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Physical functioning, physical health and activity

Section edited by Ian Cameron

This section covers activities of daily living, frailty, fractures, falls, exercise, posture, gait, hip complications, complications with general bodily functions, e.g. gastroenterological, urological.

Page 5 of 7

  1. Content type: Research article

    To explore the level of physical activity in a population based sample of older adults; to analyze the influence of pain characteristics and fear-avoidance beliefs as predictors of physical activity among olde...

    Authors: Caroline Larsson, Eva Ekvall Hansson, Kristina Sundquist and Ulf Jakobsson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:50

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Hip fracture patients are heterogenous. Certain patient characteristics are associated with poorer prognosis, but less is known about differences in response to treatment among subgroups. The Trondheim Hip Fra...

    Authors: Anders Prestmo, Ingvild Saltvedt, Jorunn L. Helbostad, Kristin Taraldsen, Pernille Thingstad, Stian Lydersen and Olav Sletvold

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:49

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  3. Content type: Research article

    The associations of sarcopenia with adverse health status have highlighted the importance of sarcopenia research and intervention. This study was designed to analyze the characteristics of aging-related differ...

    Authors: Ping Zeng, Yiwen Han, Jing Pang, Sinan Wu, Huan Gong, Jianguo Zhu, Jian Li and Tiemei Zhang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:45

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Joint contractures are a common health problem in older persons with significant impact on activities of daily living. We aimed to retrieve outcome measures applied in studies on older persons with joint contr...

    Authors: Gabriele Bartoszek, Uli Fischer, Martin Müller, Ralf Strobl, Eva Grill, Stephan Nadolny and Gabriele Meyer

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:40

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  5. Content type: Study protocol

    Lasting disability and further falls are common and costly problems in older people following fall-related lower limb and pelvic fractures. Exercise interventions can improve mobility after fracture and reduce...

    Authors: Catherine Sherrington, Nicola Fairhall, Catherine Kirkham, Lindy Clemson, Kirsten Howard, Constance Vogler, Jacqueline CT Close, Anne M Moseley, Ian D Cameron, Jenson Mak, David Sonnabend and Stephen R Lord

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:34

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Physical inactivity is a health issue that often occurs after serious disaster. Social factors, which can be disrupted by disaster, are important determinants of physical activity levels in everyday living. Th...

    Authors: Eiichi Yoshimura, Kazuko Ishikawa-Takata, Haruka Murakami, Nobuyo Tsuboyama-Kasaoka, Megumi Tsubota-Utsugi, Motohiko Miyachi, Yukari Yokoyama, Kiyomi Sakata, Seiichiro Kobayashi, Akira Ogawa and Nobuo Nishi

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:30

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Substantial variation exists in physical functioning (PF) among patients with comparable pain severity, which may be partly explained by underlying psychological processes, like cognitive appraisal of pain and...

    Authors: Lotte A. H. Hermsen, Johannes C. van der Wouden, Stephanie S. Leone, Martin Smalbrugge, Henriëtte E. van der Horst and Joost Dekker

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:29

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Leg ulcers commonly emerge as a symptom of other comorbidities, often in older people. As a consequence of the ulcer, pain and sleep disturbances might occur. Due to the complex illness, the responsibility of ...

    Authors: Amanda Hellström, Camilla Nilsson, Annina Nilsson and Cecilia Fagerström

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:25

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  9. Content type: Study protocol

    Dementia is associated with cognitive and functional deficits, and poses a significant personal, societal, and economic burden. Directing interventions towards older adults with self-reported cognitive complai...

    Authors: Michael A. Gregory, Dawn P. Gill, Erin M. Shellington, Teresa Liu-Ambrose, Ryosuke Shigematsu, Guangyong Zou, Kevin Shoemaker, Adrian M. Owen, Vladimir Hachinski, Melanie Stuckey and Robert J. Petrella

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:17

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Chronic pain is a common and serious health problem in older patients. Treatment often includes non pharmacological approaches despite a relatively modest evidence base in this population. Hypnosis has been us...

    Authors: Sheila Ardigo, François R. Herrmann, Véronique Moret, Laurence Déramé, Sandra Giannelli, Gabriel Gold and Sophie Pautex

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:14

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  11. Content type: Research article

    There is limited normative, objective data combining musculoskeletal fitness (MSF), balance and physical activity (PA) among older adults. The aims were therefore to; 1) describe MSF and balance in older Norwe...

    Authors: H. Lohne-Seiler, E. Kolle, S. A. Anderssen and B. H. Hansen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:6

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  12. Content type: Study protocol

    Balance alteration is a risk factor for falls in elderly individuals that has physical, psychological and economic consequences. The objectives of this study are to evaluate the usefulness of an intervention u...

    Authors: Pilar Montero-Alía, Laura Muñoz-Ortiz, Mercè Jiménez-González, Carla Benedicto-Pañell, Salvador Altimir-Losada, Yolanda López-Colomer, Josep Prat-Rovira, Joan Francesc Amargant-Rubio, Sheila Mendes Jastes, Ana Moreno-Buitrago, M. Carmen Rodríguez-Pérez, Cristina Teixidó-Vargas, José Luís Albarrán-Sánchez, Anna Candel-Gil, Domènec Serra-Serra, Juan José Martí-Cervantes…

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:8

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Concerns about falls are common among older people. These concerns, also referred to as fear of falling, can have serious physical and psychosocial consequences, such as functional decline, increased risk of f...

    Authors: Tanja A. C. Dorresteijn, G. A. Rixt Zijlstra, Antonius W. Ambergen, Kim Delbaere, Johan W. S. Vlaeyen and Gertrudis I. J. M. Kempen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:2

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:108

  14. Content type: Research article

    Orthostatic hypotension (OH) refers to a marked decline in blood pressure when upright. OH has a high incidence and prevalence in older adults and represents a potential intrinsic risk factor for falls in thes...

    Authors: Brett H. Shaw, Thomas M. Loughin, Stephen N. Robinovitch and Victoria E. Claydon

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:174

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  15. Content type: Research article

    In elderly heart failure patients, the survival benefit of implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) may be attenuated due to competing health risks, and the risk of adverse outcomes magnified. Our object...

    Authors: Ariel R. Green, Cynthia M. Boyd, John Rickard, Robert Gomon and Bruce Leff

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:173

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Sarcopenia is defined as the loss of muscle mass and function with age and is associated with decline in mobility, frailty, falls and mortality. There is considerable interest in understanding the underlying m...

    Authors: H. P. Patel, M. C. White, L. Westbury, H. E. Syddall, P. J. Stephens, G. F. Clough, C. Cooper and A. A. Sayer

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:171

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  17. Content type: Research article

    This study is part of the Trondheim Hip Fracture Trial, where we compared free-living physical behavior in daily life 4 and 12 months following hip surgery for patients managed with comprehensive geriatric car...

    Authors: Kristin Taraldsen, Pernille Thingstad, Olav Sletvold, Ingvild Saltvedt, Stian Lydersen, Malcolm H. Granat, Sebastien Chastin and Jorunn L. Helbostad

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:160

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Fear of falling (FoF) is regarded as a major constraint for successful rehabilitation in older people. However, few studies have investigated FoF in vulnerable older people who rehabilitate in a skilled nursin...

    Authors: Jan H. M. Visschedijk, Monique A. A. Caljouw, Eduard Bakkers, Romke van Balen and Wilco P. Achterberg

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:161

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Research indicates that exercise can have a positive effect on both physical and mental health in nursing home patients with dementia, however the lasting effect is rarely studied. In a previously published ar...

    Authors: Elisabeth Wiken Telenius, Knut Engedal and Astrid Bergland

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:158

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  20. Content type: Research article

    There are relatively few standard, objective measures for studying physical function among older adults with multiple sclerosis (MS), yet such measures are necessary considering the shift in prevalence and ass...

    Authors: Robert W. Motl, Yvonne C. Learmonth, Thomas R. Wójcicki, Jason Fanning, Elizabeth A. Hubbard, Dominique Kinnett-Hopkins, Sarah A. Roberts and Edward McAuley

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:157

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Low physical activity has been shown to be one of the most common components of frailty, and interventions have been considered to prevent or reverse this syndrome. The purpose of this systematic review of ran...

    Authors: Carmen de Labra, Christyanne Guimaraes-Pinheiro, Ana Maseda, Trinidad Lorenzo and José C. Millán-Calenti

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:154

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Although population-based studies have shown frailty predicted future falls, their follow-up periods were one year or longer and short-term fall risks associated with frailty are unknown.

