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Physical functioning, physical health and activity

Section edited by Ian Cameron

This section covers activities of daily living, frailty, fractures, falls, exercise, posture, gait, hip complications, complications with general bodily functions, e.g. gastroenterological, urological.

Page 1 of 9

  1. Content type: Research article

    Older adults with bacterial skin infections may present with atypical symptoms, making diagnosis difficult. There is limited authoritative guidance on how older adults in the community present with bacterial s...

    Authors: Oghenekome A. Gbinigie, José M. Ordóñez-Mena, Thomas Fanshawe, Annette Plüddemann and Carl J. Heneghan

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:45

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Exercise is effective in order to prevent falls in community-dwelling older people. Self-management programs have the potential to increase access and reduce costs related to exercise-based fall prevention. Ho...

    Authors: Beatrice Pettersson, Maria Wiklund, Rebecka Janols, Helena Lindgren, Lillemor Lundin-Olsson, Dawn A. Skelton and Marlene Sandlund

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:43

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  3. Content type: Research Article

    Frailty detection and remote monitoring are of major importance for slowing down, and/or even stopping the frailty process in home-dwelling older people. Taking the Fried’s criteria as a reference, this work a...

    Authors: Aly Chkeir, Jean-Luc Novella, Moustapha Dramé, Delphine Bera, Michèle Collart and Jacques Duchêne

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:34

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Non-specific symptoms, such as confusion, are often suspected to be caused by urinary tract infection (UTI) and continues to be the most common reason for suspecting a UTI despite many other potential causes. ...

    Authors: Sean Mayne, Alexander Bowden, Pär-Daniel Sundvall and Ronny Gunnarsson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:32

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Regular loading of tendons may counteract the negative effects of aging. However, the influence of strength training loading magnitude on tendon mechanical properties and its relation to matrix collagen conten...

    Authors: Christian S. Eriksen, Rene B. Svensson, Anne T. Gylling, Christian Couppé, S. Peter Magnusson and Michael Kjaer

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:30

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Reablement is an emerging approach in rehabilitation services, but evidence for its efficacy is rather weak and inconsistent. The purpose of the present study is therefore to investigate the health effects of ...

    Authors: E. Langeland, H. Tuntland, B. Folkestad, O. Førland, F. F. Jacobsen and I. Kjeken

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:29

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Sedentary behaviour is related to poorer health independently of time spent in moderate to vigorous physical activity. The aim of this study was to investigate whether wellbeing or symptoms of anxiety or depre...

    Authors: Judith A. Okely, Iva Čukić, Richard J. Shaw, Sebastien F. Chastin, Philippa M. Dall, Ian J. Deary, Geoff Der, Manon L. Dontje, Dawn A. Skelton and Catharine R. Gale

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:28

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Poor eye–hand coordination is associated with the symptoms of the early stage of cognitive decline. However, previous research on the eye–hand coordination of older adults without cognitive impairment is scant...

    Authors: Pi-Tuan Chan, Wen-Chi Chang, Huei-Ling Chiu, Ching-Chiu Kao, Doresses Liu, Hsin Chu and Kuei-Ru Chou

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:27

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  9. Content type: Study protocol

    Physical activity may reverse frailty in the elderly, but we encounter barriers to the implementation of exercise programs in this population. Our main aim is to evaluate the effect of a multicomponent physica...

    Authors: M. V. Castell, A. Gutiérrez-Misis, M. Sánchez-Martínez, M. A. Prieto, B. Moreno, S. Nuñez, R. Triano, M. P. de Antonio, C. Mateo, M. D. Cano, A. Garrido, R. Julian, E. Polentinos, R. Rodriguez-Barrientos and A. Otero Puime

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:25

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Mobility is a key indicator of physical functioning in older people, but there is limited evidence of the reliability of mobility measures in older people with cognitive impairment. This study aimed to examine...

    Authors: Tobias Braun, Christian Thiel, Ralf-Joachim Schulz and Christian Grüneberg

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:20

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  11. Content type: Study protocol

    The increasing use of smartphones by older adults also increases their potential for improving different aspects of health in this population. Some studies have shown promising results in the improvement of co...

    Authors: José I. Recio-Rodríguez, Cristina Lugones-Sanchez, Cristina Agudo-Conde, Jesús González-Sánchez, Olaya Tamayo-Morales, Susana Gonzalez-Sanchez, Carmen Fernandez-Alonso, Jose A. Maderuelo-Fernandez, Sara Mora-Simon, Manuel A. Gómez-Marcos, Emiliano Rodriguez-Sanchez and Luis Garcia-Ortiz

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:19

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  12. Content type: Study protocol

    Fall prevention interventions with home-based exercise programmes are effective to reduce the number and the rate of falls, by reducing risk factors. They improve balance, strength, function, physical activity...

    Authors: Anne-Gabrielle Mittaz Hager, Nicolas Mathieu, Constanze Lenoble-Hoskovec, Jaap Swanenburg, Rob de Bie and Roger Hilfiker

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:13

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  13. Content type: Study protocol

    Physical activity (PA) has health benefits for people with type 2 diabetes (T2D). Indeed, regular PA is considered an important part of any T2D management plan, yet most patients adopt a sedentary lifestyle.

    Authors: Francesco Lucertini, Carlo Ferri Marini, Davide Sisti, Vilberto Stocchi, Ario Federici, Franco Gregorio, Donata Piangerelli, Carlos Chiatti, Antonio Cherubini, Massimo Boemi, Fabio Romagnoli, Michela Cucchi, Federica D’Angelo, Maria Paola Luconi and Anna Rita Bonfigli

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:11

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Many balance and strength tests exist that have been designed for older seniors, often aged ≥70 years. To guide strategies for preventing functional decline, valid and reliable tests are needed to detect early...

    Authors: Ronny Bergquist, Michaela Weber, Michael Schwenk, Synnøve Ulseth, Jorunn L. Helbostad, Beatrix Vereijken and Kristin Taraldsen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:9

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  15. Content type: Study protocol

    The purpose of the Aging-ONDUAL-TASK study is to determine if a supervised dual-task program carried out in long-term nursing homes is able to attenuate frailty in a greater extent than the same multicomponent ex...

    Authors: Chloe Rezola-Pardo, Haritz Arrieta, Susana Maria Gil, Jose Javier Yanguas, Miren Iturburu, Jon Irazusta, Begoña Sanz and Ana Rodriguez-Larrad

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:6

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  16. Content type: Study protocol

    Active aging has been established as a policy goal for aging societies. We define active aging at the individual level as striving for elements of well-being through activities in relation to a person’s goals,...

    Authors: Taina Rantanen, Katja Pynnönen, Milla Saajanaho, Sini Siltanen, Laura Karavirta, Katja Kokko, Anu Karvonen, Markku Kauppinen, Timo Rantalainen, Merja Rantakokko, Erja Portegijs and Mary Hassandra

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:5

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  17. Content type: Study protocol

    Accidental falls, especially for the elderly, are a major health issue. Balance disorders are one of their main causes. Vestibular rehabilitation (VR) has proven to be useful in improving balance of elderly pa...

    Authors: Andrés Soto-Varela, Pilar Gayoso-Diz, Ana Faraldo-García, Marcos Rossi-Izquierdo, Isabel Vaamonde-Sánchez-Andrade, María del-Río-Valeiras, Antonio Lirola-Delgado and Sofía Santos-Pérez

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:1

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Frailty in older adults is a condition characterised by a loss or reduction in physiological reserve resulting in increased clinical vulnerability. However, evidence suggests that frailty may be modifiable, and i...

    Authors: Rosie Burn, Ruth E. Hubbard, Richard J. Scrase, Rebecca K. Abey-Nesbit, Nancye M. Peel, Philip J. Schluter and Hamish A. Jamieson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:319

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Frailty represents a public health priority and an increasingly prevalent condition in the ageing population. It is seen as reflecting an interaction among individual factors and a range of environmental eleme...

    Authors: Bo Ye, Junling Gao and Hua Fu

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:314

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  20. Content type: Research article

    The pathophysiological mechanism of sarcopenia in the elderly has not yet been fully understood. Here, we aim to explore the relationship between sarcopenia and the inflammatory cytokine interleukin-6 (IL-6), ...

    Authors: Yu-Dong Rong, Ai-Lin Bian, Hui-Ying Hu, Yue Ma and Xin-Zi Zhou

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:308

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Visually impaired older people (VIOP) have a higher risk of falling than their sighted peers, and are likely to avoid physical activity. The aim was to adapt the existing Falls Management Exercise (FaME) progr...

    Authors: Nicola Adams, Dawn A. Skelton, Denise Howel, Cathy Bailey, Rosy Lampitt, Tony Fouweather, Joanne Gray, Dorothy Coe, Jennifer Wilkinson, Sheena Gawler, Lex D. de Jong, Heather Waterman, Vincent Deary, Michael Clarke and Steve W Parry

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:307

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  22. Content type: Research article

    The loss of mobility during aging impacts independence and leads to further disability, morbidity, and reduced life expectancy. Our objective was to examine the feasibility and safety of conducting a randomize...

    Authors: Erik J. Groessl, Meghan Maiya, Laura Schmalzl, David Wing and Dilip V. Jeste

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:306

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Sedentariness may be an important risk factor for sarcopenia. The aim of this work was to assess the association between muscle mass and strength and markers of usual physical activity such as activity energy ...

    Authors: Daniel Bunout, Gladys Barrera, Sandra Hirsch, Teresa Jimenez and María Pia de la Maza

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:298

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  24. Content type: Research article

    The Golden Ratio (GR) and the Fibonacci sequence have wide applications in biodiversity research, and recent studies indicate that the GR can be highlighted in the organization and physiological functioning of...

    Authors: Elena Ioana Iconaru, Manuela Mihaela Ciucurel, Luminita Georgescu and Constantin Ciucurel

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:296

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Evidence of the harmful health effects of sedentary behavior is emerging; however, little is known about domain-specific sedentary behavior correlates. Thus, in this study, the personal and behavioral correlat...

    Authors: Shao-Hsi Chang, Ming-Chun Hsueh and Yung Liao

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:294

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  26. Content type: Research article

    To counteract decline in physical performance and physical activity in older patients during hospitalization, multiple physical interventions were developed. However, it is unknown whether these are effective ...

    Authors: Kira Scheerman, Kirsten Raaijmakers, René Hubert Joseph Otten, Carel Gerardus Maria Meskers and Andrea Britta Maier

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:288

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and absence of depressive symptoms are of great importance for older people, which may be achieved through lifestyle interventions, e.g., exercise and nutrition intervent...

    Authors: Åsa von Berens, Roger A. Fielding, Thomas Gustafsson, Dylan Kirn, Jonathan Laussen, Margaretha Nydahl, Kieran Reid, Thomas G. Travison, Hao Zhu, Tommy Cederholm and Afsaneh Koochek

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:286

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Peripheral sensory loss is considered one of many risk factors for gait impairments and falls in older adults, yet no prospective studies have examined changes in touch sensation in the foot over time and thei...

    Authors: Lewis A. Lipsitz, Brad Manor, Daniel Habtemariam, Ikechukwu Iloputaife, Junhong Zhou and Thomas G. Travison

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:274

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  29. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of the study was to explore the single and combined contributions of body mass index (BMI) and lower extremity performance as modifiable physical factors, and the influence of use of a private car ...

    Authors: Taishi Tsuji, Merja Rantakokko, Erja Portegijs, Anne Viljanen and Taina Rantanen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:271

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  30. Content type: Research article

    The complex physiology underpinning the frailty syndrome is responsible for the absence of robust biomarkers that can be used for screening, diagnostic and/or prognostic purposes and has made clinical implemen...

    Authors: Carla M. C. Nascimento, Marisa S. Zazzetta, Grace A. O. Gomes, Fabiana S. Orlandi, Karina Gramani-Say, Fernando A. Vasilceac, Aline C. M. Gratão, Sofia C. I. Pavarini and Marcia R. Cominetti

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:268

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  31. Content type: Study protocol

    The Lifestyle-Integrated Functional Exercise (LiFE) program is effective in improving strength, balance, and physical activity (PA) while simultaneously reducing falls in older people by incorporating exercise...

    Authors: Carl-Philipp Jansen, Corinna Nerz, Franziska Kramer, Sarah Labudek, Jochen Klenk, Judith Dams, Hans-Helmut König, Lindy Clemson, Clemens Becker and Michael Schwenk

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:267

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Although frailty and cognitive impairment are critical risk factors for disability and mortality in the general population of older inhabitants, the prevalence and incidence of these factors in individuals tre...

    Authors: Yoshiaki Tamura, Joji Ishikawa, Yoshinori Fujiwara, Masashi Tanaka, Nobuo Kanazawa, Yuko Chiba, Ai Iizuka, Sho Kaito, Jun Tanaka, Masamitsu Sugie, Takashi Nishimura, Akiko Kanemaru, Keigo Shimoji, Hirohiko Hirano, Ko Furuta, Akihiko Kitamura…

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:264

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  33. Content type: Study protocol

    Falls are a public health issue for the older adult population and more so for people with dementia (PWD). Compared with their cognitively intact peers, PWD are at higher risk of falls and injurious falls. Thi...

    Authors: Samuel R. Nyman, Christopher Hayward, Wendy Ingram, Peter Thomas, Sarah Thomas, Michael Vassallo, James Raftery, Helen Allen and Yolanda Barrado-Martín

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:263

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Older adults dialysis patients represent the frailest subgroup of the End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) population and physical exercise program may mitigate the age-related decline in muscle mass and function.

