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Physical functioning, physical health and activity

Section edited by Ian Cameron

This section covers activities of daily living, frailty, fractures, falls, exercise, posture, gait, hip complications, complications with general bodily functions, e.g. gastroenterological, urological.

Page 1 of 10

  1. With increasing age, having multiple chronic conditions is the norm. It is of importance to study how co-existence of diseases affects functioning and mortality among older persons. Complex multimorbidity may ...

    Authors: Siri H. Storeng, Kristin H. Vinjerui, Erik R. Sund and Steinar Krokstad

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:21

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Recurrent falls represent a priority in geriatric research. In this study we evaluated the influence of pain as a risk factor for recurrent falls (two or more in 1 year) in the older (65–79 years) and oldest-o...

    Authors: César Gálvez-Barrón, Francesc Formiga, Antonio Miñarro, Oscar Macho, Leire Narvaiza, María Dolores Dapena, Ramon Pujol and Alejandro Rodríguez-Molinero

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:15

    Content type: Research article

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  3. The Poincaré plot method can be used for both qualitative and quantitative assessment of self-similarity in usually periodic functions, hence the idea of applying it to the study of homeostasis of living organ...

    Authors: Elena Ioana Iconaru and Constantin Ciucurel

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:12

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Falls in older adults is a widely researched topic. However, older adults residing in public housing are a vulnerable population that may have unique risk factors for falls. This study aims to describe the pre...

    Authors: Melissa Pirrie, Guneet Saini, Ricardo Angeles, Francine Marzanek, Jenna Parascandalo and Gina Agarwal

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:11

    Content type: Research article

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  5. one of the most important age-dependent physiologic alterations in the body composition of older adult people is obesity and overweight, increasing the risk of cardiovascular disease and mortality rate.

    Authors: Aliakbar Vaisi-Raygani, Masoud Mohammadi, Rostam Jalali, Akram Ghobadi and Nader Salari

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:371

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Older adults, who are living in nursing homes that provide a high level of long-term nursing care, are characterized by multimorbidity and a high prevalence of dependency in activities of daily living. Results...

    Authors: Thomas Cordes, Laura L. Bischoff, Daniel Schoene, Nadja Schott, Claudia Voelcker-Rehage, Charlotte Meixner, Luisa-Marie Appelles, Michael Bebenek, Andre Berwinkel, Claudia Hildebrand, Thomas Jöllenbeck, Bettina Johnen, Wolfgang Kemmler, Thomas Klotzbier, Heide Korbus, Julian Rudisch…

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:369

    Content type: Study protocol

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  7. Due to improved healthcare, more people reach extreme ages. Oral health in the oldest-old has thus far been poorly described. Here, we investigated self-reported oral health factors, use of professional oral h...

    Authors: Nina Beker, Claar D. van der Maarel-Wierink, Cees de Baat and Henne Holstege

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:355

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Lack of physical activity (PA) is a recognised global public health problem, which is increasing in prevalence with a detrimental impact on the pattern of disease worldwide. In the UK, older adults comprise th...

    Authors: Asiya Maula, Natasher LaFond, Elizabeth Orton, Steve Iliffe, Sarah Audsley, Kavita Vedhara and Denise Kendrick

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:349

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Many instruments to identify frail older people have been developed. One of the consequences is that the prevalence rates of frailty vary widely dependent on the instrument selected. The aims of this study wer...

    Authors: Michael C. J. Van der Elst, Birgitte Schoenmakers, Linda P. M. Op het Veld, Ellen E. De Roeck, Anne Van der Vorst, Gertrudis I. J. M. Kempen, Nico De Witte, Jan De Lepeleire and Jos M. G. A. Schols

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:346

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Falls risk increases sharply with older age but many older people are unaware or underestimate their risk of falling. Increased population-based efforts to influence older people’s falls prevention behavior ar...

    Authors: Lex D. de Jong, Jacqueline Francis-Coad, Chris Wortham, Terry P. Haines, Dawn A. Skelton, Tammy Weselman and Anne-Marie Hill

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:345

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Whether exercise prevents fall-related injuries in different health conditions and with different training protocols is still unclear. This study aimed to determine the effect of exercise on fall-related injur...

