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Physical functioning, physical health and activity

Section edited by Ian Cameron

This section covers activities of daily living, frailty, fractures, falls, exercise, posture, gait, hip complications, complications with general bodily functions, e.g. gastroenterological, urological.

Page 5 of 8

  1. Content type: Research Article

    Few studies have examined whether specific subtypes of anemia in older persons are more related to adverse outcomes such as hospital readmissions and death after acute hospitalization and post-acute care.

    Authors: Jenny Foss Abrahamsen, Anne-Lise Bjorke Monsen, Francesco Landi, Cathrine Haugland, Roy Miodini Nilsen and Anette Hylen Ranhoff

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:109

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  2. Content type: Study protocol

    Many older adults with mobility limitations use assistive technology to help them perform daily activities. However, little attention has been paid to the impact on their family caregivers. This neglect produc...

    Authors: Louise Demers, W. Ben Mortenson, Marcus J. Fuhrer, Jeffrey W. Jutai, Michelle Plante, Jasmine Mah and Frank DeRuyter

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:103

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Frailty among older people is associated with an increased risk of needing care. There have been many reports on preventive care programs for frail older people, but few have shown positive effects on disabili...

    Authors: Yoshimi Yuri, Shinichi Takabatake, Tomoko Nishikawa, Mari Oka and Taro Fujiwara

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:101

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:104

  4. Content type: Research article

    Frailty prevalence differs across countries depending on the models used to assess it that are based on various conceptual and operational definitions. This study aims to assess the clinical validity of three ...

    Authors: Anna Turusheva, Elena Frolova, Elena Korystina, Dmitry Zelenukha, Pulodjon Tadjibaev, Natalia Gurina, Eralda Turkeshi and Jean-Marie Degryse

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:98

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  5. Content type: Study protocol

    Given the challenges of aging populations, calls have been issued for more sustainable urban re-development and implementation of local solutions to address global environmental and healthy aging issues. Howev...

    Authors: Yan Kestens, Basile Chaix, Philippe Gerber, Michel Desprès, Lise Gauvin, Olivier Klein, Sylvain Klein, Bernhard Köppen, Sébastien Lord, Alexandre Naud, Marion Patte, Hélène Payette, Lucie Richard, Pierre Rondier, Martine Shareck, Cédric Sueur…

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:96

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:127

  6. Content type: Research article

    The FRAX® algorithm quantifies a patient’s 10-year probability of a hip or major osteoporotic fracture without taking an individual’s balance into account. Balance measures assess the functional ability of an ...

    Authors: David A. Najafi, Leif E. Dahlberg and Eva Ekvall Hansson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:94

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  7. Content type: Research article

    According to the CDC, falls rank among the leading causes of accidental death in the United States, resulting in significant health care costs annually. In this paper we present information about everyday life...

    Authors: John N. Morris, Elizabeth P. Howard, Knight Steel, Katherine Berg, Achille Tchalla, Amy Munankarmi and Daniel David

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:92

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  8. Content type: Research article

    To estimate the long-term change in health related quality of life (HRQoL) following low-trauma fractures among individuals receiving home care (HC) services or living in long-term care (LTC) facilities using ...

    Authors: Jean-Eric Tarride, Natasha Burke, William D. Leslie, Suzanne N. Morin, Jonathan D. Adachi, Alexandra Papaioannou, Louis Bessette, Jacques P. Brown, Louisa Pericleous, Sergei Muratov and Robert B. Hopkins

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:84

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Restricted physical activity commonly occurs following acute musculoskeletal pain in older adults and may influence long-term outcomes. We sought to examine the relationship between restricted physical activit...

    Authors: Timothy F. Platts-Mills, Robert J. Nicholson, Natalie L. Richmond, Kushang V. Patel, Eleanor M. Simonsick, Robert M. Domeier, Robert A. Swor, Phyllis L. Hendry, David A. Peak, Niels K. Rathlev, Jeffrey S. Jones, David C. Lee, Mark A. Weaver, Francis J. Keefe and Samuel A. McLean

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:86

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  10. Content type: Study protocol

    Older adults experience functional decline in hospital leading to increased healthcare burden and morbidity. The benefits of augmented exercise in hospital remain uncertain. The aim of this trial is to measure...

    Authors: Ruth McCullagh, Eimear O’Connell, Sarah O’Meara, Ivan Perry, Anthony Fitzgerald, Kieran O’Connor, N. Frances Horgan and Suzanne Timmons

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:79

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Results from studies assessing the association between anticholinergic use and falls are mixed, and prior studies are limited in their ability to control for important potential confounders. Thus, we sought to...

