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Physical functioning, physical health and activity

Section edited by Ian Cameron

This section covers activities of daily living, frailty, fractures, falls, exercise, posture, gait, hip complications, complications with general bodily functions, e.g. gastroenterological, urological.

Page 5 of 11

  1. Polypharmacy has not been investigated in patients living with HIV in developing countries. The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of polypharmacy, the factors associated with polypharmacy and...

    Authors: Michael Ssonko, Fiona Stanaway, Harriet K. Mayanja, Tabitha Namuleme, Robert Cumming, John L. Kyalimpa, Yvonne Karamagi, Barbara Mukasa and Vasi Naganathan

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:125

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Low muscle mass and strength are highly prevalent in inpatients. It is acknowledged that low muscle mass and strength are associated with falls in community-dwelling older adults, but it is unknown if these mu...

    Authors: Jeanine M. Van Ancum, Mirjam Pijnappels, Nini H. Jonkman, Kira Scheerman, Sjors Verlaan, Carel G. M. Meskers and Andrea B. Maier

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:116

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Balance performance is considered as an indicator of functional status in the elderly, a large scale population screening and evaluation in the community context followed by proper interventions would be of gr...

    Authors: Jingjuan Ju, Yu Jiang, Peng Zhou, Lin Li, Xiaolei Ye, Hongmei Wu, Bin Shen, Jialei Zhang, Xiaoding He, Chunjin Niu and Qinghua Xia

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:112

    Content type: Research Article

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  4. Peripheral neuromuscular dysfunctions were found in elderly individuals, and spinal microglia/monocyte plays an important role on this process. This study aims to test whether the glial cell line-derived neuro...

    Authors: Fei Xie, Fan Zhang, Su Min, Jingyuan Chen, Jun Yang and Xin Wang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:110

    Content type: Research Article

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  5. Aging sarcopenia characterized by low muscle mass with low muscle strength affects men and women differently. The contribution of interleukin-6 (IL-6) to sarcopenia has been suggested based on a negative corre...

    Authors: Alexandra Mikó, László Pótó, Péter Mátrai, Péter Hegyi, Nóra Füredi, András Garami, Anita Illés, Margit Solymár, Áron Vincze, Márta Balaskó, Gabriella Pár, Patrícia Sarlós, Judit Bajor, Judit Tenk, Ildikó Rostás and Erika Pétervári

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:107

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Frailty is a state of vulnerability to stressors that is prevalent in older adults and is associated with higher morbidity, mortality and healthcare utilization. Multiple instruments are used to measure frailt...

    Authors: Jorge G. Ruiz, Shivani Priyadarshni, Zubair Rahaman, Kimberly Cabrera, Stuti Dang, Willy M. Valencia and Michael J. Mintzer

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:106

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Two-thirds of older Australians are sedentary. Fitness trackers have been popular with younger people and may encourage older adults to become more active. Older adults may have different gait patterns and as ...

    Authors: Elissa Burton, Keith D. Hill, Nicola T. Lautenschlager, Cecilie Thøgersen-Ntoumani, Gill Lewin, Eileen Boyle and Erin Howie

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:103

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Mobility is a key outcome in older patients with cognitive impairment. The de Morton Mobility Index (DEMMI) is an established measure of older people’s mobility that is promising for use in older patients with...

    Authors: Tobias Braun, Christian Grüneberg, Christian Thiel and Ralf-Joachim Schulz

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:100

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The principal aim of this study was to investigate whether a caregiver-inclusive assistive technology intervention improved older care recipients’ functional autonomy and decreased the perceived burden of thei...

    Authors: W. Ben Mortenson, Louise Demers, Marcus J. Fuhrer, Jeffrey W. Jutai, Jessica Bilkey, Michelle Plante and Frank DeRuyter

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:97

    Content type: Research Article

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  10. Physical exercise, cognitive training, and vitamin D are low cost interventions that have the potential to enhance cognitive function and mobility in older adults, especially in pre-dementia states such as Mil...

    Authors: Manuel Montero-Odasso, Quincy J. Almeida, Amer M. Burhan, Richard Camicioli, Julien Doyon, Sarah Fraser, Karen Li, Teresa Liu-Ambrose, Laura Middleton, Susan Muir-Hunter, William McIlroy, José A. Morais, Frederico Pieruccini-Faria, Kevin Shoemaker, Mark Speechley, Akshya Vasudev…

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:93

    Content type: Study protocol

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  11. There is growing evidence that mobility interventions can increase in-hospital mobility and prevent hospitalization-associated functional decline among older adults. However, implementing such interventions is...

    Authors: Anna Zisberg, Maayan Agmon, Nurit Gur-Yaish, Debbie Rand, Yehudit Hayat and Efrat Gil

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:91

    Content type: Research Article

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  12. Biomarkers of biological aging – DNA methylation age (DNAm age) and leukocyte telomere length (LTL)– correlate strongly with chronological age across the life course. It is, however, unclear how these measures...

    Authors: Elina Sillanpää, Eija K. Laakkonen, Elina Vaara, Taina Rantanen, Vuokko Kovanen, Sarianna Sipilä, Jaakko Kaprio and Miina Ollikainen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:83

    Content type: Research Article

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  13. Some older people who find standard exercise programmes too strenuous may be encouraged to exercise while remaining seated - chair based exercises (CBE). We previously developed a consensus CBE programme (CCBE...

    Authors: K. R. Robinson, A. L. Long, P. Leighton, S. Armstrong, R. Pulikottill-Jacob, J. R. F. Gladman, A. L. Gordon, P. Logan, K. A. Anthony, R. H. Harwood, P. E. Blackshaw and T. Masud

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:82

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Few studies have simultaneously examined changes in physical, cognitive and emotional performance throughout the aging process.

    Authors: Haritz Arrieta, Chloe Rezola-Pardo, Iñaki Echeverria, Miren Iturburu, Susana Maria Gil, Jose Javier Yanguas, Jon Irazusta and Ana Rodriguez-Larrad

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:80

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Despite the substantial number of older adults suffering from gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms little is known regarding the character of these complaints and whether they are associated with an altered intestin...

    Authors: John-Peter Ganda Mall, Lina Östlund-Lagerström, Carl Mårten Lindqvist, Samal Algilani, Dara Rasoal, Dirk Repsilber, Robert J. Brummer, Åsa V. Keita and Ida Schoultz

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:75

    Content type: Research Article

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  16. Geriatric syndromes are rarely detected in family medicine. Within the AGE program (active geriatric evaluation), a brief assessment tool (BAT) designed for family physicians (FP) was developed and its diagnos...

    Authors: Yolanda K. Mueller, Stefanie Monod, Isabella Locatelli, Christophe Büla, Jacques Cornuz and Nicolas Senn

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:72

    Content type: Research article

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  17. To investigate the association between isolated and combined affective and cognitive impairments with functional outcomes and discharge destination in older patients admitted to rehabilitation after a hip frac...

    Authors: Laurence Seematter-Bagnoud, Sylvain Frascarolo and Christophe J. Büla

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:71

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Sarcopenic Obesity (SO) is characterized by low lean and high fat mass; i.e. from a functional aspect a disproportion between engine (muscle) and mass to be moved (fat). At present, most research focuses on th...

    Authors: Wolfgang Kemmler, Matthias Kohl, Ellen Freiberger, Cornel Sieber and Simon von Stengel

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:70

    Content type: Research Article

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  19. Previous studies have reported a relationship between masseter muscle thickness and tooth loss or limb muscle thickness. However, it is not yet known whether masseter muscle thickness is related to appendicula...

    Authors: Kohei Yamaguchi, Haruka Tohara, Koji Hara, Ayako Nakane, Eriko Kajisa, Kanako Yoshimi and Shunsuke Minakuchi

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:67

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Frailty is a multidimensional clinical geriatric syndrome that may be reversed in its early stages. Most studies have paid attention to its physical or phenotypic boundaries, however, little is known about the...

    Authors: Carmen de Labra, Ana Maseda, Laura Lorenzo-López, Rocío López-López, Ana Buján, José L. Rodríguez-Villamil and José Carlos Millán-Calenti

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:66

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Patients with hip fracture frequently have sarcopenia and are at great risk of loss of mobility. We have investigated if sarcopenia predicts change in mobility after hip fracture.

    Authors: Ole Martin Steihaug, Clara Gram Gjesdal, Bård Bogen, Målfrid Holen Kristoffersen, Gunhild Lien, Karl Ove Hufthammer and Anette Hylen Ranhoff

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:65

    Content type: Research Article

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  22. People with dementia may receive physiotherapy for a variety of reasons. This may be for musculoskeletal conditions or as a result of falls, fractures or mobility difficulties. While previous studies have soug...

    Authors: Abigail J. Hall, Lisa Burrows, Iain A. Lang, Ruth Endacott and Victoria A. Goodwin

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:63

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Joint contractures in nursing home residents limit the capacity to perform daily activities and restrict social participation. The purpose of this study was to develop a complex intervention to improve partici...

    Authors: Susanne Saal, Gabriele Meyer, Katrin Beutner, Hanna Klingshirn, Ralf Strobl, Eva Grill, Eva Mann, Sascha Köpke, Michel H. C. Bleijlevens, Gabriele Bartoszek, Anna-Janina Stephan, Julian Hirt and Martin Müller

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:61

    Content type: Research Article

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  24. Falls are common during hospital admissions and may occur more frequently in patients who are taking antihypertensive medications, particularly in the context of normal to low blood pressure. The review and ad...

    Authors: H. M. R. B. Omer, J. Hodson, S. K. Pontefract and U. Martin

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:58

    Content type: Research Article

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  25. Pressure ulcers/injuries (PrUs), a critical concern for nursing homes (NH), are responsible for chronic wounds, amputations, septic infections, and premature deaths. PrUs occur most commonly in older adults an...

    Authors: Tracey L. Yap, Susan M. Kennerly, Susan D. Horn, Nancy Bergstrom, Santanu Datta and Cathleen Colon-Emeric

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:54

    Content type: Study protocol

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  26. Hospitalized older patients spend most of their time in bed, putting them at risk of experiencing orthostatic intolerance. Returning persons to their usual upright activity level is the most effective way to p...

    Authors: Mary T. Fox, Souraya Sidani, Dina Brooks and Hugh McCague

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:53

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The aim of the present paper is to assess the gait pattern of patients with Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD). A more specific aim is to compare the gait pattern of PAD patients before and after the appearance o...

    Authors: Maria Szymczak, Paweł Krupa, Grzegorz Oszkinis and Marian Majchrzycki

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:52

    Content type: Research Article

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  28. Frailty has been recognized as an important medical syndrome in older adults. Growing literature supports the clinical application of frailty but US older adults’ perceptions of frailty have not been explored....

    Authors: Nancy L. Schoenborn, Sarah E. Van Pilsum Rasmussen, Qian-Li Xue, Jeremy D. Walston, Mara A. McAdams-Demarco, Dorry L. Segev and Cynthia M. Boyd

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:46

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Fear of falling is common among persons with Parkinson’s disease and is negatively associated with quality of life. However a lack of in-depth understanding of fear of falling as a phenomenon persists. This qu...

    Authors: Stina B. Jonasson, Maria H. Nilsson, Jan Lexell and Gunilla Carlsson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:44

    Content type: Research Article

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  30. Earlier studies show that the main reasons for admission to long-term nursing home care are cognitive impairment and functional impairments of activities of daily life. However, descriptive evidence of mobilit...

    Authors: Karen Sverdrup, Sverre Bergh, Geir Selbæk, Irene Røen, Øyvind Kirkevold and Gro Gujord Tangen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:30

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Demographic changes have led to an increase in the number of elderly frail persons and, consequently, systematic geriatric assessment is more important than ever. Frailty Indexes (FI) may be particularly usefu...

