Skip to main content

Advertisement

Physical functioning, physical health and activity

Section edited by Ian Cameron

This section covers activities of daily living, frailty, fractures, falls, exercise, posture, gait, hip complications, complications with general bodily functions, e.g. gastroenterological, urological.

Page 1 of 11

  1. In the inpatient rehabilitation of older patients, estimating to what extent the patient may functionally recover (functional prognosis), is important to plan the rehabilitation programme and aid discharge pla...

    Authors: Anouk D. Kabboord, Deborah Godfrey, Adam L. Gordon, John R. F. Gladman, Monica Van Eijk, Romke van Balen and Wilco P. Achterberg

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:114

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. Frailty is the loss of ability to withstand a physiological stressor and is associated with multiple adverse outcomes in older people. Trials to prevent or ameliorate frailty are in their infancy. A range of d...

    Authors: Miles D. Witham, James Wason, Richard Dodds and Avan A. Sayer

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:113

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  3. The timed up and go test (TUG) is one of the most widely used tests of mobility. We aimed to examine whether the TUG is associated with cardiovascular (CV) events, CV mortality, and all-cause mortality.

    Authors: Ki Young Son, Dong Wook Shin, Ji Eun Lee, Sang Hyuck Kim, Jae Moon Yun and Belong Cho

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:111

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  4. In elderly poeple, multimorbidity and polypharmacy increase while sensory, motor and cognitive functions decrease. Falls occur in 30% of people aged 65 years and older at least once per year, with injuries at ...

    Authors: G. S. Kienle, P. G. Werthmann, B. Grotejohann, K. Kaier, I. Steinbrenner, S. Voigt-Radloff and R. Huber

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:108

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  5. Malnutrition has been shown to be associated with poor prognosis in older surgical patients. Several tools are available for detecting malnutrition. But little is known about their ability to assess risks of p...

    Authors: Yanli Zhao, Ning Ge, Dongmei Xie, Langli Gao, Yanyan Wang, Yulin Liao and Jirong Yue

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:107

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  6. To date, most previous studies of frailty among hospitalized elderly Chinese patients have been conducted based on small samples, which cannot represent the elderly patient population. The aim of this study wa...

    Authors: Jing Jiao, Yu Wang, Chen Zhu, Fangfang Li, Minglei Zhu, Xianxiu Wen, Jingfen Jin, Hui Wang, Dongmei Lv, Shengxiu Zhao, Xinjuan Wu and Tao Xu

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:100

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  7. There is little known about pre-frailty attributes or when changes which contribute to frailty might be detectable and amenable to change. This study explores pre-frailty and frailty in independent community-d...

    Authors: S. J. Gordon, N. Baker, M. Kidd, A. Maeder and K. A. Grimmer

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:96

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  8. Pain is an independent risk factor for falling. One in two older community-dwelling people with musculoskeletal pain fall each year. This study examined physical, psychological and medical factors as potential...

    Authors: Cameron Hicks, Pazit Levinger, Jasmine C. Menant, Stephen R. Lord, Perminder S. Sachdev, Henry Brodaty and Daina L. Sturnieks

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:94

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  9. Walking aids are issued to older adults to prevent falls, however, paradoxically their use has been identified as a risk factor for falling. To prevent falls, walking aids must be used in a stable manner, but ...

    Authors: Sibylle Brunhilde Thies, Alex Bates, Eleonora Costamagna, Laurence Kenney, Malcolm Granat, Jo Webb, Dave Howard, Rose Baker and Helen Dawes

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:90

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  10. Among the previous studies about the ADL recovery and its predictors, the researches and resources used to study and protect the baseline-independent older patients from being permanently ADL-dependent was few...

    Authors: Xiuyue Li, Tingting Zheng, Yaqi Guan, Hui Li, Kexin Zhu, Lu Shen and Zhiqin Yin

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:86

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  11. In the last few decades, research related to balance in older adults has been conducted in lab-based settings. The lack of portability and high cost that is associated with the current gold standard methods to...

    Authors: Bader A. Alqahtani, Patrick J. Sparto, Susan L. Whitney, Susan L. Greenspan, Subashan Perera and Jennifer S. Brach

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:82

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  12. Functional independence and safe mobility, especially in older people, mostly rely on the ability to perform dual tasks, particularly during activities with variable- and fixed-priority attention. The aim of t...

    Authors: Francis Trombini-Souza, Marcelo de Maio Nascimento, Tarcísio Fulgêncio Alves da Silva, Rodrigo Cappato de Araújo, Mônica Rodrigues Perracini and Isabel C. N. Sacco

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:76

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  13. Normal aging is associated with balance, mobility and working memory decline that increase fall risk and influence activity of daily living functions. Mounting evidence suggests that physical activity is benef...

    Authors: Michal Nissim, Abigail Livny, Caroline Barmatz, Galia Tsarfaty, Yitshal Berner, Yaron Sacher, Jonathan Giron and Navah Z. Ratzon

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:74

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  14. Early operative treatment of acetabulum fractures in geriatric patients has been suggested to reduce pain and allow for earlier mobilization. The aim of this study was to determine mortality, complications and...

    Authors: Johannes Wollmerstädt, Philipp Pieroh, Isabell Schneider, Suzanne Zeidler, Andreas Höch, Christoph Josten and Georg Osterhoff

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:66

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  15. Previous studies indicated that the behavioral performances of older adults could be enhanced by multisensory integration. This pilot study tested the benefits of an audiovisual integrative (AV) training for i...

    Authors: Leung-Pong Lee, Afifah Wing-Yiu Har, Chun-Hei Ngai, Daniel W. L. Lai, Bess Yin-Hung Lam and Chetwyn Che-Hin Chan

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:64

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  16. To analyse the reliability, variance and execution time of the Extended Timed Up and Go (Extended TUG) test in three age groups of elderly participants (G1: 55–64 years; G2: 65–74 years; G3: 75–85 years).

    Authors: Juan José Bedoya-Belmonte, María del Mar Rodríguez-González, Manuel González-Sánchez, Jose Miguel Barreda Pitarch, Alejandro Galán-Mercant and Antonio I. Cuesta-Vargas

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:56

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  17. Falls in older people are common and can result in loss of confidence, fear of falling, restriction in activity and loss of independence. Causes of falls are multi-factorial. There is a paucity of research ass...

    Authors: B. O’Rourke, M. E. Walsh, R. Brophy, S. Vallely, N. Murphy, B. Conroy, C. Cunningham and N. F. Horgan

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:55

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  18. To measure the effects of an augmented prescribed exercise programme versus usual care, on physical performance, quality of life and healthcare utilisation for frail older medical patients in the acute setting.

    Authors: Ruth McCullagh, Eimear O’Connell, Sarah O’Meara, Darren Dahly, Eilis O’Reilly, Kieran O’Connor, N. Frances Horgan and Suzanne Timmons

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:46

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  19. Motor and cognitive deficits and consequently mobility problems are common in geriatric patients. The currently available methods for diagnosis and for the evaluation of treatment in this vulnerable cohort are...

    Authors: Johanna Geritz, Sara Maetzold, Maren Steffen, Andrea Pilotto, Marta F. Corrà, Mariana Moscovich, Maria C. Rizzetti, Barbara Borroni, Alessandro Padovani, Annekathrin Alpes, Corinna Bang, Igor Barcellos, Ralf Baron, Thorsten Bartsch, Jos S. Becktepe, Daniela Berg…

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:45

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  20. Understanding falls risk in advanced age is critical with people over 80 a rapidly growing demographic. Slow gait and cognitive complaint are established risk factors and together comprise the Motoric Cognitiv...

    Authors: Sue Lord, Simon Moyes, Ruth Teh, Waiora Port, Marama Muru-Lanning, Catherine J Bacon, Tim Wilkinson and Ngaire Kerse

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:43

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  21. Current guidelines recommend considering life expectancy before aortic valve replacement (AVR). We compared the performance of a general mortality index, the Lee index, to a frailty index.

    Authors: Sandra Shi, Natalia Festa, Jonathan Afilalo, Jeffrey J. Popma, Kamal R. Khabbaz, Roger J. Laham, Kimberly Guibone and Dae Hyun Kim

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:38

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  22. Exercise interventions focusing on balance and strength training have been shown to be effective for falls prevention. The aim of this 20-year register-based follow-up was to examine whether long-term particip...

    Authors: Kirsti Uusi-Rasi, Saija Karinkanta, Pekka Kannus, Kari Tokola and Harri Sievänen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:37

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  23. The most common methods for measuring mobility in older adulthood include performance-based tests, such as the Timed-Up-and-Go and gait speed. While these measures have strong predictive validity for adverse o...

    Authors: A. Kuspinar, CP Verschoor, MK Beauchamp, J. Dushoff, J. Ma, E. Amster, C. Bassim, V. Dal Bello-Haas, M. A. Gregory, JE Harris, L. Letts, S. E. Neil-Sztramko, J. Richardson, R. Valaitis and B. Vrkljan

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:35

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  24. With increasing age, having multiple chronic conditions is the norm. It is of importance to study how co-existence of diseases affects functioning and mortality among older persons. Complex multimorbidity may ...

    Authors: Siri H. Storeng, Kristin H. Vinjerui, Erik R. Sund and Steinar Krokstad

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:21

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  25. Recurrent falls represent a priority in geriatric research. In this study we evaluated the influence of pain as a risk factor for recurrent falls (two or more in 1 year) in the older (65–79 years) and oldest-o...

    Authors: César Gálvez-Barrón, Francesc Formiga, Antonio Miñarro, Oscar Macho, Leire Narvaiza, María Dolores Dapena, Ramon Pujol and Alejandro Rodríguez-Molinero

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:15

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  26. The Poincaré plot method can be used for both qualitative and quantitative assessment of self-similarity in usually periodic functions, hence the idea of applying it to the study of homeostasis of living organ...

    Authors: Elena Ioana Iconaru and Constantin Ciucurel

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:12

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  27. Falls in older adults is a widely researched topic. However, older adults residing in public housing are a vulnerable population that may have unique risk factors for falls. This study aims to describe the pre...

    Authors: Melissa Pirrie, Guneet Saini, Ricardo Angeles, Francine Marzanek, Jenna Parascandalo and Gina Agarwal

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:11

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  28. one of the most important age-dependent physiologic alterations in the body composition of older adult people is obesity and overweight, increasing the risk of cardiovascular disease and mortality rate.

    Authors: Aliakbar Vaisi-Raygani, Masoud Mohammadi, Rostam Jalali, Akram Ghobadi and Nader Salari

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:371

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  29. Older adults, who are living in nursing homes that provide a high level of long-term nursing care, are characterized by multimorbidity and a high prevalence of dependency in activities of daily living. Results...

    Authors: Thomas Cordes, Laura L. Bischoff, Daniel Schoene, Nadja Schott, Claudia Voelcker-Rehage, Charlotte Meixner, Luisa-Marie Appelles, Michael Bebenek, Andre Berwinkel, Claudia Hildebrand, Thomas Jöllenbeck, Bettina Johnen, Wolfgang Kemmler, Thomas Klotzbier, Heide Korbus, Julian Rudisch…

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:369

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  30. Due to improved healthcare, more people reach extreme ages. Oral health in the oldest-old has thus far been poorly described. Here, we investigated self-reported oral health factors, use of professional oral h...

    Authors: Nina Beker, Claar D. van der Maarel-Wierink, Cees de Baat and Henne Holstege

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:355

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  31. Lack of physical activity (PA) is a recognised global public health problem, which is increasing in prevalence with a detrimental impact on the pattern of disease worldwide. In the UK, older adults comprise th...

    Authors: Asiya Maula, Natasher LaFond, Elizabeth Orton, Steve Iliffe, Sarah Audsley, Kavita Vedhara and Denise Kendrick

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:349

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  32. Many instruments to identify frail older people have been developed. One of the consequences is that the prevalence rates of frailty vary widely dependent on the instrument selected. The aims of this study wer...