    Authors: Renqing Zhao, Wenqian Bu and Xianghe Chen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:341

    Content type: Research article

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  12. There is limited understanding of the underlying mechanisms explaining the role of concern about falling on fall risk in older people. Anxiety is known to interact with cognitive resources and, as people get o...

    Authors: Shaira Viaje, Geert Crombez, Stephen R. Lord, Jacqueline C. T. Close, Perminder Sachdev, Henry Brodaty and Kim Delbaere

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:333

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Hip fracture patients in the aging population frequently present with various comorbidities, whilst preservation of independency and activities of daily living can be challenging. Thus, an interdisciplinary or...

    Authors: Carl Neuerburg, Stefan Förch, Johannes Gleich, Wolfgang Böcker, Markus Gosch, Christian Kammerlander and Edgar Mayr

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:330

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Cardiac resynchronization therapy has been shown to benefit selected patients with heart failure and reduced ejection fraction. Older patients have been underrepresented in randomized trials. This study was co...

    Authors: Laure Champ-Rigot, Anne-Laure Cornille, Pierre Ollitrault, Arnaud Pellissier, Mathieu Chequel, Damien Legallois and Paul Milliez

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:325

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Very old critical ill patients are a rapid expanding group. To better understand the magnitude of the challenges involved in intensive care practice for an ageing population and discuss a rational allocation o...

    Authors: Paul Abraham, Delphine S. Courvoisier, Cedric Annweiler, Cliff Lenoir, Thomas Millien, Francoise Dalmaz, Hans Flaatten, Rui Moreno, Steffen Christensen, Dylan W. de Lange, Bertrand Guidet, Karim Bendjelid, Bernhard Walder and Bernardo Bollen Pinto

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:322

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Operational definitions of sarcopenia, i.e. loss of muscle function and mass, have been proposed by the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People (EWGSOP) and the Foundation for the National Institu...

    Authors: Sigvard Sobestiansky, Karl Michaelsson and Tommy Cederholm

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:318

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Research on mortality and comorbidity associated with pelvic fractures in older patients is scarce. We aimed to determine the short- and long-term mortality rates of older patients with a pelvic ring fracture ...

    Authors: Aleksi Reito, Mari Kuoppala, Hanna Pajulammi, Lasse Hokkinen, Kati Kyrölä and Juha Paloneva

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:315

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Identification and prevention of mobility limitations in older adults is important to reduce adverse health outcomes. The Life-Space Assessment (LSA) provides a single measure of mobility including environment...

    Authors: Mette Merete Pedersen, Pia Kjær-Sørensen, Julie Midtgaard, Cynthia J. Brown and Ann Christine Bodilsen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:312

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Fall injuries and related healthcare use among older adults are increasing in the United States. This study examined chronic illnesses, sensory and memory problems, and injury characteristics that were associa...

    Authors: Namkee G. Choi, Bryan Y. Choi, Diana M. DiNitto, C. Nathan Marti and Mark E. Kunik

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:303

    Content type: Research article

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  20. While the associations between personality traits and self-reported physical activity are well replicated, few studies have examined the associations between personality and device-based measures of both physi...

    Authors: Iva Čukić, Catharine R. Gale, Sebastien F. M. Chastin, Philippa M. Dall, Manon L. Dontje, Dawn A. Skelton and Ian J. Deary

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:302

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Advanced glycation end products (AGEs), modifications of proteins or amino acids, are increasingly produced and accumulated with age-related diseases. Recent studies suggested that the ratio of AGEs and their ...

    Authors: Helen Ebert, Maria Elena Lacruz, Alexander Kluttig, Andreas Simm, Karin Halina Greiser, Daniel Tiller, Nadja Kartschmit and Rafael Mikolajczyk

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:299

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Osteoporosis and vertebral fractures represent a major health burden worldwide, and the prevalence of osteoporosis is expected to increase as the world’s population ages. Suffering from vertebral fracture has ...

    Authors: Brita Stanghelle, Hege Bentzen, Lora Giangregorio, Are Hugo Pripp and Astrid Bergland

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:298

    Content type: Research article

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  23. FRAIL-NH has been commonly used to assess frailty in nursing home residents and validated in many ethnic populations; however, it has not been validated in mainland China, where such an assessment tool is lack...

    Authors: Feng Ge, Weiwei Liu, Minhui Liu, Siyuan Tang, Yongjin Lu and Tianxue Hou

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:296

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Fall-related efficacy has been found to be associated with both falls and fall risk factors such as physical performance. The aim of the present study was to clarify whether fall-related efficacy is, independe...

    Authors: Naoto Kamide, Yoshitaka Shiba, Miki Sakamoto, Haruhiko Sato and Akie Kawamura

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:293

    Content type: Research article

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  25. We investigated the association of anti-osteoporosis medication with mortality risk in older adults with hip fractures and evaluated the influence of medication adherence on mortality.

    Authors: Shan-Fu Yu, Jur-Shan Cheng, Ying-Chou Chen, Jia-Feng Chen, Chung-Yuan Hsu, Han-Ming Lai, Chi-Hua Ko, Wen-Chan Chiu, Yu-Jih Su and Tien-Tsai Cheng

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:290

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Setting meaningful, individualized rehabilitation goals is an essential part of the rehabilitation process. Even though patients with dementia are a drastically increasing patient group in geriatric rehabilita...

    Authors: Ilona Dutzi, Michael Schwenk, Marietta Kirchner, Jürgen M. Bauer and Klaus Hauer

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:280

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Hand grip strength (HGS) is an important function of upper extremities for older adults. Several studies have shown the importance of measuring HGS in different settings. Current established normative values o...

    Authors: Bader Alqahtani, Aqeel Alenazi, Mohammed Alshehri, Mohammed Alqahtani and Ragab Elnaggar

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:271

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Physical activity and sedentary behaviour have been suggested to independently affect a number of health outcomes. To what extent different combinations of physical activity and sedentary behaviour may influen...

    Authors: Asier Mañas, Borja del Pozo-Cruz, Irene Rodríguez-Gómez, Javier Leal-Martín, José Losa-Reyna, Leocadio Rodríguez-Mañas, Francisco J. García-García and Ignacio Ara

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:270

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Acute infection leads to substantial mortality in the nonagenarian population. However, the predictive efficacies of functional status and biochemical indexes for in-hospital mortality in these patients remain...

    Authors: Wei Huang, Ying Sun, Yunli Xing and Cuiying Wang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:269

    Content type: Research article

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  30. While orthogeriatric care to patients with hip fractures is established, the impact of similar intervention in patients with fragility fractures in general is lacking. Therefore, we aimed to assess the impact ...

    Authors: Charlotte Abrahamsen, Birgitte Nørgaard, Eva Draborg and Morten Frost Nielsen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:268

    Content type: Research article

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  31. The falls literature focuses on individuals with previous falls, so little is known about individuals who have not experienced a fall in the past. Predicting falls in those without a prior event is critical fo...

    Authors: Ayse Kuspinar, John P. Hirdes, Katherine Berg, Caitlin McArthur and John N. Morris

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:264

    Content type: Research article

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  32. The three geriatric conditions, depression, dementia and delirium (3D’s), are common among hospitalized older patients and often lead to impairments of activities of daily living. The aim of this study is to e...

    Authors: Ching-Fu Weng, Kun-Pei Lin, Feng-Ping Lu, Jen-Hau Chen, Chiung-Jung Wen, Jui-Hua Peng, Ailun Heather Tseng and Ding-Cheng Chan

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:261

    Content type: Research article

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  33. We previously developed Pisando Fuerte (PF), a linguistically and culturally appropriate version of “Stepping On”, an evidence-based fall prevention program building on self-efficacy and adult learning principles...

    Authors: Maria Mora Pinzon, Shannon Myers, Elizabeth A. Jacobs, Sherri Ohly, Militza Bonet-Vázquez, Marcia Villa, Al Castro and Jane Mahoney

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:258

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Regular physical activity (PA) has many health benefits but declines with age. Community multi-activity groups offering volunteer-led socially-oriented activity programs could provide an opportunity for older ...

