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Physical functioning, physical health and activity

This section covers activities of daily living, frailty, fractures, falls, exercise, posture, gait, hip complications, complications with general bodily functions, e.g. gastroenterological, urological.

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  1. To evaluate the acceptability of handgrip strength, gait speed, quadriceps ultrasound, and Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis (BIA) to older adults conducted during and following hospitalisation.

    Authors: Carly Welch, Carolyn Greig, Tahir Masud and Thomas A. Jackson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:141

    Content type: Research article

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  2. This study aimed to prospectively analyze the risk factors for new falls and fragility fractures in self-caring elderly patients and to find suitable evaluation tools for community screening and follow-up inte...

    Authors: Jian Zhou, Bo Liu, Ming-Zhao Qin and Jin-Ping Liu

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:116

    Content type: Research article

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  3. The aim of this study was to describe barriers and facilitators for shared decision making (SDM) as experienced by older patients with multiple chronic conditions (MCCs), informal caregivers and health profess...

    Authors: Ruth E. Pel-Littel, Marjolein Snaterse, Nelly Marela Teppich, Bianca M. Buurman, Faridi S. van Etten-Jamaludin, Julia C. M. van Weert, Mirella M. Minkman and Wilma J. M. Scholte op Reimer

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:112

    Content type: Review

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  4. Pneumonia is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in older adults. The role of frailty assessment in older adults with pneumonia is not well defined. Our purpose of the study was to investigate 30-day clin...

    Authors: Chan Mi Park, Wonsock Kim, Hye Chang Rhim, Eun Sik Lee, Jong Hun Kim, Kyung Hwan Cho and Dae Hyun Kim

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:111

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Persons aged ≥ 65 years are currently the world’s fastest growing age group. An important complication of age is the increasing risk of falls. Falls have multifactorial etiology and modifiable risk factors ope...

    Authors: Simone Chantal Gafner, Caroline Henrice Germaine Bastiaenen, Emmanuel Biver, Serge Ferrari and Lara Allet

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:110

    Content type: Study protocol

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  6. The interactions between nursing home (NH) staff and their residents are crucial not only for the atmosphere at the NH but also for achieving care goals. In order to test the potential effects of daily physica...

    Authors: S. Vikström, H. K. Grönstedt, T. Cederholm, E. Franzén, G. Faxén-Irving, Å. Seiger and A.-M. Boström

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:109

    Content type: Research article

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  7. The Frailty In Residential Sector over Time (FIRST) Study is a 3-year prospective cohort study investigating the health of residents living in residential aged care services (RACS) in South Australia. The stud...

    Authors: Agathe Daria Jadczak, Leonie Robson, Tina Cooper, J. Simon Bell and Renuka Visvanathan

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:99

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The Lifestyle-integrated Functional Exercise (LiFE) program is an effective but resource-intensive fall prevention program delivered one-to-one in participants’ homes. A recently developed group-based LiFE (gL...

    Authors: Leah Reicherzer, Franziska Kramer-Gmeiner, Sarah Labudek, Carl-Philipp Jansen, Corinna Nerz, Malin J. Nystrand, Clemens Becker, Lindy Clemson and Michael Schwenk

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:93

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Older people are often admitted for rehabilitation to improve walking, yet not everyone improves. The aim of this study was to determine key factors associated with a positive response to hospital-based rehabi...

    Authors: Catherine M Said, Jennifer L McGinley, Cassandra Szoeke, Barbara Workman, Keith D. Hill, Joanne E Wittwer, Michael Woodward, Danny Liew, Leonid Churilov, Julie Bernhardt and Meg E Morris

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:90

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Physical fitness and motor ability are associated with the incidence of locomotive syndrome (LS) in older adults. The relationships between physical fitness and motor ability at a young age to LS risk in later...

    Authors: Shaoshuai Shen, Koya Suzuki, Yoshimitsu Kohmura, Noriyuki Fuku, Yuki Someya and Hisashi Naito

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:89

    Content type: Research article

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  11. The incidence of colorectal cancer (CRC) increases with age. Older patients are a heterogeneous group ranging from fit to frail with various comorbidities. Frail older patients with CRC are at increased risk o...

    Authors: Troels G. Dolin, Marta Mikkelsen, Henrik L. Jakobsen, Tyge Nordentoft, Trine S. Pedersen, Anders Vinther, Bo Zerahn, Kirsten K. Vistisen, Charlotte Suetta, Dorte Nielsen, Julia S. Johansen and Cecilia M. Lund

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:88

    Content type: Study protocol

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  12. Age-related sarcopenia meaningfully increases the risks of functional limitations and mortality in the older adults. Although circulating microRNAs (c-miRNAs) are associated with aging-related cellular senesce...

    Authors: Huang-Chun Liu, Der-Sheng Han, Chih-Chin Hsu and Jong-Shyan Wang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:86

    Content type: Research article

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  13. To investigate whether an exercise intervention using the VIVIFRAIL© protocol has benefits for inflammatory and functional parameters in different frailty status.

    Authors: Marina Petrella, Ivan Aprahamian, Ronei Luciano Mamoni, Carla Fernanda de Vasconcellos Romanini, Natália Almeida Lima, Everson de Cássio Robello, Daniele Lima da Costa, Vinicius Nakajima An, Bianca Nobre Aguirre, Júlia Riccetto Galdeano, Isabela Cunha Fernandes, Salma S. Soleman Hernandez, Matteo Cesari, John E. Morley, Mikel Izquierdo and Richard C. Oude Voshaar

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:83

    Content type: Study protocol

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  14. The capacity of postural control is a key factor related to falling in older people, particularly in older women with low back pain (LBP). Cognitive involvement in postural control increases with age. However,...

    Authors: Le Ge, Qiuhua Yu, Chuhuai Wang, Huanjie Huang, Xin Li, Shanshan Zhang and Siyun Zhang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:82

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Maintaining or initiating regular physical activity (PA) is important for successful aging. Technology-based systems may support and stimulate older adults to initiate and persevere in performing PA. The aim o...

    Authors: Els Knippenberg, Annick Timmermans, Steven Palmaers and Annemie Spooren

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:81

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Aspirin is the key treatment in the secondary prevention of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. High on-treatment platelet reactivity (HTPR) to aspirin has been reported to partially account for the enhanc...

    Authors: Wenyi Liang, Peng Zhang and Meilin Liu

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:75

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Balance control, and specifically balance reactive responses that contribute to maintaining balance when balance is lost unexpectedly, is impaired in older people. This leads to an increased fall risk and inju...

    Authors: Shani Batcir, Yaakov Livne, Rotem Lev Lehman, Shmil Edelman, Lavi Schiller, Omri Lubovsky, Guy Shani, Amir Shapiro and Itshak Melzer

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:71

    Content type: Technical advance

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  18. Some types of sedentary behaviors tend to cluster in individuals or groups of older adults. Insight into how these different types of sedentary behavior cluster is needed, as recent research suggests that not ...

    Authors: Sofie Compernolle, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Greet Cardon and Delfien Van Dyck

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:66

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Low anterior resection (LAR) is often performed with diverting loop ileostomy (DLI) for anastomotic protection in patients with rectal cancer. We aim to analyze, if older patients are more prone to a decline i...

    Authors: Amal Rhemouga, Stefan Buettner, Wolf O. Bechstein, Guido Woeste and Teresa Schreckenbach

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:65

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Aging increases fall risk and alters gait mechanics and control. Our previous work has identified sideways walking as a potential training regimen to decrease fall risk by improving frontal plane control in ol...

    Authors: Andreas Skiadopoulos and Nick Stergiou

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:60

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Osteopontin plays critical roles in osteoarthritis (OA) by regulating the functions of osteoclasts. It is known that osteopontin can induce the expression of lncRNA HOX transcript antisense RNA (HOTAIR), indic...

    Authors: Quanzhi Liang, Ailijiang Asila, Yingjie Deng, Jun Liao, Zhenfeng Liu and Rui Fang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:57

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Medication adherence is challenging for older adults due to factors such as the number of medications, dosing schedule, and the duration of drug therapy. The objective of this study was to examine the effectiv...

    Authors: Mubashir Aslam Arain, Armghan Ahmad, Venus Chiu and Lorena Kembel

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:56

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Currently, both non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and sarcopenia have attracted extensive attention in public health. However, the relationship between NAFLD and sarcopenia remains unclear. This study ...

    Authors: Yu-Ming Wang, Ke-Fu Zhu, Wen-Jing Zhou, Qin Zhang, Dan-Feng Deng, Yi-Chen Yang, Wen-Wen Lu, Jia Xu and Yun-Mei Yang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:55

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Older adults are recommended to sleep 7–8 h/day. Time in bed (TIB) differs from sleep duration and includes also the time of lying in bed without sleeping. Long TIB (≥9 h) are associated with self-reported sed...

    Authors: Li-Tang Tsai, Eleanor Boyle, Jan C. Brønd, Gry Kock, Mathias Skjødt, Lars G. Hvid and Paolo Caserotti

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:53

    Content type: Research article

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  25. In bladder cancer patients with age ≥ 80 years old, there have been controversies in performing uretero-cutaneostomy or ileal conduit as urinary diversion after radical cystectomy. Limited study evaluated over...

