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Public health, nutrition and epidemiology

Section edited by Danan Gu

This section considers all topics relating to general public health and epidemiology. Nutrition, nutritional supplements, disease rates/statistics, disease prevention, prediction. Health promotion.

Page 1 of 7

  1. Considering the real-world experiences of those with cognitive impairments is important in building a positive community for older people. Community-based participatory research is an important methodology for...

    Authors: Tsuyoshi Okamura, Chiaki Ura, Mika Sugiyama, Madoka Ogawa, Hiroki Inagaki, Fumiko Miyamae, Ayako Edahiro, Yukiko Kugimiya, Mutsuko Okamura, Mari Yamashita and Shuichi Awata

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:68

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Sarcopenia is a condition that is characterized by loss of muscle mass, muscle strength and muscle functional impairment with ageing. It is associated with poor health outcomes, premature death and a significa...

    Authors: Xiaolei Liu, Lisha Hou, Xin Xia, Yang Liu, Zhiliang Zuo, Yan Zhang, Wanyu Zhao, Qiukui Hao, Jirong Yue and Birong Dong

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:63

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Older adults who reside in long-term care facilities (LTCFs) are at particularly high risk for infection, morbidity and mortality from pneumonia and influenza (P&I) compared to individuals of younger age and t...

    Authors: Patience Moyo, Andrew R. Zullo, Kevin W. McConeghy, Elliott Bosco, Robertus van Aalst, Ayman Chit and Stefan Gravenstein

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:47

    Content type: Research article

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  4. The multidisciplinary comprehensive care (MDCC) program promotes the improvement of oral intake for older patients. The Kuchi-kara Taberu (ingesting orally in Japanese, KT) index was developed to objectively a...

    Authors: Hiroshi Shamoto, Tamami Koyama, Ryo Momosaki, Keisuke Maeda and Hidetaka Wakabayashi

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:36

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Potentially inappropriate prescribing (PIP) is associated with negative health outcomes, including hospitalisation and mortality. Life and Living in Advanced Age: a Cohort Study in New Zealand (LiLACS NZ) is a...

    Authors: Karen Cardwell, Ngaire Kerse, Carmel M. Hughes, Ruth Teh, Simon A. Moyes, Oliver Menzies, Anna Rolleston, Joanna B. Broad and Cristín Ryan

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:28

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Health professionals working with older persons are not sufficiently aware of the sensory and functional difficulties experienced by older patients. Innovative educational activities, such as the aging-simulat...

    Authors: Julie Giner Perot, Witold Jarzebowski, Carmelo Lafuente-Lafuente, Cyril Crozet and Joël Belmin

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:14

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Older adults have the highest drug utilization due to multimorbidity. Although the number of people over age 70 is expected to double within the next decades, population-based data on their medication patterns...

    Authors: Nina Mielke, Dörte Huscher, Antonios Douros, Natalie Ebert, Jens Gaedeke, Markus van der Giet, Martin K. Kuhlmann, Peter Martus and Elke Schaeffner

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:22

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Femoral neck fractures (FNFs), which are common in the older population, are associated with high mortality and morbidity. Some 20% of FNFs are undisplaced (uFNFs). The routine surgical procedure for uFNFs is ...

    Authors: Olof Wolf, Pontus Sjöholm, Nils P. Hailer, Michael Möller and Sebastian Mukka

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:19

    Content type: Study protocol

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  9. The aim was to estimate the prevalence of frailty and relative contribution of physical/balance, nutritive, cognitive and sensory frailty to important adverse health states (falls, physical activity levels, ou...

    Authors: Solveig A. Arnadottir, Julie Bruce, Ranjit Lall, Emma J. Withers, Martin Underwood, Fiona Shaw, Ray Sheridan, Anower Hossain and Sarah E. Lamb

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:16

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Geriatric patients are at high risk of Drug Related Problems (DRPs) due to multi- morbidity associated polypharmacy, age related physiologic changes, pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamics alterations. These pat...

    Authors: Berhane Yohannes Hailu, Derebew Fikadu Berhe, Esayas Kebede Gudina, Kidu Gidey and Mestawet Getachew

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:13

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Previous studies suggest that poor sleep quality or abnormal sleep duration may be associated with frailty. Here we test the associations of sleep disturbances with both frailty and pre-frailty in an elderly p...

    Authors: Xue-Hui Sun, Teng Ma, Shun Yao, Ze-Kun Chen, Wen-Dong Xu, Xiao-Yan Jiang and Xiao-Feng Wang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:9

    Content type: Research article

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  12. The traditional joint family system in a culturally diverse Pakistani society shows great respect and care for older population by the families and their generations. However, in the recent years the phenomeno...

    Authors: Laila Akber Cassum, Keith Cash, Waris Qidwai and Samina Vertejee

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:8

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Living alone is increasingly common and has been depicted as an important cause of mortality. We examined the association between living alone and mortality risks among older men and women in northern Sweden, ...

    Authors: Nawi Ng, Ailiana Santosa, Lars Weinehall and Gunnar Malmberg

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:7

    Content type: Research article

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  14. To examine the relationship between social support and depressive symptoms of Chinese family caregivers of older people with disabilities, and to evaluate the role of caregiver burden as a potential mediator o...

    Authors: Yaqin Zhong, Jian Wang and Stephen Nicholas

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:3

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Up to half of elderly people at nursing homes have asymptomatic bacteriuria, and concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) are generally low. Vitamin D is a modulator of the immune system and involved in p...

    Authors: Rebeka Arnljots, Egill Snaebjörnsson Arnljots, Jörgen Thorn, Marie Elm, Michael Moore and Pär-Daniel Sundvall

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:381

    Content type: Research article

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  16. In the context of an aging population, identifying risk factors for Vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE), specific to older people, is important. However, if age is a known risk factor for VRE infection, a l...

    Authors: Benjamin Mathis, Max Haïne, Raphaële Girard and Marc Bonnefoy

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:377

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Chile has one of the highest life expectancies within Latin American. This is the first study to determine health expectancies in older populations in Chile, considering cognitive status as a health indicator.

    Authors: Ximena Moreno, Lydia Lera, Francisco Moreno and Cecilia Albala

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:374

    Content type: Research article

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  18. The burden of sepsis represents a global health care problem. We aimed to assess the case fatality rate (CFR) and its predictors in subjects with sepsis admitted to a general Italian hospital from 2009 to 2016...

    Authors: Andrea Fabbri, Giulio Marchesini, Barbara Benazzi, Alice Morelli, Danilo Montesi, Cesare Bini and Stefano Giovanni Rizzo

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:372

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Reduced glomerular filtration rate and increased asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) are prevalent in elderly people. However, most of the studies that have examined the association between the two conditions w...

    Authors: Hye Rin Choi, Seung Won Lee, Da-Hye Jeon, Nam Wook Hur, Yoosik Youm and Hyeon Chang Kim

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:370

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Sarcopenia is a decrease in skeletal muscle mass, physical performance, and muscle strength in older people. In this study, we aimed to explore the correlation between comorbidity and skeletal muscle mass and ...

    Authors: Ge Gong, Wenhui Wan, Xinghu Zhang, Yu Liu, Xinhui Liu and Jian Yin

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:367

    Content type: Research article

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  21. The Internet is increasingly becoming an infrastructure for a number of services, both commercial, public (including health related) and personal. Using the internet have the potential to promote social intera...

    Authors: Hanna Falk Erhag, Felicia Ahlner, Therese Rydberg Sterner, Ingmar Skoog and Annika Bergström

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:365

    Content type: Research article

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  22. To date much research into nutrition and cognitive function has been at the nutrient or food level, with inconsistent results. There is increasing interest in the dietary pattern approach to assess whole diet ...

    Authors: Catherine M. Milte, Kylie Ball, David Crawford and Sarah A. McNaughton

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:361

    Content type: Research article

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  23. A possible connection on vascular basis between impaired kidney function and cognitive dysfunction has been suggested in previous studies. Contradictory results regarding specific cognitive domains have been r...

    Authors: Tomas Månsson, Marieclaire Overton, Mats Pihlsgård and Sölve Elmståhl

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:360

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Prescribing for older people is complex, and many studies have highlighted that appropriate prescribing in this cohort is not always achieved. However, the long-term effect of inappropriate prescribing on outc...

    Authors: Cristín Ryan, Ruth Teh, Simon Moyes, Tim Wilkinson, Martin Connolly, Anna Rolleston, Mere Kepa and Ngaire Kerse

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:357

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Dysphagia is prevalent in geriatric patients, such as elderly hip fracture patients, and is associated with a poor prognosis. This study investigated (1) the prevalence of dysphagia based on clinical screening...

    Authors: Seong-Eun Byun, Kyeu Back Kwon, Sang Ho Kim and Seung-Jae Lim

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:356

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Few empirical studies support a bio-psycho-social conceptualization of frailty. In addition to physical frailty (PF), we explored mental (MF) and social (SF) frailty and studied the associations between multid...

    Authors: Nigel Teo, Pei Shi Yeo, Qi Gao, Ma Shwe Zin Nyunt, Jie Jing Foo, Shiou Liang Wee and Tze Pin Ng

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:350

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Understanding how living arrangements may affect psychological well-being (PWB) is critical in China, a society with the largest older population in the world. However, few studies have examined the moderating...

    Authors: Zi Zhou, Lun Cai, Meilan Zhuang, Y. Alicia Hong and Ya Fang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:347

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Anemia and frailty contribute to poor health outcomes in older adults; however, most current research in lower income countries has concentrated on anemia or frailty alone rather than in combination. The aim o...

    Authors: Ye Ruan, Yanfei Guo, Paul Kowal, Ye Lu, Chazhen Liu, Shuangyuan Sun, Zhezhou Huang, Yang Zheng, Wenjing Wang, Gan Li, Yan Shi and Fan Wu

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:327

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Older adults need homes that suit their physical capacity. Financial strain may limit home repairs and modifications and prompt relocations; repairing, relocating or modifying may increase financial strain. Li...

    Authors: L. J. Samuel, S. L. Szanton, C. L. Seplaki, T. K. M. Cudjoe, R. J. Thorpe Jr. and E. M. Agree

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:338

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Frailty is defined as a state of vulnerability to stressors that is associated with higher morbidity, mortality and healthcare utilization in older adults. Ageism is “a process of systematic stereotyping and d...

    Authors: Douglas Salguero, Juliana Ferri-Guerra, Nadeem Y. Mohammed, Dhanya Baskaran, Raquel Aparicio-Ugarriza, Michael J. Mintzer and Jorge G. Ruiz

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:329

    Content type: Research article

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  31. The lack of adequate and detailed epidemiological data of Parkinson’s disease (PD), especially in Asia, is a barrier to future disease burdens and the prospect of effective public health plans. This study aime...

    Authors: Joo-Hyun Park, Do-Hoon Kim, Do-Young Kwon, Moonyoung Choi, Shinhye Kim, Jin-Hyung Jung, Kyungdo Han and Yong-Gyu Park

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:320

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL) is an indicator of whether a community-dwelling elderly can live independently. IADL decline was reported to be associated with aging and depression. The present ...

    Authors: Eri Kiyoshige, Mai Kabayama, Yasuyuki Gondo, Yukie Masui, Hiroki Inagaki, Madoka Ogawa, Takeshi Nakagawa, Saori Yasumoto, Hiroshi Akasaka, Ken Sugimoto, Kazunori Ikebe, Yasumichi Arai, Tatsuro Ishizaki, Hiromi Rakugi and Kei Kamide

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:309

    Content type: Research article

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  33. In the absence of vaccine or cure, public knowledge about Human Immune Virus (HIV) is a central tool for curbing HIV epidemic. This study sought to assess the knowledge of HIV among older adults (50 years and ...

    Authors: Reindolf Anokye, Enoch Acheampong, Amy Budu-Ainooson, Edmund Isaac Obeng, Emmanuel Tetteh, Yvonne Sabby Acheampong and Curtis Edward Nettey-Marbell

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:304

    Content type: Research article

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  34. The extension of the life span has led to an increase in the number of older people and an increase in the prevalence of disability in people over 60 years of age. The aim of this study was to assess the preva...

    Authors: Agnieszka Ćwirlej-Sozańska, Agnieszka Wiśniowska-Szurlej, Anna Wilmowska-Pietruszyńska and Bernard Sozański

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:297

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Unplanned readmission is an important healthcare quality issue. We studied the effect of a comprehensive geriatric screen (CGS) in the early admission course followed by a comprehensive geriatric assessment on...

    Authors: Kun-Pei Lin, Jen-Hau Chen, Feng-Ping Lu, Chiung-Jung Wen and Ding-Cheng (Derrick) Chan

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:285

    Content type: Research article

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  36. For nursing home (NH) residents with swallowing or chewing problems, appealing texture-modified-diets (TMD) need to be available in order to support adequate nutrition. The aim of this study was to describe th...

    Authors: Carina Burger, Eva Kiesswetter, Rowena Alber, Ulrike Pfannes, Ulrike Arens-Azevedo and Dorothee Volkert

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:284

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Longevity and frailty have significant implications for healthcare delivery. They increase demands for healthcare service and surge risk of hospitalization. Despite gaining global attention, determinants of fr...

    Authors: Uday Narayan Yadav, Man Kumar Tamang, Tarka Bahadur Thapa, Hassan Hosseinzadeh, Mark Fort Harris and Krishna Kumar Yadav

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:283

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Developing countries are experiencing rapid population ageing. Many do not have the resources or formal structures available to support the health and wellbeing of people as they age. In other contexts, the us...

    Authors: Leon N. Geffen, Gabrielle Kelly, John N. Morris and Elizabeth P. Howard

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:279

    Content type: Research article

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  39. The community pharmacist is a key player in medication reviews of older outpatients. However, it is not always clear which individuals require a medication review. The objective of the present study was to ide...

    Authors: Jean-Baptiste Beuscart, Ségolène Petit, Sophie Gautier, Patrick Wierre, Thibaut Balcaen, Jean-Marc Lefebvre, Nicolas Kambia, Elisabeth Bertoux, Daniel Mascaut, Christine Barthélémy, Damien Cuny, François Puisieux and Bertrand Décaudin

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:277

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Studies suggest that anticholinergic medication or benzodiazepine use could increase dementia risk. We tested this hypothesis using data from a UK cohort study.

    Authors: Carlota M. Grossi, Kathryn Richardson, Chris Fox, Ian Maidment, Nicholas Steel, Yoon K. Loke, Antony Arthur, Phyo Kyaw Myint, Noll Campbell, Malaz Boustani, Louise Robinson, Carol Brayne, Fiona E. Matthews and George M. Savva

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:276

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Functional disability is a significant problem after natural disasters. Musculoskeletal pain is reported to increase after disasters, which can cause functional disability among survivors. However, the effects...

    Authors: Yutaka Yabe, Yoshihiro Hagiwara, Takuya Sekiguchi, Yumi Sugawara, Masahiro Tsuchiya, Nobuyuki Itaya, Shinichirou Yoshida, Yasuhito Sogi, Toshihisa Yano, Takahiro Onoki, Ichiro Tsuji and Eiji Itoi

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:274

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Older people with a low social position are at higher risk of poor health outcomes compared to those with a higher social position. Whether lower social position also increases the risk of geriatric syndromes ...

    Authors: C. Rausch, Y. Liang, U. Bültmann, S. E. de Rooij, K. Johnell, L. Laflamme and J. Möller

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:267

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Potentially Inappropriate Medication (PIM) use has been studied in a variety of older adult populations across the world. We sought to examine the prevalence and correlates of PIM use in older drivers.

    Authors: Guohua Li, Howard F. Andrews, Stanford Chihuri, Barbara H. Lang, Cheng Shiun Leu, David P. Merle, Abigail Gordon, Thelma J. Mielenz, David Strogatz, David W. Eby, Marian E. Betz, Carolyn DiGuiseppi, Vanya C. Jones, Lisa J. Molnar and Linda L. Hill

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:260

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Making health-related decisions about loved ones with cognitive impairment may contribute to caregiver burden of care. We sought to explore factors associated with burden of care among informal caregivers who ...

    Authors: Alexandrine Boucher, Julie Haesebaert, Adriana Freitas, Rhéda Adekpedjou, Marjolaine Landry, Henriette Bourassa, Dawn Stacey, Jordie Croteau, Painchaud-Guérard Geneviève and France Légaré

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:249

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:42

  45. There were little national data on hypertension based on the oldest-old, and lack of information on chronological changes. This study aimed to describe trends of blood pressure (BP) levels and hypertension pre...

    Authors: Jiajun Du, Guoning Zhu, Yanhong Yue, Miao Liu and Yao He

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:248

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  46. The percentage of older adults with hearing loss who stop using their hearing aids and the variables associated with this phenomenon have not been systematically investigated in South America. This problem is ...

    Authors: Eduardo Fuentes-López, Adrian Fuente, Gonzalo Valdivia and Manuel Luna-Monsalve

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:245

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Glycemic control targets in older patients should be individualized according to functional status and comorbidities. The aim of the study was to identify high-risk patients who had evidence of tight glycemic ...

    Authors: Zyta Beata Wojszel and Agnieszka Kasiukiewicz

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:242

    Content type: Research article

    Published on: