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Physical functioning, physical health and activity

Section edited by Ian Cameron

This section covers activities of daily living, frailty, fractures, falls, exercise, posture, gait, hip complications, complications with general bodily functions, e.g. gastroenterological, urological.

Page 1 of 9

  1. Content type: Research article

    The three geriatric conditions, depression, dementia and delirium (3D’s), are common among hospitalized older patients and often lead to impairments of activities of daily living. The aim of this study is to e...

    Authors: Ching-Fu Weng, Kun-Pei Lin, Feng-Ping Lu, Jen-Hau Chen, Chiung-Jung Wen, Jui-Hua Peng, Ailun Heather Tseng and Ding-Cheng Chan

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:261

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  2. Content type: Research article

    We previously developed Pisando Fuerte (PF), a linguistically and culturally appropriate version of “Stepping On”, an evidence-based fall prevention program building on self-efficacy and adult learning principles...

    Authors: Maria Mora Pinzon, Shannon Myers, Elizabeth A. Jacobs, Sherri Ohly, Militza Bonet-Vázquez, Marcia Villa, Al Castro and Jane Mahoney

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:258

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Regular physical activity (PA) has many health benefits but declines with age. Community multi-activity groups offering volunteer-led socially-oriented activity programs could provide an opportunity for older ...

    Authors: Gabrielle Lindsay-Smith, Rochelle Eime, Grant O’Sullivan, Jack Harvey and Jannique G. Z. van Uffelen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:243

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Postprandial hypotension (PPH) occurs frequently in the elderly and patients with type 2 diabetes, and lacks a satisfactory treatment. Gastric distension and the α-glucosidase inhibitor, acarbose, may attenuat...

    Authors: Hung Pham, Laurence Trahair, Liza Phillips, Christopher Rayner, Michael Horowitz and Karen Jones

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:241

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  5. Content type: Research article

    There is inconclusive evidence for the effectiveness of additional exercise in older hospital patients. The aims of this study were (1) to assess the feasibility of an augmented prescribed exercise program (AP...

    Authors: Tobias Braun, Christian Grüneberg, Kirsten Süßmilch, Max Wiessmeier, Isabel Schwenk, Sarah Eggert, Annika Machleit-Ebner, Irene Harras and Christian Thiel

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:240

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  6. Content type: Research article

    To investigate whether a simplified and personalized Tai-Chi program could be beneficial for practitioners. A prospective quasi-experimental observer-blinded controlled trial was done in Beitou District of Tai...

    Authors: I-Wen Penn, Wen-Hsu Sung, Chien-Hui Lin, Eric Chuang, Tien-Yow Chuang and Pei-Hsin Lin

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:235

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Chronic inflammation is considered to affect physical performance, muscle strength and muscle mass, i.e. measures of sarcopenia. We need to identify a marker of inflammation that is univocally associated with ...

    Authors: Vera A. van Atteveld, Jeanine M. Van Ancum, Esmee M. Reijnierse, Marijke C. Trappenburg, Carel G. M. Meskers and Andrea B. Maier

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:233

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  8. Content type: Research article

    People with dementia (PWDs) and their informal caregivers frequently report difficulties in maintaining their usual activities. We had previously developed a set of indicators to estimate whether dyadic, activ...

    Authors: Netta Van’t Leven, Jacomine de Lange, Johanna Groenewoud, Eva van der Ploeg and Anne Margriet Pot

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:230

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  9. Content type: Study protocol

    Treatment of the older diabetic individual comprises a therapeutic challenge. Currently little scientific evidence exists depicting the best approach to type 2 diabetes treatment in this growing sub-population...

    Authors: Assaf Buch, Roy Eldor, Ofer Kis, Lital Keinan-Boker, Ayelet Dunsky, Amir Rubin, Adar Lopez, Yael Sofer, Etty Osher, Yonit Marcus and Naftali Stern

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:228

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Virtual reality (VR) has several applications in the medical domain and also generates a secure environment to carry out activities. Evaluation of the effectiveness of VR among older populations revealed posit...

    Authors: Shabbir Syed-Abdul, Shwetambara Malwade, Aldilas Achmad Nursetyo, Mishika Sood, Madhu Bhatia, Diana Barsasella, Megan F. Liu, Chia-Chi Chang, Kathiravan Srinivasan, Raja M. and Yu-Chuan Jack Li

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:223

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Frailty is common and associated with poorer outcomes in the elderly, but its prognostic value in acute coronary syndromes (ACS) requires clarification. We thus undertook a systematic review and meta-analysis ...

    Authors: Qingyu Dou, Wen Wang, Hui Wang, Yao Ma, Shan Hai, Xiufang Lin, Ying Liu, Xinjun Zhang, Jinhui Wu and Birong Dong

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:222

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  12. Content type: Research article

    The management of hip fractures is nowadays mainly performed in Orthogeriatric Units, one of whose fundamental tools is the application of geriatric scores. The purpose of this study is to establish the potent...

    Authors: Carmen da Casa, Carmen Pablos-Hernández, Alfonso González-Ramírez, José Miguel Julián-Enriquez and Juan F. Blanco

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:205

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Effective fall prevention exercise for community-dwelling older adults requires (i) challenging balance exercise, (ii) offered at least 3 hrs/ week, and (iii) on an ongoing basis, to reduce falls. Community ex...

    Authors: Kathryn M. Sibley, Alexie J. Touchette, Jonathan C. Singer, Kathleen M. A. Dubberley and Alison R. Oates

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:201

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Multimorbidity is associated with greater likelihood of disability, health-related quality of life, and mortality, greater than the risk attributable to individual diseases. The objective of this study is to e...

    Authors: Paige E. Sheridan, Christine A. Mair and Ana R. Quiñones

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:198

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Injurious falls among older adults are both common and costly. The prevalence of falls is known to increase with age and with use of fall-risk drugs/potentially inappropriate medications (FRD/PIM). Little is k...

    Authors: Nicole K. Early, Kathleen A. Fairman, Jacqueline M. Hagarty and David A. Sclar

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:194

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  16. Content type: Research article

    The value of biomarkers for diagnosing bacterial infections in older outpatients is uncertain and limited official guidance exists for clinicians in this area. The aim of this review is to critically appraise ...

    Authors: Oghenekome A. Gbinigie, Igho J. Onakpoya, Georgia C. Richards, Elizabeth A. Spencer, Constantinos Koshiaris, Niklas Bobrovitz and Carl J. Heneghan

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:190

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Selecting appropriate outcome measures for vulnerable, multimorbid, older patients with acute and chronic impairments poses specific challenges, which may have caused inconsistent findings of previous interven...

    Authors: Patrick Heldmann, Christian Werner, Nacera Belala, Jürgen M. Bauer and Klaus Hauer

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:189

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  18. Content type: Study protocol

    Evidence supports the fact that multicomponent exercise and HMB supplementation are, separately, effective in improving older adult’s health and palliate functional metabolic diseases in older people. However,...

    Authors: Javier Courel-Ibáñez and JG Pallarés

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:188

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  19. Content type: Research article

    The gait speed and handgrip strength represented the core determinants of physical frailty and sarcopenia, which were reported to be associated with cognitive impairment and decline. Different physical measure...

    Authors: Ming-Yueh Chou, Yukiko Nishita, Takeshi Nakagawa, Chikako Tange, Makiko Tomida, Hiroshi Shimokata, Rei Otsuka, Liang-Kung Chen and Hidenori Arai

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:186

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Hip fracture causes moderate to severe pain and while fascia iliaca block has been reported to provide analgesic benefit, most previous trials were unblinded, with subsequent high risks of performance, selecti...

    Authors: Mathieu Pasquier, Patrick Taffé, Olivier Hugli, Olivier Borens, Kyle Robert Kirkham and Eric Albrecht

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:180

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Identifying those people at increased risk of early functional decline in activities of daily living (ADL) is essential for initiating preventive interventions. The aim of this study is to develop and validate...

    Authors: Nini H. Jonkman, Marco Colpo, Jochen Klenk, Chris Todd, Trynke Hoekstra, Vieri Del Panta, Kilian Rapp, Natasja M. van Schoor, Stefania Bandinelli, Martijn W. Heymans, Dominique Mauger, Luca Cattelani, Michael D. Denkinger, Dietrich Rothenbacher, Jorunn L. Helbostad, Beatrix Vereijken…

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:179

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  22. Content type: Research article

    The prevalence of visual impairment and of impaired functional reading ability rapidly increase with age. However, functional reading ability is essential for an autonomous lifestyle. We analyzed the prevalenc...

    Authors: Franziska Radicke, Thea Schwaneberg, Claudia Meinke-Franze, Clemens Jürgens, Hans Jörgen Grabe, Wolfgang Hoffmann, Frank Tost and Neeltje van den Berg

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:176

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Drug Burden Index (DBI), a measure of exposure to medications with anticholinergic and sedative activity, has been associated with poorer physical function in older adults in the general population. While exte...

    Authors: Juliette O’Connell, Martin C. Henman, Éilish Burke, Clare Donegan, Philip McCallion, Mary McCarron and Máire O’Dwyer

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:173

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  24. Content type: Study protocol

    Short-term and mid-term comparison of the efficacy of a multimodal program that incorporates a therapeutic workout program, medication review, diet adjustment and health education, in comparison to the standar...

