Skip to main content

Public health, nutrition and epidemiology

Section edited by Danan Gu

This section considers all topics relating to general public health and epidemiology. Nutrition, nutritional supplements, disease rates/statistics, disease prevention, prediction. Health promotion.

Page 1 of 8

  1. Although malnutrition risk is well documented in elderly care institutions, few studies have been conducted to address concerns regarding community-dwelling elderly people. This study has been aimed to describ...

    Authors: Afsaneh Bakhtiari, Mahbobeh pourali and Shabnam Omidvar

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:278

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. Age-related hearing loss reduces the quality of life in older adults. Low socioeconomic status (SES) has been reported as a risk factor for hearing loss, although this has not been verified in Japan. This stud...

    Authors: Nobue Nakahori, Michikazu Sekine, Masaaki Yamada, Takashi Tatsuse, Hideki Kido and Michio Suzuki

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:275

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  3. The dose response relationship of nine-year cumulative anticholinergic exposure and dementia onset was investigated using the Korean version anticholinergic burden scale (KABS) in comparison with the Anticholi...

    Authors: Yewon Suh, Young-Mi Ah, Euna Han, Kwanghee Jun, Sunghee Hwang, Kyung Hee Choi and Ju-Yeun Lee

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:265

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  4. Conflicting evidence exists regarding the association of socioeconomic status (SES) with mortality among older people and little is known about the mechanisms underlying this association. We investigated the a...

    Authors: Saman Khalatbari-Soltani, Fiona M. Blyth, Vasi Naganathan, David J. Handelsman, David G. Le Couteur, Markus J. Seibel, Louise M. Waite, Erin Cvejic and Robert G. Cumming

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:261

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  5. Sarcopenia is associated with increased mortality among older adults. Sleep-related problems have been studied as factors related to sarcopenia. This study was conducted to determine the relationship between s...

    Authors: Yuki Nagaura, Hideaki Kondo, Mako Nagayoshi and Takahiro Maeda

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:256

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  6. Epidemiological evidence suggests that healthy diet is associated with a slowdown of cognitive decline leading to dementia, but the underlying mechanisms are still partially unexplored. Diet is the main determ...

    Authors: Federica Prinelli, Nithiya Jesuthasan, Marco Severgnini, Massimo Musicco, Fulvio Adorni, Maria Lea Correa Leite, Chiara Crespi and Sara Bernini

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:253

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  7. Controlling Nutritional Status (CONUT) score is calculated using laboratory values, including serum albumin, total cholesterol concentration, and total lymphocyte count; it is reportedly valuable for making nu...

    Authors: Toshio Yagi, Yusuke Oshita, Ichiro Okano, Takuma Kuroda, Koji Ishikawa, Takashi Nagai and Katsunori Inagaki

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:243

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  8. No papers have examined the relationship between socio-demographic characteristics and cognitive performance in oldest old subjects (i.e, > = 80 years old) asking for driving license renewal. We hypothesize th...

    Authors: Giuseppina Bernardelli, Palmina Caruso, Guido Travaini, Isabella Merzagora, Francesca Gualdi, Raffaela D. G. Sartori, Daniela Mari, Matteo Cesari and Valeria Edefonti

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:241

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  9. Falls are a major problem for older people and recurrent fallers are especially prone to severe consequences due to falls. This study investigated the association between chronic conditions and falls.

    Authors: Milla Immonen, Marianne Haapea, Heidi Similä, Heidi Enwald, Niina Keränen, Maarit Kangas, Timo Jämsä and Raija Korpelainen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:225

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  10. The ageing skin is more susceptible to pruritic dermatoses, which are associated with adverse psychosocial effects and reduced quality of life among older adults. This cross-sectional study aimed to identify t...

    Authors: Shin Shen Yong, Zhenli Kwan, Chin Chwen Ch’ng, Adrian Sze Wai Yong, Leng Leng Tan, Winn Hui Han, Shahrul Bahyah Kamaruzzaman, Ai-Vyrn Chin and Maw Pin Tan

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:223

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  11. This case report, unlike the current literature related to vitamin D intoxication, aims to highlight the risk of self-medication, and how publicity boosts the acquisition of vitamins for different purposes, in...

    Authors: Ana Laura Teodoro de Paula, Wemerson Philipe Ferreira Gonzaga, Lucas Martins Oliveira, Taciana Carla Maia Feibelmann and Juliana Markus

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:221

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  12. Knowledge of unplanned readmission rates and prognostic factors for readmission among older people after early discharge from emergency departments is sparse. The aims of this study were to examine the unplann...

