Physical functioning, physical health and activity

Section edited by Ian Cameron

This section covers activities of daily living, frailty, fractures, falls, exercise, posture, gait, hip complications, complications with general bodily functions, e.g. gastroenterological, urological.

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  1. Research Article

    Positive and negative influences of social participation on physical and mental health among community-dwelling elderly aged 65–70 years: a cross-sectional study in Japan

    Although numerous investigations have indicated that social participation (SP) has positive effects on the health of older adults, there have been few studies on its negative health consequences. We examined t...

    Kimiko Tomioka, Norio Kurumatani and Hiroshi Hosoi

    BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:111

    Published on: 19 May 2017

  2. Research Article

    Physical activity among hospitalized older adults – an observational study

    Low level of physical activity is common among hospitalized older adults and is associated with worse prognosis. The aim of this paper is to describe the pattern and level of physical activity in a group of ho...

    Sigurd Evensen, Olav Sletvold, Stian Lydersen and Kristin Taraldsen

    BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:110

    Published on: 16 May 2017

  3. Research Article

    Absolute and relative accelerometer thresholds for determining the association between physical activity and metabolic syndrome in the older adults: The Generation-100 study

    When assessing population adherence to physical activity (PA) recommendation using accelerometers, absolute intensity threshold definition is applied despite having limited validity in those with low cardiores...

    Nina Zisko, Javaid Nauman, Silvana Bucher Sandbakk, Nils Petter Aspvik, Øyvind Salvesen, Trude Carlsen, Hallgeir Viken, Jan Erik Ingebrigtsen, Ulrik Wisløff and Dorthe Stensvold

    BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:109

    Published on: 16 May 2017

  4. Research Article

    The effects of low-repetition and light-load power training on bone mineral density in postmenopausal women with sarcopenia: a pilot study

    Age-related reduction in bone mineral density (BMD) is generally accelerated in women after menopause, and could be even more pronounced in individuals with sarcopenia. Light-load power training with a low num...

    Kanako Hamaguchi, Toshiyuki Kurihara, Masahiro Fujimoto, Motoyuki Iemitsu, Koji Sato, Takafumi Hamaoka and Kiyoshi Sanada

    BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:102

    Published on: 2 May 2017

  5. Research Article

    Physical inactivity and self-reported depression among middle- and older-aged population in South Asia: World health survey

    With the increase in the understanding of the influence of various lifestyle factors such as sedentary behaviour and level of physical activity (PA) on physical and mental health, there has been a growing rese...

    Ghose Bishwajit, Daniel Peter O’Leary, Sharmistha Ghosh, Sanni Yaya, Tang Shangfeng and Zhanchun Feng

    BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:100

    Published on: 28 April 2017

  6. Research Article

    Age and gender differences in the association between social participation and instrumental activities of daily living among community-dwelling elderly

    Although many studies have suggested social participation (SP) has beneficial effects on elderly people’s health, most of them failed to deal with paid work. Additionally, few studies have focused on the age e...

    Kimiko Tomioka, Norio Kurumatani and Hiroshi Hosoi

    BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:99

    Published on: 28 April 2017

  7. Research Article

    Interrater and test-retest reliability and validity of the Norwegian version of the BESTest and mini-BESTest in people with increased risk of falling

    The Balance Evaluation Systems Test (BESTest) was developed to assess underlying systems for balance control in order to be able to individually tailor rehabilitation interventions to people with balance disor...

    Charlotta Hamre, Pernille Botolfsen, Gro Gujord Tangen and Jorunn L. Helbostad

    BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:92

    Published on: 20 April 2017

  8. Study protocol

    Protocol for the home hazards removal program (HARP) study: a pragmatic, randomized clinical trial and implementation study

    Falls remain the leading cause of injury, long-term disability, premature institutionalization, and injury-related mortality in the older adult population. Home modifications, when delivered by occupational th...

    Susan Stark, Emily Somerville, Marian Keglovits, Jane Conte, Melody Li, Yi-Ling Hu and Yan Yan

    BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:90

    Published on: 20 April 2017

  9. Research Article

    Dancing in time: feasibility and acceptability of a contemporary dance programme to modify risk factors for falling in community dwelling older adults

    Falls are a common cause of injury in older adults, with the prevention of falls being a priority for public health departments around the world. This study investigated the feasibility, and impact of an 8 wee...