    Authors: Shang Huang, Hanzhong Chen, Teng Li, Xiaoyong Pu, Jiumin Liu and Xuecheng Bi

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:49

    Content type: Research article

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  26. To investigate how anatomical cross-sectional area and volume of quadriceps and triceps surae muscles were affected by ageing, and by resistance training in older and younger men, in vivo.

    Authors: Adrien J. Létocart, Franck Mabesoone, Fabrice Charleux, Christian Couppé, René B. Svensson, Frédéric Marin, S. Peter Magnusson and Jean-François Grosset

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:48

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Frailty is a multidimensional syndrome that leads to an increase in vulnerability. Previous studies have suggested that frailty is associated with poor health-related outcomes. For frailty screening, the Clini...

    Authors: Ryoung-Eun Ko, Seong Mi Moon, Danbee Kang, Juhee Cho, Chi Ryang Chung, Yunhwan Lee, Yun Soo Hong, So Hee Lee, Jung Hee Lee and Gee Young Suh

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:47

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Currently 21% of the German population is older than 65 years. Above this age, the risk of suffering from chronic disease and mental disorders increases rapidly. Therefore, physical inactivity is one of the mo...

    Authors: Nina Grede, Anja Rieckert, Julia Muth, Joana Steinbuck, Sabine Weissbach, Annika Schneider, Beate Weber-Schicker, Ellen Freiberger, Nikita Jegan, Norbert Donner-Banzhoff and Andreas Sönnichsen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:45

    Content type: Study protocol

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  29. Globally increasing number of elders is concerned. Hearing loss process in older adults cannot be avoided. An effective screening tool for hearing loss is essential for proper diagnosis and rehabilitation, whi...

    Authors: Nichtima Chayaopas, Pornthep Kasemsiri, Panida Thanawirattananit, Patorn Piromchai and Kwanchanok Yimtae

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:37

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Motoric cognitive risk syndrome (MCR) is defined by slow gait speed combined with subjective cognitive complaint. MCR is a predementia syndrome, similar to mild cognitive impairment (MCI). However, there is cu...

    Authors: Fang-Yu Cheng, Yuanmay Chang, Shih-Jung Cheng, Jin-Siang Shaw, Chuo-Yu Lee and Pei-Hao Chen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:36

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Training balance through exercise is an effective strategy to reduce falls in community-dwelling older adults. Evidence-based fall prevention exercise recommendations have been proposed, specifying that exerci...

    Authors: Alexie J. Touchette, Alison R. Oates, Verena H. Menec and Kathryn M. Sibley

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:33

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Disability in aged people became one of the major challenges in China due to the acceleration of population aging. Nevertheless, there were limited methods to appropriately discriminate the degree of combined ...

    Authors: Yangchang Zhang, Yang Xiong, Qiuhua Yu, Shisi Shen, Li Chen and Xun Lei

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:30

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Treatment decisions concerning older patients can be very challenging and individualised treatment plans are often required in this very heterogeneous group. In 2015 we have implemented a routine clinical care...

    Authors: Yara van Holstein, Floor J. van Deudekom, Stella Trompet, Iris Postmus, Anna Uit den Boogaard, Marjan J. T. van der Elst, Nienke A. de Glas, Diana van Heemst, Geert Labots, Mariëtte Altena, Marije Slingerland, Gerrit Jan Liefers, Frederiek van den Bos, Jessica M. van der Bol, Gerard J. Blauw, Johanneke E. A. Portielje…

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:29

    Content type: Study protocol

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  34. To evaluate the short- and mid-term effect of a specially tailored resistance and balance training provided in addition to usual cardiac rehabilitation (CR) care program in older patients after valve surgery/i...

    Authors: Egle Tamulevičiūtė-Prascienė, Aurelija Beigienė, Mark James Thompson, Kristina Balnė, Raimondas Kubilius and Birna Bjarnason-Wehrens

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:23

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Falls efficacy is a widely-studied latent construct in community-dwelling older adults. Various self-reported instruments have been used to measure falls efficacy. In order to be informed of the choice of the ...

    Authors: Shawn Leng-Hsien Soh, Judith Lane, Tianma Xu, Nigel Gleeson and Chee Wee Tan

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:21

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Hypoglycaemia is associated with cognitive and functional decline in older people with diabetes. Identification of individuals at risk and prevention of hypoglycaemia is therefore an important task in the mana...

    Authors: Monica Hermann, Lovise S. Heimro, Anne Haugstvedt, Ingvild Hernar, Arun K. Sigurdardottir and Marit Graue

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:20

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Aging, being a natural process, involves many functional and structural changes within the body. Identifying the age-related postural changes will provide insight into the role of aging on postural control dur...

