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Table 3 Factors associated with SMAF score

From: Risk factors of frailty and functional disability in community-dwelling older adults: a cross-sectional analysis of the FREEDOM-LNA cohort study

SMAF score (N = 707) * Linear regression coefficient (SD) P-value
Age (continuous variable) -0.49 (0.06) < 0.001
Cognitive deficit, MMSE (Yes vs. No) -10.42 (0.78) < 0.001
Depressive symptoms, GDS > 9 (Yes vs. No) -4.93 (0.73) < 0.001
Diabetes (Yes vs. No) -3.58 (0.91) < 0.001
Polymedication ≥ 5 (Yes vs. No) -3.50 (0.99) < 0.001
Smoking (Yes vs. No) -3.23 (1.06) 0.002
Education level (medium vs. high) -3.22 (0.89) < 0.001
Living alone (Yes vs. No) 2.30 (0.74) 0.002
  1. * 46 subjects had at least one missing covariate