    Authors: Zachary A. Marcum, Heidi S. Wirtz, Mary Pettinger, Andrea Z. LaCroix, Ryan Carnahan, Jane A. Cauley, Jennifer W. Bea and Shelly L. Gray

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:76

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  12. Content type: Research article

    The elderly are predisposed to chronic osteomyelitis because of the immunocompromised nature of aging and increasing number of chronic comorbidities. Chronic osteomyelitis may significantly affect the health o...

    Authors: Chien-Cheng Huang, Kang-Ting Tsai, Shih-Feng Weng, Hung-Jung Lin, Hung-Sheng Huang, Jhi-Joung Wang, How-Ran Guo and Chien-Chin Hsu

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:72

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Using Singapore as a case study, this paper aims to understand the effects of the current long-term care policy and various alternative policy options on the labor market participation of primary informal fami...

    Authors: John P. Ansah, David B. Matchar, Rahul Malhotra, Sean R. Love, Chang Liu and Young Do

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:69

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Decreased independence and loss of functional ability are issues regarded as inevitably connected to old age. This ageism may have negative influences on older adults’ beliefs about aging, making it difficult ...

    Authors: Samal Algilani, Lina Östlund-Lagerström, Ida Schoultz, Robert J. Brummer and Annica Kihlgren

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:70

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Self-perceived health (SPH) is a powerful indicator of the health status of elderly people. This issue has been widely studied in oldest populations considering altogether functionally independent and dependen...

    Authors: Mónica Machón, Itziar Vergara, Miren Dorronsoro, Kalliopi Vrotsou and Isabel Larrañaga

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:66

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Concerns about using Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADLs) in national surveys come up frequently in geriatric and rehabilitation medicine due to high rates of non-performance for reasons other than ...

    Authors: Margaret G. Stineman, Dawei Xie, Qiang Pan, Jibby E. Kurichi, Debra Saliba, Sophia Miryam Schüssler-Fiorenza Rose and Joel E. Streim

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:64

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  17. Content type: Study protocol

    Over 30 % of older patients experience hospitalization-associated disability (HAD) (i.e., loss of independence in Activities of Daily Living (ADLs)) after an acute hospitalization. Despite its high prevalence,...

    Authors: Lucienne A. Reichardt, Jesse J. Aarden, Rosanne van Seben, Marike van der Schaaf, Raoul H. H. Engelbert, Jos A. Bosch and Bianca M. Buurman

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:59

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Falls are common among elderly, most of them occur while slipping or tripping during walking. We aimed to explore whether a training program that incorporates unexpected loss of balance during walking able to ...

    Authors: Ilan Kurz, Yoav Gimmon, Amir Shapiro, Ronen Debi, Yoram Snir and Itshak Melzer

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:58

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Fear of falling is a common and potentially disabling problem among older adults. However, little is known about this condition in older adults with diabetes mellitus. The aims of this study were to investigat...

    Authors: Bruno de Souza Moreira, Daniela Maria da Cruz dos Anjos, Daniele Sirineu Pereira, Rosana Ferreira Sampaio, Leani Souza Máximo Pereira, Rosângela Corrêa Dias and Renata Noce Kirkwood

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:56

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Frailty is widely recognised as a distinct multifactorial clinical syndrome that implies vulnerability. The links between frailty and adverse outcomes such as death and institutionalisation have been widely ev...

    Authors: Jennifer L. Sutton, Rebecca L. Gould, Stephanie Daley, Mark C. Coulson, Emma V. Ward, Aine M. Butler, Stephen P. Nunn and Robert J. Howard

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:55

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Sarcopenia is a common geriatric syndrome associated with serious adverse health outcomes. The European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People (EWGSOP) suggests different methods for case finding for sarc...

    Authors: Jens Reiss, Bernhard Iglseder, Martina Kreutzer, Ingrid Weilbuchner, Wolfgang Treschnitzer, Helmut Kässmann, Christian Pirich and Raphael Reiter

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:52

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  22. Content type: Research article

    To explore the level of physical activity in a population based sample of older adults; to analyze the influence of pain characteristics and fear-avoidance beliefs as predictors of physical activity among olde...

    Authors: Caroline Larsson, Eva Ekvall Hansson, Kristina Sundquist and Ulf Jakobsson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:50

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Hip fracture patients are heterogenous. Certain patient characteristics are associated with poorer prognosis, but less is known about differences in response to treatment among subgroups. The Trondheim Hip Fra...

