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Table 1 Distribution of sociodemographic, lifestyle, and clinical variables according to the appendicular skeletal muscle mass index of postmenopausal women

From: Low appendicular skeletal muscle mass index is associated with the anthropometric variables of post-menopausal women

Variables
n = 114
ASMI (kg/m2)
Total
n (%)
1st Tertile
(n = 38)
(5.68 ± 0.31)
2nd Tertile
(n = 38)
(6.72 ± 0.28)
3rd Tertile
(n = 38)
(7.78 ± 0.53)
p value*
Age (years) 0.027
 50.0–59.9 15 (13.2) 2 (13.3) 4 (26.7) 9 (60.0)  
 60.0–69.9 71 (62.3) 22 (31.0) 24 (33.8) 25 (35.2)  
  ≥ 70.0 28 (24.6) 14 (50.0) 10 (35.7) 4 (14.3)  
Marital status 0.358
 Lives with partner 59 (51.8) 21 (35.6) 16 (27.1) 22 (37.3)  
 Lives without partner 55 (48.2) 17 (30.9) 22 (40.0) 16 (29.1)  
Race/color 0.582 Ŧ
 White 43 (37.7) 15 (34.9) 16 (37.2) 12 (27.9)  
 Black 9 (7.9) 2 (22.2) 4 (44.4) 3 (33.3)  
 Yellow 6 (5.3) 4 (66.7) 1 (16.7) 1 (16.7)  
 Brown 56 (49.1) 17 (30.4) 17 (30.4) 22 (39.3)  
Education 0.096
  < 4 years 47 (41.2) 17 (36.2) 12 (25.5) 18 (38.3)  
 4–8 years 32 (28.1) 8 (25.0) 17 (53.1) 7 (21.9)  
  > 8 years 35 (30.7) 13 (37.1) 9 (25.8) 13 (37.1)  
Smoking 0.569 Ŧ
 Never smoked 79 (69.3) 27 (34.2) 28 (35.4) 24 (30.4)  
 Make use 6 (5.3) 3 (50.0) 2 (33.3) 1 (16.7)  
 Ex smoker 29 (25.4) 8 (27.6) 8 (27.6) 13 (44.8)  
Alcohol consumption 0.830
 Never consumed 72 (63.2) 26 (36.1) 23 (31.9) 23 (31.9)  
 Consume 15 (13.2) 5 (33.3) 4 (26.7) 6 (40.0)  
 Consumed in the past 27 (23.7) 7 (25.9) 11 (40.7) 9 (33.3)  
Physical Activity Level 0.629 Ŧ
 Insufficiently active 53 (46.5) 19 (35.8) 19 (35.8) 15 (28.3)  
 Sufficiently active 61 (53.5) 19 (31.1) 19 (31.1) 23 (37.7)  
Menopause Time 0.299
  ≤ 19 years old 59 (51.8) 16 (27.1) 20 (33.9) 23 (39.0)  
  > 19 years old 55 (48.2) 22 (40.0) 18 (32.7) 15 (27.3)  
Number of comorbidities 1.000
 1 to 3 comorbidities 85 (74.6) 28 (32.9) 29 (34.1) 28 (32.9)  
  ≥ 4 comorbidities 29 (25.4) 10 (34.5) 9 (31.0) 10 (34.5)  
Polypharmacy 0.164
 1 to 4 medications 66 (57.9) 27 (40.9) 20 (30.3) 19 (28.8)  
  ≥ 5 medications 48 (42.1) 11 (22.9) 18 (37.5) 19 (39.6)  
Calcium supplementation 0.105
 Make use 68 (59.6) 28 (41.2) 20 (29.4) 20 (29.4)  
 Does not use 46 (40.4) 10 (21.7) 18 (39.1) 18 (39.1)  
  1. *Chi-square test. Ŧ Fisher’s Exact test