    Authors: Michael C. J. Van der Elst, Birgitte Schoenmakers, Linda P. M. Op het Veld, Ellen E. De Roeck, Anne Van der Vorst, Gertrudis I. J. M. Kempen, Nico De Witte, Jan De Lepeleire and Jos M. G. A. Schols

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:346

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  33. Falls risk increases sharply with older age but many older people are unaware or underestimate their risk of falling. Increased population-based efforts to influence older people’s falls prevention behavior ar...

    Authors: Lex D. de Jong, Jacqueline Francis-Coad, Chris Wortham, Terry P. Haines, Dawn A. Skelton, Tammy Weselman and Anne-Marie Hill

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:345

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  34. Whether exercise prevents fall-related injuries in different health conditions and with different training protocols is still unclear. This study aimed to determine the effect of exercise on fall-related injur...

    Authors: Renqing Zhao, Wenqian Bu and Xianghe Chen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:341

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  35. There is limited understanding of the underlying mechanisms explaining the role of concern about falling on fall risk in older people. Anxiety is known to interact with cognitive resources and, as people get o...

    Authors: Shaira Viaje, Geert Crombez, Stephen R. Lord, Jacqueline C. T. Close, Perminder Sachdev, Henry Brodaty and Kim Delbaere

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:333

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  36. Hip fracture patients in the aging population frequently present with various comorbidities, whilst preservation of independency and activities of daily living can be challenging. Thus, an interdisciplinary or...

    Authors: Carl Neuerburg, Stefan Förch, Johannes Gleich, Wolfgang Böcker, Markus Gosch, Christian Kammerlander and Edgar Mayr

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:330

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  37. Cardiac resynchronization therapy has been shown to benefit selected patients with heart failure and reduced ejection fraction. Older patients have been underrepresented in randomized trials. This study was co...

    Authors: Laure Champ-Rigot, Anne-Laure Cornille, Pierre Ollitrault, Arnaud Pellissier, Mathieu Chequel, Damien Legallois and Paul Milliez

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:325

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  38. Very old critical ill patients are a rapid expanding group. To better understand the magnitude of the challenges involved in intensive care practice for an ageing population and discuss a rational allocation o...

    Authors: Paul Abraham, Delphine S. Courvoisier, Cedric Annweiler, Cliff Lenoir, Thomas Millien, Francoise Dalmaz, Hans Flaatten, Rui Moreno, Steffen Christensen, Dylan W. de Lange, Bertrand Guidet, Karim Bendjelid, Bernhard Walder and Bernardo Bollen Pinto

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:322

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  39. Operational definitions of sarcopenia, i.e. loss of muscle function and mass, have been proposed by the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People (EWGSOP) and the Foundation for the National Institu...

    Authors: Sigvard Sobestiansky, Karl Michaelsson and Tommy Cederholm

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:318

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  40. Research on mortality and comorbidity associated with pelvic fractures in older patients is scarce. We aimed to determine the short- and long-term mortality rates of older patients with a pelvic ring fracture ...

    Authors: Aleksi Reito, Mari Kuoppala, Hanna Pajulammi, Lasse Hokkinen, Kati Kyrölä and Juha Paloneva

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:315

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  41. Identification and prevention of mobility limitations in older adults is important to reduce adverse health outcomes. The Life-Space Assessment (LSA) provides a single measure of mobility including environment...

    Authors: Mette Merete Pedersen, Pia Kjær-Sørensen, Julie Midtgaard, Cynthia J. Brown and Ann Christine Bodilsen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:312

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  42. Fall injuries and related healthcare use among older adults are increasing in the United States. This study examined chronic illnesses, sensory and memory problems, and injury characteristics that were associa...

    Authors: Namkee G. Choi, Bryan Y. Choi, Diana M. DiNitto, C. Nathan Marti and Mark E. Kunik

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:303

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  43. While the associations between personality traits and self-reported physical activity are well replicated, few studies have examined the associations between personality and device-based measures of both physi...

    Authors: Iva Čukić, Catharine R. Gale, Sebastien F. M. Chastin, Philippa M. Dall, Manon L. Dontje, Dawn A. Skelton and Ian J. Deary

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:302

    Content type: Research article

    Published on: