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Physical functioning, physical health and activity

Section edited by Ian Cameron

This section covers activities of daily living, frailty, fractures, falls, exercise, posture, gait, hip complications, complications with general bodily functions, e.g. gastroenterological, urological.

Page 2 of 8

  1. Content type: Research article

    Few studies have simultaneously examined changes in physical, cognitive and emotional performance throughout the aging process.

    Authors: Haritz Arrieta, Chloe Rezola-Pardo, Iñaki Echeverria, Miren Iturburu, Susana Maria Gil, Jose Javier Yanguas, Jon Irazusta and Ana Rodriguez-Larrad

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:80

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  2. Content type: Research Article

    Despite the substantial number of older adults suffering from gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms little is known regarding the character of these complaints and whether they are associated with an altered intestin...

    Authors: John-Peter Ganda Mall, Lina Östlund-Lagerström, Carl Mårten Lindqvist, Samal Algilani, Dara Rasoal, Dirk Repsilber, Robert J. Brummer, Åsa V. Keita and Ida Schoultz

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:75

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Geriatric syndromes are rarely detected in family medicine. Within the AGE program (active geriatric evaluation), a brief assessment tool (BAT) designed for family physicians (FP) was developed and its diagnos...

    Authors: Yolanda K. Mueller, Stefanie Monod, Isabella Locatelli, Christophe Büla, Jacques Cornuz and Nicolas Senn

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:72

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  4. Content type: Research article

    To investigate the association between isolated and combined affective and cognitive impairments with functional outcomes and discharge destination in older patients admitted to rehabilitation after a hip frac...

    Authors: Laurence Seematter-Bagnoud, Sylvain Frascarolo and Christophe J. Büla

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:71

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  5. Content type: Research Article

    Sarcopenic Obesity (SO) is characterized by low lean and high fat mass; i.e. from a functional aspect a disproportion between engine (muscle) and mass to be moved (fat). At present, most research focuses on th...

    Authors: Wolfgang Kemmler, Matthias Kohl, Ellen Freiberger, Cornel Sieber and Simon von Stengel

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:70

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Previous studies have reported a relationship between masseter muscle thickness and tooth loss or limb muscle thickness. However, it is not yet known whether masseter muscle thickness is related to appendicula...

    Authors: Kohei Yamaguchi, Haruka Tohara, Koji Hara, Ayako Nakane, Eriko Kajisa, Kanako Yoshimi and Shunsuke Minakuchi

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:67

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Frailty is a multidimensional clinical geriatric syndrome that may be reversed in its early stages. Most studies have paid attention to its physical or phenotypic boundaries, however, little is known about the...

    Authors: Carmen de Labra, Ana Maseda, Laura Lorenzo-López, Rocío López-López, Ana Buján, José L. Rodríguez-Villamil and José Carlos Millán-Calenti

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:66

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  8. Content type: Research Article

    Patients with hip fracture frequently have sarcopenia and are at great risk of loss of mobility. We have investigated if sarcopenia predicts change in mobility after hip fracture.

    Authors: Ole Martin Steihaug, Clara Gram Gjesdal, Bård Bogen, Målfrid Holen Kristoffersen, Gunhild Lien, Karl Ove Hufthammer and Anette Hylen Ranhoff

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:65

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  9. Content type: Research article

    People with dementia may receive physiotherapy for a variety of reasons. This may be for musculoskeletal conditions or as a result of falls, fractures or mobility difficulties. While previous studies have soug...

    Authors: Abigail J. Hall, Lisa Burrows, Iain A. Lang, Ruth Endacott and Victoria A. Goodwin

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:63

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  10. Content type: Research Article

    Joint contractures in nursing home residents limit the capacity to perform daily activities and restrict social participation. The purpose of this study was to develop a complex intervention to improve partici...

    Authors: Susanne Saal, Gabriele Meyer, Katrin Beutner, Hanna Klingshirn, Ralf Strobl, Eva Grill, Eva Mann, Sascha Köpke, Michel H. C. Bleijlevens, Gabriele Bartoszek, Anna-Janina Stephan, Julian Hirt and Martin Müller

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:61

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  11. Content type: Research Article

    Falls are common during hospital admissions and may occur more frequently in patients who are taking antihypertensive medications, particularly in the context of normal to low blood pressure. The review and ad...

    Authors: H. M. R. B. Omer, J. Hodson, S. K. Pontefract and U. Martin

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:58

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  12. Content type: Study protocol

    Pressure ulcers/injuries (PrUs), a critical concern for nursing homes (NH), are responsible for chronic wounds, amputations, septic infections, and premature deaths. PrUs occur most commonly in older adults an...

    Authors: Tracey L. Yap, Susan M. Kennerly, Susan D. Horn, Nancy Bergstrom, Santanu Datta and Cathleen Colon-Emeric

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:54

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Hospitalized older patients spend most of their time in bed, putting them at risk of experiencing orthostatic intolerance. Returning persons to their usual upright activity level is the most effective way to p...

    Authors: Mary T. Fox, Souraya Sidani, Dina Brooks and Hugh McCague

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:53

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  14. Content type: Research Article

    The aim of the present paper is to assess the gait pattern of patients with Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD). A more specific aim is to compare the gait pattern of PAD patients before and after the appearance o...

    Authors: Maria Szymczak, Paweł Krupa, Grzegorz Oszkinis and Marian Majchrzycki

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:52

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Frailty has been recognized as an important medical syndrome in older adults. Growing literature supports the clinical application of frailty but US older adults’ perceptions of frailty have not been explored....

    Authors: Nancy L. Schoenborn, Sarah E. Van Pilsum Rasmussen, Qian-Li Xue, Jeremy D. Walston, Mara A. McAdams-Demarco, Dorry L. Segev and Cynthia M. Boyd

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:46

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  16. Content type: Research Article

    Fear of falling is common among persons with Parkinson’s disease and is negatively associated with quality of life. However a lack of in-depth understanding of fear of falling as a phenomenon persists. This qu...

    Authors: Stina B. Jonasson, Maria H. Nilsson, Jan Lexell and Gunilla Carlsson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:44

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Earlier studies show that the main reasons for admission to long-term nursing home care are cognitive impairment and functional impairments of activities of daily life. However, descriptive evidence of mobilit...

    Authors: Karen Sverdrup, Sverre Bergh, Geir Selbæk, Irene Røen, Øyvind Kirkevold and Gro Gujord Tangen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:30

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Demographic changes have led to an increase in the number of elderly frail persons and, consequently, systematic geriatric assessment is more important than ever. Frailty Indexes (FI) may be particularly usefu...

    Authors: Jordi Amblàs-Novellas, Joan Carles Martori, Joan Espaulella, Ramon Oller, Núria Molist-Brunet, Marco Inzitari and Roman Romero-Ortuno

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:29

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  19. Content type: Research Article

    Mobility decrease is reportedly age-dependent in community dwelling elderly, and a major factor of disability in the geriatric population. The purpose of this study is to examine whether mobility decrease, as ...

    Authors: Keiko Yamada, Shingo Muranaga, Tomohiro Shinozaki, Kozo Nakamura, Sakae Tanaka and Toru Ogata

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:28

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  20. Content type: Study protocol

    Worldwide, almost 50million people lived with dementia in 2016. A cure or disease modifying pharmaceutical treatment for dementia remains elusive so alternative therapies are of critical importance. Mounting e...

    Authors: Laura E. Middleton, Sandra E. Black, Nathan Herrmann, Paul I. Oh, Kayla Regan and Krista L. Lanctot

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:27

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  21. Content type: Research Article

    Aging-related loss of muscle and strength with increased adiposity is prevalent among older people in long-term care (LTC) facilities. Studies have shown that people with sarcopenic obesity (SO) are at high ri...

    Authors: Shu-Ching Chiu, Rong-Sen Yang, Rea-Jeng Yang and Shu-Fang Chang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:21

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  22. Content type: Research Article

    Studies have shown that sarcopenia easily leads to difficulty moving, disability, and poor quality of life. However, researches on the use of whole-body vibration for older adults with sarcopenia living in ins...

