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Public health, nutrition and epidemiology

This section considers all topics relating to general public health and epidemiology. Nutrition, nutritional supplements, disease rates/statistics, disease prevention, prediction. Health promotion.

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  1. A validated evidence-based guideline was developed to reduce physical restraint use in home care. However, the implementation of guidelines in home care is challenging. Therefore, this study aims to systematic...

    Authors: Sara Vandervelde, Kristien Scheepmans, Koen Milisen, Theo van Achterberg, Ellen Vlaeyen, Johan Flamaing and Bernadette Dierckx de Casterlé

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:77

    Content type: Research article

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  2. The “Program of Research on the Integration of Services for the Maintenance of Autonomy” (PRISMA-7) and “Emergency room evaluation and recommendations” (ER2) are both clinical tools used in Québec Emergency Depar...

    Authors: Cyrille P. Launay, Joshua Lubov, Kevin Galery, Christine Vilcocq, Éric Maubert, Marc Afilalo and Olivier Beauchet

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:73

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Hypovitaminosis D can be observed in most fragility hip fracture patients. However, measurement of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) level is costly and may not be available in some centers. Without the baseline s...

    Authors: Atthakorn Jarusriwanna, Suchat Phusunti, Pojchong Chotiyarnwong and Aasis Unnanuntana

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:72

    Content type: Research article

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  4. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of osteosarcopenia in the over 60-year-old community and to evaluate whether osteosarcopenia is associated with disability, frailty and depression.

    Authors: Ki-Soo Park, Gyeong-Ye Lee, Young-Mi Seo, Sung-Hyo Seo and Jun-Il Yoo

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:69

    Content type: Research article

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  5. The actual SARS-CoV-2 outbreak caused a highly transmissible disease with a tremendous impact on elderly people. So far, few studies focused on very elderly patients (over 80 years old). In this study we exami...

    Authors: M. D’ascanio, M. Innammorato, L. Pasquariello, D. Pizzirusso, G. Guerrieri, S. Castelli, A. Pezzuto, C. De vitis, P. Anibaldi, A. Marcolongo, R. Mancini, A. Ricci and S. Sciacchitano

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:63

    Content type: Research article

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  6. It is well known that females generally live longer than males, but women tend to suffer from more illnesses and limitations than men do, also for dementia. However, limited empirical evidence is available why...

    Authors: Shohei Okamoto, Erika Kobayashi, Hiroshi Murayama, Jersey Liang, Taro Fukaya and Shoji Shinkai

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:38

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Predicting incidence of long-term care insurance (LTCI) certification in the short term is of increasing importance in Japan. The present study examined whether the Kihon Checklist (KCL) can be used to predict...

    Authors: Kumiko Ito, Hisashi Kawai, Harukazu Tsuruta and Shuichi Obuchi

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:22

    Content type: Research article

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  8. It has been reported that psychological stress affects bone metabolism and increases the risk of fracture. However, the relationship between bone fractures and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is unclear....

    Authors: Fumikazu Hayashi, Tetsuya Ohira, Hironori Nakano, Masanori Nagao, Kanako Okazaki, Mayumi Harigane, Seiji Yasumura, Masaharu Maeda, Atsushi Takahashi, Hirooki Yabe, Yuriko Suzuki and Kenji Kamiya

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:18

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Informal caregivers of persons with dementia (PWD) are often associated with negative health outcomes. Self-efficacy in dementia caregiving has been reported to have protective effects on caregiver’s health. T...

    Authors: Gregory Tee Hng Tan, Qi Yuan, Fiona Devi, Peizhi Wang, Li Ling Ng, Richard Goveas, Siow Ann Chong and Mythily Subramaniam

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:13

    Content type: Research article

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  10. The development of ambulatory emergency care services, now called ‘Same Day Emergency Care’ (SDEC) has been advocated to provide sustainable high quality healthcare in an ageing population. However, there are ...

    Authors: Tania C. N. Elias, Jordan Bowen, Royah Hassanzadeh, Daniel S. Lasserson and Sarah T. Pendlebury

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:8

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Although aging increases susceptibility to acute kidney injury (AKI), whether the AKI risk and the association between AKI and adverse outcomes are age-dependent remain unclear in older adults. The current stu...

