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Physical functioning, physical health and activity

Section edited by Ian Cameron

This section covers activities of daily living, frailty, fractures, falls, exercise, posture, gait, hip complications, complications with general bodily functions, e.g. gastroenterological, urological.

Page 2 of 7

  1. Content type: Research article

    Earlier studies show that the main reasons for admission to long-term nursing home care are cognitive impairment and functional impairments of activities of daily life. However, descriptive evidence of mobilit...

    Authors: Karen Sverdrup, Sverre Bergh, Geir Selbæk, Irene Røen, Øyvind Kirkevold and Gro Gujord Tangen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:30

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Demographic changes have led to an increase in the number of elderly frail persons and, consequently, systematic geriatric assessment is more important than ever. Frailty Indexes (FI) may be particularly usefu...

    Authors: Jordi Amblàs-Novellas, Joan Carles Martori, Joan Espaulella, Ramon Oller, Núria Molist-Brunet, Marco Inzitari and Roman Romero-Ortuno

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:29

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  3. Content type: Research Article

    Mobility decrease is reportedly age-dependent in community dwelling elderly, and a major factor of disability in the geriatric population. The purpose of this study is to examine whether mobility decrease, as ...

    Authors: Keiko Yamada, Shingo Muranaga, Tomohiro Shinozaki, Kozo Nakamura, Sakae Tanaka and Toru Ogata

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:28

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  4. Content type: Study protocol

    Worldwide, almost 50million people lived with dementia in 2016. A cure or disease modifying pharmaceutical treatment for dementia remains elusive so alternative therapies are of critical importance. Mounting e...

    Authors: Laura E. Middleton, Sandra E. Black, Nathan Herrmann, Paul I. Oh, Kayla Regan and Krista L. Lanctot

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:27

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  5. Content type: Research Article

    Aging-related loss of muscle and strength with increased adiposity is prevalent among older people in long-term care (LTC) facilities. Studies have shown that people with sarcopenic obesity (SO) are at high ri...

    Authors: Shu-Ching Chiu, Rong-Sen Yang, Rea-Jeng Yang and Shu-Fang Chang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:21

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  6. Content type: Research Article

    Studies have shown that sarcopenia easily leads to difficulty moving, disability, and poor quality of life. However, researches on the use of whole-body vibration for older adults with sarcopenia living in ins...

    Authors: Shu-Fang Chang, Pei-Chen Lin, Rong-Sen Yang and Rea-Jeng Yang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:17

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  7. Content type: Research Article

    Orthostatic hypotension (OH), a blood pressure drop after postural change, is associated with impaired standing balance and falls in older adults. This study aimed to assess the association between blood press...

    Authors: Sjoerd T. Timmermans, Esmee M. Reijnierse, Jantsje H. Pasma, Marijke C. Trappenburg, Gerard J. Blauw, Andrea B. Maier and Carel G. M. Meskers

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:10

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  8. Content type: Research Article

    More than six million American Indians live in the United States, and an estimated 1.6 million will be aged ≥65 years old by 2050 tripling in numbers since 2012. Physical functioning and related factors in thi...

    Authors: R. Turner Goins, Mark Schure, Paul N. Jensen, Astrid Suchy-Dicey, Lonnie Nelson, Steven P. Verney, Barbara V. Howard and Dedra Buchwald

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:6

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  9. Content type: Research Article

    There is strong research evidence for falls prevention among older people in the community setting, although most is from Western countries. Differences between countries (eg sunlight exposure, diet, environme...

    Authors: Keith D. Hill, Plaiwan Suttanon, Sang-I Lin, William W.N. Tsang, Asmidawati Ashari, Tengku Aizan Abd Hamid, Kaela Farrier and Elissa Burton

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:3

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  10. Content type: Study protocol

    Weight loss interventions have not been advocated for overweight/obese older adults due to potential loss of skeletal muscle and strength impacting on physical function with potential loss of independence. Car...

    Authors: Anthony Villani, Hattie Wright, Gary Slater and Jonathan Buckley

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:2

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  11. Content type: Research Article

    Despite knowing better how to screen older adults, understanding how frailty progression might be modified is unclear. We explored effects of modifiable and non-modifiable factors on changes in frailty in comm...

    Authors: Olga Gajic-Veljanoski, Alexandra Papaioannou, Courtney Kennedy, George Ioannidis, Claudie Berger, Andy Kin On Wong, Kenneth Rockwood, Susan Kirkland, Parminder Raina, Lehana Thabane and Jonathan D. Adachi

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:4

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  12. Content type: Research Article

    Frail older adults are increasingly expected to self-manage their health and healthcare. We assessed the extent to which this group is able to take up this responsibility by measuring their level of activation...

    Authors: Anouk Overbeek, Judith A. C. Rietjens, Lea J. Jabbarian, Johan Severijnen, Siebe J. Swart, Agnes van der Heide and Ida J. Korfage

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:7

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  13. Content type: Research Article

    Falls are a major problem for older adults. Many falls occur when a person’s attention is divided between two tasks, such as a dual task (DT) involving walking. Most recently, the role of personality in walkin...

    Authors: Maayan Agmon, Galit Armon, Shani Denesh and Mihalis Doumas

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:1

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Frailty is a key predictor of death and dependency, yet little is known about frailty in sub-Saharan Africa despite rapid population ageing. We describe the prevalence and correlates of phenotypic frailty usin...

    Authors: Collin F. Payne, Alisha Wade, Chodziwadziwa W. Kabudula, Justine I. Davies, Angela Y. Chang, F. Xavier Gomez-Olive, Kathleen Kahn, Lisa F. Berkman, Stephen M. Tollman, Joshua A. Salomon and Miles D. Witham

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:293

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  15. Content type: Research Article

    Causal experimental evidence that physical activity prevents disability in older people is sparse. Being physically active has nonetheless been shown to be associated with disability-free survival in observati...

    Authors: Stefan H. Kreisel, Christian Blahak, Hansjörg Bäzner and Michael G. Hennerici

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:290

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  16. Content type: Research Article

    Risk for falls in older adults has been associated with falls efficacy (self-perceived confidence in performing daily physical activities) and postural balance, but available evidence is limited and mixed. We ...

    Authors: Yong-Hao Pua, Peck-Hoon Ong, Ross Allan Clark, David B. Matcher and Edwin Choon-Wyn Lim

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:291

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  17. Content type: Research Article

    Surgical repair of severe pressure ulcers (PUs) in elderly patients remains a challenge for clinicians due to the complicated comorbidities and the special physical characteristics of elderly patients. The obj...

    Authors: Jing-Chun Zhao, Bo-Ru Zhang, Kai Shi, Jia-Ao Yu, Jian Wang, Qing-Hua Yu and Lei Hong

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:285

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  18. Content type: Research Article

    Identifying older adults with reduced physical performance at the time of hospital admission can significantly affect patient management and trajectory. For example, such patients could receive targeted hospit...

    Authors: Inge H. Bruun, Thomas Maribo, Birgitte Nørgaard, Berit Schiøttz-Christensen and Christian B. Mogensen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:281

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  19. Content type: Research Article

    The purpose of this study was to examine, in a sample of Japanese older adults, the associations of objectively-assessed sedentary behavior (SB) and physical activity (PA) with performance-based physical funct...

    Authors: Akitomo Yasunaga, Ai Shibata, Kaori Ishii, Mohammad Javad Koohsari, Shigeru Inoue, Takemi Sugiyama, Neville Owen and Koichiro Oka

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:280

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Frailty is prevalent among patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and is associated with an increased risk of cognitive impairment. However, apart from its influence on cognition, it is currently unknown...

