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Neurology, stroke and cognition

Section edited by Pieter Jelle Visser

This section considers manuscripts on all neurological topics. Including: Alzheimer’s, cognition, stroke, dementia, wandering behaviours.

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  1. Content type: Study protocol

    Delirium affects 15% of hospitalised patients and is linked with poor outcomes, yet few pharmacological treatment options exist. One hypothesis is that delirium may in part result from exaggerated and/or prolo...

    Authors: Bjørn Erik Neerland, Karen Roksund Hov, Vegard Bruun Wyller, Eirik Qvigstad, Eva Skovlund, Alasdair MJ MacLullich and Torgeir Bruun Wyller

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:7

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  2. Content type: Research article

    In many countries, primary care physicians determine whether or not older drivers are fit to drive. Little, however, is known regarding the effects of cognitive decline on driving performance and the means to ...

    Authors: Paul Vaucher, Daniela Herzig, Isabel Cardoso, Michael H Herzog, Patrice Mangin and Bernard Favrat

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:123

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Non-pharmacological interventions are expected to be important strategies for reducing the age-adjusted prevalence of senile dementia, considering that complete medical treatment for cognitive decline has not ...

    Authors: Hiroyuki Suzuki, Masataka Kuraoka, Masashi Yasunaga, Kumiko Nonaka, Ryota Sakurai, Rumi Takeuchi, Yoh Murayama, Hiromi Ohba and Yoshinori Fujiwara

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:122

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  4. Content type: Study protocol

    Alzheimer’s disease is characterised by a loss of cognitive function and behavioural problems as set out in the term “Behavioural and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia”. These behavioural symptoms have heavy ...

    Authors: Isabelle Rouch, Jean-Michel Dorey, Nawèle Boublay, Marie-Anne Henaff, Florence Dibie-Racoupeau, Zaza Makaroff, Sandrine Harston, Michel Benoit, Marie-Odile Barrellon, Denis Fédérico, Bernard Laurent, Catherine Padovan and Pierre Krolak-Salmon

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:110

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  5. Content type: Study protocol

    Delirium is associated with substantial morbidity and mortality rates in elderly hospitalised patients, and a growing problem due to increase in life expectancy. Implementation of standardised non-pharmacologi...

    Authors: Edmée JM Schrijver, Oscar J de Vries, Astrid Verburg, Karola de Graaf, Pierre M Bet, Peter M van de Ven, Ad M Kamper, Sabine HA Diepeveen, Sander Anten, Andrea Siegel, Esther Kuipéri, Anne M Lagaay, Rob J van Marum, Astrid M van Strien, Leo Boelaarts, Douwe Pons…

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:96

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  6. Content type: Research article

    In the modern world with new family structures, international migration and increased life expectancy, there is a growing need for legal ways of assisting elderly with impaired mental capacity to decide about ...

    Authors: Karin S Björkstén, Kerstin Fälldin and Johanna Ulfvarson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:94

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  7. Content type: Study protocol

    Recovery after stroke is dependent on how much time can be spent on rehabilitation. Recently, we found that therapy time for older stroke patients on a rehabilitation unit of a nursing home could be increased ...

    Authors: Marleen Huijben-Schoenmakers, Arno Rademaker, Peter van Rooden and Erik Scherder

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:68

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  8. Content type: Research article

    We tested the hypothesis that harm avoidance, a trait associated with behavioral inhibition, is associated with the rate of change in parkinsonism in older adults.

    Authors: Aron S Buchman, Lei Yu, Robert S Wilson, Joshua M Shulman, Patricia A Boyle and David A Bennett

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:54

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Persons with dementia might have considerable difficulties in using an ordinary telephone. Being able to use the telephone can be very important in order to maintain their social network, getting stimulation a...

    Authors: Inga-Lill Boman, Stefan Lundberg, Sofia Starkhammar and Louise Nygård

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:49

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Stroke complications can occur not only in the acute ward but also during the subsequent rehabilitation period. However, existing studies have not adequately addressed the incidence of various complications am...

    Authors: Chien-Min Chen, Hung-Chih Hsu, Chia-Hao Chang, Chu-Hsu Lin, Kai-Hua Chen, Wei-Chi Hsieh and Wen-Ming Chang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:41

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Numerous studies indicate that the use of feeding tubes (FT) in persons with advanced cognitive impairment (CI) does not improve clinical outcomes or survival, and results in higher rates of hospitalization an...

    Authors: Caroline E Stephens, Nathan Sackett, Prasanthi Govindarajan and Sei J Lee

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:35

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  12. Content type: Study protocol

    Neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS) frequently occur in patients with dementia. To date, prospective studies on the course of NPS have been conducted in patients with dementia in clinical centers or psychiatric se...

    Authors: Petra Borsje, Roland B Wetzels, Peter LBJ Lucassen, Anne-Margriet Pot and Raymond TCM Koopmans

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:32

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  13. Content type: Research article

    This study compared individuals whose clinical diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) matched or did not match neuropathologic results at autopsy on clinical and functional outcomes (cognitive impairment, funct...

    Authors: Joseph E Gaugler, Haya Ascher-Svanum, David L Roth, Tolulope Fafowora, Andrew Siderowf and Thomas G Beach

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:137

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Coronary artery disease (CAD) is associated with verbal memory decline, although deterioration may be mitigated in individuals undertaking exercise interventions. Ceramide sphingolipids, suggested to play a ro...

