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Table 3 Factors associated with group assignment (n = 954)

From: Uses and perceptions of medications among French older adults: results from the 2020 French Health Barometer survey

  Model 1 Model 2
Characteristics Adjusted OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR (95% CI)
  Group 2/1 Group 3/1 Group 2/1 Group 3/1
Sociodemographic variables
Sex
  Male Ref Ref Ref Ref
  Female 0.75 (0.47 – 1.18) 0.85 (0.44 – 1.62) 0.58 (0.35– 0.96) ** 0.64 (0.32–1.27)
Age group (years)
  70 – 74 Ref Ref Ref Ref
  75 – 79 1.23 (0.79 – 1.93) 0.72 (0.34 – 1.49) 1.02 (0.62–1.70) 0.53 (0.24–1.18)
  80 – 85 1.34 (0.84 – 2.15) 2.15 (1.16 – 3.98) ** 1.12 (0.69–1.84) 1.69 (0.89–3.21)
Living situation
  Not living alone Ref Ref Ref Ref
  Living alone 1.10 (0.71 – 1.69) 0.84 (0.46 – 1.55) 0.90 (0.55–1.48) 0.69 (0.37–1.29)
Socio-professional category
  Intermediate/Executive/Intellectual Ref Ref Ref Ref
  Employees 0.78 (0.45 – 1.34) 1.28 (0.53 – 3.06) 0.70 (0.38–1.30) 1.10 (0.42–2.91)
  Laborers/Farmers/Craftsmen/Traders 0.71 (0.43 – 1.19) 1.20 (0.58 – 2.49) 0.73 (0.43–1.23) 1.14 (0.53–2.44)
Education level
  None/Primary Ref Ref Ref Ref
  Secondary 0.56 (0.36 – 0.86) *** 0.58 (0.32 – 1.07) * 0.56 (0.35–0.89) ** 0.58 (0.31–1.11)
  Post-secondary 0.35 (0.19 – 0.64) *** 1.16 (0.53 – 2.53) 0.33 (0.18–0.62) *** 0.99 (0.42–2.33)
Income (euros)
  < 1500 Ref Ref Ref Ref
  1500 – 3000 1.08 (0.67 – 1.75) 0.98 (0.50 – 1.92) 1.15 (0.67–1.99) 0.97 (0.49–1.91)
   > 3000 0.85 (0.44 – 1.67) 0.29 (0.12 – 0.70) *** 0.91 (0.43–1.91) 0.28 (0.11–0.73) ***
Health-related variables
Self-perceived health
  Very good/Good - - Ref Ref
  Very bad/Bad/Fair    1.38 (0.89–2.14) 2.11 (1.00–4.44) **
Chronic conditions
  No - - Ref Ref
  Yes    2.05 (1.28–3.26) *** 2.16 (0.90–5.16) *
Activity limitation
  Not limited - - Ref Ref
  Limited but not severely    1.77 (1.07–2.91) ** 2.83 (1.33–6.01) ***
  Severely limited    2.55 (1.45–4.49) *** 2.62 (1.04–6.59) **
Frailty status
  Not frail - - Ref Ref
  Pre-frail    0.95 (0.59–1.54) 1.57 (0.74–3.36)
  Frail    3.02 (1.55–5.90) *** 3.37 (1.27–8.95) **
  1. OR Odds Ratio
  2. * p < 0.1; ** p < 0.05; *** p < 0.01
  3. Model 1: adjusted for socio-demographic variables
  4. Model 2: adjusted for socio-demographic and health-related variables