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Public health, nutrition and epidemiology

This section considers all topics relating to general public health and epidemiology. Nutrition, nutritional supplements, disease rates/statistics, disease prevention, prediction. Health promotion.

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  1. Prolonged life expectancy is associated with increased prevalence of chronic diseases. The aim of this study was to determine the different disability trajectories for the top ten leading causes of death in Ta...

    Authors: Ching-Ju Chiu, Meng-Ling Li, Chia-Ming Chang, Chih-Hsing Wu and Maw Pin Tan

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:420

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Older adults at a higher risk of adverse outcomes and mortality if they get infected with Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS- CoV-2). These undesired outcomes are because ageing is associate...

    Authors: Hani Hussien, Andra Nastasa, Mugurel Apetrii, Ionut Nistor, Mirko Petrovic and Adrian Covic

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:389

    Content type: Review

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  3. Few studies have shown age stage and sex differences in the association among dietary patterns and various health factors related to disability in older people. This study aimed to reveal the differences of ch...

    Authors: Sayuri Kodama, Tanji Hoshi and Sugako Kurimori

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:385

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Dementia is currently the leading certified underlying cause of death in England. We assess how dementia recording on Office for National Statistics death certificates (ONS) corresponded to recording in genera...

    Authors: Shaleen Ahmad, Iain M Carey, Tess Harris, Derek G Cook, Stephen DeWilde and David P Strachan

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:375

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Influenced by various factors such as socio-demographic characteristics, behavioral lifestyles and socio-cultural environment, the multimorbidity patterns in old adults remain complex. This study aims to ident...

    Authors: Jiao Lu, Yuan Wang, Lihong Hou, Zhenxing Zuo, Na Zhang and Anle Wei

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:372

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Older patients who spend long periods hospitalized or those who are in a situation of institutionalization represent a risk group in this regard, as many of them suffer a degree of dependence and need help to ...

    Authors: Juan Antonio Ruiz-Roca, Dora Martín Fuentes, Francisco J. Gómez García and Yolanda Martínez-Beneyto

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:363

    Content type: Research article

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  7. The evidence of sarcopenia based on CT-scan as an important prognostic factor for critically ill patients has not seen consistent results. To determine the impact of sarcopenia on mortality in critically ill p...

    Authors: Xiao-Ming Zhang, Denghong Chen, Xiao-Hua Xie, Jun-E Zhang, Yingchun Zeng and Andy SK Cheng

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:339

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Existing research indicates that tea drinking may exert beneficiary effects on mental health. However, associations between different types of tea intake and mental health such as depression have not been full...

    Authors: Yao Yao, Huashuai Chen, Lele Chen, Sang-Yhun Ju, Huazhen Yang, Yi Zeng, Danan Gu and Tze Pin Ng

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:331

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Few studies have focused on exploring the clinical characteristics and outcomes of COVID-19 in older patients. We conducted this systematic review and meta-analysis to have a better understanding of the clinic...

    Authors: Sunny Singhal, Pramod Kumar, Sumitabh Singh, Srishti Saha and Aparajit Ballav Dey

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:321

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Hospital admissions for severe hypoglycemia are associated with significant healthcare costs, decreased quality of life, and increased morbidity and mortality, especially for older adults with diabetes. Unders...

    Authors: Weronika E. Pasciak, David N. Berg, Emily Cherlin, Terri Fried and Kasia J. Lipska

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:318

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Sarcopenia is a disorder associated with age that reduces the mass of skeletal muscles, the strength of muscles, and/or physical activity. It increases the risk of fall incidence which can result in fractures,...

    Authors: Xiaoyan Chen, Lisha Hou, Ying Zhang, Shuyue Luo and Birong Dong

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:296

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Predicting outcomes in older patients with influenza in the emergency department (ED) by machine learning (ML) has never been implemented. Therefore, we conducted this study to clarify the clinical utility of ...

    Authors: Tian-Hoe Tan, Chien-Chin Hsu, Chia-Jung Chen, Shu-Lien Hsu, Tzu-Lan Liu, Hung-Jung Lin, Jhi-Joung Wang, Chung-Feng Liu and Chien-Cheng Huang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:280

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Socio-demographic transitions have dramatically changed the traditional family care settings in China, caused unmet care needs among older adults. However, whether different primary caregiver types have differ...

    Authors: Yangyujin Liu, Haoxue Li, Bei Wu, Xiaoting Liu, Honglin Chen, Hai-Yu Jin and Chenkai Wu

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:268

    Content type: Research article

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  14. The relationship between obesity and prevalent high blood pressure in older adults has predominantly been estimated using categorical measures of body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC), masking the...

    Authors: Wenli Zhang, Kun He, Hao Zhao, Xueqi Hu, Chunyu Yin, Xiaoyan Zhao and Songhe Shi

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:260

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Depression is a common mental disorder among older people. This study aimed to assess the association between housing environment factors and depressive symptoms among older people using a multidimensional ass...

    Authors: Yuan Chen, Ping Yu Cui, Yi Yang Pan, Ya Xing Li, Nuremaguli Waili and Ying Li

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:259

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Unintended weight loss and the reduction in appetite are common phenomenon among older people. Reduced appetite has been linked to medication related reductions in saliva production, reduced taste ability and ...

    Authors: Sachiko Takehara, Vasant Hirani, F. A. Clive Wright, Vasi Naganathan, Fiona M. Blyth, David G. Le Couteur, Louise M. Waite, Markus J. Seibel, David J. Handelsman and Robert G. Cumming

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:255

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Cognitive leisure activity, such as reading, playing mahjong or cards and computer use, is common among older adults in China. Previous studies suggest a negative correlation between cognitive leisure activity...

    Authors: Xin Liu, Ye Ruan, Limei Huang, Yanfei Guo, Shuangyuan Sun, Hao Chen, Junling Gao, Yan Shi and Qianyi Xiao

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:236

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Urinary incontinence is a common condition in the general population and, in particular, the older adults population, which reduces the quality of life of these people, so this study aims to systematically exa...

    Authors: Sedighe Batmani, Rostam Jalali, Masoud Mohammadi and Shadi Bokaee

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:212

    Content type: Research article

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  19. This study aimed to examine the characteristics of older adults patients who suffered a head injury after a ground-level fall in comparison to non-head injury patients as well as the factors associated with se...

    Authors: Sun Hyu Kim, Sunpyo Kim, Gyu Chong Cho, Ji Hwan Lee, Eun Jung Park and Duk Hee Lee

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:196

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Prescription opioids are commonly used for postoperative pain relief in older adults, but have the potential for misuse. Both opioid side effects and uncontrolled pain have detrimental impacts. Frailty syndrom...

    Authors: Elizabeth D. Auckley, Nathalie Bentov, Shira Zelber-Sagi, Lily Jeong, May J. Reed and Itay Bentov

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:189

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Very few studies have examined the relationship of oral health with physical functioning and frailty in the oldest old (> 85 years). We examined the association of poor oral health with markers of disability, ...

    Authors: Viviana Albani, Kensuke Nishio, Tomoka Ito, Eftychia Kotronia, Paula Moynihan, Louise Robinson, Barbara Hanratty, Andrew Kingston, Yukiko Abe, Michiyo Takayama, Toshimitsu Iinuma, Yasumichi Arai and Sheena E. Ramsay

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:187

    Content type: Research article

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  22. A large number of studies have explored the association between frailty and mortality among COVID-19 patients, with inconsistent results. The aim of this meta-analysis was to synthesize the evidence on this is...

    Authors: Xiao-Ming Zhang, Jing Jiao, Jing Cao, Xiao-Peng Huo, Chen Zhu, Xin-Juan Wu and Xiao-Hua Xie

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:186

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Heart disease is a severe health problem among adult populations in China. The prevalence rates of heart disease increase with age. The pathogenic causes of heart disease are often related to conditions in ear...

    Authors: Jingyue Zhang and Nan Lu

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:184

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Energy inadequacy has a great impact on health outcomes in older adult patients; however, it is difficult to evaluate energy adequacy in these patients, especially in home-care settings. We recently reported t...

    Authors: Yoko Hasegawa, Mikako Yoshida, Aya Sato, Yumiko Fujimoto, Takeo Minematsu, Junko Sugama and Hiromi Sanada

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:182

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Pancytopenia, fever, and elevated D-dimer are significant clinical findings. The differential diagnosis includes hematological malignancies, severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), tick-borne illnesses, an...