    Authors: Libin Xu, Yanhua Wu, Yuanhan Chen, Ruiying Li, Zhiqiang Wang, Zhilian Li, Guoping Liu, Lei Yu, Wei Shi and Xinling Liang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:7

    Content type: Research article

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  12. In late December 2019, a cluster of pneumonia cases due to a novel betacoronavirus, SARS-CoV-2 was reported in China. The so-called COVID 19 is responsible not only for respiratory symptoms, from mild up to pn...

    Authors: Sara Rogani, Valeria Calsolaro, Riccardo Franchi, Alessia Maria Calabrese, Chukwuma Okoye and Fabio Monzani

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:539

    Content type: Case report

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  13. Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has caused a pandemic threatening millions of people worldwide. Yet studies specifically assessing the geriatric population are scarce. We aimed to examine the participation of e...

    Authors: Virginie Prendki, Noam Tau, Tomer Avni, Marco Falcone, Angela Huttner, Laurent Kaiser, Mical Paul, Yaara Leibovici-Weissmann and Dafna Yahav

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:538

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Hearing loss (HL) is a significant public health concern globally and is estimated to affect over nine million people in England. The aim of this research was to explore the regional patterns and trends of HL ...

    Authors: Dialechti Tsimpida, Evangelos Kontopantelis, Darren M. Ashcroft and Maria Panagioti

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:536

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Oropharyngeal Dysphagia (OD) and malnutrition are frequently reported conditions in nursing home residents, and are often interrelated. Best care for dysphagic residents with, or at risk of, malnutrition shoul...

    Authors: Viviënne A. L. Huppertz, Nick van Wijk, Laura W. J. Baijens, Lisette C. P. G. M. de Groot, Ruud J. G. Halfens, Jos M. G. A. Schols and Ardy van Helvoort

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:537

    Content type: Study protocol

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  16. The Exercise and Nutrition for Healthy AgeiNg (ENHANce) project aims to assess the combined effects of exercise and nutritional interventions to prevent loss of skeletal muscle mass and function with ageing, a...

    Authors: Lenore Dedeyne, Jolan Dupont, Katrien Koppo, Sabine Verschueren, Jos Tournoy and Evelien Gielen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:532

    Content type: Study protocol

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  17. An aging society incurs great losses due to fall-related injuries and mortalities. The foreseeable increased burden of fall-related injury among older people requires a regular nationwide study on the fall epi...

    Authors: Yih-Jian Tsai, Ping-Yen Yang, Yi-Ching Yang, Mau-Roung Lin and Ying-Wei Wang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:529

    Content type: Research article

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  18. As in younger recipients, post-transplant infection is a frequent and devastating complication after kidney transplantation (KT) in older recipients. However, few studies have analyzed characteristics of post-...

    Authors: Jin Sug Kim, Kyung Hwan Jeong, Dong Won Lee, Sam Yeol Lee, Sang Ho Lee, Jaeseok Yang, Curie Ahn and Hyeon Seok Hwang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:519

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Sarcopenia is a geriatric syndrome associated with negative health outcomes and the use of viable alternative screening tools may help in the diagnosis of this condition. This study aimed to analyze the associ...

    Authors: Cássio Lima Esteves, Daniela Gonçalves Ohara, Areolino Pena Matos, Vânia T. K. Ferreira, Natalia C. R. Iosimuta and Maycon Sousa Pegorari

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:518

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has become a worldwide pandemic and precise fatality data by age group is needed urgently. This study to delineate the clinical characteristics and outcome of COVID-19...

    Authors: Zhihua Yu, Yuhe Ke, Jiang Xie, Hao Yu, Wei Zhu, Liqun He, Qiongli Zheng, Chuanwei Li, Jingya Lu, Songnan Li, Songnan Wen, Sheng Wei, Nian Liu, Li Wei and Rong Bai

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:514

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Anemia is associated with high morbidity and mortality in older people. However, the prevalence and characteristics of anemia in older individuals are not fully understood, and national data on these aspects i...

    Authors: Hee Won Chueh, Hye Lim Jung, Ye Jee Shim, Hyoung Soo Choi and Jin Yeong Han

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:509

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Assessing hospital mortality and its predictors is important as some of these can be prevented through appropriate interventions. Few studies have reported hospital mortality data among older adults in sub-Sah...

    Authors: Fifonsi Adjidossi Gbeasor-Komlanvi, Martin Kouame Tchankoni, Akila Wimima Bakoubayi, Matthieu Yaovi Lokossou, Arnold Sadio, Wendpouiré Ida Carine Zida-Compaore, Mohaman Djibril, Mofou Belo, Amegnona Agbonon and Didier Koumavi Ekouevi

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:507

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Hyposalivation is associated with the nutritional status. Anorexia of ageing, defined as an age-related decrease in appetite and food intake, presents even in healthy adults and is considered an independent pr...

    Authors: Yuki Ohara, Hisashi Kawai, Maki Shirobe, Keiko Motokawa, Yoshinori Fujiwara, Hunkyung Kim, Kazushige Ihara, Shuichi Obuchi, Ayako Edahiro, Masanori Iwasaki, Yutaka Watanabe and Hirohiko Hirano

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:504

    Content type: Research article

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  24. A nutritional problem, especially under nutrition is one of the common public health problems in older population causing greater mortality and economic loss in developing countries. However, evidences on the ...

    Authors: Abdu Oumer Abdu, Imam Dagne Yimamu and Ahmed Ale Kahsay

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:497

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Increasing viscosity can reduce the risk of aspiration into the airway, but excessively thickened food may require more force and effort. We assumed that semi-solid foods with similar viscosities will behave d...

    Authors: Jin-Woo Park, Seul Lee, Byoungseung Yoo and Kiyeon Nam

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:493

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Older individuals are at increased risk of a severe and lethal course of COVID-19. They have typically been advised to practice particularly restrictive social distancing (‘cocooning’), which has sparked much ...

    Authors: Susanne Röhr, Ulrich Reininghaus and Steffi G. Riedel-Heller

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:489

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The status of oral cancer therapy in elderly patients in Japan, where ageing is rapidly progressing, may serve as a model for other countries with similar demographics. There is controversy over what kind of t...

    Authors: Chonji Fukumoto, Shouhei Ogisawa, Masashi Tani, Toshiki Hyodo, Ryouta Kamimura, Yuta Sawatani, Tomonori Hasegawa, Yuske Komiyama, Atsushi Fujita, Takahiro Wakui, Yasuo Haruyama, Gen Kobashi and Hitoshi Kawamata

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:487

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Frailty is associated with morbidity and mortality in patients admitted to intensive care units (ICUs). However, the characteristics of frail patients with suspected infection remain unclear. We aimed to inves...

    Authors: Akira Komori, Toshikazu Abe, Kazuma Yamakawa, Hiroshi Ogura, Shigeki Kushimoto, Daizoh Saitoh, Seitaro Fujishima, Yasuhiro Otomo, Joji Kotani, Yuichiro Sakamoto, Junichi Sasaki, Yasukazu Shiino, Naoshi Takeyama, Takehiko Tarui, Ryosuke Tsuruta, Taka-aki Nakada…

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:485

    Content type: Research article

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  29. A high prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) colonization has been reported among residents in geriatric long-term care facilities (LTCFs). Some studies indicate that MRSA might be impo...

    Authors: Teppei Sasahara, Ryusuke Ae, Akio Yoshimura, Koki Kosami, Kazumasa Sasaki, Yumiko Kimura, Dai Akine, Masanori Ogawa, Kenji Hamabata, Shuji Hatakeyama and Longzhu Cui

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:481

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Literature, film and news media reflect and shape social perceptions of dementia which in turn impact on dementia stigma. The aim of this paper is to systematically review papers on the depiction and frames fo...

    Authors: Lee-Fay Low and Farah Purwaningrum

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:477

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Living arrangements have an impact on a family’s health-related behaviors, especially its eating behaviors. However, studies that have examined the association between living arrangements and food intake, espe...

    Authors: Sirinya Phulkerd, Rossarin Soottipong Gray and Aphichat Chamratrithirong

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:476

    Content type: Research article

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  32. The increase in average life expectancy increases the risk of illness and frailty in the elderly, especially in the cognitive arena. This study has the objective to estimate the prevalence and incidence of cog...

    Authors: Ricardo Pais, Luís Ruano, Carla Moreira, Ofélia P. Carvalho and Henrique Barros

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:470

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Malnutrition is common among older adults and is associated with adverse outcomes but remains undiagnosed on healthcare admissions. Older adults use emergency departments (EDs) more than any other age group. T...

    Authors: Anne Griffin, Aoife O’Neill, Margaret O’Connor, Damien Ryan, Audrey Tierney and Rose Galvin

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:455

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Providing support to others has been shown to be beneficial to older adults. As people age, their health and social relationships change. These changes may also relate to changes in social support provision. W...

    Authors: S. K. Lestari, X. de Luna, M. Eriksson, G. Malmberg and N. Ng

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:436

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Multimorbidity and polypharmacy are very common in older adults in primary care. Ideally, general practitioners (GPs), should regularly review medication lists to identify inappropriate medication(s) and, wher...

    Authors: Zsofia Rozsnyai, Katharina Tabea Jungo, Emily Reeve, Rosalinde K. E. Poortvliet, Nicolas Rodondi, Jacobijn Gussekloo and Sven Streit

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:435

    Content type: Research article

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  36. The demographic changes in Brazil as a result of population aging is one of the fastest in the world. The far-reaching new challenges that come with a large older population are particularly disquieting in low...

    Authors: Marcos Daniel Saraiva, Luís Fernando Rangel, Julia Lusis Lassance Cunha, Thereza Cristina Ariza Rotta, Christian Douradinho, Eugênia Jatene Bou Khazaal, Márlon Juliano Romero Aliberti, Thiago Junqueira Avelino-Silva, Daniel Apolinario, Claudia Kimie Suemoto and Wilson Jacob-Filho

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:427

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Eating problems are highly prevalent in older patients with dementia and as a consequence, these patients are at greater risk of becoming malnourished. Fingerfoods, snacks that can be picked with thumb and for...

    Authors: Annemijn Visscher, Marieke C. E. Battjes-Fries, Ondine van de Rest, Olga N. Patijn, Mascha van der Lee, Nienke Wijma-Idsinga, Gerda K. Pot and Peter Voshol

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:423

    Content type: Research article

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  38. There is a need for more observational studies across different clinical settings to better understand the epidemiology of the novel COVID-19 infection. Evidence on clinical characteristics of COVID-19 infecti...

    Authors: Rajkumar Chinnadurai, Onesi Ogedengbe, Priya Agarwal, Sally Money-Coomes, Ahmad Z. Abdurrahman, Sajeel Mohammed, Philip A. Kalra, Nicola Rothwell and Sweta Pradhan

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:409

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Patients with peptic ulcer disease (PUD) and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) are more likely to receive long-term therapy with proton pump inhibitors (PPIs). This study aimed to investigate the risk of ...

    Authors: Joo-Hyun Park, Jessie Lee, Su-Yeon Yu, Jin-Hyung Jung, Kyungdo Han, Do-Hoon Kim and Jinnie Rhee

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:407

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Social assistance in the form of cash transfer or in-kind has been recognised as a social protection strategy in many developing countries to tackle poverty and provide protection for individuals and household...

    Authors: Doris Ottie-Boakye

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:406

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Frailty is increasingly recognized as an important construct which has health implications for older adults. The Clinical Frailty Scale (CFS) is a judgement-based frailty tool that evaluates specific domains i...

    Authors: Sophie Church, Emily Rogers, Kenneth Rockwood and Olga Theou

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:393

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Several tools have been proposed and validated to operationally define frailty. Recently, the Italian Frailty index (IFi), an Italian modified version of Frailty index, has been validated but its use in clinic...

    Authors: Ilaria Liguori, Gennaro Russo, Giulia Bulli, Francesco Curcio, Veronica Flocco, Gianlugi Galizia, David Della-Morte, Gaetano Gargiulo, Gianluca Testa, Francesco Cacciatore, Domenico Bonaduce and Pasquale Abete

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:375

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Older subjects with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are often affected by multiple geriatric impairments that may benefit from a comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA). However, ordinary execution of CGA in all...

    Authors: Simone Vettoretti, Lara Caldiroli, Giulia Porata, Carlotta Vezza, Matteo Cesari and Piergiorgio Messa

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:371

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Prescribing cascades occur when the side effect of a medication is treated with a second medication. The aim of the study was to understand how prescribing cascades develop and persist and to identify strategi...

    Authors: Barbara J. Farrell, Lianne Jeffs, Hannah Irving and Lisa M. McCarthy

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:368

    Content type: Research article

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