Physical functioning, physical health and activity

Section edited by Ian Cameron

This section covers activities of daily living, frailty, fractures, falls, exercise, posture, gait, hip complications, complications with general bodily functions, e.g. gastroenterological, urological.

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  1. Research Article

    The impact of frailty and sarcopenia on postoperative outcomes in older patients undergoing gastrectomy surgery: a systematic review and meta-analysis

    Gastric cancer is a major health problem, and frailty and sarcopenia will affect the postoperative outcomes in older people. However, there is still no systematic review to determine the role of frailty and sa...

    Yanjiao Shen, Qiukui Hao, Jianghua Zhou and Birong Dong

    BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:188

    Published on: 21 August 2017

  2. Research Article

    Can resources moderate the impact of levels of frailty on adverse outcomes among (pre-) frail older people? A longitudinal study

    Higher levels of frailty result in higher risks of adverse frailty outcomes such as hospitalisation and mortality. There are, however, indications that more factors than solely frailty play a role in the devel...

    Linda P.M. Op het Veld, Bart H.L. Ament, Erik van Rossum, Gertrudis I.J.M. Kempen, Henrica C.W. de Vet, KlaasJan Hajema and Anna J.H.M. Beurskens

    BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:185

    Published on: 17 August 2017

  3. Research Article

    Factors associated with change in objectively measured physical activity in older people – data from the physical activity cohort Scotland study

    Cross-sectional relationships between physical activity and health have been explored extensively, but less is known about how physical activity changes with time in older people. The aim of this study was to ...

    Clare L. Clarke, Falko F. Sniehotta, Thenmalar Vadiveloo, Ishbel S. Argo, Peter T. Donnan, Marion E. T. McMurdo and Miles D. Witham

    BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:180

    Published on: 14 August 2017

  4. Research Article

    Hand-grip strength among older adults in Singapore: a comparison with international norms and associative factors

    Hand-grip strength (HGS) serves as a proxy measure for muscle function and physical health. Studies have shown that low HGS is associated with common age-related disorders including frailty and sarcopenia. The...

    Hui Lin Ong, Edimansyah Abdin, Boon Yiang Chua, Yunjue Zhang, Esmond Seow, Janhavi Ajit Vaingankar, Siow Ann Chong and Mythily Subramaniam

    BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:176

    Published on: 4 August 2017

  5. Research Article

    Does attending an exercise class with a spouse improve long-term exercise adherence among people aged 65 years and older: a 6-month prospective follow-up study

    Family support can help older adults better adhere to exercise routine, but it remains unclear whether an exercise program targeting older married couples would have stronger effects on exercise adherence than...

    Yosuke Osuka, Songee Jung, Taeho Kim, Yoshiro Okubo, Eunbi Kim and Kiyoji Tanaka

    BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:170

    Published on: 31 July 2017

  6. Research Article

    Impact of a lay-led home-based intervention programme on quality of life in community-dwelling pre-frail and frail older adults: a randomized controlled trial

    Due to the demographic ageing process and the increasing number of pre-frail and frail individuals, new lifestyle interventions to enhance the quality of life (QoL) in community-dwelling older adults are neces...

    A. Kapan, E. Winzer, S. Haider, S. Titze, K. Schindler, C. Lackinger and T. E. Dorner

    BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:154

    Published on: 19 July 2017

  7. Research Article

    Physical activity, body functions and disability among middle-aged and older Spanish adults

    Physical activity (PA) is a health determinant among middle-aged and older adults. In contrast, poor health is expected to have a negative impact on PA. This study sought to assess to what extent specific Inte...

    Alexandre Caron, Alba Ayala, Javier Damián, Carmen Rodriguez-Blazquez, Javier Almazán, Juan Manuel Castellote, Madgalena Comin, Maria João Forjaz and Jesús de Pedro

    BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:150

    Published on: 18 July 2017

  8. Research Article

    Eccentric versus traditional resistance exercise for older adult fallers in the community: a randomized trial within a multi-component fall reduction program

    Addressing muscle deficits within a multi-component exercise fall reduction program is a priority, especially for the highest risk older adults, i.e., those who have fallen previously. Eccentric resistance exe...

    Paul LaStayo, Robin Marcus, Leland Dibble, Bob Wong and Ginette Pepper

    BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:149

    Published on: 17 July 2017

  9. Research Article

    Analysis of home-based rehabilitation in patients with motor impairment in primary care: a prospective observational study

    The purpose of health and social policies is to encourage older people more longevity, remain free of disability and experience quality of life while living in their homes.

    Francisco Antonio Vega-Ramírez, Remedios López-Liria, Genoveva Granados-Gámez, Jose Manuel Aguilar-Parra and David Padilla-Góngora

    BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:145

    Published on: 14 July 2017

  10. Research Article

    Podiatry intervention versus usual care to prevent falls in care homes: pilot randomised controlled trial (the PIRFECT study)

    Common foot problems are independent risk factors for falls in older people. There is evidence that podiatry can prevent falls in community-dwelling populations. The feasibility of implementing a podiatry inte...

    Gavin Wylie, Hylton B. Menz, Sarah McFarlane, Simon Ogston, Frank Sullivan, Brian Williams, Zoe Young and Jacqui Morris

    BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:143

    Published on: 12 July 2017

  11. Research Article

    Adapted yoga to improve physical function and health-related quality of life in physically-inactive older adults: a randomised controlled pilot trial

    Yoga is a holistic therapy of expanding popularity, which has the potential to produce a range of physical, mental and social benefits. This trial evaluated the feasibility and effects of an adapted yoga progr...

    Garry A. Tew, Jenny Howsam, Matthew Hardy and Laura Bissell

    BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:131

    Published on: 23 June 2017

  12. Research Article

    The effect of a daily application of a 0.05% chlorhexidine oral rinse solution on the incidence of aspiration pneumonia in nursing home residents: a multicenter study

    Dysphagia and potential respiratory pathogens in the oral biofilm are risk factors for aspiration pneumonia in nursing home residents. The aim of the study was to examine if the daily application of 0.05% chlo...

    Vanessa R. Y. Hollaar, Gert-Jan van der Putten, Claar D. van der Maarel-Wierink, Ewald M. Bronkhorst, Bert J. M. de Swart and Nico H. J. Creugers

    BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:128

    Published on: 19 June 2017

  13. Research Article

    Prevalence of frailty among community dwelling older adults in receipt of low level home support: a cross-sectional analysis of the North Dublin Cohort

    There is increasing demand for formal government funded home help services to support community-dwelling older people in Ireland, yet limited information exists on the health profiles of this group, especially...

    Sara Kelly, Irene O’Brien, Karla Smuts, Maria O’Sullivan and Austin Warters

    BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:121

    Published on: 7 June 2017

  14. Research Article

    Trajectories of the relationships of physical activity with body composition changes in older men: the MrOS study

    Excess adiposity gains and significant lean mass loss may be risk factors for chronic disease in old age. Long-term patterns of change in physical activity (PA) and their influence on body composition decline ...

    Deepika R. Laddu, Peggy M. Cawthon, Neeta Parimi, Andrew R. Hoffman, Eric Orwoll, Iva Miljkovic and Marcia L. Stefanick

    BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:119

    Published on: 5 June 2017

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