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Table 2 Number and percentage of sole and non-sole older person by age composition, education, and activity status, Iran, 2016

From: Rising living alone among the elderly in Iran: prevalence and associated factors

Variable Sole older person Non-sole older person
Males
(n = 4020)
Females
(n = 17,904)
Total
(n = 21,924)
Males
(n = 68,732)
Females
(n = 56,891)
Total
(n = 125,623)
place of residence
 Urban (n = 106,785) 5.05 (17.27) 23.72 (82.73) 14.48 (100) 94.95 (54.95) 76.28 (45.05) 85.52 (100)
 Rural (n = 40,762) 6.78 (20.88) 24.51 (79.12) 15.86 (100) 93.22 (54.08) 75.49 (45.92) 84.14 (100)
Age (years)
 60–69 (n = 84,985) 3.05 (16.88) 14.02 (83.12) 8.72 (100) 96.95 (51.31) 85.98 (48.69) 91.28 (100)
 70–79 (n = 41,137) 5.71 (14.41) 33.33 (85.59) 19.64 (100) 94.29 (58.15) 66.67 (41.85) 80.36 (100)
 ≥ 80 (n = 21,425) 14.19 (24.95) 47.73 (75.05) 30.03 (100) 85.81 (64.73) 52.27 (35.27) 69.97 (100)
Education
 Illiterate (n = 79,094) 7.49 (14.41) 26.82 (85.59) 15.55 (100) 92.51 (43.26) 73.18 (56.74) 80.45 (100)
 Primary school (n = 33,790) 4.23 (23.50) 19.88 (76.50) 10.63 (100) 95.77 (63.35) 80.12 (36.65) 89.37 (100)
 Secondary & High school (n = 11,638) 3.33 (25.08) 17.08 (74.92) 8.39 (100) 96.67 (66.66) 82.92 (33.34) 91.61 (100)
 Holding a high school diploma (n = 12,897) 4.14 (30.15) 15.67 (69.85) 8.51 (100) 95.86 (65.02) 84.33 (34.98) 91.49 (100)
 University (n = 10,128) 4.85 (46.56) 17.34 (53.44) 7.89 (100) 95.15 (78.18) 82.66 (21.82) 92.11 (100)
Activity status
 Employed (n = 26,413) 4.84 (45.56) 29.18 (54.44) 8.87 (100) 95.16 (87.15) 70.82 (12.85) 91.13 (100)
 Seeking work (n = 643) 5.05 (66.67) 15.73 (33.33) 6.53 (100) 94.95 (87.52) 84.27 (12.48) 93.47 (100)
 Student (n = 108) 10.39 (42.11) 35.49 (57.89) 17.59 (100) 89.61 (77.53) 64.52 (22.47) 82.41 (100)
 Homemaker (n = 57,337) 18.30 (1.15) 19.54 (98.85) 19.52 (100) 81.70 (1.25) 80.46 (98.75) 80.48 (100)
 Income recipient (n = 43,816) 4.72 (29.17) 42.85 (70.83) 12.77 (100) 95.28 (86.17) 57.15 (13.83) 87.23 (100)
 Other (n = 19,230) 7.81 (42.30) 35.62 (57.70) 14.21 (100) 92.19 (82.72) 64.38 (17.28) 85.79 (100)
  1. Homemaker is not referring to a paid position; it refers to a person who does household chores;
  2. Income recipients are persons receiving a pension or retirement benefits
  3. The difference between the total and sum of parts is due to the persons whose activity status was not stated