    Authors: Rossella Baggetta, Graziella D’Arrigo, Claudia Torino, Samar Abd ElHafeez, Fabio Manfredini, Francesca Mallamaci, Carmine Zoccali and Giovanni Tripepi

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:248

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  35. Content type: Research Article

    Few objective tests can be performed at admission for kidney transplantation [KT] to discern risk of increased length of stay [LOS], which is important for patient counseling and is associated with increased c...

    Authors: Anthony J. Nastasi, Tyler S. Bryant, Jimmy T. Le, Jennifer Schrack, Hao Ying, Christine E. Haugen, Marlís González Fernández, Dorry L. Segev and Mara A. McAdams-DeMarco

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:246

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) were reported to have quadriceps weakness, and impaired proprioception, both related to pain and swelling. It is unclear whether pain alone a causal factor to above findi...

    Authors: Dokyung Kim, Geon Park, Liang-Tseng Kuo and Wonhah Park

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:245

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Whole body vibration was an effective training for improving muscle performance. The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of 12-week whole-body vibration training program on voluntary activation of...

    Authors: Ning Wei and Gabriel Y. F. Ng

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:240

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  38. Content type: Study protocol

    Health concerns, such as frailty and osteoporotic fractures decrease functional capacity and increase use of health and social care services in the aging population. The ability to continue living at home is d...

    Authors: Paula Soukkio, Sara Suikkanen, Sanna Kääriä, Hannu Kautiainen, Sarianna Sipilä, Katriina Kukkonen-Harjula and Markku Hupli

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:232

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Stair ascent is one of the most important and challenging activities of daily living to maintain mobility and independence in elderly adults. Recently, various types of wearable walking assist robots have been...

    Authors: Dong-Seok Kim, Hwang-Jae Lee, Su-Hyun Lee, Won Hyuk Chang, Junwon Jang, Byung-Ok Choi, Gyu-Ha Ryu and Yun-Hee Kim

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:230

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  40. Content type: Research article

    The association between handgrip strength combined with body mass index (BMI) and cognitive impairment has not been thoroughly examined. We aimed to investigate whether the relationship between handgrip streng...

    Authors: Su-min Jeong, Seulggie Choi, Kyuwoong Kim, Sung Min Kim, Sujin Kim and Sang Min Park

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:225

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Existing studies in developed countries show that social participation has beneficial effects on the functional ability of older adults, but research on Chinese older people is limited. This study examined the...

    Authors: Min Gao, Zhihong Sa, Yanyu Li, Weijun Zhang, Donghua Tian, Shengfa Zhang and Linni Gu

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:224

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  42. Content type: Research article

    The relevance of femoral neck fractures (FNFs) increases with the ageing of numerous societies, injury-related decline is observed in many patients. Treatment strategies have evolved towards primary joint repl...

    Authors: Franziska Saxer, Patrick Studer, Marcel Jakob, Norbert Suhm, Rachel Rosenthal, Salome Dell-Kuster, Werner Vach and Nicolas Bless

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:222

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  43. Content type: Study protocol

    Safe and stable walking is a complex process involving the interaction of neuromuscular, sensory and cognitive functions. As physical and cognitive functions deteriorate with ageing, training of both functions...

    Authors: Sarianna Sipilä, Anna Tirkkonen, Tuomo Hänninen, Pia Laukkanen, Markku Alen, Roger A. Fielding, Miia Kivipelto, Katja Kokko, Jenni Kulmala, Taina Rantanen, Sanna E. Sihvonen, Elina Sillanpää, Anna Stigsdotter-Neely and Timo Törmäkangas

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:215

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Identifying and treating people in a pre-frail state may be an effective way to prevent or delay frailty and preserve their functional capacity. This study aimed to assess the efficacy of, and compliance with,...

    Authors: Prasun Chatterjee, Prakash Kumar, Ramesh Kandel, Ruchika Madan, Meenakshi Tyagi, Deepa Anil Kumar, Maroof Ahmad Khan, Gaurav Desai, Preeti Chaudhary, Shyama Gupta, Kanika Grover and Aparajit Ballav Dey

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:212

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Making older adults exercise and keeping them in exercise programs is a major challenge. Understanding how older adults prefer to exercise may help developing tailored exercise programs and increase sustained ...

    Authors: Line Skarsem Reitlo, Silvana Bucher Sandbakk, Hallgeir Viken, Nils Petter Aspvik, Jan Erik Ingebrigtsen, Xiangchun Tan, Ulrik Wisløff and Dorthe Stensvold

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:208

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