    Authors: Gotaro Kojima, Denise Kendrick, Dawn A. Skelton, Richard W. Morris, Sheena Gawler and Steve Iliffe

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:155

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Many people with a high risk of hip fracture have coexisting cardiovascular diseases. We aimed to examine associations between exposure to antihypertensive drugs and the risk of hip fracture among older people.

    Authors: Sabine Ruths, Marit S. Bakken, Anette H. Ranhoff, Steinar Hunskaar, Lars B. Engesæter and Anders Engeland

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:153

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Restoration of gait is an important goal of rehabilitation after hip fracture. Numerous spatial and temporal gait variables have been reported in the literature, but beyond gait speed, there is little agreemen...

    Authors: Pernille Thingstad, Thorlene Egerton, Espen F. Ihlen, Kristin Taraldsen, Rolf Moe-Nilssen and Jorunn L. Helbostad

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:150

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  25. Content type: Research article

    The aging process reduces both sensory capabilities and the capabilities of the motor systems responsible for postural control, resulting in a high number of falls among the elderly. Some therapeutic intervent...

    Authors: Laiana Sepúlveda de Andrade Mesquita, Fabiana Texeira de Carvalho, Lara Sepúlveda de Andrade Freire, Osmar Pinto Neto and Renato Amaro Zângaro

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:61

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Physical activity reduces the incidence and progression of cognitive impairment. Cognitive-motor dual-task training, which requires dividing attention between cognitive tasks and exercise, may improve various ...

    Authors: Hisayo Yokoyama, Kazunobu Okazaki, Daiki Imai, Yoshihiro Yamashina, Ryosuke Takeda, Nooshin Naghavi, Akemi Ota, Yoshikazu Hirasawa and Toshiaki Miyagawa

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:60

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Mobility is a key outcome in geriatric rehabilitation. The de Morton Mobility Index (DEMMI) is an internationally well-established, unidimensional measure of mobility with good psychometric properties. The aim...

    Authors: Tobias Braun, Ralf-Joachim Schulz, Julia Reinke, Nico L van Meeteren, Natalie A de Morton, Megan Davidson, Christian Thiel and Christian Grüneberg

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:58

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  28. Content type: Research article

    The Late-Life Function and Disability Instrument (LLFDI) provides a comprehensive, reliable, and valid assessment of physical function and disability in community-dwelling adults. There does not appear to be a...

    Authors: Michal Elboim-Gabyzon, Maayan Agmon, Faisal Azaiza and Yocheved Laufer

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:51

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Frailty, a validated measure of physiologic reserve, predicts adverse health outcomes among adults with end-stage renal disease. Frailty typically is not measured clinically; instead, a surrogate—perceived fra...

    Authors: Megan L Salter, Natasha Gupta, Allan B Massie, Mara A McAdams-DeMarco, Andrew H Law, Reside Lorie Jacob, Luis F Gimenez, Bernard G Jaar, Jeremy D Walston and Dorry L Segev

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:52

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  30. Content type: Research article

    This study aimed to develop a simultaneously swallowing provocation test for dysphagia patients undergoing fiberoptic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing (FEES), as well as to evaluate its efficacy.

    Authors: Chiharu Tejima, Takeshi Kikutani, Noriaki Takahashi, Fumiyo Tamura and Mitsuyoshi Yoshida

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:48

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  31. Content type: Research article

    There have been few studies of how personal and instrumental activities of daily living (P-ADL and I-ADL) develop over time in older people receiving domiciliary care. This study aimed at assessing variables a...

    Authors: Anne-Sofie Helvik, Lisbeth D Høgseth, Sverre Bergh, Jūratė Šaltytė-Benth, Øyvind Kirkevold and Geir Selbæk

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:47

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Physical activity affects physical and mental health, prevents disease, and improves quality of life. However, physical activity also decreases with age in older persons, and is affected by adverse climatic pe...

    Authors: Atsushi Mizumoto, Hikaru Ihira, Keitaro Makino, Shigeyuki Saitoh, Hirofumi Ohnishi and Taketo Furuna

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:43

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Scientific evidence on treatments of chronic diseases in patients 85 years old or older is very limited, as is available information on inappropriate prescription (IP) and its associated factors. The study aim...

    Authors: Antonio San-José, Antonia Agustí, Xavier Vidal, Francesc Formiga, Mercedes Gómez-Hernández, Juana García, Alfonso López-Soto, Nieves Ramírez-Duque, Olga H Torres and José Barbé

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:42

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  34. Content type: Research article

    In light of the multifactorial etiology of fall-related hip fracture, knowledge of fall circumstances may be especially valuable when placed in the context of the health of the person who falls. We aimed to in...

    Authors: Breiffni Leavy, Liisa Byberg, Karl Michaëlsson, Håkan Melhus and Anna Cristina Åberg

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:40

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Falling is common among older people. The Timed-Up-and-Go Test (TUG) is recommended as a screening tool for falls but its predictive value has been challenged. The objectives of this study were to examine the ...

    Authors: Gotaro Kojima, Tahir Masud, Denise Kendrick, Richard Morris, Sheena Gawler, Jonathan Treml and Steve Iliffe

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:38

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  36. Content type: Research article

    The benefits of regular exercise and physical activity are well known. Those living in long-term care are often frail, but have the potential to benefit from physical activity; yet are less likely to be offere...

    Authors: Susanne Finnegan, Julie Bruce, Sarah E Lamb and Frances Griffiths

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:37

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  37. Content type: Research article

    The low physical activity domain of the frailty phenotype has been assessed with various self-reported questionnaires, which are prone to possible recall bias and a lack of diagnostic accuracy. The primary pur...

    Authors: Sanmei Chen, Takanori Honda, Tao Chen, Kenji Narazaki, Yuka Haeuchi, Atin Supartini and Shuzo Kumagai

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:36

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Among community-dwelling older adults, mean values for gait speed vary substantially depending not only on the population studied, but also on the methodology used. Despite the large number of studies publishe...

    Authors: Telma de Almeida Busch, Yeda Aparecida Duarte, Daniella Pires Nunes, Maria Lucia Lebrão, Michel Satya Naslavsky, Anelise dos Santos Rodrigues and Edson Amaro Jr

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:35

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Vertebral fractures, an increased thoracic kyphosis and a flexed posture are associated with falls. However, this was not confirmed in prospective studies. We performed a prospective cohort study to investigat...

    Authors: Hanna C van der Jagt-Willems, Maartje H de Groot, Jos PCM van Campen, Claudine JC Lamoth and Willem F Lems

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:34

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Falls among older people are of growing concern globally. Implementing cost-effective strategies for their prevention is of utmost importance given the ageing population and associated potential for increased ...

    Authors: Kendra McLean, Lesley Day and Andrew Dalton

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:33

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  41. Content type: Research article

    In this epidemiological study we described the characteristics of spatio-temporal gait parameters among a representative, population-based sample of 890 community-dwelling people aged 65 to 90 years. In additi...

    Authors: Kathrin Thaler-Kall, Annette Peters, Barbara Thorand, Eva Grill, Christine S Autenrieth, Alexander Horsch and Christa Meisinger

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:32

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Falls are common in older people. Despite strong evidence for effective falls prevention strategies, there appears to be limited translation of these strategies from research to clinical practice. Use of peers...

    Authors: Linda Khong, Fiona Farringdon, Keith D Hill and Anne-Marie Hill

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:28

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  43. Content type: Study protocol

    The number of older adults with dementia is expected to increase. Dementia is not only characterized by a decline in cognition, also other functions, for example, physical functioning change. A possible means ...

    Authors: Johanna G Douma, Karin M Volkers, Jelle Pieter Vuijk, Marieke H Sonneveld, Richard HM Goossens and Erik JA Scherder

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:26

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Aging is associated with loss of balance and activity in daily life. It impacts postural control and increases the risk of falls. The current study was conducted to determine the feasibility and long-term impa...

    Authors: Slavko Rogan, Lorenz Radlinger, Roger Hilfiker, Dietmar Schmidtbleicher, Rob A de Bie and Eling D de Bruin

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:25

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Despite having the third highest proportion of people aged 60 years and older in the world, Germany has been recently reported as having the lowest prevalence of frailty of 15 European countries. The objective...

    Authors: Amanda K Buttery, Markus A Busch, Beate Gaertner, Christa Scheidt-Nave and Judith Fuchs

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:22

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Available evidence suggests that young adults and seniors use different strategies to adjust for increasing body sway during quiet standing. Altered antagonist muscle co-activation and different ankle muscle c...

    Authors: Lars Donath, Eduard Kurz, Ralf Roth, Lukas Zahner and Oliver Faude

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:19

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