    Authors: M. Klinge, M. Aasbrenn, B. Öztürk, C. F. Christiansen, C. Suetta, E. Pressel and F. E. Nielsen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:203

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  13. The combined effect of sarcopenia and obesity, i.e., sarcopenic obesity, has been associated with disability and worse outcomes in older adults, but results are conflicting. The objectives of this study were t...

    Authors: Å. von Berens, S. R. Obling, M. Nydahl, A. Koochek, L. Lissner, I. Skoog, K. Frändin, E. Skoglund, E. Rothenberg and T. Cederholm

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:199

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  14. Frailty is characterised by age-related declines in physical, psychological and social functioning. Features of frailty overlap with risk factors for fragility fractures. The aim of this study was to investiga...

    Authors: Monica C. Tembo, Kara L. Holloway-Kew, Mohammadreza Mohebbi, Sophia X. Sui, Sarah M. Hosking, Sharon L. Brennan-Olsen, Lana J. Williams, Mark A. Kotowicz and Julie A. Pasco

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:196

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  15. Many health and social needs can be assessed and met in community settings, where lower-cost, person-centered, preventative and proactive services predominate. This study reports on the development and impleme...

    Authors: Eliah Aronoff-Spencer, Padideh Asgari, Tracy L. Finlayson, Joseph Gavin, Melinda Forstey, Gregory J. Norman, Ian Pierce, Carlos Ochoa, Paul Downey, Karen Becerra and Zia Agha

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:193

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  16. The health-promoting qualities of participation as an opportunity for social and cognitive engagement are well known. Use of Everyday Technology such as Smartphones or ATMs, as enabling or disabling factors fo...

    Authors: Sophie Nadia Gaber, Louise Nygård, Anders Kottorp, Georgina Charlesworth, Sarah Wallcook and Camilla Malinowsky

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:192

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  17. Current evidence suggests that negative and stigmatising attitudes towards dementia may develop at a young age. There are a number of dementia education and awareness initiatives aimed at reducing stigma, thou...

    Authors: Nicolas Farina, Laura J. Hughes, Ellen Jones, Sahdia Parveen, Alys W. Griffiths, Kathleen Galvin and Sube Banerjee

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:188

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  18. While physical activity interventions have been reported to reduce hospital stays, it is not clear if, in the general population, usual physical activity patterns may be associated with subsequent hospital use...

    Authors: Robert Luben, Shabina Hayat, Nicholas Wareham, Paul Pharoah and Kay-Tee Khaw

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:165

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  19. Less educational training is consistently associated with incident dementia among older adults, but associations between income and financial strain with incident dementia have not been well tested in national...

    Authors: Laura J. Samuel, Sarah L. Szanton, Jennifer L. Wolff, Katherine A. Ornstein, Lauren J. Parker and Laura N. Gitlin

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:156

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  20. Aging is associated with a high risk for cardiovascular disease. The relation of obesity and risk of cardiovascular events appears to be more closely linked to certain clinical or metabolic phenotypes than to ...

    Authors: Francisco M. Gutierrez-Mariscal, Antonio García-Ríos, Purificación Gómez-Luna, Carolina Fernández-Gandara, Magdalena P. Cardelo, Silvia de la Cruz-Ares, Fernando Rodriguez-Cantalejo, Raul M. Luque, Ana León-Acuña, Javier Delgado-Lista, Pablo Perez-Martinez, Elena M. Yubero-Serrano and Jose Lopez-Miranda

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:151

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  21. Outbreaks of norovirus infection can have detrimental impacts on long-term care facilities. This study investigated the incidence, clinical picture, treatment and resource use of norovirus gastroenteritis in l...

    Authors: Saori Fujiki, Tatsuro Ishizaki and Takeo Nakayama

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:148

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  22. Fear of falling (FoF) in the elderly is one of the major public health concerns in this era of aging of the population. As there is limited evidence on how cognitive function may differ by social support level...

    Authors: Thi Hue Man Vo, Keiko Nakamura, Kaoruko Seino, Hoang Thuy Linh Nguyen and Thang Van Vo

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:141

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  23. Frailty is an emerging public health concern among aging populations. Although socioeconomic status is a well-known contributor to frailty, there is limited research investigating the effects of poverty on fra...