    Authors: Justyna Michalska, Anna Kamieniarz, Grzegorz Sobota, Magdalena Stania, Grzegorz Juras and Kajetan J. Słomka

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:17

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Although high body mass index (BMI) is a risk factor of heart failure (HF), HF patients with a higher BMI had a lower mortality rate than that in HF patients with normal or lower BMI, a phenomenon that has bee...

    Authors: Katsuhiko Ohori, Toshiyuki Yano, Satoshi Katano, Hidemichi Kouzu, Suguru Honma, Kanako Shimomura, Takuya Inoue, Yuhei Takamura, Ryohei Nagaoka, Masayuki Koyama, Nobutaka Nagano, Takefumi Fujito, Ryo Nishikawa, Tomoyuki Ishigo, Ayako Watanabe, Akiyoshi Hashimoto…

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:16

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Mild hyponatremia (serum sodium 130–135 mEq/L) is a common electrolyte disorder in the elderly. However, its association with both sarcopenia and cognitive function remains to be clarified. Therefore, here we ...

    Authors: Chisato Fujisawa, Hiroyuki Umegaki, Taiki Sugimoto, Satoshi Samizo, Chi Hsien Huang, Haruki Fujisawa, Yoshihisa Sugimura, Masafumi Kuzuya, Kenji Toba and Takashi Sakurai

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:15

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Physical activity (PA), fear of falling (FOF) and quality of life (QOL) are very important constructs in geriatrics. The interplay among these constructs may vary between community-dwelling and assisted-living...

    Authors: Christopher Olusanjo Akosile, Charles Kenechukwu Igwemmadu, Emmanuel Chiebuka Okoye, Adesola Christiana Odole, Ukamaka Gloria Mgbeojedo, Ayodeji Ayodele Fabunmi and Ifeoma Uchenna Onwuakagba

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:12

    Content type: Research article

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  41. The associations between physical activity and metabolic syndrome (MetS) have been mainly found in cross-sectional studies. The aim of this longitudinal study was to examine the relationship between meeting st...

    Authors: Izabela Zając-Gawlak, Jana Pelclová, Dorota Groffik, Miroslava Přidalová, Agnieszka Nawrat-Szołtysik, Aleksandra Kroemeke, Aleš Gába and Ewa Sadowska-Krępa

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:11

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Falls are a common cause of injuries and hospitalization among older adults. While conventional balance training appears effective in preventing falls, a relatively large number of training sessions are needed...

    Authors: Marissa H. G. Gerards, Rik G. J. Marcellis, Martijn Poeze, Antoine F. Lenssen, Kenneth Meijer and Rob A. de Bie

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:9

    Content type: Study protocol

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  43. The social and economic impact of dementia for the development of accessible and sustainable care for individuals with dementia (IwD). Physical exercise has been seen as a beneficial non-pharmacological therap...

    Authors: A. Sampaio, I. Marques-Aleixo, A. Seabra, J. Mota and J. Carvalho

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:6

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Frailty is associated with healthy ageing, and it has been identified as a means of measuring older adults’ physio-psychosocial health. We know about the ageing trends and common diseases of older adults livin...

    Authors: Mohammad Meshbahur Rahman, Mohammad Hamiduzzaman, Mst. Saleha Akter, Zaki Farhana, Mohammad Kamal Hossain, Mohammad Nayeem Hasan and Md. Nazrul Islam

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:3

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Sarcopenia often accompanies osteoarthritis (OA), which is managed by total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in the late stage. Recent studies have suggested a higher risk of post-operative complications after TKA in s...

    Authors: Kevin Ki-Wai Ho, Lawrence Chun-Man Lau, Wai-Wang Chau, Queena Poon, Kwong-Yin Chung and Ronald Man-Yeung Wong

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:2

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Self-reported life-space assessment methods so far focus on community-dwelling persons, with a lack of validated assessment methods for institutionalized settings. This study evaluated construct validity, test...

    Authors: Klaus Hauer, Phoebe Ullrich, Patrick Heldmann, Saskia Hummel, Jürgen M. Bauer and Christian Werner

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:534

    Content type: Research article

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  47. For older adults, difficulties in bathing and toileting are often the most prevalent in the index of Activities of daily living (ADL). This study aims to examine how environmental factors are associated with d...

    Authors: Changxi Liu, Joelle H. Fong, Jasmon W. T. Hoh, Hailin Wu, Yunsheng Dong, Danan Gu and Qiushi Feng

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:533

    Content type: Research article

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