    Authors: Mahwesh Saleem, Veera V Ratnam Bandaru, Nathan Herrmann, Walter Swardfager, Michelle M Mielke, Paul I Oh, Prathiba Shammi, Alexander Kiss, Norman J Haughey, Randal Rovinski and Krista L Lanctôt

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:135

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  15. Content type: Research article

    This scoping study aimed to identify how physical activity may benefit people with dementia; how and/or if current service provide these benefits; and what support they need to do so.

    Authors: Alison Bowes, Alison Dawson, Ruth Jepson and Louise McCabe

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:129

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  16. Content type: Correspondence

    The aim of this project was to develop a toolkit to assist persons with dementia (PWD) and their caregivers, in planning for retirement from driving. The information gathered was used to develop a tool that ca...

    Authors: Anna Byszewski, Faranek Aminzadeh, Kelly Robinson, Frank Molnar, William Dalziel, Malcolm Man Son Hing, Lynn Hunt and Shawn Marshall

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:117

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  17. Content type: Study protocol

    Developed countries are experiencing an unprecedented increase in life expectancy that is accompanied by a tremendous rise in the number of people with dementia. The purpose of this paper is to report on the s...

    Authors: Antonio Guaita, Mauro Colombo, Roberta Vaccaro, Silvia Fossi, Silvia Francesca Vitali, Gianluigi Forloni, Letizia Polito, Annalisa Davin, Virginia Valeria Ferretti and Simona Villani

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:98

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Poor self-rated health has been associated with poorer objective health outcomes across a range of conditions including stroke. Identification of factors associated with poor self-rated health in stroke surviv...

    Authors: Nahal Mavaddat, Rianne Van der Linde, George M Savva, Carol Brayne and Jonathan Mant

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:85

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Cognitive impairment is prevalent in older adults with heart failure (HF) and associated with reduced functional independence. HF patients appear at risk for reduced driving ability, as past work in other medi...

    Authors: Michael L Alosco, Mary Beth Spitznagel, Mary Jo Cleveland and John Gunstad

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:58

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Treatment of Alzheimer’s disease with acetylcholinesterase inhibitors can result in symptomatic benefits, but patients often show variable responses. The objective of this post hoc analysis was to investigate ...

    Authors: Marwan Sabbagh, Jeffrey Cummings, Daniel Christensen, Rachelle Doody, Martin Farlow, Liang Liu, Joan Mackell and Randi Fain

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:56

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  21. Content type: Study protocol

    Only half of those living with Alzheimer’s disease in France are currently diagnosed, and only one patient in three is supported during the early stages of dementia. This study aims to evaluate three cognitive...

    Authors: Christiane Vannier-Nitenberg, Virginie Dauphinot, Bienvenu Bongue, Catherine Sass, Isabelle Rouch, Olivier Beauchet, Pierre Krolak-Salmon and Bruno Fantino

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:55

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Little is known about met and unmet needs of individuals in residential care, many of whom suffer from dementia. Unmet needs are associated with a decreased quality of life, worse mental health, dissatisfactio...

    Authors: Eva S van der Ploeg, Dieuwertje Bax, Marijke Boorsma, Giel Nijpels and Hein PJ van Hout

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:51

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  23. Content type: Research article

    The aims of this study are to examine possible associations between left cardiac ventricular measures in sixth decade and cognitive performance, both cross sectionally and longitudinally, and to examine if lef...

    Authors: Linda Furuäng, Per Wollmer, Arkadiusz Siennicki-Lantz and Sölve Elmståhl

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:45

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Stroke-related complications are barriers to patients’ recovery leading to increasing morbidity, mortality, and health care costs, decreasing patient’s quality of life. The purpose of this study was to quantif...

    Authors: Vilai Kuptniratsaikul, Apichana Kovindha, Sumalee Suethanapornkul, Nuttaset Manimmanakorn and Yingsumal Archongka

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:33

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Studies on the epidemiology of fecal impaction are limited by the absence of a valid and reliable instrument to identify the condition in the elderly. Our aim is to validate a questionnaire for identifying fec...

    Authors: Marta Barcelo, Maria Jose Jimenez-Cebrian, Manuel Diaz-Rubio, Alberto Lopez Rocha and Enrique Rey

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:24

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Two important consequences of the normal ageing process are sarcopenia (the age-related loss of muscle mass and function) and age-related cognitive decline. Existing data support positive relationships between...

    Authors: Alixe HM Kilgour, Karen J Ferguson, Calum D Gray, Ian J Deary, Joanna M Wardlaw, Alasdair MJ MacLullich and John M Starr

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:20

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Increasingly, information and communication technology is being used to support persons with dementia living at home and their relatives. The aim of the present intervention study was to describe and explore t...

    Authors: Annakarin Olsson, Maria Engström, Claudia Lampic and Kirsti Skovdahl

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:11

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Crisis is a term frequently used in dementia care lacking a standardized definition. This article systematically reviews existing definitions of crisis in dementia care literature to create a standardized defi...

    Authors: Janet MacNeil Vroomen, Judith E Bosmans, Hein PJ van Hout and Sophia E de Rooij

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:10

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Detecting cognitive impairment in medical inpatients is important due to its association with adverse outcomes. Our aim was to study recognition of cognitive impairment and its association with mortality.

    Authors: Gustav Torisson, Lennart Minthon, Lars Stavenow and Elisabet Londos

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2012 12:47

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Whilst many studies have analysed predictors of longitudinal cognitive decline, few have described their impact on population distributions of cognition by age cohort. The aim of this paper was to examine whet...

    Authors: Fiona Matthews, Riccardo Marioni and Carol Brayne

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2012 12:45

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