    Authors: Manuel González-Sánchez, Antonio Ignacio Cuesta-Vargas, María del Mar Rodríguez González, Elvira Díaz Caro, Germán Ortega Núñez, Alejandro Galán-Mercant and Juan José Bedoya Belmonte

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:171

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Preserved functions of daily life and cognition are cornerstones of independent aging, which is crucial for maintaining a high quality of life. The aim of this study was to examine the impact of sarcopenia, an...

    Authors: Kristin Franzon, Björn Zethelius, Tommy Cederholm and Lena Kilander

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:153

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Vitamin D deficiency is common among older adults and has been linked to muscle weakness. Vitamin D supplementation has been proposed as a strategy to improve muscle function in older adults. The aim of this s...

    Authors: Roland W. J. Hangelbroek, Anouk M. M. Vaes, Mark V. Boekschoten, Lex B. Verdijk, Guido J. E. J. Hooiveld, Luc J. C. van Loon, Lisette C. P. G. M. de Groot and Sander Kersten

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:151

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Middle and older years are associated with age related health deficits but how early this begins and progresses is poorly understood. Better understanding is needed to address early decline and support healthi...

    Authors: Susan Gordon, Michael Kidd, Anthony Maeder, Nicky Baker, Tania Marin and Karen Grimmer

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:148

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Frailty has been generally been associated with adverse events in older patients under surgery. Frailty phenotype is the most widely used instrument in the research literature. However the effect of the frailt...

    Authors: Binru Han, Qiuping Li and Xi Chen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:141

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  29. Content type: Study protocol

    A hip or pelvic fracture is a major fall-related injury which often causes a decline in mobility performance and physical activity. Over 40% of patients with hip fracture have cognitive impairment or dementia ...

    Authors: Anja Dautel, Tobias Eckert, Michaela Gross, Klaus Hauer, Martina Schäufele, André Lacroix, Ingrid Hendlmeier, Bastian Abel, Rebekka Pomiersky, Julia Gugenhan, Gisela Büchele, Katrin C. Reber, Clemens Becker and Klaus Pfeiffer

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:125

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Sarcopenia is the age-related loss of muscle mass and function, which increases fall risks in older persons. Hyperglycemia relating to Type-2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) is postulated to aggravate sarcopenia. Thi...

    Authors: Foon Yin Fung, Yi Ling Eileen Koh, Rahul Malhotra, Truls Ostbye, Ping Yein Lee, Sazlina Shariff Ghazali and Ngiap Chuan Tan

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:122

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  31. Content type: Research article

    New technologies such as mobile/smartphones have the potential to help senior people perform everyday activities. However, senior people may find it difficult using mobile/smartphones, especially the digital c...

    Authors: Vedrana Baric, Maria Andreassen, Annika Öhman and Helena Hemmingsson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:116

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Due to its bone preserving philosophy, short-stem total hip arthroplasty (THA) has primarily been recommended for young and active patients. However, there may be benefits for elderly patients given a less inv...

    Authors: Georgios Gkagkalis, Patrick Goetti, Sabine Mai, Ingmar Meinecke, Näder Helmy, Dominique Bosson and Karl Philipp Kutzner

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:112

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Decreased physical function is known to raise mortality risk. Little is known about how different physical function measures compare in predicting mortality risk in older men and women. The objective of this s...

    Authors: Elisabeth M. W. Eekhoff, Natasja M. van Schoor, Joseph S. Biedermann, Mirjam M. Oosterwerff, Renate de Jongh, Nathalie Bravenboer, Mireille N. M. van Poppel and Dorly J. H. Deeg

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:92

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Detection of high-risk individuals for fractures are needed. This study assessed whether level of physical activity (PA) and a musculoskeletal composite score could be used as fracture predictive tools, and if...

    Authors: Felix Cronholm, Björn E. Rosengren, Jan-Åke Nilsson, Claes Ohlsson, Dan Mellström, Eva Ribom and Magnus K. Karlsson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:90

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  35. Content type: Research article

    The study objectives were to identify the main predictive factors for long hospital stays and to propose new and improved methods of risk assessment.

    Authors: Milene Silva Ferreira, Fabio Gazelato de Melo Franco, Patrícia Silveira Rodrigues, Vanessa Maria da Silva de Poli Correa, Sonia Teresa Gaidzakian Akopian, Gabriel Grizzo Cucato, Raphael Mendes Ritti Dias, Maysa Seabra Cendoroglo, Carolina Nunes França and José Antonio Maluf de Carvalho

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:89

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  36. Content type: Study protocol

    Due to the increase in elderly patients who undergo major abdominal surgery there is a subsequent increase in postoperative complications, prolonged hospital stays, health-care costs and mortality rates. Delir...

    Authors: Ties L. Janssen, Christina A. Mosk, Chantal C. H. A. van Hoof-de Lepper, Daphne Wielders, Tom C. J. Seerden, Ewout W. Steyerberg, Adriaan J. van Gammeren, Dominique C. de Lange, René van Alphen, Martine van der Zee, René M. de Bruijn, Jolanda de Vries, Jan H. Wijsman, Gwan H. Ho, Paul D. Gobardhan and Lijckle van der Laan

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:87

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  37. Content type: Study protocol

    Dozens of scales and questionnaires have been used in the detection of frailty; however, a generalized method for its screening and diagnosis is still lacking in clinical settings. FRAILTOOLS´ main objective i...

    Authors: Marta Checa-López, Myriam Oviedo-Briones, Armando Pardo-Gómez, Jimmy Gonzales-Turín, Tania Guevara-Guevara, José Antonio Carnicero, Shirley Alamo-Ascencio, Francesco Landi, Matteo Cesari, Tomasz Grodzicki and Leocadio Rodriguez-Mañas

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:86

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Abnormalities in the feet and toenails are common among the elderly and may increase the risk of falls. This study aimed to investigate the changes in toe-gap force, knee-gap force, foot pressure distribution,...

    Authors: Tomoko Yamashita, Kazuhiko Yamashita, Chugo Rinoie, Yoshimasa Takase, Mitsuru Sato, Kenji Yamada and Yoshiki Sawa

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:83

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Orthostatic hypotension (OH; profound falls in blood pressure when upright) is a common deficit that increases in incidence with age, and may be associated with falling risk. Deficit accumulation results in fr...

    Authors: Brett H. Shaw, Dave Borrel, Kimiya Sabbaghan, Colton Kum, Yijian Yang, Stephen N. Robinovitch and Victoria E. Claydon

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:80

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Anaemia in hip fracture patients has been associated with increased risk of allogenic blood transfusion (ABT), poorer functional outcomes and increased mortality. Few studies have reported the prevalence of an...

    Authors: Gillian Puckeridge, Morne Terblanche, Marianne Wallis and Yoke Lin Fung

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:79

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Many home-dwelling elderly use medical compression stockings to prevent venous insufficiency, deep venous thrombosis, painful legs and leg ulcers. Assisting users with applying and removing compression stockin...

    Authors: Kristin Thuve Dahm, Hilde Tinderholt Myrhaug, Hilde Strømme, Brynjar Fure and Kjetil Gundro Brurberg

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:76

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  42. Content type: Research article

    In this study, we analyzed elderly people in Thailand to identify the validity of suggested cutoff points of physical measures, handgrip strength, usual walking speed, and a composite score of both measures to...

    Authors: Orawan Prasitsiriphon and Daniela Weber

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:73

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  43. Content type: Research Article

    Body posture is a fundamental indicator for assessing health and quality of life, especially for elderly people. Deciphering the changes in body posture occurring with age is a current topic in the field of ge...

    Authors: Huan Gong, Liang Sun, Ruiyue Yang, Jing Pang, Beidong Chen, Ruomei Qi, Xin Gu, Yaonan Zhang and Tie-mei Zhang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:71

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  44. Content type: Study protocol

    Older patients (≥65 years old) experience high rates of adverse outcomes after an emergency department (ED) visit. Reliable tools to predict adverse outcomes in this population are lacking. This manuscript com...

    Authors: Noortje Zelis, Jacqueline Buijs, Peter W. de Leeuw, Sander M. J. van Kuijk and Patricia M. Stassen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:65

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  45. Content type: Research article

    According to the World Health Organization, the elderly are at the highest risk of injury or death from a fall. Age-related changes in strength, balance and flexibility are degenerative factors that may increa...

    Authors: Eduardo Martínez-Carbonell Guillamón, Louise Burgess, Tikki Immins, Andrés Martínez-Almagro Andreo and Thomas W. Wainwright

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:52

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Older adults with bacterial skin infections may present with atypical symptoms, making diagnosis difficult. There is limited authoritative guidance on how older adults in the community present with bacterial s...

    Authors: Oghenekome A. Gbinigie, José M. Ordóñez-Mena, Thomas Fanshawe, Annette Plüddemann and Carl J. Heneghan

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:45

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Exercise is effective in order to prevent falls in community-dwelling older people. Self-management programs have the potential to increase access and reduce costs related to exercise-based fall prevention. Ho...

    Authors: Beatrice Pettersson, Maria Wiklund, Rebecka Janols, Helena Lindgren, Lillemor Lundin-Olsson, Dawn A. Skelton and Marlene Sandlund

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:43

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