    Authors: Gabrielle Lindsay-Smith, Rochelle Eime, Grant O’Sullivan, Jack Harvey and Jannique G. Z. van Uffelen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:243

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Postprandial hypotension (PPH) occurs frequently in the elderly and patients with type 2 diabetes, and lacks a satisfactory treatment. Gastric distension and the α-glucosidase inhibitor, acarbose, may attenuat...

    Authors: Hung Pham, Laurence Trahair, Liza Phillips, Christopher Rayner, Michael Horowitz and Karen Jones

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:241

    Content type: Research article

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  36. There is inconclusive evidence for the effectiveness of additional exercise in older hospital patients. The aims of this study were (1) to assess the feasibility of an augmented prescribed exercise program (AP...

    Authors: Tobias Braun, Christian Grüneberg, Kirsten Süßmilch, Max Wiessmeier, Isabel Schwenk, Sarah Eggert, Annika Machleit-Ebner, Irene Harras and Christian Thiel

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:240

    Content type: Research article

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  37. To investigate whether a simplified and personalized Tai-Chi program could be beneficial for practitioners. A prospective quasi-experimental observer-blinded controlled trial was done in Beitou District of Tai...

    Authors: I-Wen Penn, Wen-Hsu Sung, Chien-Hui Lin, Eric Chuang, Tien-Yow Chuang and Pei-Hsin Lin

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:235

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Chronic inflammation is considered to affect physical performance, muscle strength and muscle mass, i.e. measures of sarcopenia. We need to identify a marker of inflammation that is univocally associated with ...

    Authors: Vera A. van Atteveld, Jeanine M. Van Ancum, Esmee M. Reijnierse, Marijke C. Trappenburg, Carel G. M. Meskers and Andrea B. Maier

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:233

    Content type: Research article

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  39. People with dementia (PWDs) and their informal caregivers frequently report difficulties in maintaining their usual activities. We had previously developed a set of indicators to estimate whether dyadic, activ...

    Authors: Netta Van’t Leven, Jacomine de Lange, Johanna Groenewoud, Eva van der Ploeg and Anne Margriet Pot

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:230

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Treatment of the older diabetic individual comprises a therapeutic challenge. Currently little scientific evidence exists depicting the best approach to type 2 diabetes treatment in this growing sub-population...

    Authors: Assaf Buch, Roy Eldor, Ofer Kis, Lital Keinan-Boker, Ayelet Dunsky, Amir Rubin, Adar Lopez, Yael Sofer, Etty Osher, Yonit Marcus and Naftali Stern

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:228

    Content type: Study protocol

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  41. Virtual reality (VR) has several applications in the medical domain and also generates a secure environment to carry out activities. Evaluation of the effectiveness of VR among older populations revealed posit...

    Authors: Shabbir Syed-Abdul, Shwetambara Malwade, Aldilas Achmad Nursetyo, Mishika Sood, Madhu Bhatia, Diana Barsasella, Megan F. Liu, Chia-Chi Chang, Kathiravan Srinivasan, Raja M. and Yu-Chuan Jack Li

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:223

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Frailty is common and associated with poorer outcomes in the elderly, but its prognostic value in acute coronary syndromes (ACS) requires clarification. We thus undertook a systematic review and meta-analysis ...

    Authors: Qingyu Dou, Wen Wang, Hui Wang, Yao Ma, Shan Hai, Xiufang Lin, Ying Liu, Xinjun Zhang, Jinhui Wu and Birong Dong

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:222

    Content type: Research article

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  43. The management of hip fractures is nowadays mainly performed in Orthogeriatric Units, one of whose fundamental tools is the application of geriatric scores. The purpose of this study is to establish the potent...

    Authors: Carmen da Casa, Carmen Pablos-Hernández, Alfonso González-Ramírez, José Miguel Julián-Enriquez and Juan F. Blanco

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:205

    Content type: Research article

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