    Authors: Christopher Radcliffe, Cynthia Tsay, Kimberly Glerum, Jane Liao, George Goshua and Gerard Kerins

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:178

    Content type: Case report

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  26. Cardiovascular health (CVH) metrics among Chinese older adults are poorly understood. We investigated sex disparities in CVH metrics and their management among rural-dwelling older adults in China.

    Authors: Xiaolei Han, Ziying Jiang, Yuanjing Li, Yongxiang Wang, Yajun Liang, Yi Dong, Shi Tang, Yifeng Du and Chengxuan Qiu

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:158

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Independence is related to the aging process. Loss of independence is defined as the inability to make decisions and participate in activities of daily living (ADLs). Independence is related to physical, psych...

    Authors: Charlotte Bimou, Michel Harel, Cécile Laubarie-Mouret, Noëlle Cardinaud, Marion Charenton-Blavignac, Nassima Toumi, Justine Trimouillas, Caroline Gayot, Sophie Boyer, Réjean Hebert, Thierry Dantoine and Achille Tchalla

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:142

    Content type: Research article

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  28. As the world’s population ages and people live longer, it seems important to ensure that older people have a good quality of life and positive subjective well-being. The objective of this study is to determine...

    Authors: Abdelhafid Benksim, Rachid Ait Addi, Elhassania Khalloufi, Aziz Habibi and Mohamed Cherkaoui

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:136

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Hypertension is a worldwide public health problem. We sought to examine the interactive associations among sodium intake, alcohol consumption and hypertension among older adult residents of Inner Mongolia in n...

    Authors: Xi Nan, Haiwen Lu, Jing Wu, Mingming Xue, Yonggang Qian, Wenrui Wang and Xuemei Wang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:135

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Experiences of violence and abuse is a prominent part of the life history of many older adults and is known to have negative health effects. However, the importance of multiple victimization over the life cour...

    Authors: Johanna Simmons and Katarina Swahnberg

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:129

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Acquired infections in hospitalized elderly people are a growing concern. In long-term care facilities with multiple staff and visitor contacts, virus outbreaks are a common challenge for infection prevention ...

    Authors: Yohan Hababou, Assia Taleb, Amélie Recoing, Frédérique Moreau, Isabelle Simon, Florence Muller de Schongor, Elyanne Gault and Marie-Anne Rameix-Welti

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:120

    Content type: Research article

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  32. International studies provide an overview of socio-demographic characteristics associated with loneliness among older adults, but few studies distinguished between emotional and social loneliness. This study e...

    Authors: Irene N. Fierloos, Siok Swan Tan, Greg Williams, Tamara Alhambra-Borrás, Elin Koppelaar, Lovorka Bilajac, Arpana Verma, Athina Markaki, Francesco Mattace-Raso, Vanja Vasiljev, Carmen B. Franse and Hein Raat

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:114

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) and acute myocardial infarction cardiovascular (AMI) are two important health issues in older patients. Little is known regarding characteristics of AMI in older patients hos...

    Authors: Yu Kang, Xiang-Yang Fang, Dong Wang and Xiao-Juan Wang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:113

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Potentially inappropriate medication (PIM) use has adverse effects on health, particularly in elder patients. Various country-specific explicit criteria have been developed to measure the appropriateness of pr...

    Authors: Huanyu Zhang, Eliza LY Wong, Eng-kiong Yeoh and Bosco HM Ma

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:98

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Enteral feeding and parenteral nutrition (PN) using gastrostomy (GS) and a nasogastric tube feeding (NGT) and PN should be initiated for older patients based on their prognoses. This study aimed to investigate...

    Authors: Yukio Tsugihashi, Manabu Akahane, Yasuhiro Nakanishi, Tomoya Myojin, Shinichiro Kubo, Yuichi Nishioka, Tatsuya Noda, Shuichiro Hayashi, Shiori Furihata, Tsuneyuki Higashino and Tomoaki Imamura

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:80

    Content type: Research article

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  36. This study tentatively constructs a composite measure of Chinese Healthy Ageing Index (CHAI) among older adults aged 60+ and investigates change of CHAI during 2011–2015 and its association with sociodemograph...

    Authors: Peng Nie, Yan Li, Nan Zhang, Xiaomin Sun, Bao Xin and Youfa Wang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:78

    Content type: Research article

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  37. A validated evidence-based guideline was developed to reduce physical restraint use in home care. However, the implementation of guidelines in home care is challenging. Therefore, this study aims to systematic...

    Authors: Sara Vandervelde, Kristien Scheepmans, Koen Milisen, Theo van Achterberg, Ellen Vlaeyen, Johan Flamaing and Bernadette Dierckx de Casterlé

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:77

    Content type: Research article

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  38. The “Program of Research on the Integration of Services for the Maintenance of Autonomy” (PRISMA-7) and “Emergency room evaluation and recommendations” (ER2) are both clinical tools used in Québec Emergency Depar...

    Authors: Cyrille P. Launay, Joshua Lubov, Kevin Galery, Christine Vilcocq, Éric Maubert, Marc Afilalo and Olivier Beauchet

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:73

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Hypovitaminosis D can be observed in most fragility hip fracture patients. However, measurement of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) level is costly and may not be available in some centers. Without the baseline s...

    Authors: Atthakorn Jarusriwanna, Suchat Phusunti, Pojchong Chotiyarnwong and Aasis Unnanuntana

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:72

    Content type: Research article

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  40. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of osteosarcopenia in the over 60-year-old community and to evaluate whether osteosarcopenia is associated with disability, frailty and depression.

    Authors: Ki-Soo Park, Gyeong-Ye Lee, Young-Mi Seo, Sung-Hyo Seo and Jun-Il Yoo

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:69

    Content type: Research article

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  41. The actual SARS-CoV-2 outbreak caused a highly transmissible disease with a tremendous impact on elderly people. So far, few studies focused on very elderly patients (over 80 years old). In this study we exami...

    Authors: M. D’ascanio, M. Innammorato, L. Pasquariello, D. Pizzirusso, G. Guerrieri, S. Castelli, A. Pezzuto, C. De vitis, P. Anibaldi, A. Marcolongo, R. Mancini, A. Ricci and S. Sciacchitano

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:63

    Content type: Research article

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  42. It is well known that females generally live longer than males, but women tend to suffer from more illnesses and limitations than men do, also for dementia. However, limited empirical evidence is available why...

    Authors: Shohei Okamoto, Erika Kobayashi, Hiroshi Murayama, Jersey Liang, Taro Fukaya and Shoji Shinkai

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:38

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Predicting incidence of long-term care insurance (LTCI) certification in the short term is of increasing importance in Japan. The present study examined whether the Kihon Checklist (KCL) can be used to predict...

    Authors: Kumiko Ito, Hisashi Kawai, Harukazu Tsuruta and Shuichi Obuchi

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:22

    Content type: Research article

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  44. It has been reported that psychological stress affects bone metabolism and increases the risk of fracture. However, the relationship between bone fractures and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is unclear....

    Authors: Fumikazu Hayashi, Tetsuya Ohira, Hironori Nakano, Masanori Nagao, Kanako Okazaki, Mayumi Harigane, Seiji Yasumura, Masaharu Maeda, Atsushi Takahashi, Hirooki Yabe, Yuriko Suzuki and Kenji Kamiya

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:18

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Informal caregivers of persons with dementia (PWD) are often associated with negative health outcomes. Self-efficacy in dementia caregiving has been reported to have protective effects on caregiver’s health. T...

    Authors: Gregory Tee Hng Tan, Qi Yuan, Fiona Devi, Peizhi Wang, Li Ling Ng, Richard Goveas, Siow Ann Chong and Mythily Subramaniam

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:13

    Content type: Research article

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  46. The development of ambulatory emergency care services, now called ‘Same Day Emergency Care’ (SDEC) has been advocated to provide sustainable high quality healthcare in an ageing population. However, there are ...

    Authors: Tania C. N. Elias, Jordan Bowen, Royah Hassanzadeh, Daniel S. Lasserson and Sarah T. Pendlebury

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:8

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Although aging increases susceptibility to acute kidney injury (AKI), whether the AKI risk and the association between AKI and adverse outcomes are age-dependent remain unclear in older adults. The current stu...

    Authors: Libin Xu, Yanhua Wu, Yuanhan Chen, Ruiying Li, Zhiqiang Wang, Zhilian Li, Guoping Liu, Lei Yu, Wei Shi and Xinling Liang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:7

    Content type: Research article

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