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Public health, nutrition and epidemiology

This section considers all topics relating to general public health and epidemiology. Nutrition, nutritional supplements, disease rates/statistics, disease prevention, prediction. Health promotion.

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  1. Socio-demographic transitions have dramatically changed the traditional family care settings in China, caused unmet care needs among older adults. However, whether different primary caregiver types have differ...

    Authors: Yangyujin Liu, Haoxue Li, Bei Wu, Xiaoting Liu, Honglin Chen, Hai-Yu Jin and Chenkai Wu

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:268

    Content type: Research article

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  2. The relationship between obesity and prevalent high blood pressure in older adults has predominantly been estimated using categorical measures of body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC), masking the...

    Authors: Wenli Zhang, Kun He, Hao Zhao, Xueqi Hu, Chunyu Yin, Xiaoyan Zhao and Songhe Shi

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:260

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Depression is a common mental disorder among older people. This study aimed to assess the association between housing environment factors and depressive symptoms among older people using a multidimensional ass...

    Authors: Yuan Chen, Ping Yu Cui, Yi Yang Pan, Ya Xing Li, Nuremaguli Waili and Ying Li

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:259

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Unintended weight loss and the reduction in appetite are common phenomenon among older people. Reduced appetite has been linked to medication related reductions in saliva production, reduced taste ability and ...

    Authors: Sachiko Takehara, Vasant Hirani, F. A. Clive Wright, Vasi Naganathan, Fiona M. Blyth, David G. Le Couteur, Louise M. Waite, Markus J. Seibel, David J. Handelsman and Robert G. Cumming

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:255

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Cognitive leisure activity, such as reading, playing mahjong or cards and computer use, is common among older adults in China. Previous studies suggest a negative correlation between cognitive leisure activity...

    Authors: Xin Liu, Ye Ruan, Limei Huang, Yanfei Guo, Shuangyuan Sun, Hao Chen, Junling Gao, Yan Shi and Qianyi Xiao

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:236

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Urinary incontinence is a common condition in the general population and, in particular, the older adults population, which reduces the quality of life of these people, so this study aims to systematically exa...

    Authors: Sedighe Batmani, Rostam Jalali, Masoud Mohammadi and Shadi Bokaee

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:212

    Content type: Research article

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  7. This study aimed to examine the characteristics of older adults patients who suffered a head injury after a ground-level fall in comparison to non-head injury patients as well as the factors associated with se...

    Authors: Sun Hyu Kim, Sunpyo Kim, Gyu Chong Cho, Ji Hwan Lee, Eun Jung Park and Duk Hee Lee

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:196

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Prescription opioids are commonly used for postoperative pain relief in older adults, but have the potential for misuse. Both opioid side effects and uncontrolled pain have detrimental impacts. Frailty syndrom...

    Authors: Elizabeth D. Auckley, Nathalie Bentov, Shira Zelber-Sagi, Lily Jeong, May J. Reed and Itay Bentov

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:189

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Very few studies have examined the relationship of oral health with physical functioning and frailty in the oldest old (> 85 years). We examined the association of poor oral health with markers of disability, ...

    Authors: Viviana Albani, Kensuke Nishio, Tomoka Ito, Eftychia Kotronia, Paula Moynihan, Louise Robinson, Barbara Hanratty, Andrew Kingston, Yukiko Abe, Michiyo Takayama, Toshimitsu Iinuma, Yasumichi Arai and Sheena E. Ramsay

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:187

    Content type: Research article

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  10. A large number of studies have explored the association between frailty and mortality among COVID-19 patients, with inconsistent results. The aim of this meta-analysis was to synthesize the evidence on this is...

    Authors: Xiao-Ming Zhang, Jing Jiao, Jing Cao, Xiao-Peng Huo, Chen Zhu, Xin-Juan Wu and Xiao-Hua Xie

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:186

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Heart disease is a severe health problem among adult populations in China. The prevalence rates of heart disease increase with age. The pathogenic causes of heart disease are often related to conditions in ear...

    Authors: Jingyue Zhang and Nan Lu

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:184

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Energy inadequacy has a great impact on health outcomes in older adult patients; however, it is difficult to evaluate energy adequacy in these patients, especially in home-care settings. We recently reported t...

    Authors: Yoko Hasegawa, Mikako Yoshida, Aya Sato, Yumiko Fujimoto, Takeo Minematsu, Junko Sugama and Hiromi Sanada

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:182

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Pancytopenia, fever, and elevated D-dimer are significant clinical findings. The differential diagnosis includes hematological malignancies, severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), tick-borne illnesses, an...

