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Public health, nutrition and epidemiology

Section edited by Danan Gu

This section considers all topics relating to general public health and epidemiology. Nutrition, nutritional supplements, disease rates/statistics, disease prevention, prediction. Health promotion.

Page 1 of 6

  1. Content type: Research article

    Potentially Inappropriate Medication (PIM) use has been studied in a variety of older adult populations across the world. We sought to examine the prevalence and correlates of PIM use in older drivers.

    Authors: Guohua Li, Howard F. Andrews, Stanford Chihuri, Barbara H. Lang, Cheng Shiun Leu, David P. Merle, Abigail Gordon, Thelma J. Mielenz, David Strogatz, David W. Eby, Marian E. Betz, Carolyn DiGuiseppi, Vanya C. Jones, Lisa J. Molnar and Linda L. Hill

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:260

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Making health-related decisions about loved ones with cognitive impairment may contribute to caregiver burden of care. We sought to explore factors associated with burden of care among informal caregivers who ...

    Authors: Alexandrine Boucher, Julie Haesebaert, Adriana Freitas, Rhéda Adekpedjou, Marjolaine Landry, Henriette Bourassa, Dawn Stacey, Jordie Croteau, Painchaud-Guérard Geneviève and France Légaré

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:249

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  3. Content type: Research article

    There were little national data on hypertension based on the oldest-old, and lack of information on chronological changes. This study aimed to describe trends of blood pressure (BP) levels and hypertension pre...

    Authors: Jiajun Du, Guoning Zhu, Yanhong Yue, Miao Liu and Yao He

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:248

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  4. Content type: Research article

    The percentage of older adults with hearing loss who stop using their hearing aids and the variables associated with this phenomenon have not been systematically investigated in South America. This problem is ...

    Authors: Eduardo Fuentes-López, Adrian Fuente, Gonzalo Valdivia and Manuel Luna-Monsalve

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:245

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Glycemic control targets in older patients should be individualized according to functional status and comorbidities. The aim of the study was to identify high-risk patients who had evidence of tight glycemic ...

    Authors: Zyta Beata Wojszel and Agnieszka Kasiukiewicz

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:242

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Approximately one third of subjects ≥65 year old and half of subjects ≥80 years old sustain a fall injury each year. We aimed to study the outcomes of fall from a height (FFH) among older adults. We hypothesiz...

    Authors: Ayman El-Menyar, Elizabeth Tilley, Hassan Al-Thani and Rifat Latifi

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:238

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Limited attention has been paid to an association between food environment and household economic resources related to food expenditure in food-insecure seniors. The aim of the study was to investigate the rel...

    Authors: Jae Eun Shim, Ji-Yun Hwang and Kirang Kim

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:234

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Contemporary HIV care may reduce frailty in older adults living with HIV (OALWH). Objective of the study was to estimate prevalence of frailty at the age of 50 and 75 years, and build a model to quantify the b...

    Authors: Giovanni Guaraldi, Davide De Francesco, Andrea Malagoli, Stefano Zona, Iacopo Franconi, Antonella Santoro, Cristina Mussini, Chiara Mussi, Matteo Cesari, Olga Theou and Kenneth Rockwood

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:229

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  9. Content type: Research article

    With the number of centenarians increasing exponentially in Spain, a deeper knowledge of their socio-demographic, clinical, and healthcare use characteristics is important to better understand the health profi...

    Authors: Antonio Gimeno-Miguel, Mercedes Clerencia-Sierra, Ignatios Ioakeim, Beatriz Poblador-Plou, Mercedes Aza-Pascual-Salcedo, Francisca González-Rubio, Raquel Rodríguez Herrero and Alexandra Prados-Torres

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:226

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  10. Content type: Research article

    At present, we know relatively little about priorities and problems with topics that older adults experience when completing different examinations in longitudinal population-based studies. To examine these to...

    Authors: Synneve Dahlin-Ivanoff, Therese Rydberg Sterner, Kaj Blennow, Ingmar Skoog and Hanna Falk Erhag

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:224

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Hearing loss is one of the most common modifiable factors associated with cognitive and functional decline in geriatric populations. An accurate, easy-to-apply, and inexpensive hearing screening method is need...

    Authors: Min Zhang, Zhaori Bi, Xinping Fu, Jiaofeng Wang, Qingwei Ruan, Chao Zhao, Jirong Duan, Xuan Zeng, Dian Zhou, Jie Chen and Zhijun Bao

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:214

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Aged care support services in Australia are delivered through home care packages, permanent residential care, respite care and transition care. This study aimed to determine age and gender specific incidence r...

    Authors: Jyoti Khadka, Catherine Lang, Julie Ratcliffe, Megan Corlis, Steve Wesselingh, Craig Whitehead and Maria Inacio

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:213

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Female sex is an important factor predisposing individuals to frailty. Appropriate nutrition is one of the most effective ways to prevent older adults from developing frailty; Sex-related differences have also...

    Authors: Koji Shibasaki, Shin Kei Kin, Shizuru Yamada, Masahiro Akishita and Sumito Ogawa

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:211

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Respiratory infections among older adults in long-term care facilities (LTCFs) are a major global concern, yet a rigorous systematic synthesis of the literature on the burden of respiratory infections in the L...

    Authors: Arielle Childs, Andrew R. Zullo, Nina R. Joyce, Kevin W. McConeghy, Robertus van Aalst, Patience Moyo, Elliott Bosco, Vincent Mor and Stefan Gravenstein

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:210

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  15. Content type: Debate

    Giant cell arteritis is a vasculitis of large and middle-sized arteries that affects patients aged over 50 years. It can show a typical clinical picture consisting of cranial manifestations but sometimes nonsp...

    Authors: Miguel Á. González-Gay, Miguel Ortego-Jurado, Liliana Ercole and Norberto Ortego-Centeno

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:200

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Nutritional status of the older people is affected by various life-style factors. Although dietary habit is one of the life-style factors, it is unknown which of older home-care recipients’ dietary habits are ...

    Authors: Taeko Tsuji, Kaoru Yamamoto, Kazuyo Yamasaki, Fumikazu Hayashi, Chika Momoki, Yoko Yasui, Satoko Ohfuji, Wakaba Fukushima and Daiki Habu

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:197

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  17. Content type: Research article

    The elderly inpatients are in high risk of suffering health-care associated infection (HAI). The study aimed to analyze the risk factors of health-care associated infection (HAI) in elderly hospitalized patien...

    Authors: Xia Zhao, Lihong Wang, Nan Wei, Jingli Zhang, Wenhui Ma, Huijie Zhao and Xu Han

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:193

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Previous cohort studies investigating the association between sarcopenic obesity (SO) and all-cause mortality among adult people have been inconsistent. We performed a meta-analysis to determine if SO is a pre...

    Authors: Xiaoming Zhang, Xiaohua Xie, Qingli Dou, Chenyun Liu, Wenwu Zhang, Yunzhi Yang, Renli Deng and Andy S. K. Cheng

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:183

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Information about frailty status and its transition is important to inform clinical decisions. Predicting frailty transition is beneficial for its prevention. While Indonesia is the 4th largest geriatric popul...

    Authors: Siti Setiati, Purwita Wijaya Laksmi, I.G.P. Suka Aryana, Sri Sunarti, Novira Widajanti, Lazuardhi Dwipa, Euphemia Seto, Rahmi Istanti, Laurentius Johan Ardian and Sabrina Chusnul Chotimah

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:182

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Alzheimer’s disease (AD), as the most common cause of dementia, brings huge economic burden for patients and social health care systems, which motivates researchers to study multiple protective factors, among ...

    Authors: Rui-xia Jia, Jing-hong Liang, Yong Xu and Ying-quan Wang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:181

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Older adults are at high risk for influenza-related complications including worsening frailty and function. We surveyed older Canadians to explore the impact of influenza and determine how influenza knowledge ...

    Authors: Melissa K. Andrew, Vladimir Gilca, Nancy Waite and Jennifer A. Pereira

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:178

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  22. Content type: Research article

    The diagnosis of urinary tract infections (UTIs) in institutionalized older adults is often based on vague symptoms and a positive culture. The high prevalence of asymptomatic bacteriuria (ABU), which cannot b...

    Authors: Michael Biggel, Stefan Heytens, Katrien Latour, Robin Bruyndonckx, Herman Goossens and Pieter Moons

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:170

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Self-rated health (SRH) have been widely used as a valid indicator of health status at the population and individual level. We aimed to investigate the distribution and correlates of global SRH and age-compara...

    Authors: Xingyue Song, Jing Wu, Canqing Yu, Wenhong Dong, Jun Lv, Yu Guo, Zheng Bian, Ling Yang, Yiping Chen, Zhengming Chen, An Pan and Liming Li

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:168

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Depression is a chronic mental disorder that severely impacts the older adult population globally. Nutritional psychiatry is an approach that has gained traction over the years. Exploring locally relevant cons...

    Authors: Chong Min Janrius Goh, Edimansyah Abdin, Anitha Jeyagurunathan, Saleha Shafie, Rajeswari Sambasivam, Yun Jue Zhang, Janhavi Ajit Vaingankar, Siow Ann Chong and Mythily Subramaniam

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:161

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Older patients are commonly prescribed multiple medications therefore; medication misadventures are common and expected among older patients. The use of potentially inappropriate medicines (PIMs) further contr...

    Authors: Tariq M. Alhawassi, Wafa Alatawi and Monira Alwhaibi

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:154

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Triage is widely used in the emergency department (ED) in order to identify the patient’s level of urgency and often based on the patient’s chief complaint and vital signs. Age has been shown to be independent...

    Authors: T. Ruge, G. Malmer, C. Wachtler, U. Ekelund, E. Westerlund, P. Svensson and A. C. Carlsson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:139

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Although China is undergoing rapid economic development, it is facing an ageing population. No data exists on malnutrition risks of older adults in an affluent Chinese society. The aim of this study is to exam...

    Authors: Martin M. H. Wong, Winnie K. W. So, Kai Chow Choi, Regina Cheung, Helen Y. L. Chan, Janet W. H. Sit, Brenda Ho, Francis Li, Tin Yan Lee and Sek Ying Chair

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:138

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Decreased muscle strength and/or depression with aging are emerging as important public health concerns in both developed and developing countries. This study investigated the effects of low handgrip strength ...

    Authors: Soohyun Park, Jinkyung Cho, Donghyun Kim, Youngyun Jin, Inhwan Lee, Haeryun Hong and Hyunsik Kang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:127

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  29. Content type: Research article

    The Drug Burden Index (DBI) quantifies exposure to medications with anticholinergic and/or sedative effects. A consensus list of DBI medications available in Ireland was recently developed for use as a DBI too...

    Authors: Catherine J. Byrne, Caroline Walsh, Caitriona Cahir and Kathleen Bennett

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:121

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Sarcopenia, frailty, cachexia and malnutrition are widespread syndromes in older people, characterized by loss of body tissue and related to poor outcome. The aim of the present cross-sectional study was to as...

    Authors: Anne Gingrich, Dorothee Volkert, Eva Kiesswetter, Marta Thomanek, Svenja Bach, Cornel C. Sieber and Yurdagül Zopf

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:120

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Previous studies have shown that mortality in old age is associated with both number of children and their socioeconomic resources. The underlying mechanisms are unclear, as well as when during the process of ...

    Authors: Anna C. Meyer, Hannah L. Brooke and Karin Modig

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:114

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Little is known about factors associated with alcohol consumption and use of drugs with addiction potential in older adults. The aim of this study was to explore the association between socio-demographic varia...

    Authors: Kjerstin Tevik, Geir Selbæk, Knut Engedal, Arnfinn Seim, Steinar Krokstad and Anne-S Helvik

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:113

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  33. Content type: Research article

    In children suffering from severe lower airway illnesses, respiratory virus detection has given good prognostic information, but such reports in the elderly are scarce. Therefore, our aim was to study whether ...

    Authors: Matti Aronen, Laura Viikari, Ia Kohonen, Tytti Vuorinen, Mira Hämeenaho, Maarit Wuorela, Mohammadreza Sadeghi, Maria Söderlund-Venermo, Matti Viitanen and Tuomas Jartti

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:111

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  34. Content type: Research article

    In geriatric and long-term care settings, intertrigo seems to be common, but generalizable epidemiological estimates are lacking. Aim of this study was to measure the prevalence of intertrigo in aged nursing h...

    Authors: Sabrina Gabriel, Elisabeth Hahnel, Ulrike Blume-Peytavi and Jan Kottner

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:105

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Oxidative stress is an important theory of aging but population-based evidence has been lacking. This study aimed to evaluate the associations between biomarkers of oxidative stress, including plasma superoxid...

    Authors: Chen Mao, Jin-Qiu Yuan, Yue-Bin Lv, Xiang Gao, Zhao-Xue Yin, Virginia Byers Kraus, Jie-Si Luo, Choy-Lye Chei, David Bruce Matchar, Yi Zeng and Xiao-Ming Shi

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:104

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Many studies have investigated the association between vitamin D and metabolic syndrome (MetS). However, few studies have investigated the association stratified by sex in the elderly. Therefore, we aimed to e...

    Authors: Su Jin Lee, Eun Young Lee, Jung Hyun Lee, Jong Eun Kim, Kwang Joon Kim, Yumie Rhee, Hyeon Chang Kim, Yoosik Youm and Chang Oh Kim

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:102

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:131

  37. Content type: Research article

    Many adults are living longer with health conditions in the United States. Understanding the disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) for such health conditions may help to inform healthcare providers and their ...

    Authors: Ryan McGrath, Soham Al Snih, Kyriakos Markides, Orman Hall and Mark Peterson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:100

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Hip fractures are a common injury in older people. Many studies worldwide have identified various risk factors for hip fracture. However, risk factors for hip fracture have not been studied extensively in New ...

    Authors: Rebecca Abey-Nesbit, Philip J. Schluter, Tim Wilkinson, John Hugh Thwaites, Sarah D. Berry and Hamish A. Jamieson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:93

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Ghana is experiencing an epidemiological shift in public health issues toward non-communicable diseases that are underpinned by modifiable health behaviors. Physical activity rates have decreased, especially a...

    Authors: Laura E. Balis, Godfred Sowatey, Kwame Ansong-Gyimah, Eunice Ofori and Samantha M. Harden

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:85

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  40. Content type: Research article

    The social structure is changing with an increase in the ratio of the older population, resulting in a growing number of older people being faced with singlehood. This study identified and described single old...

    Authors: Su-Fei Huang, Chiu-Mieh Huang, Shueh-Fen Chen, Li-Ting Lu and Jong-Long Guo

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:74

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Numerous medications should be avoided, or require dose adjustment in subjects with impaired kidney function. We aimed to assess the prevalence of potentially inappropriate use of renal risk drugs in a nation-...

    Authors: Ewa Deskur-Śmielecka, Jerzy Chudek, Agnieszka Neumann-Podczaska, Małgorzata Mossakowska, Barbara Wizner and Katarzyna Wieczorowska-Tobis

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:70

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Research on discrimination and health focused on older adults has been scarce, comparatively with younger and middle-aged adults. Considering where people live matters, accurate measures of perceived discrimin...

    Authors: Luciana de Souza Braga, Waleska Teixeira Caiaffa, Ana Paula Romanelli Ceolin, Fabíola Bof de Andrade and Maria Fernanda Lima-Costa

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:67

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Health professionals and healthcare volunteers play a critical role in promoting uptake of the fecal occult blood test (FOBT), which is an effective screening method for colorectal cancer. However, previous st...

    Authors: Tsung-Yi Lin, Shu-Tzu Chuang, Su-Fei Huang, Hsiao-Pei Hsu, Li-Ting Lu and Jong-Long Guo

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:51

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Drug consumption increases with age, but there are few comparisons of drug use between old people living at home or in a nursing home. To identify areas of concern as well as in need for quality improvement in...

    Authors: Amura Francesca Fog, Jørund Straand, Knut Engedal and Hege Salvesen Blix

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:49

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