    Authors: Jordi Amblàs-Novellas, Joan Carles Martori, Joan Espaulella, Ramon Oller, Núria Molist-Brunet, Marco Inzitari and Roman Romero-Ortuno

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:29

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Mobility decrease is reportedly age-dependent in community dwelling elderly, and a major factor of disability in the geriatric population. The purpose of this study is to examine whether mobility decrease, as ...

    Authors: Keiko Yamada, Shingo Muranaga, Tomohiro Shinozaki, Kozo Nakamura, Sakae Tanaka and Toru Ogata

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:28

    Content type: Research Article

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  33. Worldwide, almost 50million people lived with dementia in 2016. A cure or disease modifying pharmaceutical treatment for dementia remains elusive so alternative therapies are of critical importance. Mounting e...

    Authors: Laura E. Middleton, Sandra E. Black, Nathan Herrmann, Paul I. Oh, Kayla Regan and Krista L. Lanctot

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:27

    Content type: Study protocol

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  34. Aging-related loss of muscle and strength with increased adiposity is prevalent among older people in long-term care (LTC) facilities. Studies have shown that people with sarcopenic obesity (SO) are at high ri...

    Authors: Shu-Ching Chiu, Rong-Sen Yang, Rea-Jeng Yang and Shu-Fang Chang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:21

    Content type: Research Article

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  35. Studies have shown that sarcopenia easily leads to difficulty moving, disability, and poor quality of life. However, researches on the use of whole-body vibration for older adults with sarcopenia living in ins...

    Authors: Shu-Fang Chang, Pei-Chen Lin, Rong-Sen Yang and Rea-Jeng Yang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:17

    Content type: Research Article

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  36. Orthostatic hypotension (OH), a blood pressure drop after postural change, is associated with impaired standing balance and falls in older adults. This study aimed to assess the association between blood press...

    Authors: Sjoerd T. Timmermans, Esmee M. Reijnierse, Jantsje H. Pasma, Marijke C. Trappenburg, Gerard J. Blauw, Andrea B. Maier and Carel G. M. Meskers

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:10

    Content type: Research Article

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  37. Frail older adults are increasingly expected to self-manage their health and healthcare. We assessed the extent to which this group is able to take up this responsibility by measuring their level of activation...

    Authors: Anouk Overbeek, Judith A. C. Rietjens, Lea J. Jabbarian, Johan Severijnen, Siebe J. Swart, Agnes van der Heide and Ida J. Korfage

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:7

    Content type: Research Article

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  38. More than six million American Indians live in the United States, and an estimated 1.6 million will be aged ≥65 years old by 2050 tripling in numbers since 2012. Physical functioning and related factors in thi...

    Authors: R. Turner Goins, Mark Schure, Paul N. Jensen, Astrid Suchy-Dicey, Lonnie Nelson, Steven P. Verney, Barbara V. Howard and Dedra Buchwald

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:6

    Content type: Research Article

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  39. Despite knowing better how to screen older adults, understanding how frailty progression might be modified is unclear. We explored effects of modifiable and non-modifiable factors on changes in frailty in comm...

    Authors: Olga Gajic-Veljanoski, Alexandra Papaioannou, Courtney Kennedy, George Ioannidis, Claudie Berger, Andy Kin On Wong, Kenneth Rockwood, Susan Kirkland, Parminder Raina, Lehana Thabane and Jonathan D. Adachi

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:4

    Content type: Research Article

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  40. There is strong research evidence for falls prevention among older people in the community setting, although most is from Western countries. Differences between countries (eg sunlight exposure, diet, environme...

    Authors: Keith D. Hill, Plaiwan Suttanon, Sang-I Lin, William W.N. Tsang, Asmidawati Ashari, Tengku Aizan Abd Hamid, Kaela Farrier and Elissa Burton

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:3

    Content type: Research Article

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  41. Weight loss interventions have not been advocated for overweight/obese older adults due to potential loss of skeletal muscle and strength impacting on physical function with potential loss of independence. Car...

    Authors: Anthony Villani, Hattie Wright, Gary Slater and Jonathan Buckley

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:2

    Content type: Study protocol

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