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Physical functioning, physical health and activity

Section edited by Ian Cameron

This section covers activities of daily living, frailty, fractures, falls, exercise, posture, gait, hip complications, complications with general bodily functions, e.g. gastroenterological, urological.

Page 9 of 11

  1. Orthostatic hypotension (OH) refers to a marked decline in blood pressure when upright. OH has a high incidence and prevalence in older adults and represents a potential intrinsic risk factor for falls in thes...

    Authors: Brett H. Shaw, Thomas M. Loughin, Stephen N. Robinovitch and Victoria E. Claydon

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:174

    Content type: Research article

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  2. In elderly heart failure patients, the survival benefit of implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) may be attenuated due to competing health risks, and the risk of adverse outcomes magnified. Our object...

    Authors: Ariel R. Green, Cynthia M. Boyd, John Rickard, Robert Gomon and Bruce Leff

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:173

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Sarcopenia is defined as the loss of muscle mass and function with age and is associated with decline in mobility, frailty, falls and mortality. There is considerable interest in understanding the underlying m...

    Authors: H. P. Patel, M. C. White, L. Westbury, H. E. Syddall, P. J. Stephens, G. F. Clough, C. Cooper and A. A. Sayer

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:171

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Fear of falling (FoF) is regarded as a major constraint for successful rehabilitation in older people. However, few studies have investigated FoF in vulnerable older people who rehabilitate in a skilled nursin...

    Authors: Jan H. M. Visschedijk, Monique A. A. Caljouw, Eduard Bakkers, Romke van Balen and Wilco P. Achterberg

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:161

    Content type: Research article

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  5. This study is part of the Trondheim Hip Fracture Trial, where we compared free-living physical behavior in daily life 4 and 12 months following hip surgery for patients managed with comprehensive geriatric car...

    Authors: Kristin Taraldsen, Pernille Thingstad, Olav Sletvold, Ingvild Saltvedt, Stian Lydersen, Malcolm H. Granat, Sebastien Chastin and Jorunn L. Helbostad

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:160

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Research indicates that exercise can have a positive effect on both physical and mental health in nursing home patients with dementia, however the lasting effect is rarely studied. In a previously published ar...

    Authors: Elisabeth Wiken Telenius, Knut Engedal and Astrid Bergland

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:158

    Content type: Research article

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  7. There are relatively few standard, objective measures for studying physical function among older adults with multiple sclerosis (MS), yet such measures are necessary considering the shift in prevalence and ass...

    Authors: Robert W. Motl, Yvonne C. Learmonth, Thomas R. Wójcicki, Jason Fanning, Elizabeth A. Hubbard, Dominique Kinnett-Hopkins, Sarah A. Roberts and Edward McAuley

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:157

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Although population-based studies have shown frailty predicted future falls, their follow-up periods were one year or longer and short-term fall risks associated with frailty are unknown.

    Authors: Gotaro Kojima, Denise Kendrick, Dawn A. Skelton, Richard W. Morris, Sheena Gawler and Steve Iliffe

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:155

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Low physical activity has been shown to be one of the most common components of frailty, and interventions have been considered to prevent or reverse this syndrome. The purpose of this systematic review of ran...

    Authors: Carmen de Labra, Christyanne Guimaraes-Pinheiro, Ana Maseda, Trinidad Lorenzo and José C. Millán-Calenti

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:154

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Many people with a high risk of hip fracture have coexisting cardiovascular diseases. We aimed to examine associations between exposure to antihypertensive drugs and the risk of hip fracture among older people.

    Authors: Sabine Ruths, Marit S. Bakken, Anette H. Ranhoff, Steinar Hunskaar, Lars B. Engesæter and Anders Engeland

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:153

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Restoration of gait is an important goal of rehabilitation after hip fracture. Numerous spatial and temporal gait variables have been reported in the literature, but beyond gait speed, there is little agreemen...

    Authors: Pernille Thingstad, Thorlene Egerton, Espen F. Ihlen, Kristin Taraldsen, Rolf Moe-Nilssen and Jorunn L. Helbostad

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:150

    Content type: Research article

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  12. The aging process reduces both sensory capabilities and the capabilities of the motor systems responsible for postural control, resulting in a high number of falls among the elderly. Some therapeutic intervent...

    Authors: Laiana Sepúlveda de Andrade Mesquita, Fabiana Texeira de Carvalho, Lara Sepúlveda de Andrade Freire, Osmar Pinto Neto and Renato Amaro Zângaro

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:61

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Physical activity reduces the incidence and progression of cognitive impairment. Cognitive-motor dual-task training, which requires dividing attention between cognitive tasks and exercise, may improve various ...

    Authors: Hisayo Yokoyama, Kazunobu Okazaki, Daiki Imai, Yoshihiro Yamashina, Ryosuke Takeda, Nooshin Naghavi, Akemi Ota, Yoshikazu Hirasawa and Toshiaki Miyagawa

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:60

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Mobility is a key outcome in geriatric rehabilitation. The de Morton Mobility Index (DEMMI) is an internationally well-established, unidimensional measure of mobility with good psychometric properties. The aim...

    Authors: Tobias Braun, Ralf-Joachim Schulz, Julia Reinke, Nico L van Meeteren, Natalie A de Morton, Megan Davidson, Christian Thiel and Christian Grüneberg

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:58

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Frailty, a validated measure of physiologic reserve, predicts adverse health outcomes among adults with end-stage renal disease. Frailty typically is not measured clinically; instead, a surrogate—perceived fra...

    Authors: Megan L Salter, Natasha Gupta, Allan B Massie, Mara A McAdams-DeMarco, Andrew H Law, Reside Lorie Jacob, Luis F Gimenez, Bernard G Jaar, Jeremy D Walston and Dorry L Segev

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:52

    Content type: Research article

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  16. The Late-Life Function and Disability Instrument (LLFDI) provides a comprehensive, reliable, and valid assessment of physical function and disability in community-dwelling adults. There does not appear to be a...

    Authors: Michal Elboim-Gabyzon, Maayan Agmon, Faisal Azaiza and Yocheved Laufer

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:51

    Content type: Research article

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  17. This study aimed to develop a simultaneously swallowing provocation test for dysphagia patients undergoing fiberoptic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing (FEES), as well as to evaluate its efficacy.

    Authors: Chiharu Tejima, Takeshi Kikutani, Noriaki Takahashi, Fumiyo Tamura and Mitsuyoshi Yoshida

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:48

    Content type: Research article

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  18. There have been few studies of how personal and instrumental activities of daily living (P-ADL and I-ADL) develop over time in older people receiving domiciliary care. This study aimed at assessing variables a...

    Authors: Anne-Sofie Helvik, Lisbeth D Høgseth, Sverre Bergh, Jūratė Šaltytė-Benth, Øyvind Kirkevold and Geir Selbæk

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:47

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Physical activity affects physical and mental health, prevents disease, and improves quality of life. However, physical activity also decreases with age in older persons, and is affected by adverse climatic pe...

    Authors: Atsushi Mizumoto, Hikaru Ihira, Keitaro Makino, Shigeyuki Saitoh, Hirofumi Ohnishi and Taketo Furuna

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:43

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Scientific evidence on treatments of chronic diseases in patients 85 years old or older is very limited, as is available information on inappropriate prescription (IP) and its associated factors. The study aim...

    Authors: Antonio San-José, Antonia Agustí, Xavier Vidal, Francesc Formiga, Mercedes Gómez-Hernández, Juana García, Alfonso López-Soto, Nieves Ramírez-Duque, Olga H Torres and José Barbé

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:42

    Content type: Research article

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  21. In light of the multifactorial etiology of fall-related hip fracture, knowledge of fall circumstances may be especially valuable when placed in the context of the health of the person who falls. We aimed to in...

    Authors: Breiffni Leavy, Liisa Byberg, Karl Michaëlsson, Håkan Melhus and Anna Cristina Åberg

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:40

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Falling is common among older people. The Timed-Up-and-Go Test (TUG) is recommended as a screening tool for falls but its predictive value has been challenged. The objectives of this study were to examine the ...

    Authors: Gotaro Kojima, Tahir Masud, Denise Kendrick, Richard Morris, Sheena Gawler, Jonathan Treml and Steve Iliffe

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:38

    Content type: Research article

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  23. The benefits of regular exercise and physical activity are well known. Those living in long-term care are often frail, but have the potential to benefit from physical activity; yet are less likely to be offere...

    Authors: Susanne Finnegan, Julie Bruce, Sarah E Lamb and Frances Griffiths

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:37

    Content type: Research article

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  24. The low physical activity domain of the frailty phenotype has been assessed with various self-reported questionnaires, which are prone to possible recall bias and a lack of diagnostic accuracy. The primary pur...

    Authors: Sanmei Chen, Takanori Honda, Tao Chen, Kenji Narazaki, Yuka Haeuchi, Atin Supartini and Shuzo Kumagai

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:36

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Among community-dwelling older adults, mean values for gait speed vary substantially depending not only on the population studied, but also on the methodology used. Despite the large number of studies publishe...

    Authors: Telma de Almeida Busch, Yeda Aparecida Duarte, Daniella Pires Nunes, Maria Lucia Lebrão, Michel Satya Naslavsky, Anelise dos Santos Rodrigues and Edson Amaro Jr

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:35

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Vertebral fractures, an increased thoracic kyphosis and a flexed posture are associated with falls. However, this was not confirmed in prospective studies. We performed a prospective cohort study to investigat...

    Authors: Hanna C van der Jagt-Willems, Maartje H de Groot, Jos PCM van Campen, Claudine JC Lamoth and Willem F Lems

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:34

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Falls among older people are of growing concern globally. Implementing cost-effective strategies for their prevention is of utmost importance given the ageing population and associated potential for increased ...

    Authors: Kendra McLean, Lesley Day and Andrew Dalton

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:33

    Content type: Research article

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  28. In this epidemiological study we described the characteristics of spatio-temporal gait parameters among a representative, population-based sample of 890 community-dwelling people aged 65 to 90 years. In additi...

    Authors: Kathrin Thaler-Kall, Annette Peters, Barbara Thorand, Eva Grill, Christine S Autenrieth, Alexander Horsch and Christa Meisinger

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:32

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Falls are common in older people. Despite strong evidence for effective falls prevention strategies, there appears to be limited translation of these strategies from research to clinical practice. Use of peers...

    Authors: Linda Khong, Fiona Farringdon, Keith D Hill and Anne-Marie Hill

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:28

    Content type: Research article

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  30. The number of older adults with dementia is expected to increase. Dementia is not only characterized by a decline in cognition, also other functions, for example, physical functioning change. A possible means ...

    Authors: Johanna G Douma, Karin M Volkers, Jelle Pieter Vuijk, Marieke H Sonneveld, Richard HM Goossens and Erik JA Scherder

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:26

    Content type: Study protocol

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  31. Aging is associated with loss of balance and activity in daily life. It impacts postural control and increases the risk of falls. The current study was conducted to determine the feasibility and long-term impa...

    Authors: Slavko Rogan, Lorenz Radlinger, Roger Hilfiker, Dietmar Schmidtbleicher, Rob A de Bie and Eling D de Bruin

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:25

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Despite having the third highest proportion of people aged 60 years and older in the world, Germany has been recently reported as having the lowest prevalence of frailty of 15 European countries. The objective...

    Authors: Amanda K Buttery, Markus A Busch, Beate Gaertner, Christa Scheidt-Nave and Judith Fuchs

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:22

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Available evidence suggests that young adults and seniors use different strategies to adjust for increasing body sway during quiet standing. Altered antagonist muscle co-activation and different ankle muscle c...

    Authors: Lars Donath, Eduard Kurz, Ralf Roth, Lukas Zahner and Oliver Faude

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:19

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Central and peripheral vision is needed for object detection. Previous research has shown that visual target detection is affected by age. In addition, light conditions also influence visual exploration. The a...

    Authors: Prabitha Urwyler, Nicole Gruber, René M Müri, Michael Jäger, Rahel Bieri, Thomas Nyffeler, Urs P Mosimann and Tobias Nef

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:18

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Multiple chronic conditions and low skeletal muscle mass are common features of aging that are detrimental to physical performance. This study evaluates the simultaneous impact of these conditions on physical ...

    Authors: Chia-Ing Li, Tsai-Chung Li, Wen-Yuan Lin, Chiu-Shong Liu, Chih-Cheng Hsu, Chao A Hsiung, Ching-Yu Chen, Kuo-Chin Huang, Chih-Hsing Wu, Ching-Yi Wang and Cheng-Chieh Lin

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:11

    Content type: Research article

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  36. The ability of older people to function independently is crucial as physical disability and functional limitation have profound impacts on health. Interventions that either delay the onset of frailty or attenu...

    Authors: Debbie Ann Loh, Noran Naqiah Hairi, Wan Yuen Choo, Farizah Mohd Hairi, Devi Peramalah, Shathanapriya Kandiben, Pek Ling Lee, Norlissa Gani, Mohamed Faris Madzlan, Mohd Alif Idham Abd Hamid, Zohaib Akram, Ai Sean Chu, Awang Bulgiba and Robert G Cumming

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:8

    Content type: Study protocol

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  37. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of a low appendicular skeletal muscle index (ASMI) using three cut-off points (mean ASMI-2SD of a gender-specific young reference group (aged 18–39 years), ...

    Authors: Yeon-Pyo Kim, Ju-Youn Joh, Sun Kim, Hwan-Sik Hwang and Il-Seon Shin

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:144

    Content type: Research article

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  38. The objective of this study was to investigate if application of United Kingdom National Osteoporosis Society (UK-NOS) triage approach, using calcaneal quantitative ultrasound (QUS), phalangeal radiographic ab...

    Authors: Katja Thomsen, Jesper Ryg, Anne P Hermann, Lars Matzen and Tahir Masud

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:143

    Content type: Research article

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  39. The detection of incipient functional decline in elderly persons is not an easy task. Here, we propose the self-reporting Functional Ability Index (FA index) suitable to screen functional competence in senior ...

    Authors: Ulrike Dapp, Christoph E Minder, Jennifer Anders, Stefan Golgert and Wolfgang von Renteln-Kruse

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:141

    Content type: Research article

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  40. The impact of gender on functional outcomes after hip fracture is not known. We aimed to determine the extent to which gender influenced functional outcome and response to exercise in older people after hip fr...

    Authors: Lynda M Woodward, Lindy Clemson, Anne M Moseley, Stephen R Lord, Ian D Cameron and Catherine Sherrington

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:140

    Content type: Research article

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  41. As a result of the ageing population, there is an urgent need for innovation in community health-care in order to achieve sustainability. Reablement is implemented in primary care in some Western countries to ...

    Authors: Hanne Tuntland, Birgitte Espehaug, Oddvar Forland, Astri Drange Hole, Egil Kjerstad and Ingvild Kjeken

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:139

    Content type: Study protocol

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  42. Diabetes mellitus is a potent risk factor for urinary incontinence. Previous studies of incontinence in patients with diabetes have focused on younger, healthier patients. Our objective was to characterize ris...

    Authors: Amy Hsu, Jessamyn Conell-Price, Irena Stijacic Cenzer, Catherine Eng, Alison J Huang, Kathy Rice-Trumble and Sei J Lee

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:137

    Content type: Research article

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  43. In the older population falls are a common problem and a major cause of morbidity, mortality and functional decline. The etiology is often multifactorial making the identification of fall predictors essential ...

    Authors: Nathalie Vande Walle, Cindy Kenis, Pieter Heeren, Katrien Van Puyvelde, Lore Decoster, Ingo Beyer, Godelieve Conings, Johan Flamaing, Jean-Pierre Lobelle, Hans Wildiers and Koen Milisen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:135

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Exercise interventions often do not combine physical and cognitive training. However, this combination is assumed to be more beneficial in improving walking and cognitive functioning compared to isolated cogni...

    Authors: Eva van het Reve and Eling D de Bruin

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:134

    Content type: Research article

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  45. The current diagnosis-oriented approach of dizziness does not suit older patients. Often, it is difficult to identify a single underlying cause, and when a diagnosis is made, therapeutic options may be limited...

    Authors: Otto R Maarsingh, Hanneke Stam, Peter M van de Ven, Natasja M van Schoor, Matthew J Ridd and Johannes C van der Wouden

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:133

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Frailty is a highly prevalent condition in old age leading to vulnerability and greater risk of adverse health outcomes and disability. Detecting and tackling frailty at an early stage can prevent disability. ...

    Authors: Laura Romera, Francesc Orfila, Josep Maria Segura, Anna Ramirez, Mercedes Möller, Maria Lluïsa Fabra, Santiago Lancho, Núria Bastida, Gonçal Foz, Maria Assumpta Fabregat, Núria Martí, Montserrat Cullell, Dolors Martinez, Maria Giné, Anna Bistuer, Patricia Cendrós…

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:125

    Content type: Study protocol

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  47. Benzodiazepines and related drugs affect physical functioning negatively and increase fall and fracture risk. As impaired muscle strength and balance are risk factors for falls, we examined the effects of hypn...

    Authors: Janne Nurminen, Juha Puustinen, Ritva Lähteenmäki, Tero Vahlberg, Alan Lyles, Markku Partinen, Ismo Räihä, Pertti J Neuvonen and Sirkka-Liisa Kivelä

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:121

    Content type: Research article

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