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Public health, nutrition and epidemiology

Section edited by Danan Gu

This section considers all topics relating to general public health and epidemiology. Nutrition, nutritional supplements, disease rates/statistics, disease prevention, prediction. Health promotion.

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  1. Anemia and frailty contribute to poor health outcomes in older adults; however, most current research in lower income countries has concentrated on anemia or frailty alone rather than in combination. The aim o...

    Authors: Ye Ruan, Yanfei Guo, Paul Kowal, Ye Lu, Chazhen Liu, Shuangyuan Sun, Zhezhou Huang, Yang Zheng, Wenjing Wang, Gan Li, Yan Shi and Fan Wu

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:327

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Older adults need homes that suit their physical capacity. Financial strain may limit home repairs and modifications and prompt relocations; repairing, relocating or modifying may increase financial strain. Li...

    Authors: L. J. Samuel, S. L. Szanton, C. L. Seplaki, T. K. M. Cudjoe, R. J. Thorpe Jr. and E. M. Agree

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:338

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Frailty is defined as a state of vulnerability to stressors that is associated with higher morbidity, mortality and healthcare utilization in older adults. Ageism is “a process of systematic stereotyping and d...

    Authors: Douglas Salguero, Juliana Ferri-Guerra, Nadeem Y. Mohammed, Dhanya Baskaran, Raquel Aparicio-Ugarriza, Michael J. Mintzer and Jorge G. Ruiz

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:329

    Content type: Research article

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  4. The lack of adequate and detailed epidemiological data of Parkinson’s disease (PD), especially in Asia, is a barrier to future disease burdens and the prospect of effective public health plans. This study aime...

    Authors: Joo-Hyun Park, Do-Hoon Kim, Do-Young Kwon, Moonyoung Choi, Shinhye Kim, Jin-Hyung Jung, Kyungdo Han and Yong-Gyu Park

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:320

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL) is an indicator of whether a community-dwelling elderly can live independently. IADL decline was reported to be associated with aging and depression. The present ...

    Authors: Eri Kiyoshige, Mai Kabayama, Yasuyuki Gondo, Yukie Masui, Hiroki Inagaki, Madoka Ogawa, Takeshi Nakagawa, Saori Yasumoto, Hiroshi Akasaka, Ken Sugimoto, Kazunori Ikebe, Yasumichi Arai, Tatsuro Ishizaki, Hiromi Rakugi and Kei Kamide

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:309

    Content type: Research article

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  6. In the absence of vaccine or cure, public knowledge about Human Immune Virus (HIV) is a central tool for curbing HIV epidemic. This study sought to assess the knowledge of HIV among older adults (50 years and ...

    Authors: Reindolf Anokye, Enoch Acheampong, Amy Budu-Ainooson, Edmund Isaac Obeng, Emmanuel Tetteh, Yvonne Sabby Acheampong and Curtis Edward Nettey-Marbell

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:304

    Content type: Research article

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  7. The extension of the life span has led to an increase in the number of older people and an increase in the prevalence of disability in people over 60 years of age. The aim of this study was to assess the preva...

    Authors: Agnieszka Ćwirlej-Sozańska, Agnieszka Wiśniowska-Szurlej, Anna Wilmowska-Pietruszyńska and Bernard Sozański

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:297

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Unplanned readmission is an important healthcare quality issue. We studied the effect of a comprehensive geriatric screen (CGS) in the early admission course followed by a comprehensive geriatric assessment on...

    Authors: Kun-Pei Lin, Jen-Hau Chen, Feng-Ping Lu, Chiung-Jung Wen and Ding-Cheng (Derrick) Chan

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:285

    Content type: Research article

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  9. For nursing home (NH) residents with swallowing or chewing problems, appealing texture-modified-diets (TMD) need to be available in order to support adequate nutrition. The aim of this study was to describe th...

    Authors: Carina Burger, Eva Kiesswetter, Rowena Alber, Ulrike Pfannes, Ulrike Arens-Azevedo and Dorothee Volkert

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:284

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Longevity and frailty have significant implications for healthcare delivery. They increase demands for healthcare service and surge risk of hospitalization. Despite gaining global attention, determinants of fr...

    Authors: Uday Narayan Yadav, Man Kumar Tamang, Tarka Bahadur Thapa, Hassan Hosseinzadeh, Mark Fort Harris and Krishna Kumar Yadav

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:283

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Developing countries are experiencing rapid population ageing. Many do not have the resources or formal structures available to support the health and wellbeing of people as they age. In other contexts, the us...

    Authors: Leon N. Geffen, Gabrielle Kelly, John N. Morris and Elizabeth P. Howard

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:279

    Content type: Research article

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  12. The community pharmacist is a key player in medication reviews of older outpatients. However, it is not always clear which individuals require a medication review. The objective of the present study was to ide...

    Authors: Jean-Baptiste Beuscart, Ségolène Petit, Sophie Gautier, Patrick Wierre, Thibaut Balcaen, Jean-Marc Lefebvre, Nicolas Kambia, Elisabeth Bertoux, Daniel Mascaut, Christine Barthélémy, Damien Cuny, François Puisieux and Bertrand Décaudin

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:277

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Studies suggest that anticholinergic medication or benzodiazepine use could increase dementia risk. We tested this hypothesis using data from a UK cohort study.

    Authors: Carlota M. Grossi, Kathryn Richardson, Chris Fox, Ian Maidment, Nicholas Steel, Yoon K. Loke, Antony Arthur, Phyo Kyaw Myint, Noll Campbell, Malaz Boustani, Louise Robinson, Carol Brayne, Fiona E. Matthews and George M. Savva

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:276

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Functional disability is a significant problem after natural disasters. Musculoskeletal pain is reported to increase after disasters, which can cause functional disability among survivors. However, the effects...

    Authors: Yutaka Yabe, Yoshihiro Hagiwara, Takuya Sekiguchi, Yumi Sugawara, Masahiro Tsuchiya, Nobuyuki Itaya, Shinichirou Yoshida, Yasuhito Sogi, Toshihisa Yano, Takahiro Onoki, Ichiro Tsuji and Eiji Itoi

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:274

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Older people with a low social position are at higher risk of poor health outcomes compared to those with a higher social position. Whether lower social position also increases the risk of geriatric syndromes ...

    Authors: C. Rausch, Y. Liang, U. Bültmann, S. E. de Rooij, K. Johnell, L. Laflamme and J. Möller

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:267

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Potentially Inappropriate Medication (PIM) use has been studied in a variety of older adult populations across the world. We sought to examine the prevalence and correlates of PIM use in older drivers.

    Authors: Guohua Li, Howard F. Andrews, Stanford Chihuri, Barbara H. Lang, Cheng Shiun Leu, David P. Merle, Abigail Gordon, Thelma J. Mielenz, David Strogatz, David W. Eby, Marian E. Betz, Carolyn DiGuiseppi, Vanya C. Jones, Lisa J. Molnar and Linda L. Hill

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:260

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Making health-related decisions about loved ones with cognitive impairment may contribute to caregiver burden of care. We sought to explore factors associated with burden of care among informal caregivers who ...

    Authors: Alexandrine Boucher, Julie Haesebaert, Adriana Freitas, Rhéda Adekpedjou, Marjolaine Landry, Henriette Bourassa, Dawn Stacey, Jordie Croteau, Painchaud-Guérard Geneviève and France Légaré

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:249

    Content type: Research article

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  18. There were little national data on hypertension based on the oldest-old, and lack of information on chronological changes. This study aimed to describe trends of blood pressure (BP) levels and hypertension pre...

    Authors: Jiajun Du, Guoning Zhu, Yanhong Yue, Miao Liu and Yao He

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:248

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The percentage of older adults with hearing loss who stop using their hearing aids and the variables associated with this phenomenon have not been systematically investigated in South America. This problem is ...

    Authors: Eduardo Fuentes-López, Adrian Fuente, Gonzalo Valdivia and Manuel Luna-Monsalve

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:245

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Glycemic control targets in older patients should be individualized according to functional status and comorbidities. The aim of the study was to identify high-risk patients who had evidence of tight glycemic ...

    Authors: Zyta Beata Wojszel and Agnieszka Kasiukiewicz

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:242

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Approximately one third of subjects ≥65 year old and half of subjects ≥80 years old sustain a fall injury each year. We aimed to study the outcomes of fall from a height (FFH) among older adults. We hypothesiz...

    Authors: Ayman El-Menyar, Elizabeth Tilley, Hassan Al-Thani and Rifat Latifi

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:238

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Limited attention has been paid to an association between food environment and household economic resources related to food expenditure in food-insecure seniors. The aim of the study was to investigate the rel...

    Authors: Jae Eun Shim, Ji-Yun Hwang and Kirang Kim

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:234

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Contemporary HIV care may reduce frailty in older adults living with HIV (OALWH). Objective of the study was to estimate prevalence of frailty at the age of 50 and 75 years, and build a model to quantify the b...

    Authors: Giovanni Guaraldi, Davide De Francesco, Andrea Malagoli, Stefano Zona, Iacopo Franconi, Antonella Santoro, Cristina Mussini, Chiara Mussi, Matteo Cesari, Olga Theou and Kenneth Rockwood

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:229

    Content type: Research article

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  24. With the number of centenarians increasing exponentially in Spain, a deeper knowledge of their socio-demographic, clinical, and healthcare use characteristics is important to better understand the health profi...

    Authors: Antonio Gimeno-Miguel, Mercedes Clerencia-Sierra, Ignatios Ioakeim, Beatriz Poblador-Plou, Mercedes Aza-Pascual-Salcedo, Francisca González-Rubio, Raquel Rodríguez Herrero and Alexandra Prados-Torres

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:226

    Content type: Research article

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  25. At present, we know relatively little about priorities and problems with topics that older adults experience when completing different examinations in longitudinal population-based studies. To examine these to...

    Authors: Synneve Dahlin-Ivanoff, Therese Rydberg Sterner, Kaj Blennow, Ingmar Skoog and Hanna Falk Erhag

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:224

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Hearing loss is one of the most common modifiable factors associated with cognitive and functional decline in geriatric populations. An accurate, easy-to-apply, and inexpensive hearing screening method is need...

    Authors: Min Zhang, Zhaori Bi, Xinping Fu, Jiaofeng Wang, Qingwei Ruan, Chao Zhao, Jirong Duan, Xuan Zeng, Dian Zhou, Jie Chen and Zhijun Bao

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:214

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Aged care support services in Australia are delivered through home care packages, permanent residential care, respite care and transition care. This study aimed to determine age and gender specific incidence r...

    Authors: Jyoti Khadka, Catherine Lang, Julie Ratcliffe, Megan Corlis, Steve Wesselingh, Craig Whitehead and Maria Inacio

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:213

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Female sex is an important factor predisposing individuals to frailty. Appropriate nutrition is one of the most effective ways to prevent older adults from developing frailty; Sex-related differences have also...

    Authors: Koji Shibasaki, Shin Kei Kin, Shizuru Yamada, Masahiro Akishita and Sumito Ogawa

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:211

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Respiratory infections among older adults in long-term care facilities (LTCFs) are a major global concern, yet a rigorous systematic synthesis of the literature on the burden of respiratory infections in the L...

    Authors: Arielle Childs, Andrew R. Zullo, Nina R. Joyce, Kevin W. McConeghy, Robertus van Aalst, Patience Moyo, Elliott Bosco, Vincent Mor and Stefan Gravenstein

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:210

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Giant cell arteritis is a vasculitis of large and middle-sized arteries that affects patients aged over 50 years. It can show a typical clinical picture consisting of cranial manifestations but sometimes nonsp...

    Authors: Miguel Á. González-Gay, Miguel Ortego-Jurado, Liliana Ercole and Norberto Ortego-Centeno

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:200

    Content type: Debate

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  31. Nutritional status of the older people is affected by various life-style factors. Although dietary habit is one of the life-style factors, it is unknown which of older home-care recipients’ dietary habits are ...

    Authors: Taeko Tsuji, Kaoru Yamamoto, Kazuyo Yamasaki, Fumikazu Hayashi, Chika Momoki, Yoko Yasui, Satoko Ohfuji, Wakaba Fukushima and Daiki Habu

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:197

    Content type: Research article

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  32. The elderly inpatients are in high risk of suffering health-care associated infection (HAI). The study aimed to analyze the risk factors of health-care associated infection (HAI) in elderly hospitalized patien...

    Authors: Xia Zhao, Lihong Wang, Nan Wei, Jingli Zhang, Wenhui Ma, Huijie Zhao and Xu Han

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:193

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Previous cohort studies investigating the association between sarcopenic obesity (SO) and all-cause mortality among adult people have been inconsistent. We performed a meta-analysis to determine if SO is a pre...

    Authors: Xiaoming Zhang, Xiaohua Xie, Qingli Dou, Chenyun Liu, Wenwu Zhang, Yunzhi Yang, Renli Deng and Andy S. K. Cheng

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:183

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Information about frailty status and its transition is important to inform clinical decisions. Predicting frailty transition is beneficial for its prevention. While Indonesia is the 4th largest geriatric popul...

    Authors: Siti Setiati, Purwita Wijaya Laksmi, I.G.P. Suka Aryana, Sri Sunarti, Novira Widajanti, Lazuardhi Dwipa, Euphemia Seto, Rahmi Istanti, Laurentius Johan Ardian and Sabrina Chusnul Chotimah

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:182

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Alzheimer’s disease (AD), as the most common cause of dementia, brings huge economic burden for patients and social health care systems, which motivates researchers to study multiple protective factors, among ...

    Authors: Rui-xia Jia, Jing-hong Liang, Yong Xu and Ying-quan Wang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:181

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Older adults are at high risk for influenza-related complications including worsening frailty and function. We surveyed older Canadians to explore the impact of influenza and determine how influenza knowledge ...

    Authors: Melissa K. Andrew, Vladimir Gilca, Nancy Waite and Jennifer A. Pereira

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:178

    Content type: Research article

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  37. The diagnosis of urinary tract infections (UTIs) in institutionalized older adults is often based on vague symptoms and a positive culture. The high prevalence of asymptomatic bacteriuria (ABU), which cannot b...

    Authors: Michael Biggel, Stefan Heytens, Katrien Latour, Robin Bruyndonckx, Herman Goossens and Pieter Moons

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:170

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Self-rated health (SRH) have been widely used as a valid indicator of health status at the population and individual level. We aimed to investigate the distribution and correlates of global SRH and age-compara...

    Authors: Xingyue Song, Jing Wu, Canqing Yu, Wenhong Dong, Jun Lv, Yu Guo, Zheng Bian, Ling Yang, Yiping Chen, Zhengming Chen, An Pan and Liming Li

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:168

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Depression is a chronic mental disorder that severely impacts the older adult population globally. Nutritional psychiatry is an approach that has gained traction over the years. Exploring locally relevant cons...

    Authors: Chong Min Janrius Goh, Edimansyah Abdin, Anitha Jeyagurunathan, Saleha Shafie, Rajeswari Sambasivam, Yun Jue Zhang, Janhavi Ajit Vaingankar, Siow Ann Chong and Mythily Subramaniam

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:161

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Older patients are commonly prescribed multiple medications therefore; medication misadventures are common and expected among older patients. The use of potentially inappropriate medicines (PIMs) further contr...

    Authors: Tariq M. Alhawassi, Wafa Alatawi and Monira Alwhaibi

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:154

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Triage is widely used in the emergency department (ED) in order to identify the patient’s level of urgency and often based on the patient’s chief complaint and vital signs. Age has been shown to be independent...

    Authors: T. Ruge, G. Malmer, C. Wachtler, U. Ekelund, E. Westerlund, P. Svensson and A. C. Carlsson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:139

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Although China is undergoing rapid economic development, it is facing an ageing population. No data exists on malnutrition risks of older adults in an affluent Chinese society. The aim of this study is to exam...

    Authors: Martin M. H. Wong, Winnie K. W. So, Kai Chow Choi, Regina Cheung, Helen Y. L. Chan, Janet W. H. Sit, Brenda Ho, Francis Li, Tin Yan Lee and Sek Ying Chair

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:138

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Decreased muscle strength and/or depression with aging are emerging as important public health concerns in both developed and developing countries. This study investigated the effects of low handgrip strength ...

    Authors: Soohyun Park, Jinkyung Cho, Donghyun Kim, Youngyun Jin, Inhwan Lee, Haeryun Hong and Hyunsik Kang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:127

    Content type: Research article

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  44. The Drug Burden Index (DBI) quantifies exposure to medications with anticholinergic and/or sedative effects. A consensus list of DBI medications available in Ireland was recently developed for use as a DBI too...

    Authors: Catherine J. Byrne, Caroline Walsh, Caitriona Cahir and Kathleen Bennett

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:121

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Sarcopenia, frailty, cachexia and malnutrition are widespread syndromes in older people, characterized by loss of body tissue and related to poor outcome. The aim of the present cross-sectional study was to as...

    Authors: Anne Gingrich, Dorothee Volkert, Eva Kiesswetter, Marta Thomanek, Svenja Bach, Cornel C. Sieber and Yurdagül Zopf

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:120

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Previous studies have shown that mortality in old age is associated with both number of children and their socioeconomic resources. The underlying mechanisms are unclear, as well as when during the process of ...

    Authors: Anna C. Meyer, Hannah L. Brooke and Karin Modig

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:114

    Content type: Research article

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