. The objective of this study was to determine effects of various risk factors on incid...

    Authors: Ji Young Kim, Joo Hee Kim, Jeong Yee, Soo Jin Song and Hye Sun Gwak

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:293

    Published on: