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Public health, nutrition and epidemiology

Section edited by Danan Gu

This section considers all topics relating to general public health and epidemiology. Nutrition, nutritional supplements, disease rates/statistics, disease prevention, prediction. Health promotion.

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  1. While physical activity interventions have been reported to reduce hospital stays, it is not clear if, in the general population, usual physical activity patterns may be associated with subsequent hospital use...

    Authors: Robert Luben, Shabina Hayat, Nicholas Wareham, Paul Pharoah and Kay-Tee Khaw

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:165

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Less educational training is consistently associated with incident dementia among older adults, but associations between income and financial strain with incident dementia have not been well tested in national...

    Authors: Laura J. Samuel, Sarah L. Szanton, Jennifer L. Wolff, Katherine A. Ornstein, Lauren J. Parker and Laura N. Gitlin

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:156

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Aging is associated with a high risk for cardiovascular disease. The relation of obesity and risk of cardiovascular events appears to be more closely linked to certain clinical or metabolic phenotypes than to ...

    Authors: Francisco M. Gutierrez-Mariscal, Antonio García-Ríos, Purificación Gómez-Luna, Carolina Fernández-Gandara, Magdalena P. Cardelo, Silvia de la Cruz-Ares, Fernando Rodriguez-Cantalejo, Raul M. Luque, Ana León-Acuña, Javier Delgado-Lista, Pablo Perez-Martinez, Elena M. Yubero-Serrano and Jose Lopez-Miranda

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:151

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Outbreaks of norovirus infection can have detrimental impacts on long-term care facilities. This study investigated the incidence, clinical picture, treatment and resource use of norovirus gastroenteritis in l...

    Authors: Saori Fujiki, Tatsuro Ishizaki and Takeo Nakayama

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:148

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Fear of falling (FoF) in the elderly is one of the major public health concerns in this era of aging of the population. As there is limited evidence on how cognitive function may differ by social support level...

    Authors: Thi Hue Man Vo, Keiko Nakamura, Kaoruko Seino, Hoang Thuy Linh Nguyen and Thang Van Vo

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:141

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Frailty is an emerging public health concern among aging populations. Although socioeconomic status is a well-known contributor to frailty, there is limited research investigating the effects of poverty on fra...

    Authors: Hin Moi Youn, Hyeon Ji Lee, Doo Woong Lee and Eun-Cheol Park

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:139

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Adequate access to healthcare is associated with lower risks of mortality at older ages. However, it is largely unknown how many more years of life can be attributed to having adequate access to healthcare com...

    Authors: Lisha Hao, Xin Xu, Matthew E. Dupre, Aimei Guo, Xufan Zhang, Li Qiu, Yuan Zhao and Danan Gu

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:129

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The early identification of individuals at high risk for adverse outcomes by a Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment (CGA) in resource-limited primary care settings enables tailored treatments, however, the evide...

    Authors: Marcos Daniel Saraiva, Amanda Lagreca Venys, Fábio Luiz Pantaleão Abdalla, Mariana Seabra Fernandes, Priscila Henriques Pisoli, Danilsa Margareth da Rocha Vilhena Sousa, Barbara Lobo Bianconi, Expedita Ângela Henrique, Vanessa Silva Suller Garcia, Lucas Henrique de Mendonça Maia, Gisele Sayuri Suzuki, Priscila Gonçalves Serrano, Marcel Hiratsuka, Claudia Szlejf, Wilson Jacob-Filho and Sérgio Márcio Pacheco Paschoal

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:124

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Despite a non-specific nature of self-rated health (SRH), it seems to be a strong predictor of mortality. The aim of this study is to assess the association of SRH and objective health status (OH) with all-cau...

    Authors: Maarit Wuorela, Sirkku Lavonius, Marika Salminen, Tero Vahlberg, Matti Viitanen and Laura Viikari

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:120

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Very few people live to eighty-five years and older (the ‘oldest old’), and even fewer live to this age without developing chronic diseases. It is important to understand the relationship, if any, of modifiabl...

    Authors: Qianqian Gu, Carly M. Sable, Angela Brooks-Wilson and Rachel A. Murphy

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:106

    Content type: Research article

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  11. A better insight into older adults’ understanding of and attitude towards cognitive disorders and their prevention, as well as expectations and reasons for participation in prevention trials, would help design...

    Authors: Anna Rosenberg, Nicola Coley, Alexandra Soulier, Jenni Kulmala, Hilkka Soininen, Sandrine Andrieu, Miia Kivipelto and Mariagnese Barbera

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:99

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Elderly patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) frequently present comorbidities that put them at risk of polypharmacy and medication-related problems. This study aims to describe the overall medication pro...

    Authors: Clarisse Roux-Marson, Jean Baptiste Baranski, Coraline Fafin, Guillaume Exterman, Cecile Vigneau, Cecile Couchoud, Olivier Moranne and P. S. P. A. Investigators

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:87

    Content type: Research article

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  13. During aging, alterations of the intestinal microbial ecosystem can occur contributing to immunosenescence, inflamm-aging and impairment of intestinal barrier function (increased intestinal permeability; IP). ...

    Authors: Simone Guglielmetti, Stefano Bernardi, Cristian Del Bo’, Antonio Cherubini, Marisa Porrini, Giorgio Gargari, Nicole Hidalgo-Liberona, Raul Gonzalez-Dominguez, Gregorio Peron, Raul Zamora-Ros, Mark S. Winterbone, Benjamin Kirkup, Paul A. Kroon, Cristina Andres-Lacueva and Patrizia Riso

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:77

    Content type: Study protocol

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  14. With age, the number of chronic conditions increases along with the use of medications. For several years, polypharmacy has been found to be on the increase in western societies. Polypharmacy is associated wit...

    Authors: Kristine Thorell, Patrik Midlöv, Johan Fastbom and Anders Halling

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:73

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Considering the real-world experiences of those with cognitive impairments is important in building a positive community for older people. Community-based participatory research is an important methodology for...

    Authors: Tsuyoshi Okamura, Chiaki Ura, Mika Sugiyama, Madoka Ogawa, Hiroki Inagaki, Fumiko Miyamae, Ayako Edahiro, Yukiko Kugimiya, Mutsuko Okamura, Mari Yamashita and Shuichi Awata

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:68

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Sarcopenia is a condition that is characterized by loss of muscle mass, muscle strength and muscle functional impairment with ageing. It is associated with poor health outcomes, premature death and a significa...

    Authors: Xiaolei Liu, Lisha Hou, Xin Xia, Yang Liu, Zhiliang Zuo, Yan Zhang, Wanyu Zhao, Qiukui Hao, Jirong Yue and Birong Dong

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:63

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Older adults who reside in long-term care facilities (LTCFs) are at particularly high risk for infection, morbidity and mortality from pneumonia and influenza (P&I) compared to individuals of younger age and t...

    Authors: Patience Moyo, Andrew R. Zullo, Kevin W. McConeghy, Elliott Bosco, Robertus van Aalst, Ayman Chit and Stefan Gravenstein

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:47

    Content type: Research article

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  18. The multidisciplinary comprehensive care (MDCC) program promotes the improvement of oral intake for older patients. The Kuchi-kara Taberu (ingesting orally in Japanese, KT) index was developed to objectively a...

    Authors: Hiroshi Shamoto, Tamami Koyama, Ryo Momosaki, Keisuke Maeda and Hidetaka Wakabayashi

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:36

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Potentially inappropriate prescribing (PIP) is associated with negative health outcomes, including hospitalisation and mortality. Life and Living in Advanced Age: a Cohort Study in New Zealand (LiLACS NZ) is a...

    Authors: Karen Cardwell, Ngaire Kerse, Carmel M. Hughes, Ruth Teh, Simon A. Moyes, Oliver Menzies, Anna Rolleston, Joanna B. Broad and Cristín Ryan

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:28

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Health professionals working with older persons are not sufficiently aware of the sensory and functional difficulties experienced by older patients. Innovative educational activities, such as the aging-simulat...

    Authors: Julie Giner Perot, Witold Jarzebowski, Carmelo Lafuente-Lafuente, Cyril Crozet and Joël Belmin

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:14

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Older adults have the highest drug utilization due to multimorbidity. Although the number of people over age 70 is expected to double within the next decades, population-based data on their medication patterns...

    Authors: Nina Mielke, Dörte Huscher, Antonios Douros, Natalie Ebert, Jens Gaedeke, Markus van der Giet, Martin K. Kuhlmann, Peter Martus and Elke Schaeffner

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:22

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Femoral neck fractures (FNFs), which are common in the older population, are associated with high mortality and morbidity. Some 20% of FNFs are undisplaced (uFNFs). The routine surgical procedure for uFNFs is ...

    Authors: Olof Wolf, Pontus Sjöholm, Nils P. Hailer, Michael Möller and Sebastian Mukka

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:19

    Content type: Study protocol

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  23. The aim was to estimate the prevalence of frailty and relative contribution of physical/balance, nutritive, cognitive and sensory frailty to important adverse health states (falls, physical activity levels, ou...

    Authors: Solveig A. Arnadottir, Julie Bruce, Ranjit Lall, Emma J. Withers, Martin Underwood, Fiona Shaw, Ray Sheridan, Anower Hossain and Sarah E. Lamb

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:16

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Geriatric patients are at high risk of Drug Related Problems (DRPs) due to multi- morbidity associated polypharmacy, age related physiologic changes, pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamics alterations. These pat...

    Authors: Berhane Yohannes Hailu, Derebew Fikadu Berhe, Esayas Kebede Gudina, Kidu Gidey and Mestawet Getachew

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:13

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Previous studies suggest that poor sleep quality or abnormal sleep duration may be associated with frailty. Here we test the associations of sleep disturbances with both frailty and pre-frailty in an elderly p...

    Authors: Xue-Hui Sun, Teng Ma, Shun Yao, Ze-Kun Chen, Wen-Dong Xu, Xiao-Yan Jiang and Xiao-Feng Wang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:9

    Content type: Research article

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  26. The traditional joint family system in a culturally diverse Pakistani society shows great respect and care for older population by the families and their generations. However, in the recent years the phenomeno...

    Authors: Laila Akber Cassum, Keith Cash, Waris Qidwai and Samina Vertejee

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:8

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Living alone is increasingly common and has been depicted as an important cause of mortality. We examined the association between living alone and mortality risks among older men and women in northern Sweden, ...

    Authors: Nawi Ng, Ailiana Santosa, Lars Weinehall and Gunnar Malmberg

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:7

    Content type: Research article

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  28. To examine the relationship between social support and depressive symptoms of Chinese family caregivers of older people with disabilities, and to evaluate the role of caregiver burden as a potential mediator o...

    Authors: Yaqin Zhong, Jian Wang and Stephen Nicholas

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:3

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Up to half of elderly people at nursing homes have asymptomatic bacteriuria, and concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) are generally low. Vitamin D is a modulator of the immune system and involved in p...

    Authors: Rebeka Arnljots, Egill Snaebjörnsson Arnljots, Jörgen Thorn, Marie Elm, Michael Moore and Pär-Daniel Sundvall

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:381

    Content type: Research article

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  30. In the context of an aging population, identifying risk factors for Vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE), specific to older people, is important. However, if age is a known risk factor for VRE infection, a l...

    Authors: Benjamin Mathis, Max Haïne, Raphaële Girard and Marc Bonnefoy

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:377

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Chile has one of the highest life expectancies within Latin American. This is the first study to determine health expectancies in older populations in Chile, considering cognitive status as a health indicator.

    Authors: Ximena Moreno, Lydia Lera, Francisco Moreno and Cecilia Albala

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:374

    Content type: Research article

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  32. The burden of sepsis represents a global health care problem. We aimed to assess the case fatality rate (CFR) and its predictors in subjects with sepsis admitted to a general Italian hospital from 2009 to 2016...

    Authors: Andrea Fabbri, Giulio Marchesini, Barbara Benazzi, Alice Morelli, Danilo Montesi, Cesare Bini and Stefano Giovanni Rizzo

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:372

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Reduced glomerular filtration rate and increased asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) are prevalent in elderly people. However, most of the studies that have examined the association between the two conditions w...

    Authors: Hye Rin Choi, Seung Won Lee, Da-Hye Jeon, Nam Wook Hur, Yoosik Youm and Hyeon Chang Kim

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:370

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Sarcopenia is a decrease in skeletal muscle mass, physical performance, and muscle strength in older people. In this study, we aimed to explore the correlation between comorbidity and skeletal muscle mass and ...

    Authors: Ge Gong, Wenhui Wan, Xinghu Zhang, Yu Liu, Xinhui Liu and Jian Yin

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:367

    Content type: Research article

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  35. The Internet is increasingly becoming an infrastructure for a number of services, both commercial, public (including health related) and personal. Using the internet have the potential to promote social intera...

    Authors: Hanna Falk Erhag, Felicia Ahlner, Therese Rydberg Sterner, Ingmar Skoog and Annika Bergström

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:365

    Content type: Research article

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  36. To date much research into nutrition and cognitive function has been at the nutrient or food level, with inconsistent results. There is increasing interest in the dietary pattern approach to assess whole diet ...

    Authors: Catherine M. Milte, Kylie Ball, David Crawford and Sarah A. McNaughton

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:361

    Content type: Research article

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  37. A possible connection on vascular basis between impaired kidney function and cognitive dysfunction has been suggested in previous studies. Contradictory results regarding specific cognitive domains have been r...

    Authors: Tomas Månsson, Marieclaire Overton, Mats Pihlsgård and Sölve Elmståhl

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:360

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Prescribing for older people is complex, and many studies have highlighted that appropriate prescribing in this cohort is not always achieved. However, the long-term effect of inappropriate prescribing on outc...

    Authors: Cristín Ryan, Ruth Teh, Simon Moyes, Tim Wilkinson, Martin Connolly, Anna Rolleston, Mere Kepa and Ngaire Kerse

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:357

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Dysphagia is prevalent in geriatric patients, such as elderly hip fracture patients, and is associated with a poor prognosis. This study investigated (1) the prevalence of dysphagia based on clinical screening...

    Authors: Seong-Eun Byun, Kyeu Back Kwon, Sang Ho Kim and Seung-Jae Lim

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:356

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Few empirical studies support a bio-psycho-social conceptualization of frailty. In addition to physical frailty (PF), we explored mental (MF) and social (SF) frailty and studied the associations between multid...

    Authors: Nigel Teo, Pei Shi Yeo, Qi Gao, Ma Shwe Zin Nyunt, Jie Jing Foo, Shiou Liang Wee and Tze Pin Ng

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:350

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Understanding how living arrangements may affect psychological well-being (PWB) is critical in China, a society with the largest older population in the world. However, few studies have examined the moderating...

    Authors: Zi Zhou, Lun Cai, Meilan Zhuang, Y. Alicia Hong and Ya Fang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:347

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Anemia and frailty contribute to poor health outcomes in older adults; however, most current research in lower income countries has concentrated on anemia or frailty alone rather than in combination. The aim o...

    Authors: Ye Ruan, Yanfei Guo, Paul Kowal, Ye Lu, Chazhen Liu, Shuangyuan Sun, Zhezhou Huang, Yang Zheng, Wenjing Wang, Gan Li, Yan Shi and Fan Wu

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:327

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Older adults need homes that suit their physical capacity. Financial strain may limit home repairs and modifications and prompt relocations; repairing, relocating or modifying may increase financial strain. Li...

    Authors: L. J. Samuel, S. L. Szanton, C. L. Seplaki, T. K. M. Cudjoe, R. J. Thorpe Jr. and E. M. Agree

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:338

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Frailty is defined as a state of vulnerability to stressors that is associated with higher morbidity, mortality and healthcare utilization in older adults. Ageism is “a process of systematic stereotyping and d...

    Authors: Douglas Salguero, Juliana Ferri-Guerra, Nadeem Y. Mohammed, Dhanya Baskaran, Raquel Aparicio-Ugarriza, Michael J. Mintzer and Jorge G. Ruiz

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:329

    Content type: Research article

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  45. The lack of adequate and detailed epidemiological data of Parkinson’s disease (PD), especially in Asia, is a barrier to future disease burdens and the prospect of effective public health plans. This study aime...

    Authors: Joo-Hyun Park, Do-Hoon Kim, Do-Young Kwon, Moonyoung Choi, Shinhye Kim, Jin-Hyung Jung, Kyungdo Han and Yong-Gyu Park

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:320

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL) is an indicator of whether a community-dwelling elderly can live independently. IADL decline was reported to be associated with aging and depression. The present ...

    Authors: Eri Kiyoshige, Mai Kabayama, Yasuyuki Gondo, Yukie Masui, Hiroki Inagaki, Madoka Ogawa, Takeshi Nakagawa, Saori Yasumoto, Hiroshi Akasaka, Ken Sugimoto, Kazunori Ikebe, Yasumichi Arai, Tatsuro Ishizaki, Hiromi Rakugi and Kei Kamide

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:309

    Content type: Research article

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  47. In the absence of vaccine or cure, public knowledge about Human Immune Virus (HIV) is a central tool for curbing HIV epidemic. This study sought to assess the knowledge of HIV among older adults (50 years and ...

    Authors: Reindolf Anokye, Enoch Acheampong, Amy Budu-Ainooson, Edmund Isaac Obeng, Emmanuel Tetteh, Yvonne Sabby Acheampong and Curtis Edward Nettey-Marbell

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:304

    Content type: Research article

    Published on: