Skip to content

Advertisement

Public health, nutrition and epidemiology

Section edited by Danan Gu

This section considers all topics relating to general public health and epidemiology. Nutrition, nutritional supplements, disease rates/statistics, disease prevention, prediction. Health promotion.

Page 1 of 5

  1. Content type: Research article

    Risk factors associated with opioid-induced adverse reactions (OIARs) in the elderly population have not been well defined. The objective of this study was to determine effects of various risk factors on incid...

    Authors: Ji Young Kim, Joo Hee Kim, Jeong Yee, Soo Jin Song and Hye Sun Gwak

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:293

    Published on:

  2. Content type: Research article

    Among older couples, spouses are first in line to provide care, and they are key elements in the home support of dependent older persons. In this context, ensuring the health of these older spousal caregivers ...

    Authors: Florence Potier, Jean-Marie Degryse, Benoit Bihin, Florence Debacq-Chainiaux, Chantal Charlet-Renard, Henri Martens and Marie de Saint-Hubert

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:291

    Published on:

  3. Content type: Research article

    The frailty phenotype is defined by the presence of three from the following five clinical features: weakness, slow walking speed, unintentional weight loss, exhaustion, and low physical activity. It has been ...

    Authors: Emma Grace Lewis, Selina Coles, Kate Howorth, John Kissima, William Gray, Sarah Urasa, Richard Walker and Catherine Dotchin

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:283

    Published on:

  4. Content type: Study protocol

    A good nutritional status is key for maintaining health and quality of life in older adults. In the Netherlands, 11 to 35% of the community-dwelling elderly are undernourished. Undernutrition or the risk of it...

    Authors: M. N. van Doorn-van Atten, A. Haveman-Nies, P. Pilichowski, R. Roca, J. H. M. de Vries and C. P. G. M. de Groot

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:284

    Published on:

  5. Content type: Research article

    Sedative-hypnotics (SHs) are widely used in France but there are no available data addressing their prescription specifically in hospitalized older patients. The objective is thus to determine the cumulative i...

    Authors: Elsa Bourcier, Amandine Baptiste, Adrien Borowik, Lucas Zerbib, Dominique Bonnet-Zamponi, Florence Tubach, Christine Fernandez and Patrick Hindlet

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:278

    Published on:

  6. Content type: Research article

    Falls occurring on stairs or in bathrooms are associated with a high risk of injuries among older adults. Home environmental assessments are frequently used to guide fall-prevention interventions. The aims of ...

    Authors: Rosanne Blanchet and Nancy Edwards

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:272

    Published on:

  7. Content type: Research article

    Obesity and chronic pain are common comorbidities and adversely influence each other. Advanced age is associated with more comorbidities and multi-morbidities. In this study, we investigated the burden of over...

    Authors: Huan-Ji Dong, Britt Larsson, Lars-Åke Levin, Lars Bernfort and Björn Gerdle

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:270

    Published on:

  8. Content type: Research article

    There is a lack of studies that focus explicitly on the association between social exclusion and obesity. The aim of the present study was to identify whether social exclusion is associated with obesity in older ...

    Authors: André Hajek and Hans-Helmut König

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:258

    Published on:

  9. Content type: Research article

    Multimorbidity and frailty are relevant conditions among older adult population. There is growing evidence about their association with poor health outcomes like disability, worst quality of life, and death. N...

    Authors: Ana Rivera-Almaraz, Betty Manrique-Espinoza, José Alberto Ávila-Funes, Somnath Chatterji, Nirmala Naidoo, Paul Kowal and Aarón Salinas-Rodríguez

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:236

    Published on:

  10. Content type: Research article

    Vitamin D deficiency is known to be highly prevalent in older persons. However, the prevalence in the subgroup of frail older hospitalized patients is not clear. We sought to investigate the prevalence and pre...

    Authors: Simon Friedrich Boettger, Bjoern Angersbach, Christiane Nicola Klimek, Ana Lemos Monteiro Wanderley, Azim Shaibekov, Lars Sieske, Baigang Wang, Matthias Zuchowski, Rainer Wirth and Maryam Pourhassan

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:219

    Published on:

  11. Content type: Research article

    Emerging studies have investigated the association between different anthropometric indices with diabetes risk but the results were inconsistent. The aims of the study were to examine the associations of diffe...

    Authors: Jing Yang, Fei Wang, Jing Wang, Xu Han, Hua Hu, Caizheng Yu, Jing Yuan, Ping Yao, Xiaoping Miao, Sheng Wei, Youjie Wang, Weihong Chen, Yuan Liang, Huan Guo, Xiaomin Zhang, Dan Zheng…

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:218

    Published on:

  12. Content type: Research article

    Vitamin D deficiency and frailty are common with aging. Previous studies examining vitamin D status and frailty have produced mixed results, and in particular, the shape of the association has not been well es...

    Authors: Sang Yhun Ju, June Young Lee and Do Hoon Kim

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:206

    Published on:

  13. Content type: Research article

    The increasing proportion of people growing old, demands expanded knowledge of how people can experience successful aging. Having a good life while growing old is dependent on several factors such as nutrition...

    Authors: Kjersti Grønning, Geir A. Espnes, Camilla Nguyen, Ana Maria Ferreira Rodrigues, Maria Joao Gregorio, Rute Sousa, Helena Canhão and Beate André

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:205

    Published on:

  14. Content type: Research article

    Malnutrition in older persons is a public health concern. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of malnutrition and its associated factors among community-dwelling older persons in Sri Lanka.

    Authors: H. D. W. T. Damayanthi, F. M. Moy, K. L. Abdullah and S. D. Dharmaratne

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:199

    Published on:

  15. Content type: Research article

    Hypovitaminosis D and depressive syndromes are common conditions in old adults. However, little is known about the relationship between vitamin D and depression in exceptional aged people. The objective of thi...

    Authors: Yao Yao, Shihui Fu, Hao Zhang, Nan Li, Qiao Zhu, Fu Zhang, Fuxin Luan, Yali Zhao and Yao He

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:198

    Published on:

  16. Content type: Research article

    Falls pose major health problems to the middle-aged and older adults and may potentially lead to various levels of injuries. Sleep duration and disturbances have been shown to be associated with falls in liter...

    Authors: Samuel Kwaku Essien, Cindy Xin Feng, Wenjie Sun, Marwa Farag, Longhai Li and Yongqing Gao

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:196

    Published on:

  17. Content type: Research Article

    Little is known about the health, nutrition, and quality of life of the aging population in Nepal. Consequently, we aimed to assess the nutritional status, depression and health-related quality of life (HRQOL)...

    Authors: Saruna Ghimire, Binaya Kumar Baral, Buddhi Raj Pokhrel, Asmita Pokhrel, Anushree Acharya, Dipta Amatya, Prabisha Amatya and Shiva Raj Mishra

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:191

    Published on:

  18. Content type: Research article

    Societies around the world face the burden of an aging population with a high prevalence of chronic conditions. Thus, the demand for different types of long-term care will increase and change over time. The pu...

    Authors: Kathrin Steinbeisser, Eva Grill, Rolf Holle, Annette Peters and Hildegard Seidl

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:172

    Published on:

  19. Content type: Research Article

    Older emergency department patients are more vulnerable than younger patients, yet many risk factors that contribute to the mortality of older patients remain unclear and under investigation. This study endeav...

    Authors: Carmen García-Peña, Mario Ulises Pérez-Zepeda, Leslie Viridiana Robles-Jiménez, Sergio Sánchez-García, Ricardo Ramírez-Aldana and Pamela Tella-Vega

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:144

    Published on:

  20. Content type: Research Article

    Studies on persistence of benzodiazepine agonist (BZDA) withdrawal in older outpatients are few, and few studies on long-term persistence over years have yet been published. To describe the persistence of tema...

    Authors: Juha Puustinen, Ritva Lähteenmäki, Janne Nurminen, Tero Vahlberg, Pertti Aarnio, Markku Partinen, Ismo Räihä, Pertti J. Neuvonen and Sirkka-Liisa Kivelä

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:142

    Published on:

  21. Content type: Research article

    Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) are increasingly used in daily clinical practice in elderly patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) despite limited evidence. The purpose of this study was to asses...

    Authors: Xiaojing Chen, Salim Bary Barywani, Runa Sigurjonsdottir and Michael Fu

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:137

    Published on:

  22. Content type: Research article

    Many survivors of the Great East Japan Earthquake that occurred in 2011 were at risk of deteriorating health, especially elderly people living in disaster-stricken areas. The objectives of this prospective stu...

    Authors: M. Tsubota-Utsugi, Y. Yonekura, K. Tanno, M. Nozue, H. Shimoda, N. Nishi, K. Sakata and S. Kobayashi

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:133

    Published on:

  23. Content type: Research Article

    Nursing home residents in Sweden are old, frail and usually have multiple morbidities which often make dying a prolonged suffering. It has been found that older persons at nursing homes receive far less pallia...

    Authors: Helene Åvik Persson, Anna Sandgren, Carl-Johan Fürst, Gerd Ahlström and Lina Behm

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:134

    Published on:

  24. Content type: Research Article

    With the rapid growth of elderly patients visiting the Emergency Department (ED), it is expected that there will be even more hospitalisations following ED visits in the future. The aim of this study was to ex...

    Authors: C. P. Launay, A. Kabeshova, A. Lanoé, J. Chabot, E. J. Levinoff and O. Beauchet

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:127

    Published on:

  25. Content type: Research Article

    Iron deficiency is one of the most common causes of anemia in geriatric patients. Although the oral iron intake is often inadequate, the potential of iron dense foods in the daily meals of geriatric institutio...

    Authors: Baerbel Sturtzel, Ibrahim Elmadfa, Brigitte Hermann, Walter Schippinger and Gerald Ohrenberger

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:123

    Published on:

  26. Content type: Research article

    Orofacial pain in people with dementia is difficult to detect, and often under-treated. Our aim was to investigate the prevalence of orofacial pain in people with dementia in acute hospitals in the UK. Seconda...

    Authors: Liza J. M. van de Rijt, Roxane A. F. Weijenberg, Alexandra R. Feast, Victoria Vickerstaff, Frank Lobbezoo and Elizabeth L. Sampson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:121

    Published on:

  27. Content type: Research article

    Falls are a major cause of disability and death in older people, particularly women. Cross-sectional surveys suggest that some risk factors associated with a history of falls may be sex-specific, but whether r...

    Authors: Catharine R. Gale, Leo D. Westbury, Cyrus Cooper and Elaine M. Dennison

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:117

    Published on:

  28. Content type: Research Article

    Osteoporosis is an important morbidity factor for ageing populations in developed countries. However, compared to the amount of information available on diabetes and cardiovascular disease, little is known abo...

    Authors: Jean-Pierre Gutzwiller, Jean-Pierre Richterich, Zeno Stanga, Urs E. Nydegger, Lorenz Risch and Martin Risch

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:115

    Published on:

  29. Content type: Research article

    The association between low socioeconomic status (SES) and dementia is reportedly mediated by lifestyle-related diseases (i.e., diabetes) in European countries and the United States; however, in Japan, the lin...

    Authors: Nobue Nakahori, Michikazu Sekine, Masaaki Yamada, Takashi Tatsuse, Hideki Kido and Michio Suzuki

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:102

    Published on:

  30. Content type: Research Article

    Geriatric Patients Living with HIV/AIDS (GEPPO) is a new prospective observational multicentre cohort consisting of all the HIV-positive geriatric patients being treated at 10 clinics in Italy, and HIV-negativ...

    Authors: G. Guaraldi, A. Malagoli, A. Calcagno, C. Mussi, B. M. Celesia, F. Carli, S. Piconi, G. V. De Socio, A. M. Cattelan, G. Orofino, A. Riva, E. Focà, S. Nozza and G. Di Perri

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:99

    Published on:

  31. Content type: Research Article

    The promotion of physical activity (PA) plays a major role for healthy ageing even in older age. There is a lack of cross-sectional and longitudinal studies explicitly dealing with barriers and drivers to PA i...

    Authors: Lena Lübs, Jenny Peplies, Carina Drell and Karin Bammann

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:94

    Published on:

  32. Content type: Research article

    Malnutrition in patients admitted to hospital may have detrimental effects on recovery and healing. Malnutrition is preceded by a state of malnutrition risk, yet malnutrition risk is often not detected during ...

    Authors: Idah Chatindiara, Jacqueline Allen, Amy Popman, Darshan Patel, Marilize Richter, Marlena Kruger and Carol Wham

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:78

    Published on:

  33. Content type: Research Article

    This survey aims to evaluate the prevalence and severity of tooth loss in the Italian elderly population living in nursing homes and to associate the oral data with demographic, socioeconomic factors, the Mini...