    Authors: Christopher Radcliffe, Cynthia Tsay, Kimberly Glerum, Jane Liao, George Goshua and Gerard Kerins

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:178

    Content type: Case report

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  14. Cardiovascular health (CVH) metrics among Chinese older adults are poorly understood. We investigated sex disparities in CVH metrics and their management among rural-dwelling older adults in China.

    Authors: Xiaolei Han, Ziying Jiang, Yuanjing Li, Yongxiang Wang, Yajun Liang, Yi Dong, Shi Tang, Yifeng Du and Chengxuan Qiu

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:158

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Independence is related to the aging process. Loss of independence is defined as the inability to make decisions and participate in activities of daily living (ADLs). Independence is related to physical, psych...

    Authors: Charlotte Bimou, Michel Harel, Cécile Laubarie-Mouret, Noëlle Cardinaud, Marion Charenton-Blavignac, Nassima Toumi, Justine Trimouillas, Caroline Gayot, Sophie Boyer, Réjean Hebert, Thierry Dantoine and Achille Tchalla

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:142

    Content type: Research article

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  16. As the world’s population ages and people live longer, it seems important to ensure that older people have a good quality of life and positive subjective well-being. The objective of this study is to determine...

    Authors: Abdelhafid Benksim, Rachid Ait Addi, Elhassania Khalloufi, Aziz Habibi and Mohamed Cherkaoui

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:136

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Hypertension is a worldwide public health problem. We sought to examine the interactive associations among sodium intake, alcohol consumption and hypertension among older adult residents of Inner Mongolia in n...

    Authors: Xi Nan, Haiwen Lu, Jing Wu, Mingming Xue, Yonggang Qian, Wenrui Wang and Xuemei Wang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:135

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Experiences of violence and abuse is a prominent part of the life history of many older adults and is known to have negative health effects. However, the importance of multiple victimization over the life cour...

    Authors: Johanna Simmons and Katarina Swahnberg

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:129

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Acquired infections in hospitalized elderly people are a growing concern. In long-term care facilities with multiple staff and visitor contacts, virus outbreaks are a common challenge for infection prevention ...

    Authors: Yohan Hababou, Assia Taleb, Amélie Recoing, Frédérique Moreau, Isabelle Simon, Florence Muller de Schongor, Elyanne Gault and Marie-Anne Rameix-Welti

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:120

    Content type: Research article

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  20. International studies provide an overview of socio-demographic characteristics associated with loneliness among older adults, but few studies distinguished between emotional and social loneliness. This study e...

    Authors: Irene N. Fierloos, Siok Swan Tan, Greg Williams, Tamara Alhambra-Borrás, Elin Koppelaar, Lovorka Bilajac, Arpana Verma, Athina Markaki, Francesco Mattace-Raso, Vanja Vasiljev, Carmen B. Franse and Hein Raat

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:114

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) and acute myocardial infarction cardiovascular (AMI) are two important health issues in older patients. Little is known regarding characteristics of AMI in older patients hos...

    Authors: Yu Kang, Xiang-Yang Fang, Dong Wang and Xiao-Juan Wang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:113

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Potentially inappropriate medication (PIM) use has adverse effects on health, particularly in elder patients. Various country-specific explicit criteria have been developed to measure the appropriateness of pr...

    Authors: Huanyu Zhang, Eliza LY Wong, Eng-kiong Yeoh and Bosco HM Ma

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:98

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Enteral feeding and parenteral nutrition (PN) using gastrostomy (GS) and a nasogastric tube feeding (NGT) and PN should be initiated for older patients based on their prognoses. This study aimed to investigate...

    Authors: Yukio Tsugihashi, Manabu Akahane, Yasuhiro Nakanishi, Tomoya Myojin, Shinichiro Kubo, Yuichi Nishioka, Tatsuya Noda, Shuichiro Hayashi, Shiori Furihata, Tsuneyuki Higashino and Tomoaki Imamura

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:80

    Content type: Research article

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  24. This study tentatively constructs a composite measure of Chinese Healthy Ageing Index (CHAI) among older adults aged 60+ and investigates change of CHAI during 2011–2015 and its association with sociodemograph...

    Authors: Peng Nie, Yan Li, Nan Zhang, Xiaomin Sun, Bao Xin and Youfa Wang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:78

    Content type: Research article

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  25. A validated evidence-based guideline was developed to reduce physical restraint use in home care. However, the implementation of guidelines in home care is challenging. Therefore, this study aims to systematic...