    Authors: Hin Moi Youn, Hyeon Ji Lee, Doo Woong Lee and Eun-Cheol Park

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:139

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  24. Adequate access to healthcare is associated with lower risks of mortality at older ages. However, it is largely unknown how many more years of life can be attributed to having adequate access to healthcare com...

    Authors: Lisha Hao, Xin Xu, Matthew E. Dupre, Aimei Guo, Xufan Zhang, Li Qiu, Yuan Zhao and Danan Gu

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:129

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  25. The early identification of individuals at high risk for adverse outcomes by a Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment (CGA) in resource-limited primary care settings enables tailored treatments, however, the evide...

    Authors: Marcos Daniel Saraiva, Amanda Lagreca Venys, Fábio Luiz Pantaleão Abdalla, Mariana Seabra Fernandes, Priscila Henriques Pisoli, Danilsa Margareth da Rocha Vilhena Sousa, Barbara Lobo Bianconi, Expedita Ângela Henrique, Vanessa Silva Suller Garcia, Lucas Henrique de Mendonça Maia, Gisele Sayuri Suzuki, Priscila Gonçalves Serrano, Marcel Hiratsuka, Claudia Szlejf, Wilson Jacob-Filho and Sérgio Márcio Pacheco Paschoal

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:124

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  26. Despite a non-specific nature of self-rated health (SRH), it seems to be a strong predictor of mortality. The aim of this study is to assess the association of SRH and objective health status (OH) with all-cau...

    Authors: Maarit Wuorela, Sirkku Lavonius, Marika Salminen, Tero Vahlberg, Matti Viitanen and Laura Viikari

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:120

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  27. Very few people live to eighty-five years and older (the ‘oldest old’), and even fewer live to this age without developing chronic diseases. It is important to understand the relationship, if any, of modifiabl...

    Authors: Qianqian Gu, Carly M. Sable, Angela Brooks-Wilson and Rachel A. Murphy

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:106

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  28. A better insight into older adults’ understanding of and attitude towards cognitive disorders and their prevention, as well as expectations and reasons for participation in prevention trials, would help design...

    Authors: Anna Rosenberg, Nicola Coley, Alexandra Soulier, Jenni Kulmala, Hilkka Soininen, Sandrine Andrieu, Miia Kivipelto and Mariagnese Barbera

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:99

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  29. Elderly patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) frequently present comorbidities that put them at risk of polypharmacy and medication-related problems. This study aims to describe the overall medication pro...

    Authors: Clarisse Roux-Marson, Jean Baptiste Baranski, Coraline Fafin, Guillaume Exterman, Cecile Vigneau, Cecile Couchoud, Olivier Moranne and P. S. P. A. Investigators

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:87

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  30. During aging, alterations of the intestinal microbial ecosystem can occur contributing to immunosenescence, inflamm-aging and impairment of intestinal barrier function (increased intestinal permeability; IP). ...

    Authors: Simone Guglielmetti, Stefano Bernardi, Cristian Del Bo’, Antonio Cherubini, Marisa Porrini, Giorgio Gargari, Nicole Hidalgo-Liberona, Raul Gonzalez-Dominguez, Gregorio Peron, Raul Zamora-Ros, Mark S. Winterbone, Benjamin Kirkup, Paul A. Kroon, Cristina Andres-Lacueva and Patrizia Riso

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:77

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  31. With age, the number of chronic conditions increases along with the use of medications. For several years, polypharmacy has been found to be on the increase in western societies. Polypharmacy is associated wit...

    Authors: Kristine Thorell, Patrik Midlöv, Johan Fastbom and Anders Halling

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:73

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  32. Considering the real-world experiences of those with cognitive impairments is important in building a positive community for older people. Community-based participatory research is an important methodology for...

    Authors: Tsuyoshi Okamura, Chiaki Ura, Mika Sugiyama, Madoka Ogawa, Hiroki Inagaki, Fumiko Miyamae, Ayako Edahiro, Yukiko Kugimiya, Mutsuko Okamura, Mari Yamashita and Shuichi Awata

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:68

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  33. Sarcopenia is a condition that is characterized by loss of muscle mass, muscle strength and muscle functional impairment with ageing. It is associated with poor health outcomes, premature death and a significa...

    Authors: Xiaolei Liu, Lisha Hou, Xin Xia, Yang Liu, Zhiliang Zuo, Yan Zhang, Wanyu Zhao, Qiukui Hao, Jirong Yue and Birong Dong

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:63

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  34. Older adults who reside in long-term care facilities (LTCFs) are at particularly high risk for infection, morbidity and mortality from pneumonia and influenza (P&I) compared to individuals of younger age and t...

    Authors: Patience Moyo, Andrew R. Zullo, Kevin W. McConeghy, Elliott Bosco, Robertus van Aalst, Ayman Chit and Stefan Gravenstein

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:47

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  35. The multidisciplinary comprehensive care (MDCC) program promotes the improvement of oral intake for older patients. The Kuchi-kara Taberu (ingesting orally in Japanese, KT) index was developed to objectively a...

    Authors: Hiroshi Shamoto, Tamami Koyama, Ryo Momosaki, Keisuke Maeda and Hidetaka Wakabayashi

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:36

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  36. Potentially inappropriate prescribing (PIP) is associated with negative health outcomes, including hospitalisation and mortality. Life and Living in Advanced Age: a Cohort Study in New Zealand (LiLACS NZ) is a...

    Authors: Karen Cardwell, Ngaire Kerse, Carmel M. Hughes, Ruth Teh, Simon A. Moyes, Oliver Menzies, Anna Rolleston, Joanna B. Broad and Cristín Ryan

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:28

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  37. Health professionals working with older persons are not sufficiently aware of the sensory and functional difficulties experienced by older patients. Innovative educational activities, such as the aging-simulat...

    Authors: Julie Giner Perot, Witold Jarzebowski, Carmelo Lafuente-Lafuente, Cyril Crozet and Joël Belmin

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:14

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  38. Older adults have the highest drug utilization due to multimorbidity. Although the number of people over age 70 is expected to double within the next decades, population-based data on their medication patterns...

    Authors: Nina Mielke, Dörte Huscher, Antonios Douros, Natalie Ebert, Jens Gaedeke, Markus van der Giet, Martin K. Kuhlmann, Peter Martus and Elke Schaeffner

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:22

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  39. Femoral neck fractures (FNFs), which are common in the older population, are associated with high mortality and morbidity. Some 20% of FNFs are undisplaced (uFNFs). The routine surgical procedure for uFNFs is ...

    Authors: Olof Wolf, Pontus Sjöholm, Nils P. Hailer, Michael Möller and Sebastian Mukka

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:19

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  40. The aim was to estimate the prevalence of frailty and relative contribution of physical/balance, nutritive, cognitive and sensory frailty to important adverse health states (falls, physical activity levels, ou...

    Authors: Solveig A. Arnadottir, Julie Bruce, Ranjit Lall, Emma J. Withers, Martin Underwood, Fiona Shaw, Ray Sheridan, Anower Hossain and Sarah E. Lamb

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:16

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  41. Geriatric patients are at high risk of Drug Related Problems (DRPs) due to multi- morbidity associated polypharmacy, age related physiologic changes, pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamics alterations. These pat...

    Authors: Berhane Yohannes Hailu, Derebew Fikadu Berhe, Esayas Kebede Gudina, Kidu Gidey and Mestawet Getachew

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:13

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  42. Previous studies suggest that poor sleep quality or abnormal sleep duration may be associated with frailty. Here we test the associations of sleep disturbances with both frailty and pre-frailty in an elderly p...

    Authors: Xue-Hui Sun, Teng Ma, Shun Yao, Ze-Kun Chen, Wen-Dong Xu, Xiao-Yan Jiang and Xiao-Feng Wang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:9

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  43. The traditional joint family system in a culturally diverse Pakistani society shows great respect and care for older population by the families and their generations. However, in the recent years the phenomeno...

    Authors: Laila Akber Cassum, Keith Cash, Waris Qidwai and Samina Vertejee

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:8

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  44. Living alone is increasingly common and has been depicted as an important cause of mortality. We examined the association between living alone and mortality risks among older men and women in northern Sweden, ...

    Authors: Nawi Ng, Ailiana Santosa, Lars Weinehall and Gunnar Malmberg

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:7

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  45. To examine the relationship between social support and depressive symptoms of Chinese family caregivers of older people with disabilities, and to evaluate the role of caregiver burden as a potential mediator o...

    Authors: Yaqin Zhong, Jian Wang and Stephen Nicholas

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:3

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  46. Up to half of elderly people at nursing homes have asymptomatic bacteriuria, and concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) are generally low. Vitamin D is a modulator of the immune system and involved in p...

    Authors: Rebeka Arnljots, Egill Snaebjörnsson Arnljots, Jörgen Thorn, Marie Elm, Michael Moore and Pär-Daniel Sundvall

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:381

    Content type: Research article

    Published on: