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Table 2 Functional recovery between admission and discharge by frailty status

From: Association of frailty and functional recovery in an Acute Care for Elders unit: a prospective observational study

  Admission Discharge Difference P-value
ADL
 Total (n = 114) 60.3 ± 31.9 83.7 ± 21.6 23.4 ± 19.7  < 0.001
 Robust (n = 28) 83.4 ± 15.6 96.8 ± 6.4 13.4 ± 13.5  < 0.001
 Prefrail (n = 57) 61.6 ± 31.3 85.6 ± 19.0 24.0 ± 20.7  < 0.001
 Frail (n = 29) 35.5 ± 27.2 67.2 ± 25.8 31.7 ± 19.1  < 0.001
SPPB
 Total (n = 114) 5.6 ± 3.7 7.8 ± 3.4 2.2 ± 2.5  < 0.001
 Robust (n = 28) 8.1 ± 2.9 9.8 ± 2.3 1.6 ± 2.4 0.002
 Prefrail (n = 57) 5.5 ± 3.4 7.9 ± 3.5 2.4 ± 2.6  < 0.001
 Frail (n = 29) 3.5 ± 3.4 5.8 ± 2.9 2.3 ± 2.4  < 0.001
Grip strength
 Total (n = 114) 17.7 ± 8.3 18.9 ± 7.6 1.2 ± 3.6 0.001
 Robust (n = 28) 20.2 ± 5.8 21.1 ± 6.3 0.9 ± 3.1 0.13
 Prefrail (n = 57) 17.5 ± 9.4 19.0 ± 8.5 1.5 ± 4.0 0.008
 Frail (n = 29) 15.7 ± 7.4 16.5 ± 6.1 0.8 ± 3.0 0.39
  1. Note. Data are presented as mean ± standard deviation. ADL Activities of daily living (measured by the Barthel Index; range, 0–100), SPPB Short physical performance battery (range, 0–12)