    Authors: Sara Vandervelde, Kristien Scheepmans, Koen Milisen, Theo van Achterberg, Ellen Vlaeyen, Johan Flamaing and Bernadette Dierckx de Casterlé

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:77

    Content type: Research article

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  26. The “Program of Research on the Integration of Services for the Maintenance of Autonomy” (PRISMA-7) and “Emergency room evaluation and recommendations” (ER2) are both clinical tools used in Québec Emergency Depar...

    Authors: Cyrille P. Launay, Joshua Lubov, Kevin Galery, Christine Vilcocq, Éric Maubert, Marc Afilalo and Olivier Beauchet

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:73

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Hypovitaminosis D can be observed in most fragility hip fracture patients. However, measurement of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) level is costly and may not be available in some centers. Without the baseline s...

    Authors: Atthakorn Jarusriwanna, Suchat Phusunti, Pojchong Chotiyarnwong and Aasis Unnanuntana

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:72

    Content type: Research article

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  28. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of osteosarcopenia in the over 60-year-old community and to evaluate whether osteosarcopenia is associated with disability, frailty and depression.

    Authors: Ki-Soo Park, Gyeong-Ye Lee, Young-Mi Seo, Sung-Hyo Seo and Jun-Il Yoo

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:69

    Content type: Research article

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  29. The actual SARS-CoV-2 outbreak caused a highly transmissible disease with a tremendous impact on elderly people. So far, few studies focused on very elderly patients (over 80 years old). In this study we exami...

    Authors: M. D’ascanio, M. Innammorato, L. Pasquariello, D. Pizzirusso, G. Guerrieri, S. Castelli, A. Pezzuto, C. De vitis, P. Anibaldi, A. Marcolongo, R. Mancini, A. Ricci and S. Sciacchitano

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:63

    Content type: Research article

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  30. It is well known that females generally live longer than males, but women tend to suffer from more illnesses and limitations than men do, also for dementia. However, limited empirical evidence is available why...

    Authors: Shohei Okamoto, Erika Kobayashi, Hiroshi Murayama, Jersey Liang, Taro Fukaya and Shoji Shinkai

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:38

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Predicting incidence of long-term care insurance (LTCI) certification in the short term is of increasing importance in Japan. The present study examined whether the Kihon Checklist (KCL) can be used to predict...

    Authors: Kumiko Ito, Hisashi Kawai, Harukazu Tsuruta and Shuichi Obuchi

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:22

    Content type: Research article

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  32. It has been reported that psychological stress affects bone metabolism and increases the risk of fracture. However, the relationship between bone fractures and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is unclear....

    Authors: Fumikazu Hayashi, Tetsuya Ohira, Hironori Nakano, Masanori Nagao, Kanako Okazaki, Mayumi Harigane, Seiji Yasumura, Masaharu Maeda, Atsushi Takahashi, Hirooki Yabe, Yuriko Suzuki and Kenji Kamiya

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:18

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Informal caregivers of persons with dementia (PWD) are often associated with negative health outcomes. Self-efficacy in dementia caregiving has been reported to have protective effects on caregiver’s health. T...

    Authors: Gregory Tee Hng Tan, Qi Yuan, Fiona Devi, Peizhi Wang, Li Ling Ng, Richard Goveas, Siow Ann Chong and Mythily Subramaniam

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:13

    Content type: Research article

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  34. The development of ambulatory emergency care services, now called ‘Same Day Emergency Care’ (SDEC) has been advocated to provide sustainable high quality healthcare in an ageing population. However, there are ...

    Authors: Tania C. N. Elias, Jordan Bowen, Royah Hassanzadeh, Daniel S. Lasserson and Sarah T. Pendlebury

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:8

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Although aging increases susceptibility to acute kidney injury (AKI), whether the AKI risk and the association between AKI and adverse outcomes are age-dependent remain unclear in older adults. The current stu...

    Authors: Libin Xu, Yanhua Wu, Yuanhan Chen, Ruiying Li, Zhiqiang Wang, Zhilian Li, Guoping Liu, Lei Yu, Wei Shi and Xinling Liang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:7

    Content type: Research article

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  36. In late December 2019, a cluster of pneumonia cases due to a novel betacoronavirus, SARS-CoV-2 was reported in China. The so-called COVID 19 is responsible not only for respiratory symptoms, from mild up to pn...

    Authors: Sara Rogani, Valeria Calsolaro, Riccardo Franchi, Alessia Maria Calabrese, Chukwuma Okoye and Fabio Monzani

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:539

    Content type: Case report

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  37. Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has caused a pandemic threatening millions of people worldwide. Yet studies specifically assessing the geriatric population are scarce. We aimed to examine the participation of e...

    Authors: Virginie Prendki, Noam Tau, Tomer Avni, Marco Falcone, Angela Huttner, Laurent Kaiser, Mical Paul, Yaara Leibovici-Weissmann and Dafna Yahav

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:538

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Hearing loss (HL) is a significant public health concern globally and is estimated to affect over nine million people in England. The aim of this research was to explore the regional patterns and trends of HL ...

    Authors: Dialechti Tsimpida, Evangelos Kontopantelis, Darren M. Ashcroft and Maria Panagioti

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:536

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Oropharyngeal Dysphagia (OD) and malnutrition are frequently reported conditions in nursing home residents, and are often interrelated. Best care for dysphagic residents with, or at risk of, malnutrition shoul...

    Authors: Viviënne A. L. Huppertz, Nick van Wijk, Laura W. J. Baijens, Lisette C. P. G. M. de Groot, Ruud J. G. Halfens, Jos M. G. A. Schols and Ardy van Helvoort

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:537

    Content type: Study protocol

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  40. The Exercise and Nutrition for Healthy AgeiNg (ENHANce) project aims to assess the combined effects of exercise and nutritional interventions to prevent loss of skeletal muscle mass and function with ageing, a...

    Authors: Lenore Dedeyne, Jolan Dupont, Katrien Koppo, Sabine Verschueren, Jos Tournoy and Evelien Gielen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:532

    Content type: Study protocol

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  41. An aging society incurs great losses due to fall-related injuries and mortalities. The foreseeable increased burden of fall-related injury among older people requires a regular nationwide study on the fall epi...

    Authors: Yih-Jian Tsai, Ping-Yen Yang, Yi-Ching Yang, Mau-Roung Lin and Ying-Wei Wang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:529

    Content type: Research article

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  42. As in younger recipients, post-transplant infection is a frequent and devastating complication after kidney transplantation (KT) in older recipients. However, few studies have analyzed characteristics of post-...

    Authors: Jin Sug Kim, Kyung Hwan Jeong, Dong Won Lee, Sam Yeol Lee, Sang Ho Lee, Jaeseok Yang, Curie Ahn and Hyeon Seok Hwang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:519

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  43. Sarcopenia is a geriatric syndrome associated with negative health outcomes and the use of viable alternative screening tools may help in the diagnosis of this condition. This study aimed to analyze the associ...

    Authors: Cássio Lima Esteves, Daniela Gonçalves Ohara, Areolino Pena Matos, Vânia T. K. Ferreira, Natalia C. R. Iosimuta and Maycon Sousa Pegorari

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:518

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  44. Novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has become a worldwide pandemic and precise fatality data by age group is needed urgently. This study to delineate the clinical characteristics and outcome of COVID-19...

    Authors: Zhihua Yu, Yuhe Ke, Jiang Xie, Hao Yu, Wei Zhu, Liqun He, Qiongli Zheng, Chuanwei Li, Jingya Lu, Songnan Li, Songnan Wen, Sheng Wei, Nian Liu, Li Wei and Rong Bai

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:514

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Anemia is associated with high morbidity and mortality in older people. However, the prevalence and characteristics of anemia in older individuals are not fully understood, and national data on these aspects i...

    Authors: Hee Won Chueh, Hye Lim Jung, Ye Jee Shim, Hyoung Soo Choi and Jin Yeong Han

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:509

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Assessing hospital mortality and its predictors is important as some of these can be prevented through appropriate interventions. Few studies have reported hospital mortality data among older adults in sub-Sah...

    Authors: Fifonsi Adjidossi Gbeasor-Komlanvi, Martin Kouame Tchankoni, Akila Wimima Bakoubayi, Matthieu Yaovi Lokossou, Arnold Sadio, Wendpouiré Ida Carine Zida-Compaore, Mohaman Djibril, Mofou Belo, Amegnona Agbonon and Didier Koumavi Ekouevi

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:507

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Hyposalivation is associated with the nutritional status. Anorexia of ageing, defined as an age-related decrease in appetite and food intake, presents even in healthy adults and is considered an independent pr...

    Authors: Yuki Ohara, Hisashi Kawai, Maki Shirobe, Keiko Motokawa, Yoshinori Fujiwara, Hunkyung Kim, Kazushige Ihara, Shuichi Obuchi, Ayako Edahiro, Masanori Iwasaki, Yutaka Watanabe and Hirohiko Hirano

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:504

    Content type: Research article

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