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Physical functioning, physical health and activity

Section edited by Ian Cameron

This section covers activities of daily living, frailty, fractures, falls, exercise, posture, gait, hip complications, complications with general bodily functions, e.g. gastroenterological, urological.

Page 1 of 11

  1. Physical activity can be classified as open-skilled or closed-skilled. Open-skilled physical activity, such as tennis, require participants to perform within a dynamic setting and respond to unpredictable and ...

    Authors: Monisha Ingold, Nikki Tulliani, Chetwyn C. H. Chan and Karen P. Y. Liu

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:229

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Objective deterioration in activities of daily living (ADLs) exists among older population, and particularly worsens with age. Considering the criterion standard of positive aging and longevity, little informa...

    Authors: Ke Han, Shengshu Wang, Wangping Jia, Wenzhe Cao, Miao Liu, Shanshan Yang, Jianhua Wang and Yao He

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:228

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Despite public focus on the importance of physical activity and findings showing the benefits of such activity, research has shown that people with dementia are less physically active and have more sedentary b...

    Authors: B. Finnanger Garshol, L. H. Ellingsen-Dalskau and I. Pedersen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:219

    Content type: Research article

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  4. We aimed to assess the utility of the combination of the mini-mental state examination (MMSE) + clock drawing test (CDT) and the Fried phenotype for predicting non-elective hospital readmission or death within...

    Authors: Si-Min Yao, Pei-Pei Zheng, Yao-Dan Liang, Yu-Hao Wan, Ning Sun, Yao Luo, Jie-Fu Yang and Hua Wang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:218

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Readmission is a serious and adverse event for elderly patients. Despite efforts, predicting the risk of readmission remains imprecise. The objective of this study is to examine if performance-based tests of d...

    Authors: Louise Moeldrup Nielsen, Thomas Maribo, Hans Kirkegaard, Mette Kops Bjerregaard and Lisa Gregersen Oestergaard

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:217

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Hearing loss, a highly prevalent sensory impairment affecting older adults, is a risk factor for cognition decline. However, there were very limited studies on this association in low-resource countries. This ...

    Authors: Jiamin Gao, Nicole M. Armstrong, Jennifer A. Deal, Frank R. Lin and Ping He

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:215

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Fall prevention exercise programmes are known to be effective, but access to these programmes is not always possible. The use of eHealth solutions might be a way forward to increase access and reach a wider po...

    Authors: Linda Mansson, Lillemor Lundin-Olsson, Dawn A. Skelton, Rebecka Janols, Helena Lindgren, Erik Rosendahl and Marlene Sandlund

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:209

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Falls are the leading cause of injuries among older adults. Perturbation-based balance training (PBT) is an innovative approach to fall prevention that aims to improve the reactive balance response following p...

    Authors: Leigh J. Allin, P. Gunnar Brolinson, Briana M. Beach, Sunwook Kim, Maury A. Nussbaum, Karen A. Roberto and Michael L. Madigan

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:205

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Physical inactivity is prevalent in older adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and may exacerbate their clinical symptoms. The aim of this study was to examine the feasibility of 4-h regular versus more...

    Authors: Uros Marusic, Martijn L. T. M. Müller, Neil B. Alexander and Nicolaas I. Bohnen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:204

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Frailty and hemoglobin concentration, above what would be considered clinical anemia, are two common findings in older patients that lead to an increased risk of negative health outcomes. The objective of this...

    Authors: Zara Steinmeyer, Cyrille Delpierre, Gaelle Soriano, Armand Steinmeyer, Loic Ysebaert, Laurent Balardy and Sandrine Sourdet

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:202

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Accidental falls are common among community-dwellers, probably due to the level of physical activity and impaired postural stability. Today, fall risk prediction tools’ discriminative validity are only moderat...

    Authors: Morten Villumsen, Bo Grarup, Steffan Wittrup Mc Phee Christensen, Thorvaldur Skuli Palsson and Rogerio Pessoto Hirata

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:198

    Content type: Study protocol

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  12. High-intensity interval training (HIIT) has been shown to be more effective than moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) for the physical rehabilitation. However, data on its suitability for older hospit...

    Authors: Rita Pires Peixoto, Véronique Trombert, Antoine Poncet, Jérôme Kizlik, Gabriel Gold, Georg Ehret, Andrea Trombetti and Jean-Luc Reny

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:197

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Walking is the most common population-wide campaign for health promotion in older people. However, the cutoff threshold for walking steps/day to identify the older people who are at risk of falling is not reco...

    Authors: T. Aranyavalai, C. Jalayondeja, W. Jalayondeja, S. Pichaiyongwongdee, J. Kaewkungwal and J. J. Laskin

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:194

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Reduced mobility may be responsible for functional decline and acute sarcopenia in older hospitalised patients. The drivers of reduced in-hospital mobility are poorly understood, especially during the early ph...

    Authors: Peter Hartley, Amanda L. DeWitt, Faye Forsyth, Roman Romero-Ortuno and Christi Deaton

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:177

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Visceral adipose tissue (VAT) is a strong risk factor for cardiovascular disease and increases with age. While supervised exercise (SE) may be an effective approach, web-based exercise (WE) have other advantag...

    Authors: Marcel Ballin, Andreas Hult, Sabine Björk, Emmy Lundberg, Peter Nordström and Anna Nordström

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:173

    Content type: Research article

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  16. The European population is rapidly ageing. There is an urgent need for innovative solutions to reduce fall risk in older adults. Perturbation-based gait training is a promising new method to improve reactive b...

    Authors: Markus M. Rieger, Selma Papegaaij, Frans Steenbrink, Jaap H. van Dieën and Mirjam Pijnappels

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:167

    Content type: Study protocol

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  17. Frailty is a highly recognized geriatric syndrome resulting in decline in reserve across multiple physiological systems. Impaired physical function is one of the major indicators of frailty. The goal of this s...

    Authors: Danya Pradeep Kumar, Nima Toosizadeh, Jane Mohler, Hossein Ehsani, Cassidy Mannier and Kaveh Laksari

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:164

    Content type: Research article

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  18. In patients with permanent pacemakers (PPM), physical activity (PA) can be monitored using embedded accelerometers to measure pacemaker detected active hours (PDAH), a strong predictor of mortality. We examine...

    Authors: Venkata K. Puppala, Benjamin C. Hofeld, Amberly Anger, Sudhi Tyagi, Scott J. Strath, Judith Fox, Marcie G. Berger, Kwang Woo Ahn and Michael E. Widlansky

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:162

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Declines in bone, muscle and physical performance are associated with adverse health outcomes in older adults. However, few studies have described concurrent age-related patterns of change in these factors. Th...

    Authors: Peggy M. Cawthon, Neeta Parimi, Lisa Langsetmo, Jane A. Cauley, Kristine E. Ensrud, Steven R. Cummings, Nancy E. Lane, Andrew R. Hoffman, Jodi Lapidus, Thomas M. Gill, Charles E. McCulloch, Marcia L. Stefanick, Deborah M. Kado, Rebecca Drieling and Eric S. Orwoll

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:161

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Geriatric assessment upon admission may reveal factors that contribute to adverse outcomes in hospitalized older patients. The purposes of this study were to derive a Frailty Index (FI-PAC) from the interRAI P...

    Authors: Hanna Kerminen, Heini Huhtala, Pirkko Jäntti, Jaakko Valvanne and Esa Jämsen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:160

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Frailty describes an age-related clinical state and can be regarded as a predictive factor for fall, disability, hospitalization, and death in the elderly. Previous studies proved that frailty could be reverse...

    Authors: Jing Chang, Yun Gao, Xiang-Yang Fang, Su-Mei Zhao, Yuan-Ping Hou and Qian-Mei Sun

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:159

    Content type: Study protocol

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  22. This study investigated the association between non-exercise based estimation of cardiorespiratory fitness (eCRF) and metabolic syndrome (Mets) in Korean adults aged 18 years and older (13,400 women and 9885 m...

    Authors: Inhwan Lee, Shinuk Kim and Hyunsik Kang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:146

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Frailty is a multidimensional syndrome that leads to an increase of an age-related disorder of several physiological systems, and cognitive abilities decline. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalen...

    Authors: Sonia Hammami, Amira Zarrouk, Cecile Piron, Ioana Almas, Nabil Sakly and Veronique Latteur

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:144

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Obesity is a disease characterized by much fat accumulation and abnormal distribution, which was related to cardiovascular diseases, diabetes mellitus (DM) and muscular skeletal diseases. The aim of this study...

    Authors: Yu-Jie Zhang, Shi-Hui Fu, Jing-Xin Wang, Xin Zhao, Yao Yao and Xiao-Ying Li

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:143

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Senior centers offer important opportunities for physical activity and social interaction. Seniors who visit a senior center regularly can gain physical activity from transportation and from specific activitie...

    Authors: Oriol Marquet, Monika Maciejewska, Xavier Delclòs-Alió, Guillem Vich, Jasper Schipperijn and Carme Miralles-Guasch

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:134

    Content type: Research article

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  26. It is important to clarify the transitions and related factors of frailty for prevention of frailty. We evaluated the transitions of frailty among community-dwelling older adults and examined the predictors of...

    Authors: Bo Ye, Hao Chen, Limei Huang, Ye Ruan, Shige Qi, Yanfei Guo, Zhezhou Huang, Shuangyuan Sun, Xiuqin Chen, Yan Shi, Junling Gao and Yonggen Jiang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:130

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Little is known about treatment provided to people living in nursing care facilities (NCFs) after hospital admission for hip fracture. In addition, there are no clinical guidelines for rehabilitation and recov...

    Authors: Maggie Killington, Owen Davies, Maria Crotty, Rhiannon Crane, Naomi Pratt, Kylie Mills, Arabella McInnes, Susan Kurrle and Ian D. Cameron

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:128

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Vitamin D deficiency has been linked to the risk of frailty. However, there are limited methods for evaluations of the potential association of vitamin D with frailty in a longevous (80+) population. The aim o...

    Authors: Qi Xiao, Meiliyang Wu, Jinrui Cui, Mengmei Yuan, Ye Chen and Tieying Zeng

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:126

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Hip fractures constitute a major health problem in elderly people and are often fall-related. Several factors can contribute to a fall episode leading to hip fracture, including fall-risk-increasing drugs (FRI...

    Authors: Charlotte Uggerhøj Andersen, Pernille Overgaard Lassen, Hussain Qassim Usman, Nadja Albertsen, Lars Peter Nielsen and Stig Andersen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:121

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Little is known about the role of frailty in the recovery process of disability among older adults. We examined the association between frailty and recovery from activities of daily living (ADL) and instrument...

    Authors: Weihao Xu, Ya-Xi Li, Yixin Hu and Chenkai Wu

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:119

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Hip fractures represent a global public health issue that demands high cost both from the patient and from the society. Functional exercise in the subacute phase of a hip fracture is essential in reducing thes...

    Authors: Irene Vestøl, Jonas Debesay, Zada Pajalic and Astrid Bergland

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:118

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Previous studies have just found skeletal muscle mass decline is associated with arterial stiffness, but it is unclear whether muscle strength and physical performance as important compositions of sarcopenia a...

    Authors: Yu-Dong Rong, Ai-Lin Bian, Hui-Ying Hu, Yue Ma and Xin-Zi Zhou

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:115

    Content type: Research article

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  33. In the inpatient rehabilitation of older patients, estimating to what extent the patient may functionally recover (functional prognosis), is important to plan the rehabilitation programme and aid discharge pla...

    Authors: Anouk D. Kabboord, Deborah Godfrey, Adam L. Gordon, John R. F. Gladman, Monica Van Eijk, Romke van Balen and Wilco P. Achterberg

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:114

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Frailty is the loss of ability to withstand a physiological stressor and is associated with multiple adverse outcomes in older people. Trials to prevent or ameliorate frailty are in their infancy. A range of d...

    Authors: Miles D. Witham, James Wason, Richard Dodds and Avan A. Sayer

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:113

    Content type: Research article

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  35. The timed up and go test (TUG) is one of the most widely used tests of mobility. We aimed to examine whether the TUG is associated with cardiovascular (CV) events, CV mortality, and all-cause mortality.

    Authors: Ki Young Son, Dong Wook Shin, Ji Eun Lee, Sang Hyuck Kim, Jae Moon Yun and Belong Cho

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:111

    Content type: Research article

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  36. In elderly poeple, multimorbidity and polypharmacy increase while sensory, motor and cognitive functions decrease. Falls occur in 30% of people aged 65 years and older at least once per year, with injuries at ...

    Authors: G. S. Kienle, P. G. Werthmann, B. Grotejohann, K. Kaier, I. Steinbrenner, S. Voigt-Radloff and R. Huber

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:108

    Content type: Study protocol

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  37. Malnutrition has been shown to be associated with poor prognosis in older surgical patients. Several tools are available for detecting malnutrition. But little is known about their ability to assess risks of p...

    Authors: Yanli Zhao, Ning Ge, Dongmei Xie, Langli Gao, Yanyan Wang, Yulin Liao and Jirong Yue

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:107

    Content type: Research article

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  38. To date, most previous studies of frailty among hospitalized elderly Chinese patients have been conducted based on small samples, which cannot represent the elderly patient population. The aim of this study wa...

    Authors: Jing Jiao, Yu Wang, Chen Zhu, Fangfang Li, Minglei Zhu, Xianxiu Wen, Jingfen Jin, Hui Wang, Dongmei Lv, Shengxiu Zhao, Xinjuan Wu and Tao Xu

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:100

    Content type: Research article

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  39. There is little known about pre-frailty attributes or when changes which contribute to frailty might be detectable and amenable to change. This study explores pre-frailty and frailty in independent community-d...

    Authors: S. J. Gordon, N. Baker, M. Kidd, A. Maeder and K. A. Grimmer

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:96

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Pain is an independent risk factor for falling. One in two older community-dwelling people with musculoskeletal pain fall each year. This study examined physical, psychological and medical factors as potential...

    Authors: Cameron Hicks, Pazit Levinger, Jasmine C. Menant, Stephen R. Lord, Perminder S. Sachdev, Henry Brodaty and Daina L. Sturnieks

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:94

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Walking aids are issued to older adults to prevent falls, however, paradoxically their use has been identified as a risk factor for falling. To prevent falls, walking aids must be used in a stable manner, but ...

    Authors: Sibylle Brunhilde Thies, Alex Bates, Eleonora Costamagna, Laurence Kenney, Malcolm Granat, Jo Webb, Dave Howard, Rose Baker and Helen Dawes

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:90

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Among the previous studies about the ADL recovery and its predictors, the researches and resources used to study and protect the baseline-independent older patients from being permanently ADL-dependent was few...

    Authors: Xiuyue Li, Tingting Zheng, Yaqi Guan, Hui Li, Kexin Zhu, Lu Shen and Zhiqin Yin

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:86

    Content type: Research article

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  43. In the last few decades, research related to balance in older adults has been conducted in lab-based settings. The lack of portability and high cost that is associated with the current gold standard methods to...

    Authors: Bader A. Alqahtani, Patrick J. Sparto, Susan L. Whitney, Susan L. Greenspan, Subashan Perera and Jennifer S. Brach

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:82

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Functional independence and safe mobility, especially in older people, mostly rely on the ability to perform dual tasks, particularly during activities with variable- and fixed-priority attention. The aim of t...

    Authors: Francis Trombini-Souza, Marcelo de Maio Nascimento, Tarcísio Fulgêncio Alves da Silva, Rodrigo Cappato de Araújo, Mônica Rodrigues Perracini and Isabel C. N. Sacco

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:76

    Content type: Study protocol

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  45. Normal aging is associated with balance, mobility and working memory decline that increase fall risk and influence activity of daily living functions. Mounting evidence suggests that physical activity is benef...

    Authors: Michal Nissim, Abigail Livny, Caroline Barmatz, Galia Tsarfaty, Yitshal Berner, Yaron Sacher, Jonathan Giron and Navah Z. Ratzon

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:74

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Early operative treatment of acetabulum fractures in geriatric patients has been suggested to reduce pain and allow for earlier mobilization. The aim of this study was to determine mortality, complications and...

    Authors: Johannes Wollmerstädt, Philipp Pieroh, Isabell Schneider, Suzanne Zeidler, Andreas Höch, Christoph Josten and Georg Osterhoff

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:66

    Content type: Research article

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