    Authors: Fabio Cocco, Guglielmo Campus, Laura Strohmenger, Viviana Cortesi Ardizzone and Maria Grazia Cagetti

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:76

    Published on:

  34. Content type: Research Article

    The association between pain and diabetes in older people has been largely unexplored. The aim of this survey was to analyze the prevalence and characteristics of pain among Finnish men and women 65 or older w...

    Authors: M. Karjalainen, J. Saltevo, M. Tiihonen, M. Haanpää, H. Kautiainen and P. Mäntyselkä

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:73

    Published on:

  35. Content type: Research Article

    Numerous studies have reported weak or moderate correlations between self-reported and accelerometer-assessed physical activity. One explanation is that self-reported physical activity might be biased by demog...

    Authors: Florian Herbolsheimer, Matthias W. Riepe and Richard Peter

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:56

    Published on:

  36. Content type: Research article

    Driving a car is the most common form of transport among the older population. Common medical conditions such as cataract, increase with age and impact on the ability to drive. To compensate for visual decline...

    Authors: Seraina Agramunt, Lynn B. Meuleners, Michelle L. Fraser, Kyle C. Chow, Jonathon Q. Ng and Vignesh Raja

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:51

    Published on:

  37. Content type: Study protocol

    Delirium affects 25% of older inpatients and is associated with long-term cognitive impairment and future dementia. However, no population studies have systematically ascertained cognitive function before, cognit...

    Authors: Daniel Davis, Sarah Richardson, Joanne Hornby, Helen Bowden, Katrin Hoffmann, Maryse Weston-Clarke, Fenella Green, Nishi Chaturvedi, Alun Hughes, Diana Kuh, Elizabeth Sampson, Ruth Mizoguchi, Khai Lee Cheah, Melanie Romain, Abhi Sinha, Rodric Jenkin…

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:45

    Published on:

  38. Content type: Research Article

    Prevalence of malnutrition in older hospitalized patients is 30%. Malnutrition is associated with poor clinical outcomes in terms of high morbidity and mortality and is costly for hospitals. Extended nutrition...

    Authors: Yogesh Sharma, Campbell Thompson, Michelle Miller, Rashmi Shahi, Paul Hakendorf, Chris Horwood and Billingsley Kaambwa

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:41

    Published on:

  39. Content type: Research article

    Diabetic kidney disease (DKD) is a major burden in elderly patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). Low estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR+, < 60 mL/min/1.73 m2) and albuminuria (Alb+) are essential for t...

    Authors: Giuseppina T. Russo, Salvatore De Cosmo, Francesca Viazzi, Antonio Mirijello, Antonio Ceriello, Pietro Guida, Carlo Giorda, Domenico Cucinotta, Roberto Pontremoli and Paola Fioretto

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:38

    Published on:

  40. Content type: Research Article

    Research has demonstrated the importance of physical environments at mealtimes for residents in long term care (LTC). However, a lack of a standardized measurement to assess physical dining environments has re...

    Authors: Sabrina Iuglio, Heather Keller, Habib Chaudhury, Susan E. Slaughter, Christina Lengyel, Jill Morrison, Veronique Boscart and Natalie Carrier

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:20

    Published on:

  41. Content type: Research article

    Multimorbidity is the coexistence of more than two chronic diseases in the same individual; however, there is no consensus about the best definition. In addition, few studies have described the variability of ...

    Authors: Marina Guisado-Clavero, Albert Roso-Llorach, Tomàs López-Jimenez, Mariona Pons-Vigués, Quintí Foguet-Boreu, Miguel Angel Muñoz and Concepción Violán

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:16

    Published on:

  42. Content type: Research article

    To evaluate the long-term surgical outcomes of patients with urinary retention (UR) caused by a benign prostatic obstruction (BPO) who underwent transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP), and compare thei...

    Authors: Yu-Hsiang Lin, Chen-Pang Hou, Tien-Hsing Chen, Horng-Heng Juang, Phei-Lang Chang, Pei-Shan Yang, Chien-lun Chen and Ke-Hung Tsui

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:15

    Published on:

  43. Content type: Research Article

    Assessing quality of life among the elderly is a complex and multifaceted issue. Elderly people might find valuing and describing their personal experience of quality of life (QoL) demanding and cumbersome. Th...

    Authors: Riaan Botes, Karin M. Vermeulen, Adelita V. Ranchor and Erik Buskens

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:11

    Published on: