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Table 3 Results of logistic regression analysis of correlates of solo living by age composition, education, and activity status, Iran, 2016

From: Rising living alone among the elderly in Iran: prevalence and associated factors

Variables Unadjusted
odds ratios (95% CI)
Adjusted
odds ratios (95% CI)
Adjusted
odds ratios (ages 60–69) (95% CI)
Adjusted
odds ratios (ages 70–79) (95% CI)
Adjusted
odds ratios (ages 80 +) (95% CI)
place of residence
 Urban 0.90(0.87–0.93)*** 0.97(0.93–1.01) NS 1.08(1.01–1.14)* 0.97(0.92–1.04)*** 0.84(0.78–0.90)***
 Rural Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
sex
 Male 0.19(0.18–0.19)*** 0.10(0.10–0.10)*** 0.10(0.09–0.11)*** 0.08(0.07–0.08)*** 0.15(0.14–0.16)***
 Female Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
Education
 Illiterate 2.84(2.63–3.06)*** 1.62 (1.49–1.77)*** 1.88 (1.68–2.10)*** 1.70 (1.45–1.99)*** 1.47 (1.14–1.89)***
 Primary school 1.39(1.28–1.50)*** 1.35 (1.24–1.48)*** 1.40 (1.25–1.57)*** 1.46(1.23–1.72)*** 1.52 (1.17–1.97)***
 Secondary & High school 1.07(0.97–1.18) NS 1.14(1.03–1.27)** 1.18(1.03–1.36)* 1.26(1.04–1.53)*** 1.21 (0.89–1.65) NS
 Holding a high school diploma 1.09(0.99–1.19) NS 1.01 (0.91–1.12) NS 0.99 (0.88–1.13) NS 1.11 (0.91–1.34)*** 1.12(0.80–1.56) NS
 University Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
activity status
 seeking work 0.72(0.52–0.98)* 0.83(0.59–1.16) NS 0.60 (0.36–1.00) * 1.31 (0.74–2.32)*** 0.84 (0.42–1.70) NS
 Student 2.19(1.33–3.61)*** 2.80(1.59–4.92)*** 3.24 (1.67–6.30)*** 3.25(0.88–11.97)*** 0.92 (0.16–5.11) NS
 Income recipient 2.49(2.38–2.61)*** 0.54(0.51–0.57)*** 0.43(0.39–0.46)*** 0.55 (0.50–0.62)*** 0.82 (0.73–0.92)***
 homemaker 1.50(1.43–1.58)*** 1.47(1.38–1.56)*** 1.52(1.39–1.66)*** 1.48(1.32–1.66)*** 1.43(1.28–1.60)***
 Other 1.70(1.61–1.81)*** 0.93(0.87–1.00)* 1.34 (1.19–1.51)*** 0.88(0.78–1.00)*** 0.94(0.84–1.05) NS
 Employed Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
age (years)
 60–69 0.22(0.21–0.23)*** 0.20(0.20–0.21)*** - - -
 70–79 0.57(0.55–0.59)*** 0.53(0.51–0.55)*** - - -
 ≥ 80 Ref Ref - - -
 Constant - 0.89(0.80–0.99)* 0.17(0.15–0.19)*** 0.47(0.38–0.56)*** 0.77(0.58–1.02) NS
 Pseudo R2 - 0.16 0.10 0.15 0.12
  1. NSmeans not significant, and Ref. represents the reference group
  2. *displays significance at the 0.05 level
  3. **at the 0.01 level
  4. ***at the 0.001 level