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BMC Geriatrics

Physical functioning, physical health and activity

Section edited by Ian Cameron

This section covers activities of daily living, frailty, fractures, falls, exercise, posture, gait, hip complications, complications with general bodily functions, e.g. gastroenterological, urological.

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  1. Content type: Research Article

    Due to the demographic ageing process and the increasing number of pre-frail and frail individuals, new lifestyle interventions to enhance the quality of life (QoL) in community-dwelling older adults are neces...

    Authors: A. Kapan, E. Winzer, S. Haider, S. Titze, K. Schindler, C. Lackinger and T. E. Dorner

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:154

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  2. Content type: Research Article

    Physical activity (PA) is a health determinant among middle-aged and older adults. In contrast, poor health is expected to have a negative impact on PA. This study sought to assess to what extent specific Inte...

    Authors: Alexandre Caron, Alba Ayala, Javier Damián, Carmen Rodriguez-Blazquez, Javier Almazán, Juan Manuel Castellote, Madgalena Comin, Maria João Forjaz and Jesús de Pedro

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:150

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  3. Content type: Research Article

    Addressing muscle deficits within a multi-component exercise fall reduction program is a priority, especially for the highest risk older adults, i.e., those who have fallen previously. Eccentric resistance exe...

    Authors: Paul LaStayo, Robin Marcus, Leland Dibble, Bob Wong and Ginette Pepper

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:149

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  4. Content type: Research Article

    The purpose of health and social policies is to encourage older people more longevity, remain free of disability and experience quality of life while living in their homes.

    Authors: Francisco Antonio Vega-Ramírez, Remedios López-Liria, Genoveva Granados-Gámez, Jose Manuel Aguilar-Parra and David Padilla-Góngora

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:145

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  5. Content type: Research Article

    Common foot problems are independent risk factors for falls in older people. There is evidence that podiatry can prevent falls in community-dwelling populations. The feasibility of implementing a podiatry inte...

    Authors: Gavin Wylie, Hylton B. Menz, Sarah McFarlane, Simon Ogston, Frank Sullivan, Brian Williams, Zoe Young and Jacqui Morris

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:143

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  6. Content type: Research Article

    Yoga is a holistic therapy of expanding popularity, which has the potential to produce a range of physical, mental and social benefits. This trial evaluated the feasibility and effects of an adapted yoga progr...

    Authors: Garry A. Tew, Jenny Howsam, Matthew Hardy and Laura Bissell

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:131

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  7. Content type: Research Article

    Dysphagia and potential respiratory pathogens in the oral biofilm are risk factors for aspiration pneumonia in nursing home residents. The aim of the study was to examine if the daily application of 0.05% chlo...

    Authors: Vanessa R. Y. Hollaar, Gert-Jan van der Putten, Claar D. van der Maarel-Wierink, Ewald M. Bronkhorst, Bert J. M. de Swart and Nico H. J. Creugers

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:128

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  8. Content type: Research Article

    There is increasing demand for formal government funded home help services to support community-dwelling older people in Ireland, yet limited information exists on the health profiles of this group, especially...

    Authors: Sara Kelly, Irene O’Brien, Karla Smuts, Maria O’Sullivan and Austin Warters

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:121

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  9. Content type: Research Article

    Excess adiposity gains and significant lean mass loss may be risk factors for chronic disease in old age. Long-term patterns of change in physical activity (PA) and their influence on body composition decline ...

    Authors: Deepika R. Laddu, Peggy M. Cawthon, Neeta Parimi, Andrew R. Hoffman, Eric Orwoll, Iva Miljkovic and Marcia L. Stefanick

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:119

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  10. Content type: Research Article

    Numerous multidimensional assessment tools have been developed to measure frailty; however, the clinical feasibility of these tools is limited. We previously developed and validated an upper-extremity function...

    Authors: Nima Toosizadeh, Christopher Wendel, Chiu-Hsieh Hsu, Edward Zamrini and Jane Mohler

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:117

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  11. Content type: Research Article

    This paper describes the design and development of a complex multifactorial falls prevention (MFFP) intervention for implementation and testing within the framework of a large UK-based falls prevention randomi...

    Authors: Julie Bruce, Shvaita Ralhan, Ray Sheridan, Katharine Westacott, Emma Withers, Susanne Finnegan, John Davison, Finbarr C. Martin and Sarah E. Lamb

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:116

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  12. Content type: Research Article

    Falls are common in people with dementia living in residential care. The ProF-Cog intervention was developed to address fall risk factors specific to this population. The aim of this study was to evaluate the ...

    Authors: Julie Whitney, Stephen H.D. Jackson and Finbarr C. Martin

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:115

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  13. Content type: Research Article

    Although numerous investigations have indicated that social participation (SP) has positive effects on the health of older adults, there have been few studies on its negative health consequences. We examined t...

    Authors: Kimiko Tomioka, Norio Kurumatani and Hiroshi Hosoi

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:111

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  14. Content type: Research Article

    When assessing population adherence to physical activity (PA) recommendation using accelerometers, absolute intensity threshold definition is applied despite having limited validity in those with low cardiores...

    Authors: Nina Zisko, Javaid Nauman, Silvana Bucher Sandbakk, Nils Petter Aspvik, Øyvind Salvesen, Trude Carlsen, Hallgeir Viken, Jan Erik Ingebrigtsen, Ulrik Wisløff and Dorthe Stensvold

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:109

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  15. Content type: Research Article

    Age-related reduction in bone mineral density (BMD) is generally accelerated in women after menopause, and could be even more pronounced in individuals with sarcopenia. Light-load power training with a low num...

    Authors: Kanako Hamaguchi, Toshiyuki Kurihara, Masahiro Fujimoto, Motoyuki Iemitsu, Koji Sato, Takafumi Hamaoka and Kiyoshi Sanada

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:102

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  16. Content type: Research Article

    Although many studies have suggested social participation (SP) has beneficial effects on elderly people’s health, most of them failed to deal with paid work. Additionally, few studies have focused on the age e...

    Authors: Kimiko Tomioka, Norio Kurumatani and Hiroshi Hosoi

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:99

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  17. Content type: Research Article

    With the increase in the understanding of the influence of various lifestyle factors such as sedentary behaviour and level of physical activity (PA) on physical and mental health, there has been a growing rese...

    Authors: Ghose Bishwajit, Daniel Peter O’Leary, Sharmistha Ghosh, Sanni Yaya, Tang Shangfeng and Zhanchun Feng

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:100

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