    Authors: Chia-Ter Chao, Hsin-Jung Lai, Hung-Bin Tsai, Shao-Yo Yang and Jenq-Wen Huang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:277

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  21. Content type: Research Article

    The objectives of this study were to determine: 1) the prevalence of frailty using Fried’s phenotype method and the Short Performance Physical Battery (SPPB), 2) agreement between frailty assessment methods, 3...

    Authors: J. M. Pritchard, C. C. Kennedy, S. Karampatos, G. Ioannidis, B. Misiaszek, S. Marr, C. Patterson, T. Woo and A. Papaioannou

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:264

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  22. Content type: Research Article

    This study compares the performance of four frailty screening tools in predicting relevant adverse outcome (disability, institutionalization and mortality) in community-dwelling elderly.

    Authors: Bienvenu Bongue, Aurélie Buisson, Caroline Dupre, François Beland, Régis Gonthier and Émilie Crawford-Achour

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:262

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  23. Content type: Research Article

    Admitted patients who fall and injure themselves during an acute hospitalization incur increased costs, morbidity, and mortality, but little research has been conducted on identifying inpatients at high risk t...

    Authors: Emmanuel Aryee, Spencer L. James, Guenola M. Hunt and Hilary F. Ryder

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:260

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Mechanisms linking cognitive and physical functioning in older adults are unclear. We sought to determine whether brain pathological changes relate to the level or rate of physical performance decline.

    Authors: Andrea Z. LaCroix, Rebecca A. Hubbard, Shelly L. Gray, Melissa L. Anderson, Paul K. Crane, Joshua A. Sonnen, Oleg Zaslavsky and Eric B. Larson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:258

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  25. Content type: Research Article

    Aging is accompanied by a decline of executive function. Aerobic exercise training induces moderate improvements of cognitive domains (i.e., attention, processing, executive function, memory) in seniors. Most ...

    Authors: Lars Donath, Sebastian Ludyga, Daniel Hammes, Anja Rossmeissl, Nadin Andergassen, Lukas Zahner and Oliver Faude

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:247

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  26. Content type: Research Article

    Geriatric syndromes, including frailty, are common in older adults and associated with adverse outcomes. We compared patients described in clinical notes as “frail” to other older adults with respect to geriat...

    Authors: Laura J. Anzaldi, Ashwini Davison, Cynthia M. Boyd, Bruce Leff and Hadi Kharrazi

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:248

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  27. Content type: Research Article

    Studies have shown that patients with hip fracture treated in a Comprehensive Geriatric Care (CGC) unit report better results in comparison to orthopaedic care. Furthermore, involving patients in their healthc...

    Authors: Gillian Asplin, Gunnel Carlsson, Lena Zidén and Gunilla Kjellby-Wendt

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:240

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  28. Content type: Research Article

    Subjective expectations regarding future health may influence patients’ judgement of current health and treatment effects, as well as adherence to therapies in chronic diseases. We aimed to explore subjective ...

    Authors: Márta Péntek, Valentin Brodszky, Zsolt Biró, Zsófia Kölkedi, Árpád Dunai, János Németh, Petra Baji, Fanni Rencz, László Gulácsi and Miklós D. Resch

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:233

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  29. Content type: Study protocol

    Mobility limitations among older adults increase the risk for disability and healthcare utilization. Rehabilitative care is identified as the most efficacious treatment for maintaining physical function. Howev...

    Authors: Meng Ni, Lorna G. Brown, Danielle Lawler, Terry D. Ellis, Tamara Deangelis, Nancy K. Latham, Jennifer Perloff, Steve J. Atlas, Sanja Percac-Lima and Jonathan F. Bean

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:221

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  30. Content type: Research Article

    Frailty is an emerging issue in geriatrics and gerontology. The prevalence of frailty is increasing as the population ages. Like many developing countries, Vietnam has a rapidly ageing population. However, the...

    Authors: Huyen Thi Thanh Vu, Thanh Xuan Nguyen, Tu N. Nguyen, Anh Trung Nguyen, Robert Cumming, Sarah Hilmer and Thang Pham

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:216

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  31. Content type: Study protocol

    Increasing physical activity (PA) effectively in those who are inactive is challenging. For those who have subjective memory complaints (SMC) or mild cognitive impairment (MCI) this is a greater challenge nece...

    Authors: Kay L. Cox, Elizabeth V. Cyarto, Christopher Etherton-Beer, Kathryn A. Ellis, Helman Alfonso, Linda Clare, Danny Liew, David Ames, Leon Flicker, Osvaldo P. Almeida, Dina LoGiudice and Nicola T. Lautenschlager

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:215

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  32. Content type: Study protocol

    Geriatric patients with cognitive impairment (CI) show an increased risk for a negative rehabilitation outcome and reduced functional recovery following inpatient rehabilitation. Despite this obvious demand, e...

    Authors: Martin Bongartz, Rainer Kiss, Phoebe Ullrich, Tobias Eckert, Jürgen Bauer and Klaus Hauer

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:214

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  33. Content type: Research Article

    The screening of frail individuals at risk for functional health decline and adverse health outcomes lies in the evolving agenda of home care providers. Such a screening can be based on a frailty index (FI) de...

    Authors: Catherine Ludwig and Catherine Busnel

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:205

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  34. Content type: Research Article

    Handgrip strength is used to identify sarcopenia and frailty phenotypes, being a potential predictor of mortality in older adults. However, uniformity is lacking in the reference values. This study aimed to de...

    Authors: Joana Mendes, Teresa F. Amaral, Nuno Borges, Alejandro Santos, Patrícia Padrão, Pedro Moreira, Cláudia Afonso and Rita Negrão

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:191

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  35. Content type: Research Article

    While community-wide interventions to promote physical activity have been encouraged in older adults, evidence of their effectiveness remains limited. We conducted a qualitative study among older adults partic...

    Authors: Hiroko Komatsu, Kaori Yagasaki, Yoshinobu Saito and Yuko Oguma

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:190

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  36. Content type: Research Article

    Gastric cancer is a major health problem, and frailty and sarcopenia will affect the postoperative outcomes in older people. However, there is still no systematic review to determine the role of frailty and sa...

    Authors: Yanjiao Shen, Qiukui Hao, Jianghua Zhou and Birong Dong

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:188

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  37. Content type: Research Article

    Higher levels of frailty result in higher risks of adverse frailty outcomes such as hospitalisation and mortality. There are, however, indications that more factors than solely frailty play a role in the devel...

    Authors: Linda P.M. Op het Veld, Bart H.L. Ament, Erik van Rossum, Gertrudis I.J.M. Kempen, Henrica C.W. de Vet, KlaasJan Hajema and Anna J.H.M. Beurskens

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:185

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  38. Content type: Research Article

    Cross-sectional relationships between physical activity and health have been explored extensively, but less is known about how physical activity changes with time in older people. The aim of this study was to ...

    Authors: Clare L. Clarke, Falko F. Sniehotta, Thenmalar Vadiveloo, Ishbel S. Argo, Peter T. Donnan, Marion E. T. McMurdo and Miles D. Witham

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:180

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  39. Content type: Research Article

    Hand-grip strength (HGS) serves as a proxy measure for muscle function and physical health. Studies have shown that low HGS is associated with common age-related disorders including frailty and sarcopenia. The...

    Authors: Hui Lin Ong, Edimansyah Abdin, Boon Yiang Chua, Yunjue Zhang, Esmond Seow, Janhavi Ajit Vaingankar, Siow Ann Chong and Mythily Subramaniam

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:176

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  40. Content type: Research Article

    Family support can help older adults better adhere to exercise routine, but it remains unclear whether an exercise program targeting older married couples would have stronger effects on exercise adherence than...

    Authors: Yosuke Osuka, Songee Jung, Taeho Kim, Yoshiro Okubo, Eunbi Kim and Kiyoji Tanaka

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:170

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