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BMC Geriatrics

Physical functioning, physical health and activity

Section edited by Ian Cameron

This section covers activities of daily living, frailty, fractures, falls, exercise, posture, gait, hip complications, complications with general bodily functions, e.g. gastroenterological, urological.

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  1. Content type: Research Article

    More than six million American Indians live in the United States, and an estimated 1.6 million will be aged ≥65 years old by 2050 tripling in numbers since 2012. Physical functioning and related factors in thi...

    Authors: R. Turner Goins, Mark Schure, Paul N. Jensen, Astrid Suchy-Dicey, Lonnie Nelson, Steven P. Verney, Barbara V. Howard and Dedra Buchwald

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:6

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  2. Content type: Research Article

    Falls are a major problem for older adults. Many falls occur when a person’s attention is divided between two tasks, such as a dual task (DT) involving walking. Most recently, the role of personality in walkin...

    Authors: Maayan Agmon, Galit Armon, Shani Denesh and Mihalis Doumas

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:1

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Frailty is a key predictor of death and dependency, yet little is known about frailty in sub-Saharan Africa despite rapid population ageing. We describe the prevalence and correlates of phenotypic frailty usin...

    Authors: Collin F. Payne, Alisha Wade, Chodziwadziwa W. Kabudula, Justine I. Davies, Angela Y. Chang, F. Xavier Gomez-Olive, Kathleen Kahn, Lisa F. Berkman, Stephen M. Tollman, Joshua A. Salomon and Miles D. Witham

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:293

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  4. Content type: Research Article

    Causal experimental evidence that physical activity prevents disability in older people is sparse. Being physically active has nonetheless been shown to be associated with disability-free survival in observati...

    Authors: Stefan H. Kreisel, Christian Blahak, Hansjörg Bäzner and Michael G. Hennerici

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:290

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  5. Content type: Research Article

    Risk for falls in older adults has been associated with falls efficacy (self-perceived confidence in performing daily physical activities) and postural balance, but available evidence is limited and mixed. We ...

    Authors: Yong-Hao Pua, Peck-Hoon Ong, Ross Allan Clark, David B. Matcher and Edwin Choon-Wyn Lim

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:291

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  6. Content type: Research Article

    Surgical repair of severe pressure ulcers (PUs) in elderly patients remains a challenge for clinicians due to the complicated comorbidities and the special physical characteristics of elderly patients. The obj...

    Authors: Jing-Chun Zhao, Bo-Ru Zhang, Kai Shi, Jia-Ao Yu, Jian Wang, Qing-Hua Yu and Lei Hong

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:285

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  7. Content type: Research Article

    Identifying older adults with reduced physical performance at the time of hospital admission can significantly affect patient management and trajectory. For example, such patients could receive targeted hospit...

    Authors: Inge H. Bruun, Thomas Maribo, Birgitte Nørgaard, Berit Schiøttz-Christensen and Christian B. Mogensen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:281

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  8. Content type: Research Article

    The purpose of this study was to examine, in a sample of Japanese older adults, the associations of objectively-assessed sedentary behavior (SB) and physical activity (PA) with performance-based physical funct...

    Authors: Akitomo Yasunaga, Ai Shibata, Kaori Ishii, Mohammad Javad Koohsari, Shigeru Inoue, Takemi Sugiyama, Neville Owen and Koichiro Oka

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:280

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Frailty is prevalent among patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and is associated with an increased risk of cognitive impairment. However, apart from its influence on cognition, it is currently unknown...

    Authors: Chia-Ter Chao, Hsin-Jung Lai, Hung-Bin Tsai, Shao-Yo Yang and Jenq-Wen Huang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:277

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  10. Content type: Research Article

    The objectives of this study were to determine: 1) the prevalence of frailty using Fried’s phenotype method and the Short Performance Physical Battery (SPPB), 2) agreement between frailty assessment methods, 3...

    Authors: J. M. Pritchard, C. C. Kennedy, S. Karampatos, G. Ioannidis, B. Misiaszek, S. Marr, C. Patterson, T. Woo and A. Papaioannou

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:264

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  11. Content type: Research Article

    This study compares the performance of four frailty screening tools in predicting relevant adverse outcome (disability, institutionalization and mortality) in community-dwelling elderly.

    Authors: Bienvenu Bongue, Aurélie Buisson, Caroline Dupre, François Beland, Régis Gonthier and Émilie Crawford-Achour

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:262

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  12. Content type: Research Article

    Admitted patients who fall and injure themselves during an acute hospitalization incur increased costs, morbidity, and mortality, but little research has been conducted on identifying inpatients at high risk t...

    Authors: Emmanuel Aryee, Spencer L. James, Guenola M. Hunt and Hilary F. Ryder

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:260

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Mechanisms linking cognitive and physical functioning in older adults are unclear. We sought to determine whether brain pathological changes relate to the level or rate of physical performance decline.

    Authors: Andrea Z. LaCroix, Rebecca A. Hubbard, Shelly L. Gray, Melissa L. Anderson, Paul K. Crane, Joshua A. Sonnen, Oleg Zaslavsky and Eric B. Larson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:258

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  14. Content type: Research Article

    Aging is accompanied by a decline of executive function. Aerobic exercise training induces moderate improvements of cognitive domains (i.e., attention, processing, executive function, memory) in seniors. Most ...

    Authors: Lars Donath, Sebastian Ludyga, Daniel Hammes, Anja Rossmeissl, Nadin Andergassen, Lukas Zahner and Oliver Faude

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:247

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  15. Content type: Research Article

    Geriatric syndromes, including frailty, are common in older adults and associated with adverse outcomes. We compared patients described in clinical notes as “frail” to other older adults with respect to geriat...

    Authors: Laura J. Anzaldi, Ashwini Davison, Cynthia M. Boyd, Bruce Leff and Hadi Kharrazi

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:248

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  16. Content type: Research Article

    Studies have shown that patients with hip fracture treated in a Comprehensive Geriatric Care (CGC) unit report better results in comparison to orthopaedic care. Furthermore, involving patients in their healthc...

    Authors: Gillian Asplin, Gunnel Carlsson, Lena Zidén and Gunilla Kjellby-Wendt

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:240

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