    Laura Britten, Christine Addington and Sarah Astill

    BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:83

    Published on: 11 April 2017

  10. Research Article

    Neighborhood walkability, physical activity, and walking for transportation: A cross-sectional study of older adults living on low income

    Walking, and in particular, outdoor walking, is the most common form of physical activity for older adults. To date, no study investigated the association between the neighborhood built environment and physica...

    Anna M. Chudyk, Heather A. McKay, Meghan Winters, Joanie Sims-Gould and Maureen C. Ashe

    BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:82

    Published on: 10 April 2017

  11. Research Article

    Exergames versus self-regulated exercises with instruction leaflets to improve adherence during geriatric rehabilitation: a randomized controlled trial

    Improving mobility in elderly persons is a primary goal in geriatric rehabilitation. Self-regulated exercises with instruction leaflets are used to increase training volume but adherence is often low. Exergame...

    Peter Oesch, Jan Kool, Luis Fernandez-Luque, Ellen Brox, Gunn Evertsen, Anton Civit, Roger Hilfiker and Stefan Bachmann

    BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:77

    Published on: 23 March 2017

  12. Study protocol

    A multi-component cognitive behavioural intervention for the treatment of fear of falling after hip fracture (FIT-HIP): protocol of a randomised controlled trial

    Hip fracture is a common injury in the geriatric population. Despite surgical repair and subsequent rehabilitation programmes, functional recovery is often limited, particularly in individuals with multi-morbi...

    Maaike N. Scheffers-Barnhoorn, Jolanda C. M. van Haastregt, Jos M. G. A. Schols, Gertrudis I. J. M. Kempen, Romke van Balen, Jan H. M. Visschedijk, Wilbert B. van den Hout, Eve M. Dumas, Wilco P. Achterberg and Monica van Eijk

    BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:71

    Published on: 20 March 2017

  13. Research Article

    Is independence of older adults safe considering the risk of falls?

    Falls affect approx. 30% of elderly population per year. They cause major injuries and reduce independence of the older adults’ functioning.

    Dorota Talarska, Magdalena Strugała, Marlena Szewczyczak, Sławomir Tobis, Michał Michalak, Izabela Wróblewska and Katarzyna Wieczorowska – Tobis

    BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:66

    Published on: 14 March 2017

  14. Study protocol

    Effectiveness of a multicomponent exercise program in the attenuation of frailty in long-term nursing home residents: study protocol for a randomized clinical controlled trial

    There is increasing evidence suggesting that cognition and physical frailty interact within a cycle of decline associated with aging which has been called cognitive frailty. Exercise programs have demonstrated...

    Ana Rodriguez-Larrad, Haritz Arrieta, Chloe Rezola, Maider Kortajarena, Jose Javier Yanguas, Miren Iturburu, María Gil Susana and Jon Irazusta

    BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:60

    Published on: 23 February 2017

  15. Research Article

    Gender perspectives on views and preferences of older people on exercise to prevent falls: a systematic mixed studies review

    To offer fall prevention exercise programs that attract older people of both sexes there is a need to understand both women’s and men’s views and preferences regarding these programs. This paper aims to system...

    Marlene Sandlund, Dawn A. Skelton, Petra Pohl, Christina Ahlgren, Anita Melander-Wikman and Lillemor Lundin-Olsson

    BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:58

    Published on: 17 February 2017

  16. Study protocol

    Tailored multifactorial intervention to improve dizziness symptoms and quality of life, balance and gait in dizziness sufferers aged over 50 years: protocol for a randomised controlled trial

    Dizziness is a frequently reported symptom in older people that can markedly impair quality of life. This manuscript presents the protocol for a randomised controlled trial, which has the main objective of det...

    Jasmine C. Menant, Americo A. Migliaccio, Cameron Hicks, Joanne Lo, Daniela Meinrath, Mayna Ratanapongleka, Jessica Turner, Daina L. Sturnieks, Kim Delbaere, Nickolai Titov, Catherine McVeigh, Jacqueline C. T. Close and Stephen R. Lord

    BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:56

    Published on: 15 February 2017

  17. Research Article

    Disability in long-term care residents explained by prevalent geriatric syndromes, not long-term care home characteristics: a cross-sectional study

    Self-care disability is dependence on others to conduct activities of daily living, such as bathing, eating and dressing. Among long-term care residents, self-care disability lowers quality of life and increas...

    Natasha E. Lane, Walter P. Wodchis, Cynthia M. Boyd and Thérèse A. Stukel

    BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:49

    Published on: 10 February 2017

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