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Physical functioning, physical health and activity

Section edited by Ian Cameron

This section covers activities of daily living, frailty, fractures, falls, exercise, posture, gait, hip complications, complications with general bodily functions, e.g. gastroenterological, urological.

Page 1 of 8

  1. Content type: Study protocol

    Safe and stable walking is a complex process involving the interaction of neuromuscular, sensory and cognitive functions. As physical and cognitive functions deteriorate with ageing, training of both functions...

    Authors: Sarianna Sipilä, Anna Tirkkonen, Tuomo Hänninen, Pia Laukkanen, Markku Alen, Roger A. Fielding, Miia Kivipelto, Katja Kokko, Jenni Kulmala, Taina Rantanen, Sanna E. Sihvonen, Elina Sillanpää, Anna Stigsdotter-Neely and Timo Törmäkangas

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:215

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Identifying and treating people in a pre-frail state may be an effective way to prevent or delay frailty and preserve their functional capacity. This study aimed to assess the efficacy of, and compliance with,...

    Authors: Prasun Chatterjee, Prakash Kumar, Ramesh Kandel, Ruchika Madan, Meenakshi Tyagi, Deepa Anil Kumar, Maroof Ahmad Khan, Gaurav Desai, Preeti Chaudhary, Shyama Gupta, Kanika Grover and Aparajit Ballav Dey

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:212

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Making older adults exercise and keeping them in exercise programs is a major challenge. Understanding how older adults prefer to exercise may help developing tailored exercise programs and increase sustained ...

    Authors: Line Skarsem Reitlo, Silvana Bucher Sandbakk, Hallgeir Viken, Nils Petter Aspvik, Jan Erik Ingebrigtsen, Xiangchun Tan, Ulrik Wisløff and Dorthe Stensvold

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:208

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Despite progress in surgery and care, hip fracture (HF) remains a catastrophic event, burdened with high risk of mortality and disability. This study aims at identifying predictors of recovering ambulation aft...

    Authors: Francesca Cecchi, Silvia Pancani, Desiderio Antonioli, Lucia Avila, Manuele Barilli, Massimo Gambini, Lucilla Landucci Pellegrini, Emanuela Romano, Chiara Sarti, Margherita Zingoni, Maria Assunta Gabrielli, Federica Vannetti, Guido Pasquini and Claudio Macchi

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:201

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Myostatin, its inhibitor follistatin, and growth/differentiation factor 11 (GDF11) have been proposed as factors that could potentially modify biological aging. The study aimed to test whether there is a relat...

    Authors: Elizaveta Fife, Joanna Kostka, Łukasz Kroc, Agnieszka Guligowska, Małgorzata Pigłowska, Bartłomiej Sołtysik, Agnieszka Kaufman-Szymczyk, Krystyna Fabianowska-Majewska and Tomasz Kostka

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:200

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  6. Content type: Study protocol

    The presence of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in older adults increases their fall risk. While physical exercise is effective in reducing falls rate and risk of falls, and cognitive training in improving cog...

    Authors: Donald S. Lipardo and William W. N. Tsang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:193

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Previous cohort studies investigating the association between sarcopenia and the risk of hospitalization have been inconsistent. We performed a meta-analysis to determine if sarcopenia is a predictor of hospit...

    Authors: Xiaoming Zhang, Wenwu Zhang, Conghua Wang, Wuyuan Tao, Qingli Dou and Yunzhi Yang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:188

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  8. Content type: Research article

    It is well known that people with mild cognitive deficits face challenges when performing complex everyday activities, and that the use of technology has become increasingly interwoven with everyday activities...

    Authors: Eva Lindqvist, Annika PerssonVasiliou, Amy S. Hwang, Alex Mihailidis, Arlene Astelle, Andrew Sixsmith and Louise Nygård

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:185

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  9. Content type: Study protocol

    Increased physical activity and dietary protein intake are promising interventions to prevent or treat the age-related decline in physical performance in older adults. There are well-controlled exercise as wel...

    Authors: Jantine van den Helder, Carliene van Dronkelaar, Michael Tieland, Sumit Mehra, Tessa Dadema, Bart Visser, Ben J. A. Kröse, Raoul H. H. Engelbert and Peter J. M. Weijs

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:183

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Evidence suggests that early life stress (ELS) may extend its effect into adulthood and predispose an individual to adverse health outcomes. We investigated whether wartime parental separation, an indicator of...

    Authors: M. J. Haapanen, M. M. Perälä, M. K. Salonen, E. Kajantie, M. Simonen, P. Pohjolainen, A. K. Pesonen, K. Räikkönen, J. G. Eriksson and M. B. von Bonsdorff

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:179

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  11. Content type: Study protocol

    Falls among older adults with intellectual disability (ID) are recognised as a serious health problem potentially resulting in reduced health-related quality of life and premature placement in residential care...

    Authors: Portia Ho, Caroline Bulsara, Shane Patman, Max Bulsara, Jenny Downs and Anne-Marie Hill

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:171

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  12. Content type: Research Article

    Impaired physical performance is highly prevalent in older cancer patients and is associated with cancer-related outcomes such as mortality and chemotherapy-related toxicity. Physical performance might already...

    Authors: S. M. L. M. Looijaard, M. S. Slee-Valentijn, L. N. Groeneveldt, D. J. H. Deeg, M. Huisman and A. B. Maier

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:166

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  13. Content type: Research Article

    A physically active lifestyle in older people contributes to the preservation of good health. We assessed the influence of physiotherapy on daily functioning among community dwelling older people (75+) with co...

    Authors: Petra C. Siemonsma, Jeanet W. Blom, Hedwig Hofstetter, Ariëtte T. H. van Hespen, Jacobijn Gussekloo, Yvonne M. Drewes and Nico L. U. van Meeteren

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:164

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  14. Content type: Research article

    China has the largest population of partially or completely disabled elderly people in the world. Although the disabled elderly people try to remain independent in their lives, many still need assistance from ...

    Authors: Shen Chen, Jing Zheng, Chen Chen, Ying Xing, Yan Cui, Yaping Ding and Xiuyun Li

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:160

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  15. Content type: Research article

    No previous study has evaluated disability in older persons according to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health Framework guidelines. We conducted a more comprehensive investiga...

    Authors: Yaping Liang, Xiaojia Xu, Mingjuan Yin, Yulian Li, Yan Zhang, Lingfeng Huang and Jindong Ni

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:158

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  16. Content type: Research article

    With the growing number of young-older adults (baby-boomers), there is an increasing demand for assessment tools specific for this population, which are able to detect subtle balance and mobility deficits. Var...

    Authors: Michaela Weber, Jeanine Van Ancum, Ronny Bergquist, Kristin Taraldsen, Katharina Gordt, A. Stefanie Mikolaizak, Corinna Nerz, Mirjam Pijnappels, Nini H. Jonkman, Andrea B. Maier, Jorunn L. Helbostad, Beatrix Vereijken, Clemens Becker and Michael Schwenk

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:156

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Disturbances in sleep and circadian rhythms are common among residents of long-term care facilities. In this systematic review, we aim to identify and evaluate the literature documenting the outcomes associate...

    Authors: Elizabeth Capezuti, Rana Sagha Zadeh, Kevin Pain, Aleksa Basara, Nancy Ziyan Jiang and Ana C. Krieger

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:143

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  18. Content type: Research article

    The ability of acute care providers to cope with the influx of frail older patients is increasingly stressed, and changes need to be made to improve care provided to older adults. Our purpose was to conduct a ...

    Authors: Olga Theou, Emma Squires, Kayla Mallery, Jacques S. Lee, Sherri Fay, Judah Goldstein, Joshua J. Armstrong and Kenneth Rockwood

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:139

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  19. Content type: Research article

    A first step to offer community-dwelling older persons proactive care is to identify those at risk of functional decline within a year. This study investigates the predictive value of registered information, q...

    Authors: Sophie C. E. van Blijswijk, Jeanet W. Blom, Anton J. M. de Craen, Wendy P. J. den Elzen and Jacobijn Gussekloo

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:140

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  20. Content type: Study protocol

    Poor nutrition and age per see add to the development of sarcopenia, i.e. loss of muscle mass and strength, which contributes to increased risk of impaired activities of daily living (ADL) and reduced independ...

    Authors: Helena Grönstedt, Sofia Vikström, Tommy Cederholm, Erika Franzén, Åke Seiger, Anders Wimo, Gerd Faxén-Irving and Anne-Marie Boström

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:138

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  21. Content type: Research article

    There is insufficient evidence regarding the relationship of home environment with functional capacity among community-dwelling older people without disabilities. We conducted a population-based longitudinal c...

    Authors: Kimiko Tomioka, Norio Kurumatani and Hiroshi Hosoi

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:132

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) generally includes handgrip strength (HGS) as a measure of overall muscle strength that is associated with various health characteristics in geriatric outpatients. Whet...

    Authors: Suey S. Y. Yeung, Esmee M. Reijnierse, Marijke C. Trappenburg, Gerard J. Blauw, Carel G. M. Meskers and Andrea B. Maier

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:130

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Polypharmacy has not been investigated in patients living with HIV in developing countries. The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of polypharmacy, the factors associated with polypharmacy and...

    Authors: Michael Ssonko, Fiona Stanaway, Harriet K. Mayanja, Tabitha Namuleme, Robert Cumming, John L. Kyalimpa, Yvonne Karamagi, Barbara Mukasa and Vasi Naganathan

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:125

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Low muscle mass and strength are highly prevalent in inpatients. It is acknowledged that low muscle mass and strength are associated with falls in community-dwelling older adults, but it is unknown if these mu...

    Authors: Jeanine M. Van Ancum, Mirjam Pijnappels, Nini H. Jonkman, Kira Scheerman, Sjors Verlaan, Carel G. M. Meskers and Andrea B. Maier

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:116

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  25. Content type: Research Article

    Balance performance is considered as an indicator of functional status in the elderly, a large scale population screening and evaluation in the community context followed by proper interventions would be of gr...

    Authors: Jingjuan Ju, Yu Jiang, Peng Zhou, Lin Li, Xiaolei Ye, Hongmei Wu, Bin Shen, Jialei Zhang, Xiaoding He, Chunjin Niu and Qinghua Xia

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:112

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  26. Content type: Research Article

    Peripheral neuromuscular dysfunctions were found in elderly individuals, and spinal microglia/monocyte plays an important role on this process. This study aims to test whether the glial cell line-derived neuro...

    Authors: Fei Xie, Fan Zhang, Su Min, Jingyuan Chen, Jun Yang and Xin Wang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:110

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Aging sarcopenia characterized by low muscle mass with low muscle strength affects men and women differently. The contribution of interleukin-6 (IL-6) to sarcopenia has been suggested based on a negative corre...

    Authors: Alexandra Mikó, László Pótó, Péter Mátrai, Péter Hegyi, Nóra Füredi, András Garami, Anita Illés, Margit Solymár, Áron Vincze, Márta Balaskó, Gabriella Pár, Patrícia Sarlós, Judit Bajor, Judit Tenk, Ildikó Rostás and Erika Pétervári

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:107

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Frailty is a state of vulnerability to stressors that is prevalent in older adults and is associated with higher morbidity, mortality and healthcare utilization. Multiple instruments are used to measure frailt...

    Authors: Jorge G. Ruiz, Shivani Priyadarshni, Zubair Rahaman, Kimberly Cabrera, Stuti Dang, Willy M. Valencia and Michael J. Mintzer

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:106

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Two-thirds of older Australians are sedentary. Fitness trackers have been popular with younger people and may encourage older adults to become more active. Older adults may have different gait patterns and as ...

    Authors: Elissa Burton, Keith D. Hill, Nicola T. Lautenschlager, Cecilie Thøgersen-Ntoumani, Gill Lewin, Eileen Boyle and Erin Howie

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:103

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Mobility is a key outcome in older patients with cognitive impairment. The de Morton Mobility Index (DEMMI) is an established measure of older people’s mobility that is promising for use in older patients with...

    Authors: Tobias Braun, Christian Grüneberg, Christian Thiel and Ralf-Joachim Schulz

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:100

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  31. Content type: Research Article

    The principal aim of this study was to investigate whether a caregiver-inclusive assistive technology intervention improved older care recipients’ functional autonomy and decreased the perceived burden of thei...

    Authors: W. Ben Mortenson, Louise Demers, Marcus J. Fuhrer, Jeffrey W. Jutai, Jessica Bilkey, Michelle Plante and Frank DeRuyter

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:97

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  32. Content type: Study protocol

    Physical exercise, cognitive training, and vitamin D are low cost interventions that have the potential to enhance cognitive function and mobility in older adults, especially in pre-dementia states such as Mil...

    Authors: Manuel Montero-Odasso, Quincy J. Almeida, Amer M. Burhan, Richard Camicioli, Julien Doyon, Sarah Fraser, Karen Li, Teresa Liu-Ambrose, Laura Middleton, Susan Muir-Hunter, William McIlroy, José A. Morais, Frederico Pieruccini-Faria, Kevin Shoemaker, Mark Speechley, Akshya Vasudev…

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:93

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  33. Content type: Research Article

    There is growing evidence that mobility interventions can increase in-hospital mobility and prevent hospitalization-associated functional decline among older adults. However, implementing such interventions is...

    Authors: Anna Zisberg, Maayan Agmon, Nurit Gur-Yaish, Debbie Rand, Yehudit Hayat and Efrat Gil

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:91

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  34. Content type: Research Article

    Biomarkers of biological aging – DNA methylation age (DNAm age) and leukocyte telomere length (LTL)– correlate strongly with chronological age across the life course. It is, however, unclear how these measures...

    Authors: Elina Sillanpää, Eija K. Laakkonen, Elina Vaara, Taina Rantanen, Vuokko Kovanen, Sarianna Sipilä, Jaakko Kaprio and Miina Ollikainen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:83

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Some older people who find standard exercise programmes too strenuous may be encouraged to exercise while remaining seated - chair based exercises (CBE). We previously developed a consensus CBE programme (CCBE...

    Authors: K. R. Robinson, A. L. Long, P. Leighton, S. Armstrong, R. Pulikottill-Jacob, J. R. F. Gladman, A. L. Gordon, P. Logan, K. A. Anthony, R. H. Harwood, P. E. Blackshaw and T. Masud

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:82

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Few studies have simultaneously examined changes in physical, cognitive and emotional performance throughout the aging process.

    Authors: Haritz Arrieta, Chloe Rezola-Pardo, Iñaki Echeverria, Miren Iturburu, Susana Maria Gil, Jose Javier Yanguas, Jon Irazusta and Ana Rodriguez-Larrad

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:80

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  37. Content type: Research Article

    Despite the substantial number of older adults suffering from gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms little is known regarding the character of these complaints and whether they are associated with an altered intestin...

    Authors: John-Peter Ganda Mall, Lina Östlund-Lagerström, Carl Mårten Lindqvist, Samal Algilani, Dara Rasoal, Dirk Repsilber, Robert J. Brummer, Åsa V. Keita and Ida Schoultz

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:75

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Geriatric syndromes are rarely detected in family medicine. Within the AGE program (active geriatric evaluation), a brief assessment tool (BAT) designed for family physicians (FP) was developed and its diagnos...

    Authors: Yolanda K. Mueller, Stefanie Monod, Isabella Locatelli, Christophe Büla, Jacques Cornuz and Nicolas Senn

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:72

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  39. Content type: Research article

    To investigate the association between isolated and combined affective and cognitive impairments with functional outcomes and discharge destination in older patients admitted to rehabilitation after a hip frac...

    Authors: Laurence Seematter-Bagnoud, Sylvain Frascarolo and Christophe J. Büla

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:71

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  40. Content type: Research Article

    Sarcopenic Obesity (SO) is characterized by low lean and high fat mass; i.e. from a functional aspect a disproportion between engine (muscle) and mass to be moved (fat). At present, most research focuses on th...

    Authors: Wolfgang Kemmler, Matthias Kohl, Ellen Freiberger, Cornel Sieber and Simon von Stengel

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:70

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Previous studies have reported a relationship between masseter muscle thickness and tooth loss or limb muscle thickness. However, it is not yet known whether masseter muscle thickness is related to appendicula...

    Authors: Kohei Yamaguchi, Haruka Tohara, Koji Hara, Ayako Nakane, Eriko Kajisa, Kanako Yoshimi and Shunsuke Minakuchi

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:67

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Frailty is a multidimensional clinical geriatric syndrome that may be reversed in its early stages. Most studies have paid attention to its physical or phenotypic boundaries, however, little is known about the...

    Authors: Carmen de Labra, Ana Maseda, Laura Lorenzo-López, Rocío López-López, Ana Buján, José L. Rodríguez-Villamil and José Carlos Millán-Calenti

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:66

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  43. Content type: Research Article

    Patients with hip fracture frequently have sarcopenia and are at great risk of loss of mobility. We have investigated if sarcopenia predicts change in mobility after hip fracture.

    Authors: Ole Martin Steihaug, Clara Gram Gjesdal, Bård Bogen, Målfrid Holen Kristoffersen, Gunhild Lien, Karl Ove Hufthammer and Anette Hylen Ranhoff

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:65

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