    Authors: Shu-Fang Chang, Pei-Chen Lin, Rong-Sen Yang and Rea-Jeng Yang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:17

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  23. Content type: Research Article

    Orthostatic hypotension (OH), a blood pressure drop after postural change, is associated with impaired standing balance and falls in older adults. This study aimed to assess the association between blood press...

    Authors: Sjoerd T. Timmermans, Esmee M. Reijnierse, Jantsje H. Pasma, Marijke C. Trappenburg, Gerard J. Blauw, Andrea B. Maier and Carel G. M. Meskers

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:10

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  24. Content type: Research Article

    More than six million American Indians live in the United States, and an estimated 1.6 million will be aged ≥65 years old by 2050 tripling in numbers since 2012. Physical functioning and related factors in thi...

    Authors: R. Turner Goins, Mark Schure, Paul N. Jensen, Astrid Suchy-Dicey, Lonnie Nelson, Steven P. Verney, Barbara V. Howard and Dedra Buchwald

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:6

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  25. Content type: Research Article

    There is strong research evidence for falls prevention among older people in the community setting, although most is from Western countries. Differences between countries (eg sunlight exposure, diet, environme...

    Authors: Keith D. Hill, Plaiwan Suttanon, Sang-I Lin, William W.N. Tsang, Asmidawati Ashari, Tengku Aizan Abd Hamid, Kaela Farrier and Elissa Burton

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:3

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  26. Content type: Study protocol

    Weight loss interventions have not been advocated for overweight/obese older adults due to potential loss of skeletal muscle and strength impacting on physical function with potential loss of independence. Car...

    Authors: Anthony Villani, Hattie Wright, Gary Slater and Jonathan Buckley

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:2

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  27. Content type: Research Article

    Despite knowing better how to screen older adults, understanding how frailty progression might be modified is unclear. We explored effects of modifiable and non-modifiable factors on changes in frailty in comm...

    Authors: Olga Gajic-Veljanoski, Alexandra Papaioannou, Courtney Kennedy, George Ioannidis, Claudie Berger, Andy Kin On Wong, Kenneth Rockwood, Susan Kirkland, Parminder Raina, Lehana Thabane and Jonathan D. Adachi

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:4

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  28. Content type: Research Article

    Frail older adults are increasingly expected to self-manage their health and healthcare. We assessed the extent to which this group is able to take up this responsibility by measuring their level of activation...

    Authors: Anouk Overbeek, Judith A. C. Rietjens, Lea J. Jabbarian, Johan Severijnen, Siebe J. Swart, Agnes van der Heide and Ida J. Korfage

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:7

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  29. Content type: Research Article

    Falls are a major problem for older adults. Many falls occur when a person’s attention is divided between two tasks, such as a dual task (DT) involving walking. Most recently, the role of personality in walkin...

    Authors: Maayan Agmon, Galit Armon, Shani Denesh and Mihalis Doumas

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:1

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Frailty is a key predictor of death and dependency, yet little is known about frailty in sub-Saharan Africa despite rapid population ageing. We describe the prevalence and correlates of phenotypic frailty usin...

    Authors: Collin F. Payne, Alisha Wade, Chodziwadziwa W. Kabudula, Justine I. Davies, Angela Y. Chang, F. Xavier Gomez-Olive, Kathleen Kahn, Lisa F. Berkman, Stephen M. Tollman, Joshua A. Salomon and Miles D. Witham

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:293

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  31. Content type: Research Article

    Causal experimental evidence that physical activity prevents disability in older people is sparse. Being physically active has nonetheless been shown to be associated with disability-free survival in observati...

    Authors: Stefan H. Kreisel, Christian Blahak, Hansjörg Bäzner and Michael G. Hennerici

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:290

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  32. Content type: Research Article

    Risk for falls in older adults has been associated with falls efficacy (self-perceived confidence in performing daily physical activities) and postural balance, but available evidence is limited and mixed. We ...

    Authors: Yong-Hao Pua, Peck-Hoon Ong, Ross Allan Clark, David B. Matcher and Edwin Choon-Wyn Lim

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:291

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  33. Content type: Research Article

    Surgical repair of severe pressure ulcers (PUs) in elderly patients remains a challenge for clinicians due to the complicated comorbidities and the special physical characteristics of elderly patients. The obj...

    Authors: Jing-Chun Zhao, Bo-Ru Zhang, Kai Shi, Jia-Ao Yu, Jian Wang, Qing-Hua Yu and Lei Hong

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:285

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  34. Content type: Research Article

    Identifying older adults with reduced physical performance at the time of hospital admission can significantly affect patient management and trajectory. For example, such patients could receive targeted hospit...

    Authors: Inge H. Bruun, Thomas Maribo, Birgitte Nørgaard, Berit Schiøttz-Christensen and Christian B. Mogensen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:281

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  35. Content type: Research Article

    The purpose of this study was to examine, in a sample of Japanese older adults, the associations of objectively-assessed sedentary behavior (SB) and physical activity (PA) with performance-based physical funct...

    Authors: Akitomo Yasunaga, Ai Shibata, Kaori Ishii, Mohammad Javad Koohsari, Shigeru Inoue, Takemi Sugiyama, Neville Owen and Koichiro Oka

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:280

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Frailty is prevalent among patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and is associated with an increased risk of cognitive impairment. However, apart from its influence on cognition, it is currently unknown...

    Authors: Chia-Ter Chao, Hsin-Jung Lai, Hung-Bin Tsai, Shao-Yo Yang and Jenq-Wen Huang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:277

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  37. Content type: Research Article

    The objectives of this study were to determine: 1) the prevalence of frailty using Fried’s phenotype method and the Short Performance Physical Battery (SPPB), 2) agreement between frailty assessment methods, 3...

    Authors: J. M. Pritchard, C. C. Kennedy, S. Karampatos, G. Ioannidis, B. Misiaszek, S. Marr, C. Patterson, T. Woo and A. Papaioannou

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:264

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  38. Content type: Research Article

    This study compares the performance of four frailty screening tools in predicting relevant adverse outcome (disability, institutionalization and mortality) in community-dwelling elderly.

    Authors: Bienvenu Bongue, Aurélie Buisson, Caroline Dupre, François Beland, Régis Gonthier and Émilie Crawford-Achour

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:262

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  39. Content type: Research Article

    Admitted patients who fall and injure themselves during an acute hospitalization incur increased costs, morbidity, and mortality, but little research has been conducted on identifying inpatients at high risk t...

    Authors: Emmanuel Aryee, Spencer L. James, Guenola M. Hunt and Hilary F. Ryder

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:260

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Mechanisms linking cognitive and physical functioning in older adults are unclear. We sought to determine whether brain pathological changes relate to the level or rate of physical performance decline.

    Authors: Andrea Z. LaCroix, Rebecca A. Hubbard, Shelly L. Gray, Melissa L. Anderson, Paul K. Crane, Joshua A. Sonnen, Oleg Zaslavsky and Eric B. Larson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:258

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  41. Content type: Research Article

    Aging is accompanied by a decline of executive function. Aerobic exercise training induces moderate improvements of cognitive domains (i.e., attention, processing, executive function, memory) in seniors. Most ...

    Authors: Lars Donath, Sebastian Ludyga, Daniel Hammes, Anja Rossmeissl, Nadin Andergassen, Lukas Zahner and Oliver Faude

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:247

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  42. Content type: Research Article

    Geriatric syndromes, including frailty, are common in older adults and associated with adverse outcomes. We compared patients described in clinical notes as “frail” to other older adults with respect to geriat...

    Authors: Laura J. Anzaldi, Ashwini Davison, Cynthia M. Boyd, Bruce Leff and Hadi Kharrazi

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:248

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  43. Content type: Research Article

    Studies have shown that patients with hip fracture treated in a Comprehensive Geriatric Care (CGC) unit report better results in comparison to orthopaedic care. Furthermore, involving patients in their healthc...

    Authors: Gillian Asplin, Gunnel Carlsson, Lena Zidén and Gunilla Kjellby-Wendt

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:240

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