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Table 2 Baseline data comparison results between the intervention group and the control group

From: Effects of teach-back health education (TBHE) based on WeChat mini-programs in preventing falls at home for urban older adults in China: a randomized controlled trial

Value Intervention group
(n = 29)
Control group
(n = 30)
Statistics P-value
n % n %
Gender Male 16 55.17 14 46.67 0.427 a 0.514
Female 13 44.83 16 53.33
Age 60 ~ 69 19 65.52 26 86.67 3.644 a 0.056
≥70 10 34.48 4 13.33
Marital status Married 28 96.55 30 100 1.052 a 0.492
No spouse 1 3.45 0 0
Children number 0 ~ 1 11 37.93 13 43.33 0.178 a 0.792
≥2 18 62.07 17 56.67
Education Illiteracy 7 24.14 6 20.00 −0.109b 0.913
Primary school 0 0 1 3.33
Junior high school 10 34.48 7 23.33
High school or secondary school 4 13.79 10 33.33
College 3 10.34 3 10.00
Undergraduate and above 5 17.24 3 10.00
Suffering from chronic diseases Yes 13 44.83 16 53.33 0.427 a 0.606
No 16 55.17 14 46.67
Living with children Yes 17 58.62 20 66.67 0.408 a 0.596
No 12 41.38 10 33.33
Primary caregiver Self-care 19 65.52 21 70.00 0.136 a 0.785
No self-care 10 34.48 9 30.00
Public officials Yes 4 13.79 13 43.33 5.519 c 0.009
No 25 86.20 17 56.67
Monthly income <1000 6 20.69 2 6.67 −0.008b 0.994
1000 ~ 1999 2 6.90 5 16.67
2000 ~ 3999 10 34.48 14 46.67
≥4000 11 37.93 9 30.00
Self-care ability Fully self-care 28 96.55 30 100 1.052 a 0.492
Not fully self-sufficient 1 3.45 0 0
Smoking frequency Never 26 89.65 28 93.33 −0.518b 0.604
1-2 days a week 1 3.45 1 3.33
3-4 days a week 0 0 0 0
Every day 2 6.90 1 3.33
Drinking frequency Never 25 86.20 24 80.00 −0.592b 0.554
1-2 days a week 1 3.45 5 16.67
3-4 days a week 1 3.45 0 0
Every day 2 6.90 1 3.33
Exercise frequency Never 5 17.24 10 33.33 −1.753b 0.080
1-2 days a week 2 6.90 3 10.00
3-4 days a week 1 3.45 2 6.67
Every day 21 72.41 15 50.00
  1. aThe chi-square test is used, and the statistic is χ2-value
  2. bThe rank sum test is used, and the statistic is the Z-value
  3. cThe covariance analysis is used, and the statistic is the F-value