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Table 3 Change in physical and mental outcomes by caregiving status

From: Effectiveness of a behavioral lifestyle intervention on weight management and mobility improvement in older informal caregivers: a secondary data analysis

  Baseline 5 months Post-Intervention
Non-Caregiver
SPPB, mean (SD) 10.46 (2.26) 10.92 (1.94)** 11.05 (1.88)**
Gait speed, m/sec 0.98 (0.22) 1.01 (0.18) 1.05 (0.18)**
Chair stands, sec 10.89 (2.44) 9.91 (2.29)** 9.44 (2.16)**
Weight, lb 204.02 (33.48) 191.25 (32.60)** a, b 187.16 (32.66)**
CES-D, mean (SD) 8.67 (8.08) 7.45 (6.79) 8.05 (8.53)
MDS, n (%) 24 (37.50%) 17 (27.42%) 18 (27.69%)
Self-efficacy in Exercise, mean (SD) 42.98 (21.13) 47.31 (17.93) 47.51 (22.36)
Self-efficacy in Diet, mean (SD) 52.02 (19.36) 67.67 (17.75)** 65.20 (20.24)**
Caregiver
SPPB, mean (SD) 10.69 (1.81) 11.31 (1.41)** 11.33 (1.20)*
Gait speed, m/sec 1.02 (0.18) 1.07 (0.20)* 1.05 (0.16)
Chair stands, sec 10.66 (1.81) 9.70 (1.95)** 9.77 (2.20)**
Weight, lb 201.00 (36.49) 192.53 (39.14)** a, b 187.84 (32.55)**
CES-D, mean (SD) 7.72 (8.00) 7.41 (6.25) 6.74 (8.03)
MDS, n (%) 9 (31.03%) 7 (25.93%) 4 (14.81%)
Self-efficacy in Exercise, mean (SD) 45.09 (20.22) 46.64 (18.98) 47.26 (21.43)
Self-efficacy in Diet, mean (SD) 56.42 (17.89) 66.23 (16.98)* 67.16 (19.23)**
  1. * P < 0.05, compared to baseline
  2. ** P < 0.01, compared to baseline
  3. aP < 0.05, change from baseline compared to the other group
  4. bP < 0.05, change from baseline compared to the other group, age adjusted