    Authors: Anders Prestmo, Ingvild Saltvedt, Jorunn L. Helbostad, Kristin Taraldsen, Pernille Thingstad, Stian Lydersen and Olav Sletvold

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:49

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  24. Content type: Research article

    The associations of sarcopenia with adverse health status have highlighted the importance of sarcopenia research and intervention. This study was designed to analyze the characteristics of aging-related differ...

    Authors: Ping Zeng, Yiwen Han, Jing Pang, Sinan Wu, Huan Gong, Jianguo Zhu, Jian Li and Tiemei Zhang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:45

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Joint contractures are a common health problem in older persons with significant impact on activities of daily living. We aimed to retrieve outcome measures applied in studies on older persons with joint contr...

    Authors: Gabriele Bartoszek, Uli Fischer, Martin Müller, Ralf Strobl, Eva Grill, Stephan Nadolny and Gabriele Meyer

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:40

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  26. Content type: Study protocol

    Lasting disability and further falls are common and costly problems in older people following fall-related lower limb and pelvic fractures. Exercise interventions can improve mobility after fracture and reduce...

    Authors: Catherine Sherrington, Nicola Fairhall, Catherine Kirkham, Lindy Clemson, Kirsten Howard, Constance Vogler, Jacqueline CT Close, Anne M Moseley, Ian D Cameron, Jenson Mak, David Sonnabend and Stephen R Lord

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:34

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Physical inactivity is a health issue that often occurs after serious disaster. Social factors, which can be disrupted by disaster, are important determinants of physical activity levels in everyday living. Th...

    Authors: Eiichi Yoshimura, Kazuko Ishikawa-Takata, Haruka Murakami, Nobuyo Tsuboyama-Kasaoka, Megumi Tsubota-Utsugi, Motohiko Miyachi, Yukari Yokoyama, Kiyomi Sakata, Seiichiro Kobayashi, Akira Ogawa and Nobuo Nishi

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:30

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Substantial variation exists in physical functioning (PF) among patients with comparable pain severity, which may be partly explained by underlying psychological processes, like cognitive appraisal of pain and...

    Authors: Lotte A. H. Hermsen, Johannes C. van der Wouden, Stephanie S. Leone, Martin Smalbrugge, Henriëtte E. van der Horst and Joost Dekker

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:29

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Leg ulcers commonly emerge as a symptom of other comorbidities, often in older people. As a consequence of the ulcer, pain and sleep disturbances might occur. Due to the complex illness, the responsibility of ...

    Authors: Amanda Hellström, Camilla Nilsson, Annina Nilsson and Cecilia Fagerström

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:25

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  30. Content type: Study protocol

    Dementia is associated with cognitive and functional deficits, and poses a significant personal, societal, and economic burden. Directing interventions towards older adults with self-reported cognitive complai...

    Authors: Michael A. Gregory, Dawn P. Gill, Erin M. Shellington, Teresa Liu-Ambrose, Ryosuke Shigematsu, Guangyong Zou, Kevin Shoemaker, Adrian M. Owen, Vladimir Hachinski, Melanie Stuckey and Robert J. Petrella

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:17

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Chronic pain is a common and serious health problem in older patients. Treatment often includes non pharmacological approaches despite a relatively modest evidence base in this population. Hypnosis has been us...

    Authors: Sheila Ardigo, François R. Herrmann, Véronique Moret, Laurence Déramé, Sandra Giannelli, Gabriel Gold and Sophie Pautex

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:14

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  32. Content type: Research article

    There is limited normative, objective data combining musculoskeletal fitness (MSF), balance and physical activity (PA) among older adults. The aims were therefore to; 1) describe MSF and balance in older Norwe...

    Authors: H. Lohne-Seiler, E. Kolle, S. A. Anderssen and B. H. Hansen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:6

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  33. Content type: Study protocol

    Balance alteration is a risk factor for falls in elderly individuals that has physical, psychological and economic consequences. The objectives of this study are to evaluate the usefulness of an intervention u...

    Authors: Pilar Montero-Alía, Laura Muñoz-Ortiz, Mercè Jiménez-González, Carla Benedicto-Pañell, Salvador Altimir-Losada, Yolanda López-Colomer, Josep Prat-Rovira, Joan Francesc Amargant-Rubio, Sheila Mendes Jastes, Ana Moreno-Buitrago, M. Carmen Rodríguez-Pérez, Cristina Teixidó-Vargas, José Luís Albarrán-Sánchez, Anna Candel-Gil, Domènec Serra-Serra, Juan José Martí-Cervantes…

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:8

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Concerns about falls are common among older people. These concerns, also referred to as fear of falling, can have serious physical and psychosocial consequences, such as functional decline, increased risk of f...

    Authors: Tanja A. C. Dorresteijn, G. A. Rixt Zijlstra, Antonius W. Ambergen, Kim Delbaere, Johan W. S. Vlaeyen and Gertrudis I. J. M. Kempen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:2

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:108

  35. Content type: Research article

    Orthostatic hypotension (OH) refers to a marked decline in blood pressure when upright. OH has a high incidence and prevalence in older adults and represents a potential intrinsic risk factor for falls in thes...

    Authors: Brett H. Shaw, Thomas M. Loughin, Stephen N. Robinovitch and Victoria E. Claydon

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:174

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  36. Content type: Research article

    In elderly heart failure patients, the survival benefit of implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) may be attenuated due to competing health risks, and the risk of adverse outcomes magnified. Our object...

    Authors: Ariel R. Green, Cynthia M. Boyd, John Rickard, Robert Gomon and Bruce Leff

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:173

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Sarcopenia is defined as the loss of muscle mass and function with age and is associated with decline in mobility, frailty, falls and mortality. There is considerable interest in understanding the underlying m...

    Authors: H. P. Patel, M. C. White, L. Westbury, H. E. Syddall, P. J. Stephens, G. F. Clough, C. Cooper and A. A. Sayer

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:171

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  38. Content type: Research article

    This study is part of the Trondheim Hip Fracture Trial, where we compared free-living physical behavior in daily life 4 and 12 months following hip surgery for patients managed with comprehensive geriatric car...

    Authors: Kristin Taraldsen, Pernille Thingstad, Olav Sletvold, Ingvild Saltvedt, Stian Lydersen, Malcolm H. Granat, Sebastien Chastin and Jorunn L. Helbostad

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:160

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Fear of falling (FoF) is regarded as a major constraint for successful rehabilitation in older people. However, few studies have investigated FoF in vulnerable older people who rehabilitate in a skilled nursin...

    Authors: Jan H. M. Visschedijk, Monique A. A. Caljouw, Eduard Bakkers, Romke van Balen and Wilco P. Achterberg

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:161

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Research indicates that exercise can have a positive effect on both physical and mental health in nursing home patients with dementia, however the lasting effect is rarely studied. In a previously published ar...

    Authors: Elisabeth Wiken Telenius, Knut Engedal and Astrid Bergland

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:158

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  41. Content type: Research article

    There are relatively few standard, objective measures for studying physical function among older adults with multiple sclerosis (MS), yet such measures are necessary considering the shift in prevalence and ass...

    Authors: Robert W. Motl, Yvonne C. Learmonth, Thomas R. Wójcicki, Jason Fanning, Elizabeth A. Hubbard, Dominique Kinnett-Hopkins, Sarah A. Roberts and Edward McAuley

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:157

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Low physical activity has been shown to be one of the most common components of frailty, and interventions have been considered to prevent or reverse this syndrome. The purpose of this systematic review of ran...

    Authors: Carmen de Labra, Christyanne Guimaraes-Pinheiro, Ana Maseda, Trinidad Lorenzo and José C. Millán-Calenti

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:154

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Although population-based studies have shown frailty predicted future falls, their follow-up periods were one year or longer and short-term fall risks associated with frailty are unknown.

    Authors: Gotaro Kojima, Denise Kendrick, Dawn A. Skelton, Richard W. Morris, Sheena Gawler and Steve Iliffe

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:155

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Many people with a high risk of hip fracture have coexisting cardiovascular diseases. We aimed to examine associations between exposure to antihypertensive drugs and the risk of hip fracture among older people.

    Authors: Sabine Ruths, Marit S. Bakken, Anette H. Ranhoff, Steinar Hunskaar, Lars B. Engesæter and Anders Engeland

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:153

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Restoration of gait is an important goal of rehabilitation after hip fracture. Numerous spatial and temporal gait variables have been reported in the literature, but beyond gait speed, there is little agreemen...

    Authors: Pernille Thingstad, Thorlene Egerton, Espen F. Ihlen, Kristin Taraldsen, Rolf Moe-Nilssen and Jorunn L. Helbostad

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:150

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